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1. THE LEGACY OF WWII

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Heinrich Himmler, 1943 The final solution itself ... to put it bluntly, the extermination of the Jews, was not provided for by Reich Law. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 1. THE LEGACY OF WWII


1
WORLD WAR II
  • 1. THE LEGACY OF WWII
  • US policy
  • Interventionists United Nations
  • Human cost
  • Holocaust
  • Nuremberg Trials1946
  • Toyko Trials
  • The Cold War 1946 to 1989
  • WWII today

2
UN
UNITED NATIONS
Soviet Union

U.S.A
China
Great Britain France
Limited Democracy
Military Dictatorship
No Self Government
  • Founders of the United Nations in 1945
  • Permanent seats on the Security Council.
  • Replaced the League of Nations to promote world
    peace

1 Party State
No Government
Dictatorship
Monarchy
Democracy
Communism
3
The Creation of the U. N.
4
HUMAN COST of World War II
5
COST OF WWII
  • 50 to 60 million people die
  • US spent 300 billion
  • National debt 252 billion

6

WW II Casualties Europe
Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the
appropriate theater of operations
7

WW II Casualties Asia
Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the
appropriate theater of operations
8

WWII CASUALITIES
  • Civilians only.
  • Army and navy figures.
  • Figures cover July 7, 1937 to Sept. 2, 1945, and
    concern only Chinese regular troops. Do not
    include casualties suffered by guerrillas and
    local military corps.
  • Deaths from all causes.
  • Against Soviet Russia 385,847 against Nazi
    Germany.
  • Against Soviet Russia 169,822 against Nazi
    Germany.
  • National Defense Ctr., Canadian Forces Hq.,
    Director of History.

Country Men in war Battle deaths Wounded
Australia 1,000,000 26,976 180,864
Austria 800,000 280,000 350,117
Belgium 625,000 8,460 55,5131
Brazil2 40,334 943 4,222
Bulgaria 339,760 6,671 21,878
Canada 1,086,3437 42,0427 53,145
China3 17,250,521 1,324,516 1,762,006
Czechoslovakia 6,6834 8,017
Denmark 4,339
Finland 500,000 79,047 50,000
France 201,568 400,000
Germany 20,000,000 3,250,0004 7,250,000
9

WWII CASUALITIES
Country Men in war Battle deaths Wounded
Greece 17,024 47,290
Hungary 147,435 89,313
India 2,393,891 32,121 64,354
Italy 3,100,000 149,4964 66,716
Japan 9,700,000 1,270,000 140,000
Netherlands 280,000 6,500 2,860
New Zealand 194,000 11,6254 17,000
Norway 75,000 2,000
Poland 664,000 530,000
Romania 650,0005 350,0006
South Africa 410,056 2,473
U.S.S.R. 20,000,000 6,115,0004 14,012,000
United Kingdom 5,896,000 357,1164 369,267
United States 16,112,566 291,557 670,846
Yugoslavia 3,741,000 305,000 425,000
  • Civilians only.
  • Army and navy figures.
  • Figures cover July 7, 1937 to Sept. 2, 1945, and
    concern only Chinese regular troops. Do not
    include casualties suffered by guerrillas and
    local military corps.
  • Deaths from all causes.
  • Against Soviet Russia 385,847 against Nazi
    Germany.
  • Against Soviet Russia 169,822 against Nazi
    Germany.
  • National Defense Ctr., Canadian Forces Hq.,
    Director of History.

10

WW II Casualties
Country Men in war Battle deaths Wounded
Australia 1,000,000 26,976 180,864
Austria 800,000 280,000 350,117
Belgium 625,000 8,460 55,5131
Brazil2 40,334 943 4,222
Bulgaria 339,760 6,671 21,878
Canada 1,086,3437 42,0427 53,145
China3 17,250,521 1,324,516 1,762,006
Czechoslovakia 6,6834 8,017
Denmark 4,339
Finland 500,000 79,047 50,000
France 201,568 400,000
Germany 20,000,000 3,250,0004 7,250,000
Greece 17,024 47,290
Hungary 147,435 89,313
India 2,393,891 32,121 64,354
Italy 3,100,000 149,4964 66,716
Japan 9,700,000 1,270,000 140,000
Netherlands 280,000 6,500 2,860
New Zealand 194,000 11,6254 17,000
Norway 75,000 2,000
Poland 664,000 530,000
Romania 650,0005 350,0006
South Africa 410,056 2,473
U.S.S.R. 6,115,0004 14,012,000
United Kingdom 5,896,000 357,1164 369,267
United States 16,112,566 291,557 670,846
Yugoslavia 3,741,000 305,000 425,000
  1. Civilians only.
  2. Army and navy figures.
  3. Figures cover period July 7, 1937 to Sept. 2,
    1945, and concern only Chinese regular troops.
    They do not include casualties suffered by
    guerrillas and local military corps.
  4. Deaths from all causes.
  5. Against Soviet Russia 385,847 against Nazi
    Germany.
  6. Against Soviet Russia 169,822 against Nazi
    Germany.
  7. National Defense Ctr., Canadian Forces Hq.,
    Director of History.

