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BIODIVERSITY FOR FOOD AND NUTRITION : UPDATE OF ACTIVITIES

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BIODIVERSITY FOR FOOD AND NUTRITION : UPDATE OF ACTIVITIES Ifeyironwa Francisca Smith, Pablo Eyzaguirre International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BIODIVERSITY FOR FOOD AND NUTRITION : UPDATE OF ACTIVITIES


1
BIODIVERSITY FOR FOOD AND NUTRITION UPDATE OF
ACTIVITIES
Ifeyironwa Francisca Smith, Pablo
Eyzaguirre International Plant Genetic Resources
Institute (IPGRI)
Ifeyironwa Francisca Smith, Tim Johns, Pablo
Eyzaguirre
2
Repositioning Nutrition as Central to Development
  • nutrition is an investment issue not a food
    consumption issue or a welfare issue
  • it is something that can drive economic growth
  • there is need to build commitment among
    government partners as well, as to not only
    invest in nutrition but invest in the right kinds
    of things for nutrition

3
International Consultation, Cross-cutting
Initiative on Biodiversity for Food and
Nutrition, Brasilia 12-13 March 2005
  • Co- Hosted by Brazilian Ministries of the
    Environment, Agrarian Development, and Health
  • Brazilian NGO and Civil Society Groups working
    with agrarian community livelihoods and
    biodiversity, Slow Food,
  • Nutrition, Agricultural, and Biodiversity
    Scientists from Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Mexico,
    Malaysia, Canada
  • UNEP-CBD, FAO, IPGRI, IFAD, UNU, IUNS, Bilateral
    partners

4
MDGs and the Double Burden of Disease Related to
Malnutrition and Environment
  • Simplification of Diets, and Poor Quality Diets
  • Simplification of Ecosystems
  • Loss or declining use of biodiversity components
    for sustainable livelihoods and household food
    security
  • Identify and use local sources for combating
    nutrition and health problems
  • Build on local capacities and empowerment of
    communities to manage food and nutrition
    resources available within their ecosystems and
    mediated by and supportive of their food cultures.

5
THE REASON WE ARE HERE
  • SCNs vision, mandate, and principles include
    facilitating the integration of nutrition
    interventions into global and national
    initiatives, and the integration of nutrition
    into national and global development agendas.
  • Biodiversity provides additional resources and
    approaches to combat malnutrition, hunger and
    poverty.
  • The next steps are to build these linkages
    between nutrition, health, agriculture, and
    biodiversity.

6
BIODIVERSITY FOR FOOD AND NUTRITION Main conclusions of the consultation on the CBD cross-cutting initiative on biodiversity for food and nutrition, organized by the Convention on Biological Diversity in cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute Brasilia, Brazil, 12 13 March, 2005.
Call for Action Biodiversity is essential for
food security and nutrition and offers key
options for sustainable livelihoods.
Environmental integrity is critical for
maintaining and building positive options for
human well-being. Existing knowledge warrants
immediate action to promote the sustainable use
of biodiversity in food security and nutrition
programmes, as a contribution to the achievement
of the Millennium Development Goals. This would
counteract the simplification of diets,
agricultural systems and ecosystems, and the
erosion of food cultures. Considering the
difficulty in precisely identifying optimal
diets, a diversity of foods from plants and
animals remains the preferred choice for human
health. Traditional food systems provide
positive synergies between human and ecosystem
health, and culture offers an essential context
for mediating positive dietary choices. An
interdisciplinary initiative on biodiversity for
food and nutrition, based on the ecosystem
approach that makes the most of locally-available
biodiversity and initiative to address nutrition
problems, will assist countries and stakeholders
in achieving the MDGS. Without urgent action
that directly engages the environmental,
agricultural and nutrition and health
communities, biodiversity and the positive
options offered by domesticated and wild
biodiversity for addressing nutrient deficiencies
and the emerging burden of non-communicable
disease will be lost.
7
Proposed Actions
  • Substantiate and promote awareness of the links
    between biodiversity, dietary diversity, food and
    nutrition
  • Mainstream the conservation and sustainable use
    of biodiversity into agendas and programmes
    related to nutrition, agriculture, health and
    poverty reduction
  • Promote activities that contribute to improving
    food security and human nutrition through
    enhanced sustainable use of biodiversity

8
An Update of Activities
  • Dietary Diversity Linking traditional foods and
    Plant Genetic Resources to Rural And Urban Health
    in
  • Sub-Saharan Africa

9
IPGRIs Dietary Diversification Activities
  • Dietary diversification projects in Kenya,
    Uganda, Tanzania and Senegal to determine level
    of use of local biodiversity and promote
    increased use
  • Targeted ethno-botanical surveys in Uganda
    Tanzania to determine availability, consumption
    and uses of indigenous/traditional foods by
    communities
  • African leafy vegetables programme in peri-urban
    and urban Nairobi Kenya, that promotes the
    production and use of indigenous African leafy
    vegetables in diets, including the role of local
    markets supermarkets in increasing access and
    availability of nutritious indigenous/traditional
    foods

10
Advocacy and Awareness Creation
  • Chennai Consultation on using Biodiversity and
    Neglected Underutilized species to address the
    Millennium Development Goals in health and food
    security, April 2005.
  • The CORAF/WECARD Assembly that brought together
    representatives from National Agricultural
    Research Systems (NARS) of 21 countries in West
    and Central Africa, May 2005.
  • International Conference on Health and
    Biodiversity (COHAB), August 2005.
  • International Union of Nutritional Sciences 18th
    International Congress of Nutrition, September
    2005.
  • Regional Workshop on Developing African Leafy
    Vegetables for Improved Nutrition, December 2005.

