Supporting International Collaborations - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: Supporting International Collaborations


1
  • Supporting International Collaborations
  • for U.S. researchers at the
  • National Science Foundation
  • South Carolina Universities Workshop,
  • Clemson University
  • April 20, 2007

Wayne Patterson Program Manager for Developing
Countries Office of International Science and
Engineering National Science Foundation
2
Outline
  • Introduction to NSF
  • International Collaboration at NSF
  • Support for Faculty
  • Programs for Postdoctoral researchers
  • Programs for students

3
Outline
  • Introduction to NSF
  • International Collaboration at NSF
  • Support for Faculty
  • Programs for Postdoctoral researchers
  • Programs for students

4
NSF in a Nutshell
  • Independent USG Agency
  • Funds basic research education
  • Uses peer-reviewed grant mechanism
  • Low overhead highly automated grant management
    processes
  • Discipline-based structure
  • Bottom-up proposal driven
  • Cross-disciplinary mechanisms
  • Use of Rotators/IPAs
  • National Science Board

5
NSF Role in Research and Development Fiscal Year
2004
Total U.S. National RD - 312B
Total Federal RD Obligations
101B
Other
6
NSF
4
Other
Industry
96
Federal
64
30
Total Federal Basic Research 27B
Total Federal Academic Basic Research -
14B
NSF
NSF
21
Other
13
Other
79
87
Latest complete data currently available
6
  • NSF Funding
  • FY06 Budget 95 awards, 5 administration
  • Each year NSF receives over 41,000 proposals and
    about 10,000 new awards are made (23 funding
    rate)
  • The average annual research grant is 3 years at
    140,000/year.
  • Awards are made to over 2,000 US colleges,
    universities and other research institutions.

7
NSF Support for Basic Research at Academic
Institutions Share of Total Federal Support - FY
2004 Preliminary
8
NSF funding for South Carolina Universities
  • Survey of South Carolina NSF-funded universities
  • 17 universities, 4 technical colleges, 10 other
    awardees
  • Total of 320 active NSF awards
  • Total value of these 217,679,626
  • 44 (13.8) involving international collaboration
  • Only 6 (1.9) in the Office of International
    Science and Engineering

9
Numbers of Awards in SC
Institution Total of Awards of Intl Awards of OISE Awards
University of South Carolina 139 23 2
Clemson 100 15 2
College of Charleston 22 3 0
Coastal Carolina U 6 1 1
Furman 6 0 0
MUSC 6 1 0
Florence-Darlington Tech 4 0 0
Tetramer 4 0 0
10
Value of Awards in SC
Institution Total Value of Awards Value of Intl Awards Value of OISE Awards
Clemson 56,282,940 2,395,052 59,342
University of South Carolina 38,747,305 6,350,317 50,722
South Carolina State 5,141,595 - -
College of Charleston 4,050,035 574,622 -
Florence-Darlington Tech 3,623,525 - -
Claflin 2,708,225 - -
MUSC 2,024,214 539,046 -
Morris 1,630,305 - -
Allen 1,545,162 - -
Coastal Carolina 1,097,180 85,000 85,000
11
Where in the World is South Carolina?
  • India
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Korea
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Mexico
  • Mongolia
  • Nepal
  • Peru
  • Russia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Switzerland
  • Turkey
  • United Kingdom
  • Venezuela
  • Antartica
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Central America
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Domenica
  • East Asia and Pacific
  • Ecuador
  • France
  • Germany
  • Hungary

12
Or
13
What happens to your proposal when it arrives at
NSF?
14
Proposal Review Criterion Intellectual Merit
  • Potential to advance knowledge within and
    across fields
  • Qualifications of investigators
  • Creativity and originality
  • Conceptualization and organization
  • Access to resources

15
Proposal Review Criterion Broader Impacts
  • Promoting of teaching, training and learning
  • Participation of underrepresented groups
  • (race, gender, geographic distribution, type of
    institution )
  • Enhancement of infrastructure for research and
    education
  • Dissemination of results
  • Benefits to society
  • International collaboration

16
Grantsmanship
  • Know yourself Know your area of expertise, what
    are your strengths and what are your weaknesses
    PUT YOUR BEST FOOT FORWARD LITERATURE RESEARCH
  • Know the program from which you seek support.
  • Read the program announcement specific goals and
    specific requirements

17
Grantsmanship (cont)
  • Formulate an appropriate research objective - a
    methodical process of building upon previous
    knowledge to derive or discover new knowledge
  • Develop a viable research plan doable within a
    reasonable budget and in a reasonable time
  • State your research objective clearly in your
    proposal
  • Frame your project around the work of others
  • Grammar and spelling check

18
Grantsmanship (cont)
  • Format and brevity are important page limit
  • Know the review process Proposals - by panels
    must be written to a broader audience
  • Proofread your proposal before it is sent Many
    proposals are sent out with idiotic mistakes,
    omissions, and errors of all sorts.
  • Submit your proposal on time DONT WAIT UNTIL
    THE LAST MINUTE
  • Send proposals to other sources build your team
  • Volunteer to be a panelist

19
References for grant writing
  • www.nsf.gov study programs, active awards,
    initiatives, etc
  • TWELVE STEPS TO A WINNING RESEARCH PROPOSAL,
    George A. Hazelrigg, NSF see
    http//xsrv.mm.cs.sunysb.edu/300/lectures/proposal
    .pdf

20
Outline
  • Introduction to NSF
  • International Collaboration at NSF
  • Support for Faculty
  • Programs for Postdoctoral researchers
  • Programs for students

21
  • International Collaboration
  • International collaboration is commonplace
  • About 20 of the worlds scientific and technical
    articles in 2003 had authors from two or more
    countries, compared with 8 in 1988
  • One-quarter of articles with U.S. authors have
    one or more international coauthors, which is
    similar to the percentages for Japan, China, and
    the Asia-8.

22
Discovery is a global enterprise. For the U.S.
to remain in the forefront of world science and
technology, it needs scientists and engineers
from all disciplines who can operate and lead
international teams and track international
discoveries in some of the most challenging
research areas. Arden L. Bement,
Jr. NSF Director 2004

23
  • Domestic and international collaborations are
    expanding in response to the complexities of new
    scientific fields, the growing scale and scope of
    scientific initiatives, new capabilities provided
    by advances in information and communications
    technologies, professional ties established
    during study or work abroad, and explicit
    government policies and incentives.