11

HUMAN DISLOATIONS
                                                                                                                               
12
THE HOLOCAUST
  • Great destruction resulting in the extensive loss
    of life, especially by fire
  • The genocide of European Jews and other
    undesirables by the Nazis during World War II
  • Hitler killed over 12 million undesirables
    which 6 million were Jews in his concentration
    camps

13
THE HOLOCAUST
  • My first and foremost task will be the
    annihilation of the Jews.
  • "All the human culture, all the results of art,
    science, and technology that we see before us
    today, are almost exclusively the creative
    product of the Aryan..."
  • "The mightiest counterpart to the Aryan is
    represented by the Jew."
  • "And so I believe to-day that my conduct is in
    accordance with the will of the Almighty Creator.
    In standing guard against the Jew I am defending
    the handiwork of the Lord."

14
THE HOLOCAUST
  • My first and foremost task will be the
    annihilation of the Jews. "All the human
    culture, all the results of art, science, and
    technology that we see before us today, are
    almost exclusively the creative product of the
    Aryan..."
  • "The mightiest counterpart to the Aryan is
    represented by the Jew."
  • "And so I believe to-day that my conduct is in
    accordance with the will of the Almighty Creator.
    In standing guard against the Jew I am defending
    the handiwork of the Lord."
  • Adolf Hitler, 1922
  • If, with the help of his Marxist creed, the Jew
    is victorious over the other peoples of the
    world, his crown will be the funeral wreath of
    humanity and this planet will, as it did
    thousands of years ago, move through the ether
    devoid of men.
  • The end is not only the end of the freedom of the
    peoples oppressed by the Jew, but also the end of
    this parasite upon the nations. After the death
    of his victim, the vampire sooner or later dies
    too. Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf

15
THE HOLOCAUST
  • The Jews have deserved the catastrophe that has
    now overtaken them. Their destruction will go
    hand in hand with the destruction of our enemies.
    Joseph Goebbels, 1942
  • Jews must pay for its crime just as our Fuehrer
    predicted in the Reichstag namely, by the wiping
    out of the Jewish race in Europe and possibly in
    the entire world. Joseph Goebbels, 1942

16
THE HOLOCAUST
  • Not much will remain of the Jews. On the whole it
    can be said that about 60 of them will have to
    be liquidated whereas only about 40 can be used
    for forced labor. Joseph Goebbels, 1942
  • I realized once again that the Jewish race is the
    most dangerous one that inhabits the globe, and
    that we must show them no mercy and no
    indulgence. This riffraff must be eliminated and
    destroyed. Joseph Goebbels, 1942

17
THE HOLOCAUST
  • At bottom, however, I believe both the English
    and the Americans are happy that we are
    exterminating the Jewish riff-raff. Joseph
    Goebbels, 1942
  • It is a question of existence, thus it will be a
    racial struggle of pitiless severity, in the
    course of which 20 to 30 million Slavs and Jews
    will perish through military actions and crises
    of food supply. Heinrich Himmler, June 1941
  • Whether nations live in prosperity or starve to
    death interests me only in so far as we need them
    as slaves for our culture otherwise, it is of no
    interest to me. Heinrich Himmler, 1943

18
THE HOLOCAUST
  • The final solution itself ... to put it bluntly,
    the extermination of the Jews, was not provided
    for by Reich Law.
  • It was a Führer's Order, a so-called Führer's
    Order. Adolf Eichmann, 1960-61

