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UNIT 4 English II

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Title: UNIT 4 English II


1
UNIT 4English II
  • CRS Standards covered
  • English. TOD.301- Identify the basic role of a
    sentence
  • English.COP.-Provide appropriate punctuation in
    straightforward situations

2
The Big Picture
  • The next interim is March 28, 2011!
  • Thats 13 school days away-which means we only
    have 6 A days to get ready!
  • Learning these 2 skills will help you improve
    your score on the next interim

3
Goal English.COP.-Provide appropriate
punctuation in straightforward situations
  • ALL will be able to recognize and write the
    following punctuation symbols
  • . ! ? , - ()
  • Most will know the purpose of each punctuation
    mark (i.e. when to use/not use the tool)
  • Some will be able to incorporate the marks
    individually into their own writing
  • A Few will be able to properly incorporate
    multiple marks at time into their own writing

4
Phonetic Punctuation
  • Please enjoy the clip!
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vlF4qii8S3gwfeature
    related

5
Life without Punctuation
  • Ifwedidntehavepunctuationinlifetheneverythingwould
    justruntogetherlikethisitwouldbehardforpeopletokno
    wwhatwasmeantcanyouputthepunctuationintothisblurb

6
Life without Punctuation
  • If we did not have punctuation in life, then
    everything would just run together like this. It
    would be hard for people to know what was meant.
    Can you put the punctuation into this blurb?

7
PunctuationRoad signs
  • Just like drivers need road signs to guide them,
    writers need punctuation to guide them too!

8
Ending Punctuation
  • There are 3 punctuation marks to let someone know
    that a complete thought has come to an end
  • . Period is used when a declarative statement
    has been made
  • ! Exclamation pointis used for emphasis, usually
    to show surprise or some strong emotion
  • ? Question markis used at the end of a direct
    question

9
Punctuation for sentences
  • COMMA ,
  • COLON
  • SEMI-COLON
  • DASH
  • PARENTHESES ( )

10
COMMA ,
  • REMEMBER THE 5 COMMA RULES?
  • Comma 1commas between items in a list
  • Comma 2comma conjunction to join 2
    sentences
  • Comma 3comma after intro clauses
  • Comma 4commas to set-off interrupting phrases
    or unnecessary information
  • Comma 5commas between adjectives if you can put
    the word and or or between them

11
Colons
  • Can you think of instances where you have seen
    this symbol?

12
Colons
  • You probably have seen colons used in these
    places
  • Subtitles of books, articles, chapters, etc
  • The title of the book is Michael Jordan
    Basketball Superman
  • Expressions of time
  • School is over at 235 p.m.
  • Literary references
  • John 316

Ratios The bill passed 31 Dialouge in a play
or script Gatsby I love her Nick Dude shes
married!
13
Colons
  • Colons signal that something is coming up and
    you need to pay attention.

14
Colons
  • When writing you can use a colon to say here
    comes an example or heres what I am talking
    about
  • Ex
  • Theres one thing that I love more than anything
    else in the world my sophomore students.
  • Theres only one sport for me soccer.

15
Colons
  • When writing a list with the following phrases
    these are, there are, the following, such as, or
    these things, a colon is needed.
  • Ex
  • These are the ingredients flour, milk, eggs, and
    butter.
  • I want to travel to the following cities New
    York, DC, Boston, and Atlanta.

16
Colons
  • Do NOT capitalize the first word after a colon if
    it is NOT a sentence
  • Ex WRONG
  • These are the ingredients Apples, sugar, onions,
    and olives.
  • Ex RIGHT
  • Im sure you know the old saying about apples An
    apple a day keeps the doctor away.

17
Ready to Practice?
  • As a class we will place colons into the
    following sentences when appropriate. Remember
    to use your notes as a guide.

