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STAFF DEVELOPMENT

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Title: STAFF DEVELOPMENT


1
STAFF DEVELOPMENT
Integrating Technology into Classroom Instruction
Designed by
Christine Campbell Mike Dillon Martin
Lawrence Jeff Pierce
CMP 521 Integrating Educational Technology into
Teaching
Mary Sorenson, Facilitator
May 25, 2005
2
Goals and Objectives
The goals for this training session include
  1. To help teachers become more aware of the
    requirements of the schools technology plan.
  2. To provide motivation for staff members to
    implement technology in the classroom.
  3. To give examples of where, when, why, an how
    technology can be incorporated into instruction.
  4. To allow teachers the opportunity to work with
    the applications hands-on.

3
Goals and Objectives
By the end of the training session, you will
  1. Name and demonstrate familiarity with current
    software programs.
  2. List at least 5 ways that technology can
    encourage higher-order thinking.
  3. List at least 5 reasons by technology is an asset
    to the classroom.
  4. Discuss why technology can help good teachers
    become even better teachers.
  5. Practice some basic technology skills.

4
Quality Staff Development
In order to ensure that the staff development is
successful, we will employ Jerry Crystals
4-stage method.
  1. TEACHER BUY-IN We want you to want to implement
    technology in your classrooms.
  2. TRAINING We will begin the ground work for
    teaching you how to various applications.
  3. ASSESSMENT We all assess what is working so
    that training meets your needs.
  4. FOLLOW-UP We will work with you after the
    training to help you in your efforts.

5
Instruction Methods
Over the course of this training, we will try to
practice what we preach by using a variety of
teaching techniques.
  1. Lecture and PowerPoint slideshow
  2. Examples and demonstrations
  3. Small group activities
  4. Hands-on and guided practice with the
    applications
  5. Discussion and question/answer sessions
  6. Formal and informal assessment

6
Logistics
To wrap up the introduction to this staff
development training, we want to mention a couple
of details.
  1. This session will last about 120 minutes and we
    will take a few breaks along the way.
  2. We are in the computer lab so that you will have
    the chance to work with the applications we
    discuss.
  3. Since everybody has different interests,
    abilities, and skill-levels, well try to tailor
    this session to meet your individual needs.

7
Logistics
To wrap up the introduction to this staff
development training, we want to mention a couple
of details.
Most importantly
Todays session is just the tip of the iceberg
There are many details about each application
that we will not be able to discuss todayOur
hope is to follow through after todays session
to assist you as you implement technology into
your classrooms!
8
Logistics
We will be looking at the following
technology-based applications
  1. A Anywhere Learning System
  2. Microsoft PowerPoint
  3. Microsoft Word and Excel
  4. Inspiration

9
A Anywhere Learning System
  • A is an integrated learning system that allows
    the student the chance to study, practice, and
    test on lessons that are curriculum based and or
    state-standards based.
  • A gives not only drill and kill programs but
    the higher level thinking skills of reasoning and
    evaluating.
  • Teachers can give an individual assignment for
    each student or the teacher can give the whole
    class assignments.

10
PowerPoint in the Classroom
As you have probably noticed, PowerPoint can add
new dimensions to otherwise typical presentations.
With PowerPoint, you can implement
Animated Text
Videos
Graphics
TEXT
and much more
11
PowerPoint in the Classroom
PowerPoint can serve a variety of purposes in the
classroom.
This presentation has already demonstrated two of
those uses
  1. Outline a presentation
  2. Highlight key points and topics

12
PowerPoint in the Classroom
PowerPoint can serve a variety of purposes in the
classroom.
Other uses are
  1. Integrating digitized images including clip art,
    photographs, diagrams, schematics, maps, etc.
  2. Providing a platform for Internet hyperlinks.
  3. Creating WebQuests and movies

The possibilities are endless.
13
PowerPoint in the Classroom
We are now going to look at some examples of
different ways that PowerPoint could be
incorporated into instruction.
Be sure to ask questions along the way about any
of the features, animation, graphics, and so
forth that you see
14
PowerPoint in the Classroom
The following PowerPoint slideshow demonstrates
how images and graphics can be implemented into a
PowerPoint.
The slideshow was used as part of a physics
lecture dealing Newtons First Law of Motion.
Go to the Newtons First Law Presentation
15
PowerPoint in the Classroom
In the Newtons First Law PowerPoint, graphics
were used in a variety of ways
  1. The picture of Gabe was taken using a digital
    camera and uploaded to the computer. Then the
    file was inserted into the slideshow.
  2. The pictures of Newton and Einstein were found
    using Google Images and Clip Art. I used Copy
    and Paste to insert the pictures.
  3. The equations illustrated in the slideshow were
    created using the Equation Editor that comes with
    the Office Package.

