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LIBERAL AND ILLIBERAL DEMOCRACY

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Title: THE STRUCTURE OF ILLIBERAL DEMOCRACY Author: Wayne Cornelius Last modified by: phsmith Created Date: 5/17/2004 11:20:31 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: LIBERAL AND ILLIBERAL DEMOCRACY


1
LIBERAL AND ILLIBERAL DEMOCRACY
2
READINGS
  • Smith, Democracy, chs. 9-10
  • Modern Latin America, ch. 4 (Central America)
  • CR 2 Smith, The Peoples Verdict
  • NB Optional paper due May 25

3
OUTLINE
  • Social Equity
  • Workers
  • Women
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • Illiberal Democracy
  • Press Freedom
  • Citizen Rights

4
Table 9-1. Employment and Wages in Latin
America, 1980-1999 1980 1990 1995
1999 Unemployment () 6.7
8.0 7.2 8.8 Real
Wages (1980100) 100.0 86.6
92.4 102.9 Real Minimum Wage (1980
100) 100.0 68.4 70.8
73.8
5
Table 9-2. Women in Latin American Legislatures,
1990 and 2000 ______Women (as
total)_____ Country_______ ___1990___ ___2000__
_ Argentina 5 27 Bolivia
9 12 Brazil 5
6 Chile 6 11 Colombia
9 12 Costa Rica 12
19 Dominican Republic 12
16 Ecuador 7 15 El
Salvador -- 10 Guatemala
7 9 Honduras --
9 Mexico 12 16 Nicaragua
19 10 Panama 8
10 Paraguay 4 3 Peru
6 20 Uruguay 6
12 Venezuela 10 10
6
Women Presidents
  • Generation I Widows
  • Isabel Martínez de Perón (Argentina)
  • Violeta Barrios de Chamorro (Nicaragua)
  • Mireya Moscoso (Panama)
  • Generation II Self-Made Politicians
  • Michelle Bachelet (Chile)
  • Laura Chinchilla (Costa Rica)
  • Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (Argentina)
  • Dilma Rousseff (Brazil)

7
Indigenous Peoples
  • Bolivia Party Politics (and Evo Morales!)
  • Ecuador Social Movements
  • Guatemala Political Redemption?
  • Peru Silence and Sendero Luminoso
  • Mexico Zapatista Uprising

8
DETECTING ILLIBERAL DEMOCRACY
9
The Rise of Electoral Democracy, 1972-2004
10
  • Journalists Killed in Latin America, 1990-1999
  • Country___ __ N Killings__
  • Colombia 36
  • Peru 12
  • Mexico 10
  • Brazil 8
  • Haiti 4
  • Argentina 3
  • Guatemala 3
  • Venezuela 2
  • Chile 1
  • Dominican
  • Republic 1
  • Honduras 1
  • Paraguay 1
  • Total 82

11
Table 10-2. Electoral Regimes and Freedom of the
Press, 1990s _________________Regime__________
__________ Press____ Autocracy Semi-Democrac
y Democracy Not Free 1
5 2 Partly Free 1
26 51 Free 0
0 47 Totals 2 31 100
12
THE CONCEPT OF ILLIBERAL DEMOCRACY
  • Distinct Dimensions of Democracy
  • Free and Fair Elections
  • Citizen Rights
  • Systematic Curtailment of Citizen Rights
  • Connection to Delegative Democracy (see p. 13)

13
CLASSIFYING CITIZEN RIGHTS (Freedom
House scales for Civil Liberties)
  • FH scores of 1-2 Extensive
  • FH scores of 3-4 Partial
  • FH scores of 5-7 Minimal

14
Table 1. Democracy, Elections, and Citizen
Rights A Typology
Citizen Rights Character of Elections Character of Elections Character of Elections
Free and Fair Free not Fair None
Expansive Liberal Democracy Liberal/Permissive Semidemocracy (Null)
Limited Illiberal Democracy Illiberal/Restrictive Semidemocracy Moderate Dictablanda
Minimal (Null) Repressive Semidemocracy Hard-Line Dictadura
15
Elections, Rights, and Political Regimes
Rights and Freedoms
Extensive Liberal Democracy
Partial Traditional Autocracy (Dictablanda) Illiberal Democracy
Minimal Hard-Line Autocracy (Dictadura)
Autocracy Semi-Democracy Democracy
Elections Elections Elections Elections
16
Liberal and Illiberal Democracy, 1978-2004
17
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18
1980-1989 ________________Regime_____________
______ Civil Liberties___ Autocracy Semi-Democrac
y Democracy Minimal 15 1
0 Partial 59 30
41 Extensive 1 4
39 Totals 75 35
80
19
1990-2000 _________________Regime____________
_____ Civil Liberties___ Autocracy Semi-Democracy
Democracy Minimal 3
0 0 Partial 4
53 109 Extensive 0
2 38 Totals 7 55
147
20
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21
Political Regimes in 1999 Countries and
Population N Regime
Type___ __Countries__ __Population__ Liberal
Democracy 3 lt5 Illiberal
Democracy 11
60 Illiberal Semi-Democracy 5
33 Autocracy 1 2

22
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23
Why Illiberal Democracy?
  • Protection of elite interests
  • Control of popular masses
  • Under rubric of free and fair elections

24
SO WHAT?CYCLES OF MASS POLITICS
  • Unfettered and dangerous democracy (e.g.,
    reformists Allende) 1950s-
  • Military coups and authoritarian regimes 1960s-
  • Democracy contained 1980s-
  • Neoliberal economics, Washington consensus
  • Institutional constraints (e.g. MRO)
  • Illiberal democracy
  • Rise of the new Left 1990s-

25
The End
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