Source National Science Board, Science and
Engineering Indicators-2004
24
  • NSF International Objectives
  • A MEANS for advancing FRONTIER RESEARCH
  • Provide ACCESS to sites, facilities, people,
    ideas
  • Prepare a GLOBALLY ENGAGED U.S. SE workforce
  • Build and strengthen effective collaborations and
    institutional partnerships to address problems of
    a global/regional scale
  • NSF does NOT have a foreign affairs or foreign
    assistance mission

25
Outline
  • Introduction to NSF
  • International Collaboration at NSF
  • Support for Faculty
  • Programs for Postdoctoral researchers
  • Programs for students

26
Support for International Activities
  • Supplements to existing NSF grants
  • Part of new proposals to NSF disciplinary
    programs
  • New proposals to Office of International Science
    and Engineering

27
International activities embedded in disciplinary
grants
  • Facility Improvements and New Equipment for the
    Archbold Tropical Research and Education Center
    (ATREC), Dominica, Lesser Antilles
  • Ickes, Kalan, Clemson University
  • ATREC, located on the island of Dominica, the
    only non-marine field research station in the
    Lesser Antilles, and is composed of almost 20,000
    ft2 of building space and 92 hectares of
    secondary forest.
  • Wide variety of habitat types lowland and
    montane rain forest, elfin forest, tropical dry
    forest, littoral forest, volcanic fumaroles and
    their associated highly specialized vegetation,
    beaches with nesting sea turtles, two freshwater
    lakes, one boiling lake, over a hundred rivers,
    and coral reefs.
  • The Morne Trois Pitons National Park, a United
    Nations World Heritage site, is within walking
    distance.
  • Field courses from seven U.S. universities have
    been based at ATREC, most returning year after
    year.
  • Funds provided will address
  • renovating the plumbing and roofing for the
    entire field station,
  • creating a secure collections facility and wet
    lab within existing the existing structures, and
  • updating existing classrooms and kitchen.
  • The island of Dominica is one of the poorest
    countries in the Caribbean, but has unparalleled
    biological resources.
  • ATREC provides tremendous opportunities for
    collaboration with the Dominica branch of the
    University of the West Indies and Dominica State
    College.

28
International activities embedded in disciplinary
grants
  • Materials World Network Design of Responsive
    Materials via Mixed Polymer Brush Approach
  • Luzinov, Igor, Clemson University
  • The focus of this work is on chemical design and
    characterization of novel responsive
    nanostructured materials, namely ultrathin films
    made of mixed polymer brushes, with controlled
    and variable hydrophilic/hydrophobic/
    steric/inonic interactions.
  • To accomplish the objectives of the project a
    US-German team of specialists possessing
    complementary expertise in the area has been
    assembled.
  • The team includes I. Luzinov (Clemson
    University, synthesis of (mixed) polymer
    brushes) S. Minko (Clarkson University,
    properties/applications of mixed polymer
    brushes) M. Stamm (Dresden Technical University
    and Leibniz-Institute for Polymer Research
    Dresden, protein adsorption onto the mixed
    polymer brushes) M. Mller (University of
    Gttingen, theoretical modeling of the mixed
    brushes) K. Hinrichs/N. Esser and K.-J. Eichhorn
    (Institute for Analytical Sciences in Berlin,
    study of the brushes with spectroscopic
    ellipsometry).

29
International activities embedded in disciplinary
grants
  • Collaborative Research Iron and Light Effects on
    Phaeocystis antarctica Isolates from the Ross
    Sea
  • DiTullio, Giacomo, College of Charleston
  • The colonial prymnesiophyte Phaeocystis
    antarctica is a major bloom-forming alga in
    Antarctic shelf waters where, alongside diatoms,
    it is considered a keystone species in its impact
    on regional biogeochemical cycling and ecosystem
    structure. Iron levels in these waters fall to
    values as low as 0.1 nM during the mid to late
    summer, concentrations that are likely to limit
    the growth of phytoplankton, including P.
    antarctica.
  • In this project, P. antarctica will be collected
    from the southern Ross Sea and grown in
    semi-continuous batch cultures for use in
    experiments at the University of Charleston to
    investigate the effects of iron availability and
    irradiance on the growth rate, cellular iron
    quota, buoyancy, biogenic sulfur production,
    pigment content, redox-protein expression, and
    photosynthetic efficiency of P. antarctica.
  • This species may have also played a central role
    in the inferred basin- scale changes in
    biogeochemical cycles linked to
    glacial-interglacial climatic change.

30
Office of International Scienceand Engineering
(OISE)
31
Proposals to OISE
  • Planning Visits (20,000 max)
  • Workshops (25-60,000)
  • PASI (65-100,000)
  • Partnerships for International Research and
    Education (2.5 million)
  • http//www.nsf.gov/oise/

32
Planning Visits
  • Short trips by US researchers in promising new
    areas
  • Fully assess foreign expertise, facilities,
    equipment, data, experimental protocols, etc.
  • Detailed preparation for collaborative research
  • Used more often for countries where access is
    harder

33
Example of Planning visit Lawrence Pratt, Fisk
  • This award supports a planning visit to enable
    Professor Lawrence Pratt of Fisk University in
    Nashville, Tennessee to meet with Professor Bui
    Manh Nhi at Ho Chi Minh City University of
    Pedagogy in Vietnam.
  • The visit will include workshops consisting of
    lectures and laboratory exercises on
    computational chemistry applied to organolithium
    compounds that will train investigators and
    students in Vietnam. This will then lead to
    collaborative research projects between the
    Vietnamese, the PI and his graduate students at
    Fisk University in which the students will have
    the opportunity to visit the Ho Chi Minh City
    University. In turn some of the Vietnamese
    students may enroll in Fisk University for
    graduate work to further their collaborative
    research projects.
  • The study of organolithium compounds is a field
    of major importance in the development of new
    synthetic methods, and computational methods are
    a major tool to study these compounds. Although
    Vietnam is a developing country without extensive
    laboratory facilities for research, the
    University of Pedagogy does have a computational
    chemistry laboratory that is sufficiently
    equipped for moderate research projects, or more
    extensive research projects in collaboration with
    other institutions.

