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Unit 1 Introduction to Health Care

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Unit 1 Introduction to Health Care Nurse Aide I Course – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit 1 Introduction to Health Care


1
Unit 1Introduction to Health Care
  • Nurse Aide I Course

2
Introduction to Health Care
  • As a member of the Nursing Department, the nurse
    aide plays an important role in resident care.
  • The nurse aide spends more time in direct
    contact with the resident than any other member
    of the health care team.

3
Introduction to Health Care(continued)
  • A knowledge of the role, function, legal
    limitations, expected qualities, personal habits
    and obligations is important to provide quality
    care. This unit also explores the types,
    purposes and organizational structure of health
    care facilities that employ nurse aides.

4
Role Of The Nurse Aide
5
  • 1.0 Examine the role of the nurse aide.

6
Role of the Nurse Aide
  • Important in the care of people who are ill
    unable to care for themselves
  • Assistant to the licensed nurse
  • Provide physical care and emotional support

7
Role of the Nurse Aide(continued)
  • Contribute to the residents comfort
  • Make observations and report
  • Directed and supervised by licensed nurses

8
The Nurse Aide Works In A Variety Of Settings
  • Hospitals
  • Long term care facilities
  • Rehabilitation centers
  • Clinics
  • Hospices
  • Psychiatric facilities
  • Home care

9
Functions of Nurse Aide
10
  • 1.2 Discuss the functions of the nurse aide in
    providing care to residents.
  • 1.2.1 Identify 22 functions of the nurse aide.

11
Functions of Nurse Aide
Help residents with personal needs
  • Hygiene
  • Safety
  • Nutrition
  • Exercise
  • Elimination
  • Mobility

12
Functions of Nurse Aide(continued)
Help residents with personal needs (continued)
  • Communication
  • Socialization activities
  • Comfort measures
  • Restorative procedures

13
Functions of Nurse Aide(continued)
  • Assist with resident care responsibilities
  • Collecting specimens
  • Measuring and recording vital signs
  • Transporting residents
  • Environmental cleanliness
  • Cleaning and care of equipment

14
Functions of Nurse Aide(continued)
  • Assist with resident care responsibilities
    (continued)
  • Standard precautions
  • Fire drills and disaster drills
  • Answering call signals
  • Observation of resident response to care

15
Functions of the Nurse Aide(continued)
  • Assist with resident care responsibilities
    (continued)
  • Measuring and recording height/weight
  • Intake and output
  • Admission and discharge of residents

16
Legal Limitations Of The Nurse Aide
17
  • 1.3 List eight legal limitations for the nurse
    aide.

18
Legal Limitations of Nurse Aide
  • Nurse aides do not do sterile procedures.
  • Nurse aides do not give information about the
    diagnosis or treatment plans to the resident or
    his/her family.
  • Nurse aides do not give medications.
  • Nurse aides do not insert or remove tubes from
    the residents body.

19
Legal Limitations of Nurse Aide(continued)
  • Nurse aides do not take oral or telephone orders
    from a physician
  • Nurse aides do not diagnose or prescribe
    treatments or medications for residents.
  • Nurse aides do not supervise the work of other
    nurse aides.

20
Legal Limitations of Nurse Aide(continued)
  • Nurse aides do not agree to do something beyond
    the nurse aides scope of practice as defined by
    the North Carolina Board of Nursing.

21
Qualities and Characteristics of Nurse Aide
22
  • 1.4 Describe the personal qualities and
    characteristics of the nurse aide.
  • 1.4.1 Discuss the importance of punctuality and
    commitment on the job.

23
Qualities and Characteristics of the Nurse Aide
  • Cheerful
  • Enthusiastic
  • Responsible
  • Considerate
  • Courteous
  • Cooperative

24
Qualities and Characteristics of the Nurse Aide
(continued)
  • Dependable
  • Empathetic
  • Honest
  • Patient
  • Respectful
  • Trustworthy

25
Qualities and Characteristics of the Nurse Aide
(continued)
  • Willing to learn
  • Tactful
  • Competent
  • Committed to job
  • Punctual
  • Self-aware

26
Personal Health Hygiene
27
  • 1.5 Suggest ways for the nurse aide to maintain
    acceptable personal hygiene and exhibit
    appropriate dress practices.

28
Factors That Promote Good Health
  • Rest and sleep
  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Good posture and body mechanics
  • Eye examinations
  • Dental care
  • No use of drugs, alcohol or cigarettes

29
Personal Hygiene Practices
  • Taking a daily bath or shower
  • Using deodorants/antiperspirants
  • Brushing teeth and using mouthwash
  • Keeping hair clean and neatly styled
  • Cleaning and maintaining short, smooth nails

30
Personal Hygiene Practices(continued)
  • Washing hands after using bathroom
  • Wearing clean underwear, socks or stockings and
    uniform daily
  • Do not use products having odors that might be
    offensive to residents

31
Professional Dress Practices
  • Uniform clean, pressed
  • Shoes polished and comfortable
  • Shoe laces clean
  • Stockings without holes/runs
  • Jewelry limited to watch and wedding ring

32
Professional Dress Practices(continued)
  • Name tag or photo ID tag worn
  • Make-up worn in moderation
  • Strong perfumes/aftershave lotions not used

33
Health Care Team Member Obligations
34
  • 1.6 List obligations of the nurse aide as a
    member of the health care team.

