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HOW DO YOU KNOW WHAT YOU KNOW?

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HOW DO YOU KNOW WHAT YOU KNOW? Or at least what you think you know???? 1-1 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HOW DO YOU KNOW WHAT YOU KNOW?


1
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?
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HOW DO YOU KNOW WHAT YOU KNOW? Or at least what
you think you know?
?
?
?
1-1
2
Short Review
  • Questions
  • Answers
  • The 6 days of creation are really 6,000 years,
    right?
  • Did God use evolution to create anything?
  • Is Evolution science or religion?
  • WRONG! They are just Normal Days!!!
  • NO!!!
  • Religion

3
There are Only 2 Slides of Review Questions!!!
Smile!
4
Last Questions
  • Which two are Non-Repeatable
  • Science History Belief
  • Which two must have Eye Witnesses
  • Science History Belief
  • Which is history and which is only belief?
  • Evolution Creation

History!!!
Only Belief!!!
5
IS IT LOGICAL TO BELIEVE IN EVOLUTION?
Page 9
IF man evolved from apes,
Your brain evolved from an ape
brain.
IF your brain evolved from an ape brain,
Your logic
evolved from
ape logic.
How do you know it evolved right? Maybe youre
not even asking the right questions!
Evolution is logical ONLY if you are a modified
ape.
1-14
6
How do they know that?
  • When we hear the Discovery Channel say a new
    missing link that proves evolution has been
    discovered!
  • We ask How do they know that?
  • When we read in our science books, this animal
    has been evolving for millions of years to fine
    tune its ability to survive
  • We ask How do they know that?

7
What do we ask?
  • When we hear Elmo say, Elmo is glad dinosaurs
    havent been around for millions of years!
  • We ask . . .
  • When we hear Pastor or Mrs. Kim say, the earth
    is less than 4,000 years old"
  • We ask . . .

8
How do people know anything?
PAGE 10
9
People know through personal experience
  • This method relies on the five senses
  • I know touching a stove burns me because I
    touched one once and it burned me
  • However, the five senses can mislead
  • I saw the ghost of my dead grandmother last night
    with my own two eyes!

10
People know what leading authorities tell them
  • This method usually relies on humans
  • I know poinsettias are poisonous because a
    nurse told me so
  • However, authorities can mislead
  • The leading authorities of his day told Columbus
    that he would sail over the edge of the world if
    he went too far

11
People know through logic
  • This method relies on the human brain
  • I know, what goes up must come down the law
    of gravity always wins!
  • However, logic can mislead
  • When one goes outside of our atmosphere, nothing
    ever has to come down
  • Everyone dies, so Ill die someday
  • Not if Christ comes back first

12
People know through feeling or intuition
  • This method relies on emotions
  • I just know this is the job God wants for me!
  • Emotions can mislead
  • What if it takes you away from spending time with
    God in His Word and prayer?

13
People say they know when they are really just
wishing
  • This method relies on nothing
  • I just know that cute boy was looking at me in
    third period
  • Wishful thinking obviously misleads
  • You were probably blocking his view of the mirror

14
People say they know when they are simply lying
  • This method relies on our ignorance
  • Like the boy I worked with, I KNOW evolution is
    true because I believe in SCIENCE!
  • Lies can be hard to see through when they sound
    true
  • He finally admitted, I believe in evolution
    because I dont want to believe in a God I have
    to answer to.

15
WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO KNOW SOMETHING?
1. Personal Experience through the five
senses. I know a bee sting hurts I know
how to ride a bike.
UNRELIABLE
UNRELIABLE Except Bible
2. Reliance on Authority. I know the
sun is 93 million miles away
Jesus loves me, this I know, for the
Bible tells me so.
3. Logic. I know 2 million 2 million 4
million, even though Ive never counted that
high. I know I have a brain, even though
Ive never seen it.
4. Feeling or Intuition. I know shes the
one for me I know God has called me to
the ministry.
UNRELIABLE
UNRELIABLE
6. Bluffing (lying) - you try to persuade
others for an ulterior motive. You should buy
these tickets from me because I know this
team is going to the Super Bowl this year
I know evolution is a fact!
5. Wishful Thinking (you really want it to be
true) I just know Im going to win the
lottery!
UNRELIABLE
UNRELIABLE
1-16
16
PAGE 11
REASONS TO BELIEVE OTHERS WHO TRY TO PERSUADE US
OF WHAT THEY KNOW
IS IT BECAUSE
(1) They claim to have personal experience,
OR (2) They appeal to an authority we trust,
OR (3) We have checked out their logic and
found it trustworthy?
OR are we willing to trust their (4) intuition,
(5) wishful thinking, or (6) lying?
1-17
17
THE PREHISTORIC PAST
1. No living person has personal experience.
2. There are no eyewitness accounts except the
Bible, which is unacceptable to skeptics.
SO HOW DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE BEGINNING? Through
LOGIC ONLY?
1-18
18
Converse in Logic
  • Take an if, then
  • Original If I am listening to the pastor of West
    Side, then I am listening to Pastor David
    Pearson
  • Reverse the positions of the two statements
  • Converse If I am listening to Pastor David
    Pearson, then I am listening to the pastor of
    West Side

