Islam as a World Power - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Islam as a World Power PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6b5c3c-YzVlM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Islam as a World Power

Description:

Islam as a World Power Michael Goheen Trinity Western University Langley, B.C. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:15
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Date added: 6 February 2020
Slides: 41
Provided by: MikeG105
Category:
Tags: islam | power | world

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Islam as a World Power


1
Islam as a World Power
  • Michael Goheen
  • Trinity Western University
  • Langley, B.C.

2
Importance of Understanding Islam
  • Size 1.2 billion 2025 1.8 billion
  • Growth fastest growing religion in world
    (percentage-wise)
  • History of animosity between Christianity and
    Islam, and West and Islam
  • Misunderstanding of Islam
  • Diversity of Islam
  • Global power

3
New World Order
  • 20th Century Bipolar (US, USSR)
  • Fall of Communism
  • New world order
  • One world order globalization and modernization
  • Bipolar north/south east/west
  • Chaos
  • Clash of civilizations

4
Major Forces of Global Power
  • West globalization/modernization
  • Islam
  • China and economic power
  • Third world church and Pentecostalism

5
Clash Between Islam and West
  • Major clash Islam and West
  • Problem Understand religion as private belief
  • Islam is not a religion in the common,
    distorted meaning of the word, confining its
    scope to the private life of man. It is a
    complete way of life, catering for all the fields
    of human existence. Islam provides guidance for
    all walks of life . . . The Quran enjoins man to
    enter the fold of Islam without any reservation
    and to follow Gods guidance in all fields of
    life. (Ahmed)

6
Clash Between Islam and West
  • Major clash Islam and West
  • Problem Understand religion as private belief
  • Clash between two major religions and
    civilizations built on those beliefs
  • I dont think there is a conflict between
    religions. There is a conflict between
    civilizations. (Muslim lawyer from Tunisia)

7
Mohammeds Formative Influence
  • Mohammed/Koran Final revelation of God
  • Historical and cultural context
  • Religious animistic polytheism
  • Moral immorality and corruption
  • Social warfare, tribal strife, poverty, injustice

8
Mohammeds Public Life
  • 15 years preparation (595-610)
  • Night of power (610) Gabriel Proclaim
  • Rejection and hostility in Mecca
  • Hijra to Medina
  • Turning point in world history (calendars)
  • Rejected prophet to powerful leader
  • Capable of establishing ummah
  • Includes politics, society, economics

9
Koran
  • Recorded revelations from Gabriel to Mohammed
    Final revelation of Allah
  • Given to Mohammed over 22 years
  • One God, One Law for One People
  • Intended to create ummah united in faith and in
    submission to Allahs law
  • Memorized by Mohammed written down by scribes
    collected into present form 20 years after
    Mohammeds death

10
Ummah and Its Mission
  • Ummah Community of believers submitted to will
    of Allah
  • Includes political structure, social community,
    economic system, civil law
  • Early ummah of Medina normative
  • Peace Comprehensive submission to Allah
  • Two regions dar al-salaam/islam and dar al-harb
  • Mission Establish peace throughout world by
    striving (jihad)

11
Formative Core of Islam
  • Mohammed was possessed by two great religious
    aimsto proclaim God as the sole, almighty God,
    the Creator and the King of the day of judgement
    to found a community, in Arabic called umma,
    ruled by the Law of God and His Apostle. These
    two objects constitute the core of Islam, its
    strength and its weaknesses (Hendrik Kraemer).

12
Muslim Resurgence
  • Growth and vitality
  • Self-consciousness of world power
  • Quest to establish states governed by shariah law
  • Anti-western
  • Military tendency
  • Oil-based wealth

13
Struggle with the West
  • Struggle between two comprehensive religious
    beliefs
  • The underlying problem for the West is not
    Islamic fundamentalism. It is Islam, a different
    civilization whose people are convinced of the
    superiority of their culture and are obsessed by
    the inferiority of their power. The problem for
    Islam is not the CIA or the U.S. department of
    defense. It is the West, a different
    civilization whose people are convinced of the
    universality of their culture and believe that
    their superior, if declining, power imposes on
    them the obligation to extend that culture
    throughout the world. These are the basic
    ingredients that fuel conflict between Islam and
    the West. (Huntington).

