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Diabetes

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Diabetes Sight for Life This presentation was made possible through production funding from the Sponsored in part by a grant from Roche Diagnostics – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 10 July 2019
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Title: Diabetes


1
DiabetesSight for Life
This presentation was made possible through
production funding from the

Sponsored in part by a grant from Roche
Diagnostics
2
  • 17 million Americans have diabetes.
  • About half of those people dont know they have
    diabetes.
  • Diabetes is the major cause of blindness among
    working age Americans.

3
DIABETES is a serious DISEASE!
  • Diabetes can be a very serious disease if not
    controlled.
  • Diabetes is the third leading cause of death.
  • An epidemic!

4
What is Diabetes?
  • Diabetes affects the ability of our body to
    convert the food we eat into energy.

5
Type 1 (Insulin-Dependent) Diabetes
  • Type I or Insulin-Dependent Diabetes.
  • Requires insulin shots
  • to live.
  • Usually starts under age 20.

6
Type 2 (Non-Insulin Dependent) Diabetes
  • Can often control their diabetes without using
    insulin.
  • Adults over age 40 who are overweight and have a
    family history of diabetes.
  • Now occurring more frequently in children and
    adolescents.

7
When We Eat Food
Stomach
Liver
Pancreas
Intestines
  • Food is converted into glucose.
  • Glucose enters the bloodstream.
  • Insulin helps to move glucose into cells.

8
How Our Body Uses Food
The Cell
Glucose Molecules
Insulin
  • Insulin allows glucose to enter the cell.

9
Type 1 Diabetes
The Cell
Glucose Molecules
  • Without insulin, glucose cannot enter the cell.
  • This person is insulin-dependent.

10
Type 2 Diabetes
Glucose
The Cell
Insulin
  • Insulin does not work properly.
  • Glucose buildup - hyperglycemia.

11
Symptoms of Diabetes
Unusual Thirst
Blurred Vision
Frequent Urination
Fatigue
12
Who Develops Type 1 Diabetes?
  • Also called Juvenile Diabetes.
  • Begins suddenly in persons under age 20.
  • 10 of diabetes patients.

13
Who Develops Type 2 Diabetes?
  • Usually occurs after age 40.
  • Gradual appearance of signs and symptoms.
  • Occurring more frequently in children.
  • Half are unaware they have diabetes.
  • 90 of diabetes patients.

14
Who Is Likely To Develop Diabetes?
  • Overweight
  • Sedentary
  • Family history of diabetes
  • Advancing age
  • Ethnic origin

15
How Does My Optometrist Detect Diabetes?
  • Symptoms
  • Blurred Vision
  • Vision that Changes
  • Double Vision
  • Frequent Urination
  • Thirst
  • Fatigue

16
How Does My Optometrist Detect Diabetes?
  • Tests
  • History
  • Visual Acuity
  • Eye Movements
  • Refraction

17
How Does My Optometrist Detect Diabetes?
  • Tonometry
  • Retinal Exam through a Dilated Pupil
  • Visual Field Test
  • Blood Test for Glucose

18
Complications of Diabetes
  • 1 Cause of BLINDNESS
  • 1 Cause of AMPUTATION
  • 1 Cause of KIDNEY FAILURE
  • Twice as many HEART ATTACKS
  • Three times as many STROKES

19
Benefits of Preventing Treating Diabetes
  • Feel better.
  • Fewer symptoms.
  • Longer, healthier life.
  • Decrease the risk for complications of eye, foot,
    kidney, heart and nerve diseases.
  • A lifetime of good vision!

20
Diabetes Can be Treated Controlled
  • Your Diabetes Team
  • Optometrist
  • Family Physician
  • Podiatrist
  • Dentist
  • Diabetes Educator
  • Retinal Specialist
  • Dietitian

21
Points to Remember
  • If you or someone you know
  • has symptoms of diabetes.
  • is overweight or sedentary.
  • is over age 40.
  • has a family history of diabetes.

Call the Doctor! Schedule a Checkup!
22
How to find an Optometrist
  • To find a local Optometrist go to www.aoa.org
    home page. Click onto "Doctor Locator".
  • Medicare beneficiaries can receive assistance in
    getting an eye exam by calling the Diabetes
    Hotline at 800-262-3947.
  • Find more information on the American Optometric
    Association website www.aoa.org.
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