34
Workshops
  • Co-organized by U.S. foreign investigator
  • NSF supports U.S. participants
  • Identify areas of joint research purpose is to
    develop new, targeted collaborations
  • Outcome should be a proposal to one of the
    disciplinary offices within NSF
  • Priorities vary by region

35
Examples
  • Patterson and Jan Persens, University of the
    Western Cape, South Africa
  • The Mathematics of Computer Security, Tunis,
    Tunisia, August 2004
  • Patterson and Ricardo Baeza-Yates, University of
    Chile
  • Computational Methods for Security in a Web
    Environment, Arica, Chile, July 2006

36
Example Chaden Djalili, USC
  • US-Peru Workshop in Nuclear Physics and Its
    Applications, June 11-16, 2007, Cusco, Peru
  • Djalali, Chanden, University of South Carolina
  • This Americas Program award will support a
    workshop on nuclear physics and applications to
    be held in conjunction with the Seventh Latin
    American Symposium on Nuclear Physics and
    Applications in Cusco, Peru, June 11-16, 2007.
  • The workshop is being organized by Dr. Chanden
    Djalali of University of South Carolina, and Dr.
    Philip Cole of Idaho State University in
    collaboration with Dr. Fernando Umeres Sanchez of
    the Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del
    Cusco, Peru.
  • This workshop will discuss topics presented at
    the symposium such as nuclear matter at high
    densities, nuclear astrophysics, neutrino
    physics, exotic nuclei, as well as photo- and
    electron-nuclear physics with the attendant
    applications of nuclear physics.

37
Pan-American Advanced Studies Institutes (PASI)
  • Short courses of two to four weeks duration, at
    the advanced graduate and post-doctoral level.
  • Courses should involve distinguished lecturers
    and active researchers in the field, preferably
    from the Americas.
  • PASIs aim to disseminate advanced scientific
    knowledge and stimulate training and cooperation
    among researchers of the Americas in the
    mathematical, physical, and biological sciences,
    and in engineering fields

38
Recently Funded PASIs
  • Modern challenges in statistical mechanics -
    Argentina
  • Study of surfaces, interfaces and catalysis -
    Venezuela
  • Physics at the nanometer scale - Argentina
  • Green chemistry - Uruguay
  • Quantum information - Brazil
  • Materials for energy conversion and environmental
    protection Brazil
  • Process Systems Engineering - Argentina

39
Partnerships for International Research and
Education (PIRE)
  • Cutting Edge scientific research
  • Strong international partners
  • Innovative models
  • Involvement of students junior researchers
  • Institutional resources (IT, language/culture,
    curriculum, study abroad, other)
  • 14-17, 5-year awards of up to 2.5M each
  • Eligibility Ph.D. granting in U.S. (20 in 2
    years)
  • Prelim proposal deadline October 30, 2006 (limit
    3 per institution)

40
PIRE
U.S.-Japan Cooperative Research and Education
Ultrafast and Nonlinear Optics in 6.1-Angstrom
Semiconductors PI Junichiro Kono, Rice
University
41
PIRE
Remote Sensing for Hazard Mitigation and Resource
Protection in Pacific Latin America PI Gregg
Bluth, Michigan Tech University
42
PIRE examples of FY05 projects
  • UCSB and Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics
    Electron Chemistry and Catalysis at Interfaces.
    14 professors, extended research visits, jointly
    mentored grad students, summer schools, language
    training, tech transfer. PI Alex Wodtke.
  • Penn State, NC AT, U. Witwatersrand, as well as
    other U.S. institutions and scientists in 9
    African countries PIRE-AfricaArray Project.
    Geophysics focus, semester at university in
    Africa, e- and field courses, language training,
    HBCU involvement. PI Andy Nyblade.

43
Outline
  • Introduction to NSF
  • International Collaboration at NSF
  • Support for Faculty
  • Programs for Postdoctoral researchers
  • Programs for students

44
Postdoctoral Researchers
  • Participation in NSF disciplinary awards
  • Disciplinary Postdoctoral Fellowships
  • International Research Fellowships

45
International Research Fellowships
  • Designed to introduce young scientists to
    international research opportunities
  • Provides support to carry out research at science
    and engineering establishments in foreign
    countries
  • Research experiences range from tenures of 9 to
    24 months
  • Applications from women and minorities, and for
    work in developing countries are especially
    encouraged.

46
International Research Fellowships Eligibility
Requirements
  • U.S. citizenship or permanent residency
  • Applicants must have a Ph.D. by the time IRFP
    tenure begins
  • Applicants cannot have had their Ph.D. longer
    than two years at the time of application
  • Deadline October 3, 2006. Next year, Second
    Tuesday In September!

47
From the Participants...
  • I look back and recognize how much my
    involvement in Iceland has shaped and opened up
    new opportunities. I am still actively working
    with my colleagues in Icelandand my work there
    has enabled me to apply for positions (and
    receive job offers!) for which I would have
    otherwise been unqualified.

48
From the Participants...
  • Overall the fellowship seems to have had an
    extremely positive effect on my careerI was
    interviewed for four of the six tenure-track jobs
    for which I applied I was given tenure-track job
    offers at two universities and I have accepted
    my dream job at a four year research university.

49
Outline
  • Introduction to NSF
  • International Collaboration at NSF
  • Support for Faculty
  • Programs for Postdoctoral researchers
  • Programs for students

50
Support for Students
  • Participation in NSF disciplinary awards
  • Integrative Graduate Education and Research
    Traineeship (IGERT) Program
  • Graduate Research Fellowships
  • Participation in OISE planning visits or
    workshops
  • Dissertation Enhancement Awards
  • East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes (EAPSI)
  • International Research Experiences for Students
  • International REUs

51
Dissertation Enhancement Research
  • Supports doctoral student research in a foreign
    country
  • Must be collaborative, with evidence of
    intellectual involvement of foreign institution
  • U.S. faculty mentor is PI on proposal
  • Up to 15,000 per award for up to 2 years
  • Apply to NSF disciplinary program or OISE
  • Deadlines 9/15 and 2/15 annually for OISE may
    vary for disciplinary programs

52
Example of a Dissertation Enhancement Award
  • Continuity Hypotheses Revisited English L2
    Acquisition of Bulgarian Nominal Domain
  • Dubinsky, Stanley, University South Carolina
  • With NSF support and under the direction of
    Stanley Dubinsky and Hyeson Park. Ms. Mila
    Tasseva-Kurktchieva will investigate the second
    language (L2) acquisition of the Bulgarian noun
    phrase by adult native speakers of English. The
    goals of this research are (i) to test a new
    variant of the dynamic approach to the L2
    acquisition of Bulgarian nominal structure,
    including the timing and order of acquisition of
    gender and number agreement, possessives, and
    definite determiners. The study will use a unique
    pool of subjects-US Peace Corps volunteers
    exposed to the target language through both
    immersion and classroom instruction. This
    research will be among a few studies to focus on
    the very early stages of L2 acquisition-three to
    four weeks after subjects' first exposure to the
    target language.