16
PowerPoint in the Classroom
The following PowerPoint slideshow demonstrates
how PowerPoint can be used to create WebQuests.
The activity was used as part of a review
regarding the atomic nature of matter.
Go to the WebQuest
17
PowerPoint in the Classroom
A WebQuest can be a great learning activity for
students. Notice that the WebQuest had several
key things
  1. Links in the presentation that the students can
    directly click. Creating a hyperlink in
    PowerPoint is really easy.
  2. Clear, step-by-step instructions.
  3. This particular WebQuest also used a Word
    document to accompany the activity. This is
    optional, but it adds an additional technology
    kick to the activity.

18
PowerPoint in the Classroom
The following PowerPoint slideshow demonstrates
how PowerPoint can be used to integrate video
into a lesson.
The Tacoma-Narrows footage deals with wave motion.
Go to the Sound Presentation
19
PowerPoint in the Classroom
With the availability of streaming video and
other Internet resources, it is really easy to
add video clips to a presentation.
  1. Video can provide the students with a visual
    experience about the subject your are discussing.
  2. In the Tacoma-Narrows clip, it is difficult to
    really envision the movement of the bridge
    through just a verbal description.

NOTE The main disadvantage of video is the size
of the clips. Video can make a PowerPoint very
large.
20
PowerPoint in the Classroom
PowerPoint has many excellent features that can
be used to enhance learning in the classroom.
Whether you are a beginner or an expert,
PowerPoint can add dimension to your class.
Nowwe are going to practice some PowerPoint
skills.
21
MS Word and Excel
Combines the typewriter, ledger book, and
calculator into one specific group of programs.
Allows the computer to be used to present
information on a variety of topics in a variety
of different ways.
22
MS Word and Excel
The programs offered through Microsoft allow you
to create many different documents and visual
aides
Cards Invitations
Brochures
Flyers
Reports
Informational Charts
Bar Charts Pie Charts
23
MS Word and Excel
  • MS Word is not just used to type reports, but can
    format a variety of presentation types, including
    flyers, newsletters, and brochures.
  • MS Excel is helpful in making spreadsheets, and
    is very versatile when moving data around to
    create charts and graphs. It can also be used to
    create databases.

24
MS Word and Excel
What are some advantages of MS Word?
  1. Easy to correct wording
  2. Simple to make changes
  3. Make revisions and add new wording in a snap
  4. You can edit and format text, create columns,
    generate tables, and insert graphics (Morrison
    Lowther, 1999, p. 91).

25
MS Word and Excel
Morrison Lowther (1999) note that the
educational benefits of MS Word include its
  • Ease of Use
  • Refinement of Work
  • Creativity
  • Personalization of Work
  • Equity in Final Products
  • Building Work Place Skills

26
MS Word and Excel
Excel performs a variety of functions with data,
including
  • Sort data
  • Form charts and graphs
  • Perform mathematical functions
  • Works as a database

27
Inspiration
  • An essential tool students rely on to plan,
    research, and complete projects successfully.
  • With the integrated Diagram and Outline Views,
    students can create graphic organizers and then
    expand topics into writing.

28
Inspiration
Visual Learning
  • Inspiration is a piece educational software that
    is designed to improve student achievement
    through visual learning.
  • Students are able to make connections using
    images, concept maps, and outlines.
  • Visual Learning helps
  • Clarify Thinking
  • Reinforce understanding
  • Integrate new knowledge
  • Identify misconceptions

29
Inspiration
Raising Student Achievement
  • NCLB has school districts around America
    scrambling to find solutions to improve student
    achievement. Many schools are looking to
    technology for answers.
  • Scientifically based research demonstrates that a
    base exists to support the use of graphic
    organizers for improving student learning and
    performance.
  • Graphic organizers can also improve reading
    comprehension for all students.

30
Inspiration
Raising Student Achievement
  • Inspiration can improve learning in the following
    areas
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Student achievement across grade levels
  • Diverse student populations and content areas
  • Thinking and learning skills such as organizing
    and communicating ideas
  • Seeing patterns and relationships
  • Categorizing ideas and relationships.

31
Inspiration
Features of Inspiration
  • The ability to insert

Clip Art
Sounds
Video
Hyperlinks
Pictures
www.nctm.org
  • Text to speech engine.
  • The ability to export to word processing software.

