The Canadian Council of Professional Engineers - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – The Canadian Council of Professional Engineers PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6ac4b2-MjA3M


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

The Canadian Council of Professional Engineers


The Canadian Council of Professional Engineers Providing leadership which advances the quality of life through the creative, responsible and progressive application ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:197
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 53
Provided by: sci117
Learn more at:


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Canadian Council of Professional Engineers

  • The Canadian Council of Professional Engineers
  • Providing leadership which advances the quality
    of life through the creative, responsible and
    progressive application of engineering principles
    in a global context

Todays Presentation
  • The engineering profession in Canada
  • Accreditation and Software Engineering
  • National Guidelines for Licencing
  • One provinces experiences

  • Digvir Jayas, P.Eng.
  • Chair, Canadian Engineering Qualifications
    Committee and Associate Vice-President (Research)
    at the University of Manitoba
  • Gillian Pichler, P.Eng.
  • Director, Registration at the Association of
    Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of
    British Columbia (APEGBC)
  • Pieter Botman, P.Eng.
  • Volunteer with APEGBC and independent consultant
  • Deborah Wolfe, P.Eng.
  • Director, Education, Outreach and Research at the
    Canadian Council of Professional Engineers

Engineering in Canada
  • There are 160,000 registered professional
    engineers in Canada
  • Canadas system for the formation of an engineer
    is world renowned
  • Canada is the 3rd largest exporter of engineering
    services in the world

A Self-governing Profession
  • Section 92 (13) of the Constitution Act, 1867,
    places professions under provincial and
    territorial jurisdiction.
  • Delegation to professions - self-governance
  • Licencing, discipline and enforcement
  • Associations/ordre formed to protect the public
    and govern the profession
  • Legislative framework established
  • No industrial exemption all those practising
    engineerng must be registered

The Practice of Engineering(CCPE Definition)
  • The practice of Professional engineering means
    any act of planning, designing, composing,
    evaluating, advising, reporting, directing or
    supervising, or managing any of the forgoing,
  • that requires the application of engineering
    principles, and
  • that concerns the safeguarding of life, health,
    property, economic interests, the public welfare
    or the environment.

Canadian Council of Professional Engineers
  • federation of 12 provincial and territorial
    associations, representing more than 160,000
    professional engineers
  • represents the profession at the national and
    international levels
  • accredits university engineering educational
  • prepares national criteria and guidelines

CCPE, continued . . .
  • under the Federal Trade-marks Act, the CCPE is
    the owner of the official marks engineer,
    professional engineer and engineering
  • the CCPE has the right and duty to protect the
    public from the misuse of the words engineer
    and engineering

CCPE Structure
  • Board of Directors
  • Standing Committees
  • Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board
  • Canadian Engineering Qualifications Board
  • Canadian Engineering Resources Board
  • Canadian Engineering International Board

Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board
  • 1965 - CEAB established. In 2002, 220 programs in
    35 engineering schools accredited (including
    three software engineering programs).
  • Objective To ensure Canadian engineering
    education programs meet or exceed standards
    acceptable for professional registration/licensure
    in the Canadian provinces and territories.
  • Purpose of Accreditation to identify those
    engineering programs that meet the criteria for

General Considerations
  • applies to bachelor degree programs
  • program must include engineering in the title
  • all options and electives are examined
  • CEAB curriculum content must be met by all
    students (minimum path)
  • faculty teaching courses which are primarily
    engineering science and engineering design are
    expected to be professional engineers in Canada

Benefits of Accreditation
  • creditability for program
  • graduates meet academic requirements for
    professional registration
  • international recognition of engineering
  • uniform quality of engineering programs
  • fosters self examination and continuous
  • improvement or elimination of engineering
    programs which do not meet standards

Criteria For Accreditation
  • Quantitative and Qualitative evaluation
  • Accredited engineering programs must contain not
    only mathematics, sciences and engineering
    content requirements, but they must also develop
    communication skills and an understanding of the
    environmental, cultural, economic and social
    impacts of engineering on society and the concept
    of sustainable development