14
Struggle with the West
  • Struggle between two comprehensive religious
    beliefs and societies founded on those beliefs
  • Three Muslim responses
  • Acceptance of West and modernity

15
Acceptance of Western Modernity
  • To escape anomy, Muslims have but one choice,
    for modernization requires Westernization. . .
    Islam does not offer an alternative to modernize
    . . . Secularism cannot be avoided. Modern
    science and technology require an absorption of
    the thought processes religious beliefs which
    accompany them. . . . Only when Muslims
    explicitly accept the Western model will they be
    in a position to develop (Daniel Pipes).

16
Acceptance of Western Modernity
  • The restoration of religion to the sphere of
    the personal, its depolitization, is the nettle
    that all Muslim societies must grasp in order to
    become modern. . . . If terrorism is to be
    defeated, the world of Islam must take on board
    the secularist- humanist principles religion . .
    . in other words convert! on which the modern is
    based, and without which Muslim countries
    freedom will remain a distant dream (Salman
    Rushdie).

17
Struggle with the West
  • Struggle between two comprehensive religious
    beliefs
  • Three Muslim responses
  • Acceptance of West and modernity
  • Accept modernity, reject Westernization

18
Accept Modernity, Reject West
  • Islam and modernization do not clash. Pious
    Muslims can cultivate sciences, work efficiently
    in factories, or utilize advanced weapons.
    Modernization requires no one political ideology,
    or set of institutions . . . The Sharia has
    nothing to say about the changes that accompany
    modernization . . . (Daniel Pipes).

19
Struggle with the West
  • Struggle between two comprehensive religious
    beliefs
  • Three Muslim responses
  • Acceptance of West and modernity
  • Accept modernity, reject Westernization
  • Rejection of West and modernity

20
Rejection of Western Modernity
  • Growing among Muslims
  • Taliban example
  • Return to original ummah as model
  • Problem of static religion in world of change
  • Response of terrorism

21
Islam is . . .
  • . . . a comprehensive system that tends to
    annihilate all tyrannical and evil systems in the
    world and enforce its own program. . . . a
    revolutionary concept and ideology which seeks to
    change and revolutionize the world social order
    and reshape it according to its own concept and
    ideals. (Mawlana Abul Ala Mawdudi 1903-1979)

22
New Style of Terrorism
  • Primary purpose is not to defeat or even weaken
    the enemy militarily but to gain publicity and to
    inspire feara psychological victory. (Bernard
    Lewis)

23
Response of Muslims to Muslim Terrorism
  • Genuine Islamic actions
  • Allah has answered our prayers. (Hamas Weekly,
    13 September 2001)
  • Our driving motivation does not come from
    tangible commodities that this world has to
    offer. Our religion is Islam, obedience to the
    one true God, Allah, and follow in the footsteps
    of the final prophet and messenger Muhammad
    (Mohammad Sidique Khan)

24
Response of Muslims to Muslim Terrorism
  • Genuine Islamic actions
  • Cannot be justified by Islamic teaching
  • Those who plan and carry out such acts are
    condemned by Islam, and the massacre of
    thousands, whoever perpetrated it, is a crime
    against God as well as humanity. (Zaki Badawi,
    Muslim College, London, UK)

25
Response of Muslims to Muslim Terrorism
  • Genuine Islamic actions
  • Cannot be justified by Islamic teaching
  • Sympathize with motives yet condemn actions

26
Sorting it all out
  • Two crucial questions
  • Historical origins associated with violence yet
    claims to be religion of peace?
  • Meaning of jihad?
  • Muslim jurists saw jihad as a requirement in a
    world divided between what they called dar
    al-islam and the dar al-harb. The Muslim
    community was required to engage in the struggle
    to expand the dar al islam throughout the world
    so that all of humankind would have the
    opportunity to live within a just political and
    social order. (John Esposito, on way jihad has
    been understood for centuries)

27
Jihad
  • . . . a defining concept or belief in Islam, a
    key element in what it means to be a believer and
    follower of Gods will . . . A universal
    religious obligation for all true Muslims to join
    the jihad to promote a global Islamic
    revolution. (John Esposito)
  • For most of the fourteen centuries of recorded
    Muslim history, jihad was most commonly
    interpreted to mean armed struggle for the
    defence or advancement of Muslim power. (Bernard
    Lewis)

28
Questions
  • Offensive and/or defensive?
  • Include violence?
  • Is Islam a religion of peace, as Muslim
    moderates (and Tony Blair and George W. Bush)
    say, or is it a religion prone to violence and
    holy war, as statements by radical groups
    suggest? . . . The answer lies not in an
    either/or response, but rather in a both/and
    response. The Islamic texts offer the potential
    for being interpreted in both ways. It depends on
    how individual Muslims wish to read them.
    (Riddell and Cotterell)