18
We Do Colons
  • Mary disliked visiting Gordon's father she
    disapproved of his habits and his brutish
    behavior.
  • 2. Mary disliked her father-in-law he smoked, he
    bragged, he belched, and he scratched his belly.
  • 3. A management student should study the
    following courses Human Resource Management,
    Finance, Accounting, and Organizational Behavior

19
We Do Colons Answers
  • Mary disliked visiting Gordon's father she
    disapproved of his habits and his brutish
    behavior.
  • 2. Mary disliked her father-in-law he smoked, he
    bragged, he belched, and he scratched his belly.
  • 3. A management student should study the
    following courses human Resource Management,
    Finance, Accounting, and Organizational Behavior

20
You 2 Do
  • 1. Which of these is correct?
  • a) The potion contained fruit, biscuits and
    glue.
  • b) The potion contained fruit, biscuits and
    glue.
  • c) The potion contained fruit, biscuits and
    glue.
  • . There is no need for a colon here.

21
You 2 Do
  • 2. Which of these is correct?
  • a) You have only one choice Leave now while you
    can.
  • b) You have only one choice leave now while you
    can.
  • c) You have only one choice. Leave now while you
    can.
  • Correct. A colon works well here.

22
You 2 Do
  • 3. Which of these is correct?
  • a) I can see only one thing the old lighthouse.
  • b) I can see only one thing the old lighthouse.
  • c) I can see only one thing the old lighthouse.
  • Correct. The phrase before the colon makes sense
    on its own.

23
You 2 Do
  • 4. Which of these is correct?
  • a) In the bag were scissors, a hairbrush and her
    address book.
  • b) In the bag were the following scissors, a
    hairbrush and her address book.
  • c) In the bag there were scissors, a hairbrush
    and her address book.
  • Correct. The phrase before the colon makse sense
    on its own.

24
You 2 Do
  • 5. Which of these is correct?
  • a) Mankind has only one choice left stop burning
    fossil fuel.
  • b) Mankind has only one choice left, stop burning
    fossil fuel.
  • c) Mankind has only one choice left stop burning
    fossil fuel
  • .Correct. What comes before the colon makes sense
    on its own.

25
Exit Slip
  • At this time students should complete an exit
    slip on Colons

26
Semicolon
  • Semi-Colons are one of the most useful
    punctuation tools, but the least used!
  • Many people are intimidated by semicolons they
    shouldnt!
  • See, wasnt that easy?

27
Semicolon
  • If a comma is a yellow light and a period is a
    red light, the semicolon is a flashing red
    light-one of those lights you drive through after
    a brief pause

28
Semicolon
  • There are 3 rules to guide your semicolon usage
  • 1. to separate items in a list when theres
    already a comma in one or more of the items
  • 2. to separate closely related clauses when there
    is no conjunction
  • 3. to show a relationship between sentences that
    have words like however (conjunctive adverbs)

29
Semicolon
  • Take a look at the following sentence.
  • We saw Shay, captain of the basketball team,
    Tyrone, captain of the tennis team, Nick, captain
    of the chess club, and Danielle, captain of the
    volleyball team.
  • Too many commas make this a confusing sentence to
    read...semicolons would transform the sentence
    into this
  • We saw Shay, captain of the basketball team
    Tyrone, captain of the tennis team Nick, captain
    of the chess club and Danielle, captain of the
    volleyball team.
  • What rule is being applied here?

30
Semicolon
  • Take a look at the following sentence.
  • Mr. Jones toupee flew off his head. It sailed
    into the distance.
  • These sentences are closely related to each
    other. Lets join them without a conjunction.
  • . Mr. Jones toupee flew off his head it sailed
    into the distance.
  • What rule is being applied here?

31
Semicolon
  • Take a look at the following sentence.
  • I bet you thought you wouldnt have to learn
    another semicolon rule, however, you were wrong.
  • There are two complete sentences and a
    conjunctive adverb in the above sentence. A
    comma is not good enough in this instance.
  • I bet you thought you wouldnt have to learn
    another semicolon rule however, you were wrong.
  • What rule is being applied here?

32
Semicolon
  • Weve learned about conjunctive adverbs, but here
    are a few examples to refresh your minds!
  • also otherwise therefore
  • besides meanwhile in addition
  • indeed finally nevertheless
  • consequently certainly in fact

33
Semicolon Review
  • Directions Determine where the semicolon belongs
    in the following sentences.
  • 1.It is raining outside I will bring my umbrella
    with me.
  • Answer It is raining outside I will bring my
    umbrella with me.