Accreditation of Software Engineering Programs
  • CEAB criteria are non-discipline specific
  • CEAB developed a sample software engineering
    program that met criteria
  • Held a workshop for all team chairs and software
    engineering program visitors in year of first
    visits (Fall 2000)
  • Each software engineering program included two
    visitors one from industry and one from academia
  • Consistency report following decisions

Undergraduate Degrees Offered University of
Ottawa Example
  • Undergraduate Studies Program Titles
  • Chemical Engineering Environmental Engineering
    Option Engineering Management And
    Entrepreneurship Option Combined Program In
    Chemical Engineering/computing Technology
    Combined Biochemistry / Chemical Engineering
    Program In Biotechnology Civil
    EngineeringEnvironmental / Water Resources
    OptionStructural And Geotechnical Engineering
    OptionEngineering Management And
    Entrepreneurship OptionCombined Program In Civil
    Engineering And Computing Technology

Undergraduate Degrees Offered Example
  • Undergraduate Studies Program TitlesMechanical
    EngineeringCombined Program In Mechanical
    Engineering / Computing TechnologyEngineering
    Management And Entrepreneurship OptionSchool Of
    Information Technology And Engineering -
    Site-Computer EngineeringComputer
    ScienceElectrical EngineeringSoftware

University of Ottawa Software Engineering
Curriculum (Accredited)
  • The program prepares students for work on all
    types of software from real-time to business
    systems, with special emphasis on
    telecommunications software. The program also
    emphasizes communication and presentation skills,
    working in teams, management techniques and
    entrepreneurship. Students in the program work on
    industrially relevant software projects. They are
    taught how to use metrics to assess the quality
    of software and their own personal productivity.
  • The program was reviewed and will be mentored on
    a continuing basis by executives of leading
    software companies - members of the Industrial
    Advisory Board of SITE

University of OttawaSE Program
  • First Year
  • Principles of Chemistry
  • Technical Report Writing
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Fundamentals of Engineering Computation
  • Calculus I
  • Fundamentals of Software Design
  • Introduction to Electrical and Computer
  • Calculus II
  • Introduction to Linear Algebra
  • Fundamentals of Physics for Engineers
  • Physics Laboratory for Engineers

University of OttawaSE Program
  • Second Year
  • Data Structures
  • Engineering Economics
  • Computer Architecture I
  • Logic for Computing
  • Software Design II
  • Three credits of electives 1
  • Introduction to Business Management
  • File Management
  • Elements of Discrete Mathematics
  • Probability Statistics for Engineers
  • Software Design III
  • Three credits of electives 1

University of OttawaSE Program
  • Third Year
  • Computer Architecture II
  • Design and Analysis of Algorithms I
  • Database Management Systems
  • Introduction to Telecommunications Systems and
  • Software Development for Large-Scale Systems
  • Three credits of electives 1
  • Operating System Principles
  • Professional Software Engineering Practice 2
  • Advanced Object Oriented Analysis and Design
  • Analysis and Design of User Interfaces
  • Telecommunications Software Engineering
  • Three credits of electives 1

University of OttawaSE Program
  • Fourth Year
  • Security in Computing
  • Software Project Management
  • Software Engineering Project (first part) 3
  • Nine credits of electives 1
  • Real-Time Systems Design
  • Higher Layer Network Protocols
  • Software Quality Engineering
  • Software Engineering Project (second part) 3
  • Six credits of electives 1

National Guidelines for Licencing
  • Candidate Types
  • CEAB grads
  • CEAB recognized grads (MRA and SE)
  • Non-CEAB recognized grads
  • Related-discipline grads