11
Collaborations
  • With Harvest Plus in a Food Consumption Survey in
    the Soroti district of Uganda aimed at
    identifying local biodiversity and their dietary
    use in conjunction with the orange fleshed sweet
    potato
  • With FAO in a Food Composition Collaboration
    aimed at developing the capacity required to
    build the evidence base linking biodiversity with
    improved nutrition and health

12
Activities by FAO
  • At its October 2005 Session, the FAOs
    Intergovernmental Working Group on Plant Genetic
    Resources for Food Agriculture strongly
    encouraged countries to increase efforts at
    generating, compiling and disseminating cultivar
    specific nutrient composition data.
  • FAOs editorial role in the publication of the
    Journal of Food Composition Analysis is
    creating awareness of biodiversity for food and
    nutrition in the global food and nutrition
    community, and encourages the generation of
    evidence linking biodiversity, nutrition and
    health. Increasing attention is now being devoted
    to documenting the nutritional value of local and
    indigenous food plants

13
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14
Invitation to other Organizations to contribute
to the Initiative
  • WHO, IFAD, WFP, UNICEF, UNU and other
    inter-governmental organizations are encouraged
    to include biodiversity-related considerations in
    their programmes and strategies including but not
    limited to
  • The Global Plan of Action to Achieve the
    Millennium Development Goals (prepared through
    the Secretary-Generals Millennium Project) and
    in particular its action plan on hunger
  • The FAO World Food Summit Plan of Action
  • The WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical
    Activity and Health and
  • The International Assessment of Agricultural
    Science and Technology for Development
  • Similarly governments and other international
    and national institutions, IUNS, ICSU and other
    research and academic associations, civil society
    organizations and movements, including the Slow
    Food Movement, local community and indigenous
    peoples organizations, and the private sector are
    encouraged to contribute to the initiative

15
  • Global Stakeholder Workshop on
    Biodiversity for Food and
    Nutrition
  • Rome, Italy,
    February 16-17, 2006
  • The International Plant Genetic Resources
    Institute (IPGRI), in collaboration with the
    Secretariat of the Convention on Biological
    Diversity (CBD) and the Food and Agriculture
    Organization of the United Nations (FAO),
    organized a Global Stakeholder Workshop to
    discuss the implementation of the CBDs
    Cross-cutting Initiative on Biodiversity for Food
    and Nutrition.
  • These three institutions are partners in the
    initiative and this meeting was an important step
    in its implementation.

16
Workshop Participants
  • Professionals from national organizations engaged
    in policy and programmes addressing issues
    related to nutrition and the utilization of
    agricultural biodiversity
  • Professionals in international organizations
    including the CGIAR contributing to food-based
    approaches to nutrition and food security
  • Researchers contributing to food-based approaches
    to nutrition
  • Representatives of national and international
    development agencies, Foundations, and NGOs
    working in the area of food security, nutrition,
    and health.

17
Workshop Objectives
  • General
  • The general objective of the workshop was to
    develop elements of an impact-driven and global
    action plan to utilize agricultural biodiversity
    to improve the nutrition and health of the rural
    and urban poor.
  • Specific
  • To take stock of accomplishments in this area
    up-to-date as well as related ongoing programmes.
  • To identify new partners and areas of
    collaboration.
  • To identify a set of specific and coherent
    actions to be carried out by partners to
    implement the initiative, particularly in the
    areas of research, policy, and creating public
    awareness, as well as to mobilize required
    funding.

18
Working Group Discussion Themes
  • Research Capacity development required to
    establish the link between biodiversity,
    nutrition and health.
  • Policy Actions required to support the
    Sustainable Use of Biodiversity to improve Food
    Security, Nutrition and Health of the poor.
  • Creating Public Awareness of Biodiversity for
    Food, Nutrition and Health

19
Summary Recommendations for Research Capacity
Development
  • Design specific case studies to establish the
    links biodiversity/dietary diversity/nutrition/h
    ealth
  • Determine local biodiversity through
    ethno-botanical surveys, market surveys, etc.
  • Undertake Dietary surveys adapted to local
    situations to determine level of use of
    biodiversity and its impact on nutrition and
    health status
  • Undertake analysis of local foods to determine
    their composition (nutrients, phytochemicals
    etc.)
  • Build capacity to generate, analyze and
    disseminate badly needed information on
  • - Composition of indigenous and traditional
    foods.
  • - Food consumption surveys.
  • - Ethno-botanical surveys that identify local
    biodiversity.
  • - Economic analysis of effects on health of loss
    of biodiversity and dietary diversity.

20
Summary Recommendations for Policy Actions
  • Mainstream biodiversity for nutrition into
    different existing initiatives
  • Promote the production and consumption of diverse
    local foods through market policies (e.g.
    removing disincentives in pricing, credit and
    subsidies) that ensure greater availability and
    low cost while also favoring returns to small
    producers
  • Draw lessons from successful and unsuccessful
    policies
  • Work to support policies that facilitate access
    to quality seed and genetic resources of crop
    varieties and local animal species and breeds
    that provide good nutrition to the poor in both
    urban and rural settings
  • Mainstream biodiversity for nutrition into
    regional and National Food Security Policies,
    National Plans of Action for Nutrition, and
    promote food-based dietary guidelines that
    include local diversity
  • Work to support school-based initiatives that
    promote biodiversity for food, nutrition and
    health

21
Summary Recommendations for Awareness Creation
  • Formulate effective campaigns to change behaviour
    and work with diverse agents of change to
    implement them.
  • Recruit opinion shapers and celebrity role models
    to assist in campaigns.
  • Work with multipliers such as civil society
    leaders and local suppliers of health information
    to promote diversity for well-being.
  • Boost pride in local and indigenous foods and
    diets in support of cultural identity.

22
THANK YOU
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