53
East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes for U.S.
Graduate Students (EAPSI) www.nsf.gov/eapsi Become
an internationally experienced researcher.
Spend eight weeks conducting research and
experiencing life in Australia, China, Japan,
Korea, New Zealand or Taiwan
54
EAPSI Applicant Eligibility
  • U.S. citizen or permanent resident
  • Enrolled at U.S. institution in a research
    oriented masters, M.D. or Ph.D. degree program
  • Fields of science or engineering supported by NSF
    and represented among host institutions
  • December 12, 2006--Application deadline

55
  
  • Unprecedented Number of Howard Students Selected
    by NSF for International Research
  • April 25, 2006 In the Summer of 2006, Howard
    University will send its largest number of
    students ever to study and do research in Asia as
    a result of successful applications to the
    National Science Foundation by four Howard
    graduate students in Computer Science and
    Electrical Engineering. Three of the four
    students, Ebonie Loftin, Ngizambote Mavana, and
    James Tolbert II, all master's students in
    Computer Science, were selected for the NSF's
    East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes to do
    research in South Korea. With three students
    selected for South Korea, Howard University led
    all universities in the United States in students
    selected for that country. The fourth student,
    Kenneth Bird, a third-year doctoral student in
    Electrical Engineering, was selected to do
    research in China.

56
International Research Experiences for Students
  • Can include graduate and undergraduate students
  • Supports small groups of students in a focused
    field
  • Awards of up to 50,000 per year for up to 3
    years
  • Deadlines 9/15 and 2/15

57
IRES in Senegal
  • When their DC-8 flew into a tropical storm off
    the coast of West Africa, Aaron Pratt and Tamara
    Battle realized their lifelong dream--to study
    storms and weather systems at their source.
    During that flight, lightning struck their plane.
    The resulting storm turned into a tropical
    depression and ultimately became known as
    Hurricane Helene, one of the strongest Atlantic
    hurricanes in 2006.
  • African dust is very critical for hurricane
    formation. One of our flights allowed us to see
    the dust kicked up in the Sahara Desert, said
    Pratt, who is pursuing a doctorate in atmospheric
    science from Howard University in Washington,
    D.C., as is Battle. I had never done research
    overseas before and didnt know what to expect.
    Working with scientists in both Senegal and Cape
    Verde helped put our research in the proper
    perspective.

Graduate students study African storms onboard a
DC-8 airplane to understand links to U.S. storms.
58
IRES in Senegal (2)
  • Dr. Gregory Jenkins of Howard University received
    an International Research Experiences for
    Students (IRES) award in 2006 to allow eighteen
    U. S. graduate students to conduct research with
    U. S. and Senegalese scientists in studying the
    effects of African weather systems on the United
    States.
  • The award supports American students work with a
    large multinational team of scientists on a
    project called the African Monsoon
    Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA). Scientists and
    students from around the world are involved with
    the project, which is also funded by nations in
    Africa, Europe and Asia.

59
IRES in Armenia Coastal Carolina
  • Undergraduates in Armenia Investigating the
    Chemistry of Heterogeneous Catalysts
  • Goodwin, John, Coastal Carolina University
  • This US-Armenian project provides US
    undergraduate students opportunities for training
    and research in Yerevan, Armenia. The research
    activities revolve around porphyrin synthesis and
    isolation, heterogeneous catalysis, and molecular
    modeling. The principal investigators are John
    Goodwin from Coastal Carolina University and
    Tigran Kurtikyan from the Molecular Structure
    Research Center in Armenia.
  • The US students spend eight-weeks in the Armenian
    laboratory where they benefit from the
    complementary expertise and instrumentation of
    the Armenian researchers. The subject research
    area has practical implications in the
    development of suitable catalysts for activation
    of atmospheric oxygen for a number of purposes.
    Development of robust heterogeneous catalysts for
    activation of molecular oxygen is important for a
    wide range of applications including
    environmentally-benign synthesis, water
    purification, fuel-cell technology, and on-site
    chemical nerve-agent decomposition.
  • This project fulfills the program objectives of
    providing US students with a global perspective
    and opportunities for professional growth through
    international cooperative research training,
    networking and mentoring.

60
REU International Site in Ghana
  • Can the seeds of a pepper plant in West Africa be
    used as a crop insecticide here in the U. S.?
    Will the Ghanaian Mangrove oyster become one of
    our next delicacies? What is the necessary
    environment for the survival and propagation of a
    stingless bee?
  • These and other questions are being explored by
    U. S. undergraduate students under the direction
    of Daniel Wubah, Professor of Biology at James
    Madison University.

Sharonda Johnson taking extractions from a plant
with her Ghanaian mentor, Dr. Yaw Opoku-Boahene
61
REU International Site in Ghana
  • According to one student, Akhil Rastogi,
    participating in this program was key to his
    admission into several professional and graduate
    schools because the first question at every
    interview was tell us about the research that
    you did in Ghana.
  • The answers from the above?
  • Dzifa Gbewonyor found that an extract from the
    Ashanti pepper plant seeds has an effect as an
    insecticide on cowpea plants.
  • Alexandra Sutton discovered that harvesting the
    oysters has high potential, but further study on
    the oysters ability to filter salt content is
    necessary.
  • And Nicholas Davenport demonstrated that
    deforestation has a negative effect on the
    survival of the stingless bee.

62
REU International Site Japan (USC)
  • Chemical Engineering Research in Japan
  • Amiridis, Michael, University of South Carolina
  • This award supports the Department of Chemical
    Engineering at the University of South Carolina
    (USC) for the establishment of a three-year
    Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) Site
    in Japan. Students will be assigned an individual
    research project to work in the Fall Semester
    with faculty research mentors at Osaka
    University, Sophia University (Tokyo), and Kyoto
    University in collaboration with USC faculty.
  • In addition, two USC U.S. graduate (Ph.D.)
    students will also travel to Japan together with
    the REU group and serve as mentors to the
    students while also doing research in Japan.
  • Research projects will be on topics such as the
    catalytic role of supercritical water in organic
    reactions molecular simulations of gas
    permeation through organic membranes shock tube
    studies of the thermal decomposition of
    hydrocarbons the synthesis of molecular
    composites emission control during the pyrolosis
    of coal and synthesis of nanoporous materials
    using copolymer gel templates.