Canadian Engineering Qualifications Board
  • Mandate
  • to provide guidelines for admission standards for
    the practice of engineering
  • to provide a syllabus for examinations for
    candidates other than CEAB graduates to ensure
    that they meet the educational requirements for
  • to encourage the adoption of common standards for
    professional engineering registration in Canada
  • to act in a co-ordinating role on matters of
    professional practice

  • National guidelines on professional engineering
  • National guidelines on standards of practice,
    continuing competence and ethical conduct
  • Common Professional Practice Exam
  • Examination syllabus and list of international
    engineering institutions
  • Environmental practice and issues
  • Mobility agreement

Requirements for licensure
  • Academic
  • Experience
  • Professional Practice Exam
  • Language
  • References

Academic Assessment
  • CEAB accredited or recognized program
  • Confirmatory Program
  • Examination Program

Experience Evaluation
  • application of theory
  • practical experience
  • management of engineering
  • communication skills
  • social implications of engineering

Professional Practice Examination
  • 3 hour examination
  • Professionalism
  • Engineering Law

  • French in Quebec, French or English in New
    Brunswick, English in all other jurisdictions

  • technical competence in the application of
    engineering principles and theory
  • ability to exercise professional judgment
  • ability to communicate effectively in the
    language of the jurisdiction
  • ability to work on a team
  • character

Role of Associations
  • setting standards (academic, experience,
    references) for admission to the profession and
    issuing licences to those who qualify
  • enforcement activities for those practising
    engineering who are not licensed or those
    claiming to be engineers who are not licensed
  • investigation of complaints against Members

Role of Associations, continued...
  • discipline activities against members who perform
    incompetently, breach the Code of ethics, code of
  • preparation of guidelines relating to various
    practice issues for the benefit of the public or
    the membership
  • continuing competency programs

History of Licencing in B.C.
  • 1998 Chairman of leading aerospace company
    challenged APEGBC to recognize software
    engineering as true engineering
  • Forum held with representatives from industry,
    academia, IEEE, CCPE, to explore issues and
    propose the way forward

History of Licencing in B.C.
  • Issues Identified
  • Majority of practitioners are not professional
    engineers because
  • Have engineering degrees, but do not feel that
    practice is professional engineering
  • Have computer science or other degrees but have
    moved into engineering
  • Profession had failed to recognize software
    engineering as true engineering

History of Licencing in B.C.
  • Issues Identified
  • Large sector of practitioners in applied
    computer science software and hardware
  • Designs affect public interest and safety
  • Many P.Eng. Practitioners registered through
    computer and electrical practice software
    engineering however

History of Licencing in B.C.
  • Issues Identified
  • Failure of profession to recognize software
    engineering resulted in formation left to
    employers, learned societies, individuals
  • Marketplace does not recognize value of
    registering practitioners, qualified or not
  • Evolution resulted in lack or professional
    engineers as mentors, traditionally required for
  • Marketplace has strong support system of
    professional development and certification

History of Licencing in B.C.
  • Issues Identified
  • Profession would need to make a major commitment
    to develop strategies that recognize that a
    community and practice had established, with
    certification bodies and infrastructure germane
    to its practitioners
  • Strategies would need strong support within the
    industry and present a value proposition to

History of Licencing in B.C.
  • Task Force Established
  • Responsibilities
  • Develop Qualification Process
  • Develop Professions Message to Industry and the
  • Partner with Local Firms, Industry Support
    Groups, and Industry to ensure full professional
    commitment to registered practitioners

History of Licencing in B.C.
  • Task Force
  • Developed White Paper for publication on website
    for feedback from industry groups, current and
    potential members
  • Developed Qualifications Process including
    academic and experience requirements
  • Received Councils approval to establish Software
    Engineering as a discipline and established a
    pilot applications process in April 1999 (no
    application fee)
  • Advertising on web site, press releases, industry
    publications, industry meetings
  • Established Computer Software Engineering
    Division as Member Interest Group

History of Licencing in B.C.
  • Task Force
  • Consultation Liaison/Involvement with other
  • Members in Industry
  • BC Technology Industries Association
  • IEEE Computer Society
  • Texas State Board for Engineers