32
Inspiration
Features of Inspiration
  • Access to templates including
  • Cause and Effect Models
  • Historical Episode Models
  • Pro versus Con Models
  • Policy Models
  • Historical Biographies
  • Type of Government Flow Charts

33
Inspiration
Professional Development
  • Inspiration offers several resources to help
    classroom teacher integrate technology
  • Provides curriculum integration examples
  • Helps teachers align curriculum to standards

34
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
How can technology enhance learning?
According to Kuh and Vesper (2001), technology
can
  1. Enhance the productivity of collaboration among
    students.
  2. Encourage more participation and more
    contributions to a class.
  3. Increase equity in the classroom.

35
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
Kuh and Vesper (2001) state
Used appropriately and in concert with powerful
pedagogical approaches, technology is supposed to
enhance student learning productivity. It does
this by enriching synchronous classroom
activities and providing students with engaging
self-paced and asynchronous learning
opportunities that enable students to learn more
than they would otherwise at costs about the same
as or below that of traditional classroom-based
instruction (1).
36
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
Hutchens (2006) states
Studies have found that integrating technology
into the classroom creates a rich, effective, and
efficient learning environment which improves
student performance and learning (1).
37
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
How can technology enhance learning?
Chambers, Chueng, et. al. (2006), relate how
visuals and multimedia can assist learning
  1. Verbal information can be processed through
    auditory memory while visual information can be
    processed through visual memory.
  2. Technology can be used to appeal to different
    learning styles.

38
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
How can technology enhance learning?
Chambers, Chueng, et. al. (2006), relate how
visuals and multimedia can assist learning
  1. Multiple representations can increase retention
    and transfer of information.
  2. Multimedia establishes multiple pathways to
    understanding and comprehension.

39
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
How can technology enhance learning?
Worsnop (2006) suggests that technology can
  1. Provide excellent learning opportunities for
    students.
  2. Are relatively easy for teachers to locate.
  3. Can teach students about assessing media.

40
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
The following ideas are suggested by Worsnop
(2006) for a variety of different content areas
Language Arts Analyze online texts for
accessibility, bias, and objective
language History Analyze how media influence
history and current events Science Analyze
different resources for information about
ecological and conservation news Music Look at
how music is influenced by TV and radio
41
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
How can technology enhance learning?
Li and Liu (2005) conducted a study dealing with
using the online environment in the classroom
  1. Administrators and teachers are learning that
    the technology assisted environment expands the
    implications of learning practices and theories,
    and offers educators a large arena for imaging,
    planning, and creating a variety of ways to
    enhance the quality of learning (2).

42
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
How can technology enhance learning?
Li and Liu (2005) conducted a study dealing with
using the online environment in the classroom
  1. The study focused on the Online Top-Down Modeling
    Model of instruction using technology. This model
    refers to the use of model projects or samples
    online to involve learners and facilitate active
    participation in learning activities (5).

43
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
How can technology enhance learning?
Li and Liu (2005) conducted a study dealing with
using the online environment in the classroom
  1. The students in this study benefited from the
    digital experiences throughout the class. They
    also appreciated the teamwork efforts,
    encouragement, and the ability to see examples of
    previous work presented in an interesting and
    relevant manner.

44
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
What are the mandates set forth by the government?
No Child Left Behind (NCLB) sets forth a bold and
systemic framework for reform to close the
achievement gap.
45
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
The steps include
  • supporting stronger accountability for results
  • increased flexibility and local control
  • expanded options for parents
  • an emphasis on teaching methods proven to work.
  • (National Educational Technology Plan, 2006).

46
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
The National Education plan was created to help
local schools district meet the demands that the
No Child Left Behind Act has set.
The Department of Education provides a set of
seven action steps and recommendations to ease in
the transition to the new model of education
47
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
The Action Steps
  • Strengthen Leadership
  • provide vision and strong leadership to
    facilitate the changes.
  • Commitment to hiring technologically savvy
    employees
  • Develop partner ships with local colleges,
    universities and local businesses.
  • Empower student participation

48
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
The Action Steps
  • Consider Innovative Budgeting
  • Needed technology often can be successfully
    funded through innovative restructuring and
    reallocation of existing budgets to realize
    efficiencies and cost savings.
  • Consider leasing equipment and computers

49
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
The Action Steps
  • Improve Teacher Training
  • Provide access to professional development to
    help teachers including on-line learning courses
    .
  • Teachers need access to research, examples, and
    innovations as well as staff development to learn
    best practices.