63
Looking Beyond the Borders A Project Directors
Handbook of Best Practices for International
REUswww.nsf.gov/pubs/2006/nsf06204/index.html
64

www.nsf.gov/oise wpatters_at_nsf.gov 703-292-8189
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Title: Supporting International Collaborations


1
  • Supporting International Collaborations
  • for U.S. researchers at the
  • National Science Foundation
  • South Carolina Universities Workshop,
  • Clemson University
  • April 20, 2007

Wayne Patterson Program Manager for Developing
Countries Office of International Science and
Engineering National Science Foundation
2
Outline
  • Introduction to NSF
  • International Collaboration at NSF
  • Support for Faculty
  • Programs for Postdoctoral researchers
  • Programs for students

3
Outline
  • Introduction to NSF
  • International Collaboration at NSF
  • Support for Faculty
  • Programs for Postdoctoral researchers
  • Programs for students

4
NSF in a Nutshell
  • Independent USG Agency
  • Funds basic research education
  • Uses peer-reviewed grant mechanism
  • Low overhead highly automated grant management
    processes
  • Discipline-based structure
  • Bottom-up proposal driven
  • Cross-disciplinary mechanisms
  • Use of Rotators/IPAs
  • National Science Board

5
NSF Role in Research and Development Fiscal Year
2004
Total U.S. National RD - 312B
Total Federal RD Obligations
101B
Other
6
NSF
4
Other
Industry
96
Federal
64
30
Total Federal Basic Research 27B
Total Federal Academic Basic Research -
14B
NSF
NSF
21
Other
13
Other
79
87
Latest complete data currently available
6
  • NSF Funding
  • FY06 Budget 95 awards, 5 administration
  • Each year NSF receives over 41,000 proposals and
    about 10,000 new awards are made (23 funding
    rate)
  • The average annual research grant is 3 years at
    140,000/year.
  • Awards are made to over 2,000 US colleges,
    universities and other research institutions.

7
NSF Support for Basic Research at Academic
Institutions Share of Total Federal Support - FY
2004 Preliminary
8
NSF funding for South Carolina Universities
  • Survey of South Carolina NSF-funded universities
  • 17 universities, 4 technical colleges, 10 other
    awardees
  • Total of 320 active NSF awards
  • Total value of these 217,679,626
  • 44 (13.8) involving international collaboration
  • Only 6 (1.9) in the Office of International
    Science and Engineering

9
Numbers of Awards in SC
Institution Total of Awards of Intl Awards of OISE Awards
University of South Carolina 139 23 2
Clemson 100 15 2
College of Charleston 22 3 0
Coastal Carolina U 6 1 1
Furman 6 0 0
MUSC 6 1 0
Florence-Darlington Tech 4 0 0
Tetramer 4 0 0
10
Value of Awards in SC
Institution Total Value of Awards Value of Intl Awards Value of OISE Awards
Clemson 56,282,940 2,395,052 59,342
University of South Carolina 38,747,305 6,350,317 50,722
South Carolina State 5,141,595 - -
College of Charleston 4,050,035 574,622 -
Florence-Darlington Tech 3,623,525 - -
Claflin 2,708,225 - -
MUSC 2,024,214 539,046 -
Morris 1,630,305 - -
Allen 1,545,162 - -
Coastal Carolina 1,097,180 85,000 85,000
11
Where in the World is South Carolina?
  • India
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Korea
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Mexico
  • Mongolia
  • Nepal
  • Peru
  • Russia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Switzerland
  • Turkey
  • United Kingdom
  • Venezuela
  • Antartica
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Central America
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Domenica
  • East Asia and Pacific
  • Ecuador
  • France
  • Germany
  • Hungary

12
Or
13
What happens to your proposal when it arrives at
NSF?
14
Proposal Review Criterion Intellectual Merit
  • Potential to advance knowledge within and
    across fields
  • Qualifications of investigators
  • Creativity and originality
  • Conceptualization and organization
  • Access to resources

15
Proposal Review Criterion Broader Impacts
  • Promoting of teaching, training and learning
  • Participation of underrepresented groups
  • (race, gender, geographic distribution, type of
    institution )
  • Enhancement of infrastructure for research and
    education
  • Dissemination of results
  • Benefits to society
  • International collaboration

16
Grantsmanship
  • Know yourself Know your area of expertise, what
    are your strengths and what are your weaknesses
    PUT YOUR BEST FOOT FORWARD LITERATURE RESEARCH
  • Know the program from which you seek support.
  • Read the program announcement specific goals and
    specific requirements

17
Grantsmanship (cont)
  • Formulate an appropriate research objective - a
    methodical process of building upon previous
    knowledge to derive or discover new knowledge
  • Develop a viable research plan doable within a
    reasonable budget and in a reasonable time
  • State your research objective clearly in your
    proposal
  • Frame your project around the work of others
  • Grammar and spelling check

18
Grantsmanship (cont)
  • Format and brevity are important page limit
  • Know the review process Proposals - by panels
    must be written to a broader audience
  • Proofread your proposal before it is sent Many
    proposals are sent out with idiotic mistakes,
    omissions, and errors of all sorts.
  • Submit your proposal on time DONT WAIT UNTIL
    THE LAST MINUTE
  • Send proposals to other sources build your team
  • Volunteer to be a panelist

19
References for grant writing
  • www.nsf.gov study programs, active awards,
    initiatives, etc
  • TWELVE STEPS TO A WINNING RESEARCH PROPOSAL,
    George A. Hazelrigg, NSF see
    http//xsrv.mm.cs.sunysb.edu/300/lectures/proposal
    .pdf

20
Outline
  • Introduction to NSF
  • International Collaboration at NSF
  • Support for Faculty
  • Programs for Postdoctoral researchers
  • Programs for students

21
  • International Collaboration
  • International collaboration is commonplace
  • About 20 of the worlds scientific and technical
    articles in 2003 had authors from two or more
    countries, compared with 8 in 1988
  • One-quarter of articles with U.S. authors have
    one or more international coauthors, which is
    similar to the percentages for Japan, China, and
    the Asia-8.

22
Discovery is a global enterprise. For the U.S.
to remain in the forefront of world science and
technology, it needs scientists and engineers
from all disciplines who can operate and lead
international teams and track international
discoveries in some of the most challenging
research areas. Arden L. Bement,
Jr. NSF Director 2004

23
  • Domestic and international collaborations are
    expanding in response to the complexities of new
    scientific fields, the growing scale and scope of
    scientific initiatives, new capabilities provided
    by advances in information and communications
    technologies, professional ties established
    during study or work abroad, and explicit
    government policies and incentives.