29
Christian Response
  • Sympathetic understanding of roots of Muslim
    rage

30
Major Grievances (Chapman)
  • The weakness and humiliation of the Muslim world
  • New forms of Western imperialism
  • Failure of ideologies imported from West
  • Establishment of Zionist state in midst of Islam
  • Presence of foreign troops in Saudia Arabia
  • Corrupt and autocratic governments in Islamic
    countries
  • Double standards

31
Christian Response
  • Sympathetic understanding of roots of Muslim
    rage
  • Distinguishing between gospel and Western culture
  • Diversity of Islam and battle for Muslim mind
  • . . . there is a titanic struggle taking place
    between moderates and radicals for the hearts and
    minds of the Muslim masses in the middle.
    (Riddell and Cotterell)

32
Christian Response
  • Sympathetic understanding of roots of Muslim
    rage
  • Distinguishing between gospel and Western culture
  • Diversity of Islam and battle for Muslim mind
  • Interpreting terror
  • Violence and terrorism do form an intrinsic part
    of classical Islam (Patrick Sookhdeo, Institute
    for Study of Islam and Christianity)
  • Ambiguity of Koran but mainstream Islam, in law
    and theology as well as in practice, in the end
    has always rejected or marginalized extremists
    and terrorists (Esposito)

33
Sorting out theological and political factors
  • Theological
  • Ummah as social-religio-political community
  • Mission of ummah dar al-salaam, dar al-harb,
    jihad
  • Islam eschatology
  • Resentment toward West
  • Historic resentment toward Christianity
    (Crusades)
  • Israeli-Palestinian conflict
  • Sanctions against Iraq, Syria, Libya, Sudan
  • Ascendancy and universalising of West moral,
    political, legal, religious, economic
    implications
  • Critique of West godless, immoral, arrogant,
    materialistic, seductive, imperialistic
  • Back pro-Western regimes

34
Christian Response
  • Sympathetic understanding of roots of Muslim
    rage
  • Distinguishing between gospel and Western culture
  • Diversity of Islam and battle for Muslim mind
  • Interpreting terror
  • Distinguishing gospel and Islam

35
Islam and Gospel
  • Both Islam and Christianity see religion as
    comprehensive and not simply private (or should!)
  • Islam has been more consistent in maintaining
    this
  • We need to repent of dualism
  • Christianity has become a handmaiden to
    secularism. . . . Christianity, it appears,
    always chooses as secularism wills. Biblical
    Christianity is not dualistic and ought to be an
    antithesis to secularism. (Ziauddin Sardar)

36
Islam and Gospel
  • Both Islam and Christianity see religion as
    comprehensive and not simply private (or should!)
  • Islam has been more consistent in maintaining
    this
  • We need to repent of dualism
  • Yet fundamental difference Islamthis-worldly
    victory gospelintervention of Christ

37
Tolerance Christianity and Islam
  • What is unique about the Christian gospel is
    that those who are called to be its witnesses are
    committed to the public affirmation that it is
    truetrue for all people at all timesand are at
    the same time forbidden to use coercion to
    enforce it. They are therefore required to be
    tolerant of denial . . . not in the sense that we
    must tolerate all beliefs because truth is
    unknowable and all have equal rights. The
    toleration which a Christian is required to
    exercise is not something which he must exercise
    in spite of his or her belief that the gospel is
    true, but precisely because of this belief. This
    marks one of the very important points of
    difference between Islam and Christianity.
    (Lesslie Newbigin)

38
Christian Response
  • Sympathetic understanding of roots of Muslim
    rage
  • Distinguishing between gospel and Western culture
  • Diversity of Islam and battle for Muslim mind
  • Interpreting terror
  • Distinguishing gospel and Islam
  • Repentance and dialogue

39
Dialogue about . . .
  • Toleration and Islam
  • Islamic imperialism in first centuries
  • Debate about democracy among Muslims
  • Treatment of minorities and women
  • Issue of conversion
  • Preservation of democracy after used to gain
    power
  • Human rights Islam and UN
  • (Colin Chapman)

40
Christian Response
  • Sympathetic understanding of roots of Muslim
    rage
  • Distinguishing between gospel and Western culture
  • Diversity of Islam and battle for Muslim mind
  • Interpreting terror
  • Distinguishing gospel and Islam
  • Repentance and dialogue
  • Bold and humble witness to gospel
About PowerShow.com