50
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
The Action Steps
  • Support E-Learning and Virtual Schools
  • Provide every student access to e-learning
  • Encourage Broadband Access
  • Thoroughly evaluate the existing network and make
    the necessary updates.

51
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
The Action Steps
  • Move Toward Digital Content
  • A move away from reliance on textbooksto the use
    of multimedia or online information (digital
    content) offers many advantages, including cost
    savings, increased efficiency, improved
    accessibility, and enhancing learning
    opportunities in a format that engages todays
    web-savvy students.

52
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
The Action Steps
  • Integrate Data Systems
  • Integrated, interoperable data systems are the
    key to better allocation of resources, greater
    management efficiency, and online and
    technology-based assessments of student
    performance that empower educators to transform
    teaching and personalize instruction.

53
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
What about newly trained, technologically
literate teachers?
Mary Anderson (2005) suggests catching them
early
  • They love technology and are well trained in
    educational pedagogy, but theyre not sure how to
    integrate these together in the classroom.
  • Media or technology specialists should seek these
    teachers out at the first orientation and let
    them know what resources are available to them.

54
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
What about newly trained, technologically
literate teachers?
Mary Anderson (2005) suggests catching them
early
  1. New teachers and technology specialists can
    build a bridge to instructional partnerships
    (2).
  2. New teachers can become role models for the more
    experienced teachers because of their excitement,
    enthusiasm, and technological knowledge.

55
Research Supporting the Use of Technology in
Instruction
What are the implications for educators?
According to Kuh and Vesper (2001)
  1. Students need to be encouraged early on to learn
    about and use technology.
  2. Appropriate forms of IT (Information Technology)
    need to be made available for all students.
  3. Schools need to be aware of how students are
    using technology and how IT affects student
    learning.

56
Evaluation
Now it is time for you to evaluate your
experience during this staff development.
The survey is designed for several purposes
  1. To address your feelings about the use of
    technology in the classroom
  2. To address some of the issues and ideas discussed
    today
  3. To provide feedback to the presenters about the
    quality and effectiveness of the training

57
Evaluation
Please take some time to provide some detailed
feedback.
Your feedback can help us develop future staff
development sessions that will meet your needs in
the classroom.
Please return the surveys to one of the
presenters before you leave. Thank you!
58
Summary
During the course of this in-service, we have
looked at the following things
  1. A Anywhere Learning System
  2. Microsoft PowerPoint
  3. Microsoft Word and Excel
  4. Inspiration
  5. Applications for each of the programs
  6. Research supporting the use of technology in the
    classroom

59
Summary
Technology can be a great asset to your
classroom.
There are many different ways that you can use it
to differentiate your classroom and enhance what
and how you teach
Be sure to ask questions at any time and seek us
out if you need support as you implement new
applications in your classroom.
60
References
Anderson, M. A. (2005). Start the year right with
digitally native teachers. Multimedia
Internet_at_Schools, 12(5), p. 33-35. Retrieved
from EBSCOHost database on May 24, 2006.
Chambers, B., Cheung, A. C. K., Madden, N. A.,
Slavin, R. E., Gifford, R. (2006, February).
Achievement effects of embedded multimedia in a
success for all reading program. Journal of
Educational Psychology 98(1), pg 232-237.
Retrieved May 25, 2006, from EBSCOHost database.
Crystal, J. (2001, September). Building from
within Two professional development models
that work. Dayton, 22(2), 62. Hutchens, S.A.
(2006). Effective Uses of Technology-Assisted
Instruction An Investigation of Student
Performance, Attendance, and Satisfaction.
61
References
Kuh, G. D., Vesper, N. (2001, February). Do
computers enhance or detract from student
learning?   Research in Higher Education, 42(1),
p87-102. Retrieved May 25, 2006, from EBSCOHost
database. Li, S Liu, D. (2005) The online
top-down modeling model.
Quarterly Review Of Distance Education, 6(4), p
343-359. Retrieved from EBSCOHost database on
May 24, 2006. Morrison, G. Lowther, D.
(1999). Integrating computer technology into the
classroom. Prentice-Hall, 3rd edition, p.
89. Retrieved from University of Phoenix E-Book
collection October 31, 2005.
62
References
National Education Technology Plan (2006).
Electronic source retrieved May 25, 2006 from
http//www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/os/technology
/plan/2004/site/edlite-default.html Worsnop, C.
M. (2006). Integrating media lessons into the
classroom. Retrieved May 24, 2006, from
http//www.media-awareness.ca/english/resources/ed
ucational/teaching_backgrounders/media_literacy/in
tergrating_media_lessons.cfm.
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