Source National Science Board, Science and
Engineering Indicators-2004
24
  • NSF International Objectives
  • A MEANS for advancing FRONTIER RESEARCH
  • Provide ACCESS to sites, facilities, people,
    ideas
  • Prepare a GLOBALLY ENGAGED U.S. SE workforce
  • Build and strengthen effective collaborations and
    institutional partnerships to address problems of
    a global/regional scale
  • NSF does NOT have a foreign affairs or foreign
    assistance mission

25
Outline
  • Introduction to NSF
  • International Collaboration at NSF
  • Support for Faculty
  • Programs for Postdoctoral researchers
  • Programs for students

26
Support for International Activities
  • Supplements to existing NSF grants
  • Part of new proposals to NSF disciplinary
    programs
  • New proposals to Office of International Science
    and Engineering

27
International activities embedded in disciplinary
grants
  • Facility Improvements and New Equipment for the
    Archbold Tropical Research and Education Center
    (ATREC), Dominica, Lesser Antilles
  • Ickes, Kalan, Clemson University
  • ATREC, located on the island of Dominica, the
    only non-marine field research station in the
    Lesser Antilles, and is composed of almost 20,000
    ft2 of building space and 92 hectares of
    secondary forest.
  • Wide variety of habitat types lowland and
    montane rain forest, elfin forest, tropical dry
    forest, littoral forest, volcanic fumaroles and
    their associated highly specialized vegetation,
    beaches with nesting sea turtles, two freshwater
    lakes, one boiling lake, over a hundred rivers,
    and coral reefs.
  • The Morne Trois Pitons National Park, a United
    Nations World Heritage site, is within walking
    distance.
  • Field courses from seven U.S. universities have
    been based at ATREC, most returning year after
    year.
  • Funds provided will address
  • renovating the plumbing and roofing for the
    entire field station,
  • creating a secure collections facility and wet
    lab within existing the existing structures, and
  • updating existing classrooms and kitchen.
  • The island of Dominica is one of the poorest
    countries in the Caribbean, but has unparalleled
    biological resources.
  • ATREC provides tremendous opportunities for
    collaboration with the Dominica branch of the
    University of the West Indies and Dominica State
    College.

28
International activities embedded in disciplinary
grants
  • Materials World Network Design of Responsive
    Materials via Mixed Polymer Brush Approach
  • Luzinov, Igor, Clemson University
  • The focus of this work is on chemical design and
    characterization of novel responsive
    nanostructured materials, namely ultrathin films
    made of mixed polymer brushes, with controlled
    and variable hydrophilic/hydrophobic/
    steric/inonic interactions.
  • To accomplish the objectives of the project a
    US-German team of specialists possessing
    complementary expertise in the area has been
    assembled.
  • The team includes I. Luzinov (Clemson
    University, synthesis of (mixed) polymer
    brushes) S. Minko (Clarkson University,
    properties/applications of mixed polymer
    brushes) M. Stamm (Dresden Technical University
    and Leibniz-Institute for Polymer Research
    Dresden, protein adsorption onto the mixed
    polymer brushes) M. Mller (University of
    Gttingen, theoretical modeling of the mixed
    brushes) K. Hinrichs/N. Esser and K.-J. Eichhorn
    (Institute for Analytical Sciences in Berlin,
    study of the brushes with spectroscopic
    ellipsometry).

29
International activities embedded in disciplinary
grants
  • Collaborative Research Iron and Light Effects on
    Phaeocystis antarctica Isolates from the Ross
    Sea
  • DiTullio, Giacomo, College of Charleston
  • The colonial prymnesiophyte Phaeocystis
    antarctica is a major bloom-forming alga in
    Antarctic shelf waters where, alongside diatoms,
    it is considered a keystone species in its impact
    on regional biogeochemical cycling and ecosystem
    structure. Iron levels in these waters fall to
    values as low as 0.1 nM during the mid to late
    summer, concentrations that are likely to limit
    the growth of phytoplankton, including P.
    antarctica.
  • In this project, P. antarctica will be collected
    from the southern Ross Sea and grown in
    semi-continuous batch cultures for use in
    experiments at the University of Charleston to
    investigate the effects of iron availability and
    irradiance on the growth rate, cellular iron
    quota, buoyancy, biogenic sulfur production,
    pigment content, redox-protein expression, and
    photosynthetic efficiency of P. antarctica.
  • This species may have also played a central role
    in the inferred basin- scale changes in
    biogeochemical cycles linked to
    glacial-interglacial climatic change.

30
Office of International Scienceand Engineering
(OISE)
31
Proposals to OISE
  • Planning Visits (20,000 max)
  • Workshops (25-60,000)
  • PASI (65-100,000)
  • Partnerships for International Research and
    Education (2.5 million)
  • http//www.nsf.gov/oise/

32
Planning Visits
  • Short trips by US researchers in promising new
    areas
  • Fully assess foreign expertise, facilities,
    equipment, data, experimental protocols, etc.
  • Detailed preparation for collaborative research
  • Used more often for countries where access is
    harder

33
Example of Planning visit Lawrence Pratt, Fisk
  • This award supports a planning visit to enable
    Professor Lawrence Pratt of Fisk University in
    Nashville, Tennessee to meet with Professor Bui
    Manh Nhi at Ho Chi Minh City University of
    Pedagogy in Vietnam.
  • The visit will include workshops consisting of
    lectures and laboratory exercises on
    computational chemistry applied to organolithium
    compounds that will train investigators and
    students in Vietnam. This will then lead to
    collaborative research projects between the
    Vietnamese, the PI and his graduate students at
    Fisk University in which the students will have
    the opportunity to visit the Ho Chi Minh City
    University. In turn some of the Vietnamese
    students may enroll in Fisk University for
    graduate work to further their collaborative
    research projects.
  • The study of organolithium compounds is a field
    of major importance in the development of new
    synthetic methods, and computational methods are
    a major tool to study these compounds. Although
    Vietnam is a developing country without extensive
    laboratory facilities for research, the
    University of Pedagogy does have a computational
    chemistry laboratory that is sufficiently
    equipped for moderate research projects, or more
    extensive research projects in collaboration with
    other institutions.