19
Must work in if and only if form backward and
forward
  • If I am talking to the tallest man in the room,
    then I am talking to Uncle Henry
  • Does it fit the if and only if form?
  • I am talking to the tallest man in the room, if
    and only if I am talking to Uncle Henry
  • I am talking to Uncle Henry, if and only if I am
    talking to the tallest man in the room.

TRUTH!!!
20
Converses are often false
TRUTH?
  • If the statement and its converse cannot fit the
    if and only if form
  • If I am talking to one of the shortest women in
    the room, then I am talking to Mama G
  • Does it fit the if and only if form?
  • I am talking to one of the shortest women in the
    room, if and only if, I am talking to Mama G

FALSE!!!
21
PAGE 12
PROPER LOGIC FLOW
TALKING TO ONE SHORT WOMAN
TO MRS. CHRISTAL
TO MRS. KIM
TO MAMA G
TO MARCIA
TO MRS. BECKY
1-21
22
IMPROPER LOGIC FLOW
If youre Talking to A short Woman You must
be Talking To me!
TALKING TO ONE SHORT WOMAN
There are Other short women
TO MAMA G
1-21
23
Evolution rests on Logic
  • In school evolution is taught as truth
  • As the only truth possible
  • They started by saying
  • Universe exists evolution could be true
  • Now they say
  • Evolution is true the universe exists

24
Evolution rests on Logic
  • Evolution is true, if and only if the universe
    and life exist - True logic!
  • Universe doesnt exist evolution cant be true
  • Universe exists evolution could be true

BUT . . .
25
Is Logic Ever Misleading?
  • Converse If the universe exists, then evolution
    must be true
  • The universe exists evolution is true

26
If and only if Test
TRUTH?
  • If and only if test
  • Evolution could be true, if and only if the
    universe and life exist.
  • Universe exists evolution could be true
  • The universe and life could exist, if and only if
    evolution is true.
  • Evolution is true the universe exists

FALSE!!!
27
POSSIBLE EXPLANATIONS FOR THE UNIVERSE
UNIVERSE EXISTS
THEISTIC EVOLUTION CORRECT
YOUNG-EARTH CREATION CORRECT
ATHEISTIC EVOLUTION CORRECT
OLD-EARTH CREATION CORRECT
SOMETHING ELSE CORRECT
1-23
28
IMPROPER LOGIC FLOW
UNIVERSE EXISTS
If you exist, I must be true
There are Other possibilities
TO MAMA G
1-21
29
Even if something sounds true!!! It could be
false!!!
30
EVEN WITH CORRECT LOGIC, FALSE PREMISES CAN LEAD
TO FALSE CONCLUSIONS.
All dogs bark. (Or, If an animal is a
dog, then it barks.) Fido is
a dog. Therefore, Fido barks.
Not if Fido is a Basenji!
Basenjis do not bark.
If any one of our premises is wrong, then our
conclusion is unreliable.
1-24
31
PAGE 13
HOW TO TELL SCIENCE FROM STORYTELLING
4. HOW could I test this to see if
its true?
1. WHO said they saw it? Can I trust
them?
WHAT NOT?
HOW?
WHAT?
GOD?
2. WHAT did they actually see?
WHO?
5. What does GOD have to say about it?
HOW DO YOU KNOW THAT?
3. WHAT are they NOT telling me?
1-25
32
PAGE 14
MATERIALISM NO GOD ALLOWED!
WE BELIEVE IN NATURAL PROCESSES BECAUSE WE DO NOT
WANT A GOD!!!
"We take the side of science in spite of the
patent absurdity of some of its constructs, in
spite of the failure to fulfill many of its
extravagant promises of health and life, in spite
of the tolerance of the scientific community for
unsubstantiated just-so stories,
because we have a prior commitment, a commitment
to
materialism. It is not that the methods and
institutions of science somehow compel us to
accept a material explanation of the phenomenal
world, but, on the contrary, that we are forced
by our a priori adherence to material causes to
create an apparatus of investigation and a set of
concepts that produce material explanations, no
matter how counterintuitive, no matter how
mystifying to the uninitiated.
materialism.

