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Globalization and Technology: Connections and Communications

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Title: Globalization and Technology: Connections and Communications


1
Globalization and Technology Connections and
Communications
2
Think
  • How do technology and globalization relate?
  • Why is this connection important?
  • Who are the main players? Who benefits most? Who
    is harmed the most?
  • What is Americas role? (Orange Countys role)
  • Everyday technologiesthe fun part!

3
How do technology and globalization relate?
4
First off, technology requires an audience
  • It serves no practical purpose if there is no one
    using it!

5
  • Example perhaps you could talk about how
    wonderful it would be to give everyone in the
    world solar panels to generate free electricity
    from the sun. But then there would be certain
    groups of people that would have no such need for
    that technology--people living in areas with
    minimal sun exposure, or who would be better
    equipped with other energy supplying
    technologies.
  • Technology requires specific audiences. The
    global landscape provides nearly an infinite
    array of unique audiences.

6
Technology also requires human capital
  • That means that we need people who are experts
    with different technologies and are able to bring
    it to the rest of us

7
  • Technology does not just appear out of air. It
    requires some kind of thoughtfulness, some kind
    of contemplation. It involves understanding that
    there are perhaps easier or better ways of doing
    certain things than other ways.
  • Human experience provides numerous examples
    whereby certain thoughtful groups of people come
    to realize that some activities were more
    fruitful and beneficial than others. Experts
    emerge.

8
In addition technology also needs constant
refinement
  • With improvements in the sciences, communication,
    transportation, etc. technology must always keep
    up

9
  • Because there are infinite audiences out there,
    there are also infinite chances for improvement.
  • With new knowledge over time and with new
    experiences and empirical evidence the global
    context will always provide technology with
    possibilities.

10
Needs and solutions
Globalization
Technology
11
But how do technology and globalization relate?
  • Audience
  • Human capital
  • Constant refinement
  • These three components make technology and
    globalization a perfect fit for each
    otherglobalization supplies new ideas, workers,
    creativity, and unique contexts for technology to
    flourish!

12
  • Audience is provided by the global community.
  • Human capital is provided by having access to the
    means of technology production (wealth,
    resources, higher education).
  • Constant refinement is the process through which
    technology is being made more and more efficient
    over time.

13
Globalization opens up countless doors of
opportunity for technology!
14
Unique situations
  • Caribbeanthere was a hurricane late in 2004 that
    caused severe damage. A major tech firm provided
    Internet connectivity in a truck, which drove
    around the islands to give people who were
    stranded from the hurricane a chance to get in
    touch with loved ones to let them know they were
    alive and okay.

15
Unique situations
  • Think about remote villages or cultures that have
    their own unique problems and goals that
    technology could solve.
  • Maybe they dont know about the benefits of
    crop rotation or even how nutrition works.
    Technology gives people new tools with which to
    improve life in some way.

16
Why is knowing about the globalization of
technology important?
17
Why its important
  • Some countries are developing (or have developed)
    at a much faster rate than others
  • This means that some are embracing technologies
    faster than others, and some are embracing
    certain technologies before basic needs are
    meti.e. using mobile phones before treating
    basic illnesses and diseases

18
Why its important
  • Technology is most notably associated with
    Western and developed nations
  • United States
  • Parts of Europe
  • Japan

19
Why its important
  • Those that embrace more complex technologies have
    more power.
  • War technologies (weaponry, intelligence, etc.)
    give certain countries more military power over
    others.

20
Why its important
  • Those with more power are able to influence whose
    voice is heard and whose is silenced. This can
    be done through the use of weapons and war,
    through which movies and television are aired
    (and not aired). Dominant cultures have the
    ability to suppress less powerful ones.

21
Scenario
22
Scenario
  • Imagine you are the ruler of a country. Your
    neighbor country still relies on sending mail by
    using manpower, animals, and highly dependent
    upon weather conditions. You, however, possess
    the newest and fastest technologyyou can send
    emails and instant messages to anyone you want.

23
(No Transcript)
24
Scenario
  • Suppose you find out that there will be a very
    devastating earthquake in four days in your part
    of the world. All you have to do is send an
    email and broadcast a news alert on the TV to all
    of your citizens to warn them, but your neighbor
    must rely the postal system and manpower to
    notify its citizens. Who has more power?

25
Why its important
  • There is the risk of technological colonization
    of the developing world
  • Developed countries have better access to
    technology. Richer countries have better access
    to technology. Countries with better colleges
    and universities have better access to technology.

26
Who are the main players? Who benefits most?
Who is harmed the most?
27
Main Players
  • The website www.socialtechnologies.com identifies
    three tiers of technological influence in the
    world.

World 2
World 1
World 3
28
World 1
  • asd
  • The wealthiest European nations (Western Europe)
  • United States
  • Japan

29
World 2the vast middlei
  • asd
  • China
  • India
  • Russia
  • Brazil
  • Indonesia
  • plus several small countries

World 2
30
World 3 - The worlds poorer nations
  • asd
  • Many African countries
  • Haiti
  • Afghanistan

World 3
31
World 1
Western Europe USA Japan
World 2
Russia China Brazil India Indonesia
Haiti African countries Afghanistan
World 3
32
Americas Role
  • America in your own back yard

33
Everyday Technologies
34
Computers and the Internet
35
Computers and the Internet
  • Personal computers as we know it did not become
    feasible or popular until the 1990sonly 10 to 15
    years ago!

36
1981 IBM Personal Computer
37
IBM
  • American company
  • Basic statistics 330,000 employees, 96 billion
    (2004 revenue), largest IT company in the world
  • Headquarters Armonk, New York

38
Computers and the Internet
  • Since the 1990s computing technology has become
    smaller, more powerful, and more efficient.
    Laptop computers with wireless Internet access
    are the fastest selling niche in the personal
    computer market.
  • Portability and connectivity!

39
Computers and the Internet
  • Technically the Internet dates back to the late
    1960s with the Department of Defense in the
    United States in 1969. The Internet started
    resembling what we know today in 1991 with the
    advent of the World Wide Web (WWW) by Tim
    Berners-Lee of London, England.

40
The Languages of the WWW
Implications for technological colonization.
English is the dominant language of the Web.
What kind of impact could this have on the
emergent technologies of developing nations?
41
Take home message
  • Technology has made living conditions and way of
    life much better for people around the world.
  • BUT, not everyone has access to the newest or
    best technology.
  • It is important to identify the haves and have
    nots
  • Do you think technology gives people more freedom?
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