34
Workshops
  • Co-organized by U.S. foreign investigator
  • NSF supports U.S. participants
  • Identify areas of joint research purpose is to
    develop new, targeted collaborations
  • Outcome should be a proposal to one of the
    disciplinary offices within NSF
  • Priorities vary by region

35
Examples
  • Patterson and Jan Persens, University of the
    Western Cape, South Africa
  • The Mathematics of Computer Security, Tunis,
    Tunisia, August 2004
  • Patterson and Ricardo Baeza-Yates, University of
    Chile
  • Computational Methods for Security in a Web
    Environment, Arica, Chile, July 2006

36
Example Chaden Djalili, USC
  • US-Peru Workshop in Nuclear Physics and Its
    Applications, June 11-16, 2007, Cusco, Peru
  • Djalali, Chanden, University of South Carolina
  • This Americas Program award will support a
    workshop on nuclear physics and applications to
    be held in conjunction with the Seventh Latin
    American Symposium on Nuclear Physics and
    Applications in Cusco, Peru, June 11-16, 2007.
  • The workshop is being organized by Dr. Chanden
    Djalali of University of South Carolina, and Dr.
    Philip Cole of Idaho State University in
    collaboration with Dr. Fernando Umeres Sanchez of
    the Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del
    Cusco, Peru.
  • This workshop will discuss topics presented at
    the symposium such as nuclear matter at high
    densities, nuclear astrophysics, neutrino
    physics, exotic nuclei, as well as photo- and
    electron-nuclear physics with the attendant
    applications of nuclear physics.

37
Pan-American Advanced Studies Institutes (PASI)
  • Short courses of two to four weeks duration, at
    the advanced graduate and post-doctoral level.
  • Courses should involve distinguished lecturers
    and active researchers in the field, preferably
    from the Americas.
  • PASIs aim to disseminate advanced scientific
    knowledge and stimulate training and cooperation
    among researchers of the Americas in the
    mathematical, physical, and biological sciences,
    and in engineering fields

38
Recently Funded PASIs
  • Modern challenges in statistical mechanics -
    Argentina
  • Study of surfaces, interfaces and catalysis -
    Venezuela
  • Physics at the nanometer scale - Argentina
  • Green chemistry - Uruguay
  • Quantum information - Brazil
  • Materials for energy conversion and environmental
    protection Brazil
  • Process Systems Engineering - Argentina

39
Partnerships for International Research and
Education (PIRE)
  • Cutting Edge scientific research
  • Strong international partners
  • Innovative models
  • Involvement of students junior researchers
  • Institutional resources (IT, language/culture,
    curriculum, study abroad, other)
  • 14-17, 5-year awards of up to 2.5M each
  • Eligibility Ph.D. granting in U.S. (20 in 2
    years)
  • Prelim proposal deadline October 30, 2006 (limit
    3 per institution)

40
PIRE
U.S.-Japan Cooperative Research and Education
Ultrafast and Nonlinear Optics in 6.1-Angstrom
Semiconductors PI Junichiro Kono, Rice
University
41
PIRE
Remote Sensing for Hazard Mitigation and Resource
Protection in Pacific Latin America PI Gregg
Bluth, Michigan Tech University
42
PIRE examples of FY05 projects
  • UCSB and Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics
    Electron Chemistry and Catalysis at Interfaces.
    14 professors, extended research visits, jointly
    mentored grad students, summer schools, language
    training, tech transfer. PI Alex Wodtke.
  • Penn State, NC AT, U. Witwatersrand, as well as
    other U.S. institutions and scientists in 9
    African countries PIRE-AfricaArray Project.
    Geophysics focus, semester at university in
    Africa, e- and field courses, language training,
    HBCU involvement. PI Andy Nyblade.

43
Outline
  • Introduction to NSF
  • International Collaboration at NSF
  • Support for Faculty
  • Programs for Postdoctoral researchers
  • Programs for students

44
Postdoctoral Researchers
  • Participation in NSF disciplinary awards
  • Disciplinary Postdoctoral Fellowships
  • International Research Fellowships

45
International Research Fellowships
  • Designed to introduce young scientists to
    international research opportunities
  • Provides support to carry out research at science
    and engineering establishments in foreign
    countries
  • Research experiences range from tenures of 9 to
    24 months
  • Applications from women and minorities, and for
    work in developing countries are especially
    encouraged.

46
International Research Fellowships Eligibility
Requirements
  • U.S. citizenship or permanent residency
  • Applicants must have a Ph.D. by the time IRFP
    tenure begins
  • Applicants cannot have had their Ph.D. longer
    than two years at the time of application
  • Deadline October 3, 2006. Next year, Second
    Tuesday In September!

47
From the Participants...
  • I look back and recognize how much my
    involvement in Iceland has shaped and opened up
    new opportunities. I am still actively working
    with my colleagues in Icelandand my work there
    has enabled me to apply for positions (and
    receive job offers!) for which I would have
    otherwise been unqualified.

48
From the Participants...
  • Overall the fellowship seems to have had an
    extremely positive effect on my careerI was
    interviewed for four of the six tenure-track jobs
    for which I applied I was given tenure-track job
    offers at two universities and I have accepted
    my dream job at a four year research university.

49
Outline
  • Introduction to NSF
  • International Collaboration at NSF
  • Support for Faculty
  • Programs for Postdoctoral researchers
  • Programs for students

50
Support for Students
  • Participation in NSF disciplinary awards
  • Integrative Graduate Education and Research
    Traineeship (IGERT) Program
  • Graduate Research Fellowships
  • Participation in OISE planning visits or
    workshops
  • Dissertation Enhancement Awards
  • East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes (EAPSI)
  • International Research Experiences for Students
  • International REUs

51
Dissertation Enhancement Research
  • Supports doctoral student research in a foreign
    country
  • Must be collaborative, with evidence of
    intellectual involvement of foreign institution
  • U.S. faculty mentor is PI on proposal
  • Up to 15,000 per award for up to 2 years
  • Apply to NSF disciplinary program or OISE
  • Deadlines 9/15 and 2/15 annually for OISE may
    vary for disciplinary programs

52
Example of a Dissertation Enhancement Award
  • Continuity Hypotheses Revisited English L2
    Acquisition of Bulgarian Nominal Domain
  • Dubinsky, Stanley, University South Carolina
  • With NSF support and under the direction of
    Stanley Dubinsky and Hyeson Park. Ms. Mila
    Tasseva-Kurktchieva will investigate the second
    language (L2) acquisition of the Bulgarian noun
    phrase by adult native speakers of English. The
    goals of this research are (i) to test a new
    variant of the dynamic approach to the L2
    acquisition of Bulgarian nominal structure,
    including the timing and order of acquisition of
    gender and number agreement, possessives, and
    definite determiners. The study will use a unique
    pool of subjects-US Peace Corps volunteers
    exposed to the target language through both
    immersion and classroom instruction. This
    research will be among a few studies to focus on
    the very early stages of L2 acquisition-three to
    four weeks after subjects' first exposure to the
    target language.