History of Licencing in B.C.
  • 69 applications received
  • First software engineer registered September 2000
  • Feedback prolific with mixed opinions
  • No intention of becoming registered versus
  • Finally someone is taking action to formally
    regulate standards of practice
  • Those seeking registration
  • Didnt feel they would have qualified (or been
    interested in qualifying) before software
    engineering recognized
  • Other disciplines who had moved into software
    engineering and wished professional recognition
  • Computer Science/Math graduates needing
    professional recognition to differentiate their
    qualifications from others

History of Licencing in B.C.
  • Evaluation of Applicants
  • Recognized
  • Non-traditional, growing discipline
  • Continuing evolution of knowledge, technology and
  • Combination of academics, in-house training,
    professional development and experience make up
    qualification whole
  • Lack of P.Eng. References in some, but
    surprisingly few, cases
  • Software Engineering Syllabus and first
    Experience Guidelines used as Guidelines
  • Interviews used as a tool in many cases
  • Details of evaluation written up for each
    applicant, to ensure consistency of evaluation

APEGBC Criteria Software Engineering Experience
  • Include, but extend general requirements for
    satisfactory Engineering experience
  • Basic software knowledge assumed
  • Requires Breadth and Depth
  • Should demonstrate increasing level of
    responsibility, usually multiple roles

APEGBC Criteria SW EnggExperience Capability
  • Software requirements management
  • Elicitation, capture, tracing
  • Analysis, specification, validation
  • Software design and construction
  • Architecture Views, patterns, components
  • Design methods, modeling, notations...
  • Implementation methods and tools

APEGBC Criteria Experience Capability Areas
  • Software quality and testing
  • Defect metrics, assessment of quality,Conformance
    to requirements
  • Testing methods
  • VV
  • Software assets management
  • Configuration Management
  • Change Control
  • Release Management

APEGBC Criteria Experience Capability Areas
  • Software project management
  • Different lifecycle models,
  • Estimation and metrics
  • Risk management
  • Software process engineering
  • Process metrics
  • Software process improvement
  • Process engineering

Criteria Experience in optional capability areas
  • Safety-critical systems
  • Transportation, nuclear industry, biomedical,
  • Legal issues
  • Licencing, IP, etc...
  • Security privacy, authentication, etc.
  • Telecommunications
  • Human factors, ergonomics

Exclusions Not Software Engineering
  • Network design or management
  • System administration
  • Just use of software
  • Multimedia design
  • Pure technology investigation
  • Work lacking software elements
  • Work lacking engineering duties or responsibility

Evaluating SW Engineering experience - pragmatics
  • 4 years is needed but may be insufficient!
  • Evaluate experience within applicants
    environment (terminology, standards)
  • Look for an awareness of standards technologies,
    and current best practices
  • Above all, demonstrate application of principles,
    and understanding of many engineering trade-offs

History of Licencing in B.C.
  • Computer Software Engineering Division
  • Main focus is professional development
  • Professional Development Streams at Annual
    Conference for past two years (2000 and 2001)
  • Partner with other groups (INCOSE, IEEE) for this

History of Licencing in B.C.
  • Current Picture
  • Of 19,000 members and members-in-training
  • 31 Registered as Software Engineers
  • 200 Registered as Computer Engineers
  • Other practitioners in Electrical Engineering
  • For Example, those who list their industry
    segment as Software Development, list their
    Primary Expertise as
  • 103 Computer Software
  • 11 Systems/Systems Integration
  • 10 Telecommunications
  • 6 project management 5 Information systems
  • 4 Administration/Management 2 Microelectronics
  • 2 Electromechanical systems

History of Licencing in B.C.
  • Current Picture
  • Other industry segments represented, including
  • Communication Telecommunication
  • Computer
  • Education
  • Electrical/Electronic
  • Systems Integration
  • Utilities