35
Guidelines For Working With Others
  • Know the responsibilities, functions and role
    expectations listed in job description
  • Display qualities and characteristics befitting a
    nurse aide
  • Be prompt in reporting to work

36
Guidelines For Working With Others(continued)
  • Notify facility of absence ASAP
  • Display good health and hygiene practices
  • Follow facility dress code policy
  • Practice ethical legal actions
  • Direct questions about things you dont
    understand to supervisor

37
Guidelines For Working With Others(continued)
  • Follow instructions and directions of supervisor
  • Display pride in appearance
  • Promptly report unusual observations to the
    supervisor
  • Make supervisor aware of family and resident
    complaints

38
Guidelines For Working With Others(continued)
  • Perform duties in spirit of cooperation
  • Do not waste supplies and equipment
  • Follow facility rules and regulations
  • Be accurate in measuring, recording and reporting
  • Notify supervisor when leaving and returning to
    unit

39
Guidelines For Working With Others(continued)
  • Assist other health care workers willingly
  • Never use supplies or equipment belonging to the
    facility or resident
  • Never discuss personal problems with the residents

40
Resident Care Conferences
  • Assist to develop/revise care plans
  • Share care suggestions
  • Report observations

41
Planning Work Assignments
42
  • 1.7 Explain the necessity for planning work
    assignments.

43
Work Assignments
  • Made by a licensed nurse
  • Based on needs of residents and availability of
    staff
  • Allows staff to work as team
  • Includes being cooperative and helping others
    when asked

44
Work Assignments(continued)
  • Includes never ignoring a resident that needs
    help, is uncomfortable or in danger

45
Work Assignments(continued)
  • Includes notifying the supervisor of unfinished
    assignments
  • Includes answering call signals even though not
    assigned to the resident

46
Considerations For Planning A Work Assignment
  • Workload
  • Resident condition
  • Time
  • Support services assigned

47
  • 1.7.1 Identify the need to establish priorities
    when providing resident care.

48
Establishing Priorities for Care
  • Activities of daily living
  • Meeting hygiene needs
  • Positioning and providing for exercise
  • Maintaining proper nutrition
  • Providing for elimination of wastes

49
Establishing Priorities for Care(continued)
  • Examples of special procedures
  • Taking vital signs
  • Measuring urine

50
Establishing Priorities for Care(continued)
  • Support services
  • Providing drinking water
  • Delivering and picking up meal trays
  • Providing clean linen and making beds
  • Cleaning and caring for equipment

51
Establishing Priorities for Care(continued)
  • Documentation/reporting
  • Presenting oral reports to supervisor
  • Writing on record if directed to do so

52
Health Care Facilities and Agencies
53
  • 1.8 Differentiate among the various types of
    health care facilities and agencies.

54
Long-term Care Facilities(Nursing Homes)
  • Provide health care services to individuals
    unable to care for themselves
  • elderly persons
  • disabled or handicapped persons
  • people with chronic illness

55
Long-term Care Facilities(Nursing
Homes)(continued)
  • Services provided
  • Medical
  • Nursing
  • Nutritional
  • Recreational/religious
  • Rehabilitative

56
Long-term Care Facilities(Nursing
Homes)(continued)
  • Types of care
  • Home care
  • Intermediate care
  • Skilled care

57
Hospitals
  • Provide care for individuals of all ages with a
    broad range of health problems

58
Hospitals(continued)
  • Services varied and extensive
  • Diagnostic
  • Medical
  • Surgical
  • Emergency
  • Types of care acute, chronic and terminal care

59
Home Care Agencies
  • Provide care in the home for people needing
    health services, but not hospitalization

60
Home Care Agencies(continued)
  • Services provided include
  • Nursing
  • Physical therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Speech therapy
  • Social services
  • Nutritional and food services
  • Respiratory therapy
  • Homemaker services

61
Health Care Facility Organizational Structure
62
  • 1.9 Identify the organizational structure of
    health care facilities.

63
Organizational Chart
  • Displays chain of command
  • Shows lines of authority
  • Identifies health care workers position
  • Identifies immediate supervisor

64
Organizational Structure
  • Governing body (Board of Directors)
  • Responsible for provision of safe and adequate
    care at a reasonable cost
  • Makes facility policies
  • Delegates management
  • to an administrator

65
Organizational Structure(continued)
  • Department heads
  • Have specific areas of responsibilities
  • Supervise department staff
  • Finance
  • Ancillary services
  • Nursing

66
Organizational Structure(continued)
  • Medical Director
  • Supervises medical staff activities
  • Physicians
  • Residents
  • Interns

67
Organizational Structure(continued)
  • Director of Nursing and Assistant DON
  • Supervises nursing staff activities
  • Responsible for safe nursing care
  • Registered nurses

68
Organizational Structure(continued)
  • Nursing supervisor
  • Assists director of nursing
  • Licensed nurse
  • Assigned areas of responsibility
  • Assigned to specific shift

69
Organizational Structure(continued)
  • Charge Nurse
  • Has specific areas of responsibility
  • Responsible for resident care in specific area

70
Organizational Structure(continued)
  • Charge Nurse
  • Supervises staff in specific area
  • Registered nurses (RNs)
  • Licensed practical nurses (LPNs)
  • Nurse aides (NAs)

71
The End
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