19
A Common Enemy
  • Hitler blames Jews for problems of Germany
  • Loss of WWI
  • German Economic Depression
  • Jews identified as a race not a religion
  • A New Education Begins
  • Save Germany from impurities
  • Aryan Virtues----Nuremberg Laws

nuremberg
20
Three Phases of Hatred
  • Phase 1 1933-1939
  • A Common Enemy Re-Education
  • Citizenship Rights?
  • German Jews face deportation
  • Violence Escalates----Kristalnacht
  • Phase 2 (1939-1945)
  • World War II Declared (England and France)
  • Ghettos and Forced Labor Camps
  • Germans begin mass executions of European Jews
    and Eastern Europeans.
  • Einzsengruben death squads
  • Phase 3 The Final Solution
  • Move to concentration camps
  • Mass extermination with gas chambers

21
Death Camps
Auschwitz was the main death camp
22
Holocaust
HOLOCAUST
Genocide Policy of exterminating a race of
people..Nazi policy from 1941 to 1945.
23
Nazi leaders being tried for war crimes and
crimes against civilians Established the
principle That individuals are responsible for
the actions regardless if they are carrying out
orders.
24
trial
  • Crimes against peace, humanitywar crimes
  • Important principle established
  • Individuals responsible for their actions

25
trial
Several Nazi leaders would be found guilty for
crimes against humanity. Punishments ranged from
prison sentences up to life and execution by
hanging...
26
Japanese War Crimes Trials
General Hideki Tojo
Bio-Chemical Experiments on humans!
27
(No Transcript)
28
Yalta
DECISIONS AT YALTA CONFERENCE
Yalta Conference shaped the post WWII world. The
lasting effect was You cannot trust the words
of a dictator.
  • KEY DECISIONS
  • Created a United Nations
  • Germany and Berlin divided into 4 zones
    controlled by the Allies
  • Eastern European countries allowed free
    elections
  • Stalin signed agreements but Eastern Europe would
    stay under Soviet control.

29
CONFLICTING INTERESTS
coldwar
  • Soviet Goals
  • Wanted to rebuild Europe in ways that would help
    the Soviet Union recover from the huge losses it
    suffered during the war
  • Wanted to establish Soviet satellite nations,
    countries subject to Soviet domination and
    sympathetic to Soviet goals
  • Wanted to promote the spread of communism
    throughout the world
  • American Goals
  • Wanted conquered European nations to experience
    the democracy and economic opportunity that the
    United States had fought for during the war
  • Wanted to develop strong capitalist economies,
    which would provide good markets for American
    products

vs
30
THE COLD WAR
coldwar
vs
  • Uneasy peace between the U.S. and the Soviet
    Union.
  • Competition for world dominance and global power.
  • Fought on political and economic fronts rather
    than on military battlefields---------Even though
    the threat of war was always present.
  • Defined Americas foreign policy from 1946 to
    1989.
  • It affected domestic politics and how Americans
    viewed the world and themselves.
  • Constant state of military preparedness and arms
    race
  • Propaganda war----Democracy vs Communism
  • US policy Support nations threatened by
    Communism

31
NATO
NATO ALLIANCE AND WARSAW PACT
Communistic Warsaw Pact
Communistic Warsaw Pact
32
The Bi-Polarization of Europe The Beginning of
the Cold War
map/cold war
1950s
Democracy vs. Communism Bi-Polarization of the
World
Soviet Union/China and Allies..
US, Allied Nations and Allied colonies.
33
atomic bomb
NUCLEAR AGE
  • The world would now live with the threat of
    nuclear war.
  • Arms race between Soviet Union and U.S. who could
    build the most nuclear weapons.
  • U.S. would use nuclear weapons as a deterrent
  • Peace through strength
  • nuclear diplomacy

34
map/cold war
CONTAINMENT POLICY
1950s
Containment Stop the expansion of Communism in
Asia and Europe
Soviet Union/China and Allies..
US, Allied Nations and Allied colonies.
35
Communist Expansion A Chronology of Events
Soviet Union 1918
X
Berlin Blockade 1947-8
Eastern Europe 1946
China 1949
X
Korean War 1950 to 1953
CONTAINMENT Marshall Plan Berlin
Airlift NATO Korean War
36
TheWorld We Live in Today Was Formed by the
Events of World War II
37
7 Future American Presidents Lives Were Formed by
Their Service in World War II
38
The Race for Space
39
Early Computer Technology Came Out of WW II
Colossus, 1941
Mark I, 1944
Admiral Grace Hooper, 1944-1992 COBOL language
40
The De-Colonization of European Empires
41
The Emergence of Third World Nationalist Movements
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