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Technology and Ethics

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Title: Technology and Ethics


1
Technology and Ethics
  • Joel Price

2
Lenses
  • The first lens is as a technology user.
  • The second lens is as an educator.
  • The third lens is as a writer.

3
What Determines an Ethical Issue?
  • Ethics require conceptual thought. Ethics is a
    viable option for technological change but is
    seldom considered.

4
Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics
  • 1. Thou SHALT not use a computer to harm other
    people.
  • 2. Thou SHALT not interfere with other people's
    computer work.
  • 3. Thou SHALT not snoop around in other people's
    computer files.
  • 4. Thou SHALT not use a computer to steal.

5
Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics
  • 5. Thou SHALT not use a computer to bear false
    witness.
  • 6. Thou SHALT not copy or use proprietary
    software for which you have not paid.
  • 7. Thou SHALT not use other people's computer
    resources without authorization or proper
    compensation.
  • 8. Thou SHALT not appropriate other people's
    intellectual output.

6
Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics
  • 9. Thou SHALT think about the social consequences
    of the program you are writing or the system you
    are designing.
  • 10. Thou SHALT always use a computer in ways that
    insure consideration and respect for your fellow
    humans.

7
What Is Technology?
  • Technology has existed throughout history as the
    processes and products by which humans have coped
    with and changed their environment.

8
Ethics for Technology in Education
  • Why should ethical issues be considered in
    education?
  • To provide clearly stated values and guidelines.
  • To determine the proper course when technology is
    admitted, acquired and used within an
    educational setting.

9
Ethics Issues
  • I. Human Value
  • II. Human Responsibility
  • III. Internal Human Ecological and Community
    Concerns
  • IV. Confidentiality and Privacy
  • V. Contribution through History
  • VI. Technological Admission, Acquisition and Use

10
HOW CAN LEADERS RESOLVE ETHICAL DILEMMAS?
  • Leaders should have and be willing to act on a
    definite sense of ethical standards.
  • Leaders can examine dilemmas from different
    perspectives.
  • Leaders can often reframe ethical issues.

11
What Should Guide our Path?
  • Ethics can be described as the "science of
    conduct."
  • Moral leaders teach, not just through words, but
    through actions.
  • A leader's responsibility is complex and
    multi-dimensional, rooted less in technical
    expertise than in simple human integrity.

12
The Third Lens
  • How should authors and writers view ethical
    issues when producing and preparing written work
    for publication?

13
Editorial Concerns
  • AUTHORSHIP
  • individuals identified as authors should have
    made significant contributions
  • To the conception and design, or analysis and
    interpretation of data, or both
  • To drafting of the manuscript or revising it
    critically for intellectual content and
  • On final approval of the version of the
    manuscript to be published.

14
Editorial Concerns
  • Acknowledgments.
  • Persons who made significant contributions to the
    work but did not justify authorship may be listed
    in the acknowledgment section along with their
    function or contribution.

15
Editorial Concerns
  • Conflict of interest.
  • Conflict of interest for a given manuscript
    exists when a participant in the peer review and
    publication process has ties to activities that
    could inappropriately influence judgment.

16
RESOLVING ETHICAL DILEMMAS AND VALUE CONFLICTS
  • Four competing claims are
  • (1) conflict between two or more personally held
    values
  • (2) conflict between personal values and the
    values held by another person or the
    organization
  • (3) conflict between basic principles and the
    need to achieve a desired outcome and
  • (4) conflict between two or more individuals or
    groups to whom one has an obligation

17
An Ethical Solution to Thorny Problems
  • Resolving ethical dilemmas requires interpersonal
    and negotiation skills as well as the new
    application of employability skills
  • Honesty,
  • Ability to work cooperatively,
  • Respect for others,
  • Pride in one's work,
  • Willingness to learn,
  • Dependability,
  • Responsibility for one's actions,
  • Integrity, and
  • Loyalty
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