34
Semicolon Review
  • 2. Julius likes books about baseball, planes, and
    bagels Chivonte likes books about antique cars,
    blimps, and rare fish and Kristal likes books
    about horses, dolls, and military jets.
  • Answer Julius likes books about baseball,
    planes, and bagels Chivonte likes books about
    antique cars, blimps, and rare fish and Kristal
    likes books about horses, dolls, and military
    jets.

35
Parentheses ( )
  • What is a parenthetical expression?
  • It is by-the-way information (inserted in the
    middle of a sentence, like this) that isnt
    absolutely necessary.

36
Parentheses
  • The WHEN of parentheses is easy, but the HOW is a
    bit tricky!
  • For example
  • Wrong
  • When Im hungry (like now,) all I can think about
    is food.
  • Right
  • When Im hungry (like now), all I can think about
    is food.

37
Parentheses
  • Another example
  • Wrong
  • Dont pay attention to Sam. (He doesnt know what
    hes talking about). Pay attention to me.
  • Right
  • Dont pay attention to Sam. (He doesnt know what
    hes talking about.) Pay attention to me.
  • If a complete sentence falls inside the
    parentheses, put the period inside.

38
Parentheses Review
  • Directions find the unessential information and
    place parentheses and appropriate punctuation.
  • Im angry really angry about your going to the
    movie without me.
  • Answer
  • Im angry (really angry!) about your going to the
    movie without me.

39
Parentheses Review
  • Directions find the unessential information and
    place parentheses and appropriate punctuation.
  • 2. Mr. Lindsay thinks he won the lottery fat
    chance.
  • Answer
  • Mr. Lindsay thinks he won the lottery (fat
    chance).

40
Independent Practice
  • Using your grammar text, Painless Grammar (the
    blue book) complete the Brain Tickler on pg 103.

41
The Dash
  • The dash is probably even more overused these
    days than the exclamation point and I
    admit to being an offender myself (there I go
    again).
  • The dash is like a detour it interrupts the
    sentence and inserts another thought.

42
The Dash --
  • Use a dash to link two parts of a sentence
  • Okay
  • Always buckle your seat belt because its the
    law.
  • Stronger
  • Always buckle your seat beltits the law.

43
The Dash --
  • Use a pair of dashes to emphasize by-the-way
    information
  • Okay
  • My grandmother bought me a puppy (an adorable
    bulldog!) for my birthday
  • Also okay
  • My grandmother bought me a puppy-an adorable
    bulldog!-for my birthday

44
The Dash --
  • Use a dash to set off a long description of who
    or what the subject is
  • Right
  • I love Boston, a small but internationally famous
    city with many contributions to our countrys
    history.
  • Better
  • I love Boston--a small but internationally famous
    city with many contributions to our countrys
    history.

45
The Dash --
  • Use a dash to change topic or structure
  • Ex This is very important are you listening
    to me?
  • Use a dash if the information that follows is
    surprising and unexpected.
  • Ex We went shopping in Hollywood and met Tom
    Hanks.
  • Use dashes in a dialog to show hesitation.
  • Ex I--II dont know.

46
The Dash
  • Remember a dash
  • Can replace a colon
  • Ex
  • It was what Dorian dreaded most teacher time
    OR
  • It was what Dorian dreaded most---teacher time
  • Can replace parentheses
  • Ex
  • Her new shoes had loads of style (they were
    Louis Vuitton) but not much arch support.
    OR
  • Her new shoes had loads of style--they were
    Louis Vuitton--but not much arch support.

47
The Dash--
  • Avoid OVERUSING Dashes!
  • No more than one or two dashes per paragraph
    should be used.

48
The HyphenThe cousin to the dash!
  • A hyphen is most commonly used to divide or join
    words.
  • Ex mother-in-law
  • Two-thirds well-known
  • Also create new words like
  • Great-grandfather or half-baked

49
Lets Practice
  • Click link to enjoy online interactive quiz
  • 1-http//wps.ablongman.com/long_fowler_lbh_10/46/
    11854/3034628.cw/index.html

50
Now in Groups!
  • In 4-5 small groups, you all will receive cut out
    pieces of a sentence. Each groups will
    additionally receive a recently learned
    punctuation marks as well (colon, semicolon,
    parentheses, or dash). Your task will be to put
    the sentence together and insert the appropriate
    punctuation.
  • You will have 15 minutes to complete this
    activity-Good Luck!
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