Moreover, that materialism is an absolute, for we
cannot allow a Divine Foot in the door."
Richard Lewontin, The New York Review, Jan. 1997
1-26
33
GOD MUST BE
INVISIBLE SUPERNATURAL ETERNAL OMNIPRESENT OMN
IPOTENT SELF-EXISTENT
1. Only seen by what He does -
2. Established natural laws, so is not
subject to those laws -
3. Preceded the universe -
4. Influence extends throughout the universe
-
5. Directly or indirectly responsi- ble for
everything that has ever happened -
6. Nobody made Him -
1-27
34
IF THERE IS NO GOD, THEN WHAT?
What if there is no God? Then the universe would
have to be the result of a series of forces,
processes, and events operating with no
particular purpose for billions of years.
We could call the whole series evolution,
quantum fluctuation, or accident. Lets use
the term Random Chance, with the under-standing
that it represents the whole multibillion year
series of forces, processes, and events.
What characteristics would Random Chance have to
have?
1-28
35
PAGE 15
NECESSARY CHARACTERISTICS
RANDOM CHANCE 1. Only seen by what it does -
INVISIBLE.
GOD
1. Only seen by what He does - INVISIBLE.
2. Established natural laws, so is not
subject to those laws - SUPERNATURAL.
2. Established natural laws, so is not
subject to those laws - SUPERNATURAL.
3. Preceded the universe - ETERNAL.
3. Preceded the universe - ETERNAL.
4. Influence extends throughout the universe
- OMNIPRESENT.
4. Influence extends throughout the universe
- OMNIPRESENT.
5. Directly or indirectly responsi- ble for
everything that has ever happened -
OMNIPOTENT.
5. Directly or indirectly responsi- ble for
everything that has ever happened -
OMNIPOTENT.
6. Nobody made Him - SELF- EXISTENT.
6. Nobody made it - SELF- EXISTENT.
There is no possibility that God does NOT exist.
1-29
36
PAGE 16
GOD OR RANDOM CHANCE?
The Bible says that God loves you so much that He
gave His only son to die for your sins.
3. If you believe in Random Chance and you
are right, nothing matters anyway.
1. If you believe in the God of the Bible and you
are right, you at least have the potential to
spend eternity in heaven with Him.
1. If you believe in the God of the Bible and you
are right, you at least have the potential to
spend eternity in heaven with Him.
3. If you believe in Random Chance and you
are right, nothing matters anyway.
2. If you believe in the God of the Bible and
you are wrong, youll never know -- so it
doesnt matter.
4. If you believe in Random Chance and you
are wrong, you are headed for
an eternal hell.
2. If you believe in the God of the Bible and
you are wrong, youll never know -- so it
doesnt matter.
Which step of faith makes more sense?
1-30
37
USEFUL IDEAS WITH STRANGE ORIGINS
The Sewing Machine - DREAM Structure of Benzene
DREAM Fiber Optics OCEAN INSPIRATION Self-Starti
ng Electric Motor SUNSET INSPIRATION Breakthroug
hs in Astronomy - ACCIDENTS etc.
1-31
38
WHERE DID SCIENCE COME FROM?
Eastern Religions
Western Religions
1. The physical universe is a deception.
1. The physical universe is real.
2. There is such a thing as objective
reality.
2. There is no such thing as objective
reality.
3. It is possible to accu- rately measure
the uni- verse and know things about it
with varying degrees of certainty.
3. Because of this, it is not possible to
accu- rately measure the uni- verse or
know things about it with certainty.
RESULT There is no point in studying nature.
RESULT The Scientific Method.
Science owes its very existence to Western
religious belief.
1-32
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