53
East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes for U.S.
Graduate Students (EAPSI) www.nsf.gov/eapsi Become
an internationally experienced researcher.
Spend eight weeks conducting research and
experiencing life in Australia, China, Japan,
Korea, New Zealand or Taiwan
54
EAPSI Applicant Eligibility
  • U.S. citizen or permanent resident
  • Enrolled at U.S. institution in a research
    oriented masters, M.D. or Ph.D. degree program
  • Fields of science or engineering supported by NSF
    and represented among host institutions
  • December 12, 2006--Application deadline

55
  
  • Unprecedented Number of Howard Students Selected
    by NSF for International Research
  • April 25, 2006 In the Summer of 2006, Howard
    University will send its largest number of
    students ever to study and do research in Asia as
    a result of successful applications to the
    National Science Foundation by four Howard
    graduate students in Computer Science and
    Electrical Engineering. Three of the four
    students, Ebonie Loftin, Ngizambote Mavana, and
    James Tolbert II, all master's students in
    Computer Science, were selected for the NSF's
    East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes to do
    research in South Korea. With three students
    selected for South Korea, Howard University led
    all universities in the United States in students
    selected for that country. The fourth student,
    Kenneth Bird, a third-year doctoral student in
    Electrical Engineering, was selected to do
    research in China.

56
International Research Experiences for Students
  • Can include graduate and undergraduate students
  • Supports small groups of students in a focused
    field
  • Awards of up to 50,000 per year for up to 3
    years
  • Deadlines 9/15 and 2/15

57
IRES in Senegal
  • When their DC-8 flew into a tropical storm off
    the coast of West Africa, Aaron Pratt and Tamara
    Battle realized their lifelong dream--to study
    storms and weather systems at their source.
    During that flight, lightning struck their plane.
    The resulting storm turned into a tropical
    depression and ultimately became known as
    Hurricane Helene, one of the strongest Atlantic
    hurricanes in 2006.
  • African dust is very critical for hurricane
    formation. One of our flights allowed us to see
    the dust kicked up in the Sahara Desert, said
    Pratt, who is pursuing a doctorate in atmospheric
    science from Howard University in Washington,
    D.C., as is Battle. I had never done research
    overseas before and didnt know what to expect.
    Working with scientists in both Senegal and Cape
    Verde helped put our research in the proper
    perspective.

Graduate students study African storms onboard a
DC-8 airplane to understand links to U.S. storms.
58
IRES in Senegal (2)
  • Dr. Gregory Jenkins of Howard University received
    an International Research Experiences for
    Students (IRES) award in 2006 to allow eighteen
    U. S. graduate students to conduct research with
    U. S. and Senegalese scientists in studying the
    effects of African weather systems on the United
    States.
  • The award supports American students work with a
    large multinational team of scientists on a
    project called the African Monsoon
    Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA). Scientists and
    students from around the world are involved with
    the project, which is also funded by nations in
    Africa, Europe and Asia.

59
IRES in Armenia Coastal Carolina
  • Undergraduates in Armenia Investigating the
    Chemistry of Heterogeneous Catalysts
  • Goodwin, John, Coastal Carolina University
  • This US-Armenian project provides US
    undergraduate students opportunities for training
    and research in Yerevan, Armenia. The research
    activities revolve around porphyrin synthesis and
    isolation, heterogeneous catalysis, and molecular
    modeling. The principal investigators are John
    Goodwin from Coastal Carolina University and
    Tigran Kurtikyan from the Molecular Structure
    Research Center in Armenia.
  • The US students spend eight-weeks in the Armenian
    laboratory where they benefit from the
    complementary expertise and instrumentation of
    the Armenian researchers. The subject research
    area has practical implications in the
    development of suitable catalysts for activation
    of atmospheric oxygen for a number of purposes.
    Development of robust heterogeneous catalysts for
    activation of molecular oxygen is important for a
    wide range of applications including
    environmentally-benign synthesis, water
    purification, fuel-cell technology, and on-site
    chemical nerve-agent decomposition.
  • This project fulfills the program objectives of
    providing US students with a global perspective
    and opportunities for professional growth through
    international cooperative research training,
    networking and mentoring.

60
REU International Site in Ghana
  • Can the seeds of a pepper plant in West Africa be
    used as a crop insecticide here in the U. S.?
    Will the Ghanaian Mangrove oyster become one of
    our next delicacies? What is the necessary
    environment for the survival and propagation of a
    stingless bee?
  • These and other questions are being explored by
    U. S. undergraduate students under the direction
    of Daniel Wubah, Professor of Biology at James
    Madison University.

Sharonda Johnson taking extractions from a plant
with her Ghanaian mentor, Dr. Yaw Opoku-Boahene
61
REU International Site in Ghana
  • According to one student, Akhil Rastogi,
    participating in this program was key to his
    admission into several professional and graduate
    schools because the first question at every
    interview was tell us about the research that
    you did in Ghana.
  • The answers from the above?
  • Dzifa Gbewonyor found that an extract from the
    Ashanti pepper plant seeds has an effect as an
    insecticide on cowpea plants.
  • Alexandra Sutton discovered that harvesting the
    oysters has high potential, but further study on
    the oysters ability to filter salt content is
    necessary.
  • And Nicholas Davenport demonstrated that
    deforestation has a negative effect on the
    survival of the stingless bee.

62
REU International Site Japan (USC)
  • Chemical Engineering Research in Japan
  • Amiridis, Michael, University of South Carolina
  • This award supports the Department of Chemical
    Engineering at the University of South Carolina
    (USC) for the establishment of a three-year
    Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) Site
    in Japan. Students will be assigned an individual
    research project to work in the Fall Semester
    with faculty research mentors at Osaka
    University, Sophia University (Tokyo), and Kyoto
    University in collaboration with USC faculty.
  • In addition, two USC U.S. graduate (Ph.D.)
    students will also travel to Japan together with
    the REU group and serve as mentors to the
    students while also doing research in Japan.
  • Research projects will be on topics such as the
    catalytic role of supercritical water in organic
    reactions molecular simulations of gas
    permeation through organic membranes shock tube
    studies of the thermal decomposition of
    hydrocarbons the synthesis of molecular
    composites emission control during the pyrolosis
    of coal and synthesis of nanoporous materials
    using copolymer gel templates.

63
Looking Beyond the Borders A Project Directors
Handbook of Best Practices for International
REUswww.nsf.gov/pubs/2006/nsf06204/index.html
64

www.nsf.gov/oise wpatters_at_nsf.gov 703-292-8189
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