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East vs. West

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Similarities and Differences Differences Between Eastern church and western church ... and Orthodox (east) argued over the following issues Icons Who was in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: East vs. West


1
East vs. West
2
Similarities and Differences
3
Differences Between Eastern church and western
church
Western Church Roman Catholic Eastern Church Eastern Orthodox
Centered in Rome Pope has authority over Bishops Centered in Constantinople Patriarch and other bishops share authority
Farther away from the seat of power once Constantinople became capital Close to the seat of power once Constantinople became the capital
Latin is spoken in the Liturgy (church services) Greek is spoken in the liturgy (church services)
Pope has authority over Kings and emperors Emperor has authority over Patriarch and bishops
Priests cant marry Divorce is not permitted Priests can marry Divorce is allowed under certain conditions
4
What was the problem?
  • The Catholic (west) and Orthodox (east) argued
    over the following issues
  • Icons
  • Who was in charge?
  • Pope (west) vs. Emperor (east)

5
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6
What is an Icon?
  • Religious images that can be prayed to.
  • Statue of the Virgin Mary
  • Jesus Christ on the cross
  • They appear in several forms in mural painting,
    mosaic and most typically painted on small wooded
    panels.

7
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9
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11
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12
The fight over Icons
  • Orthodox (East)
  • Thought it was wrong to worship something that
    was man- made. Worship should only be made to
    God.
  • Catholic (West)
  • Thought that icons brought you closer to the
    idea/person
  • Praying to a statue of Jesus brought you closer
    to him

13
How did the icon fight begin?
  • In 730, Byzantine Emperor Leo III banned the use
    of icons , This Byzantine emperor viewed the use
    of icons as idol worship.

14
How does the west react?
  • One pope even ordered the excommunication of a
    Byzantine emperorthat is, he said the emperor
    was not a Christian and the church wouldnt give
    him recognition any longer.
  • Why is this a problem?

15
The Great Schism
  • In 1054 the Christian church split into 2
    churches forever. In the West the Roman Catholic
    (universal) Church. In the East the Eastern
    Orthodox (correct belief) Church.

So whats the difference?
16
The West - Roman Catholic Church
  • Mass was in Latin
  • Pope was Supreme head of Church in the West -
    above any political ruler
  • Priests could NOT marry
  • Religious icons of martyrs and saints to be
    respected
  • Only Pope and Bishops could interpret the
    scriptures.

17
  • The POPE is the
  • leader of the WESTERN
  • Roman Catholic Church.

18
The East- Orthodox Church
  • Mass was in Greek - so everyone could
    understand.
  • Monks who did missionary work often converted it
    into the language of the people they were trying
    to convert
  • The Byzantine Emperor was superior to religious
    leader(patriarch) of Constantinople.
  • Priests could marry
  • Icons not allowed

19
  • The leader of the EASTERN
  • Orthodox Church is
  • the PATRIARCH.
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