Imperialism: An Overview - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Imperialism: An Overview PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6a861a-MGU4Y



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Imperialism: An Overview

Description:

Imperialism: An Overview * Why takeover? To dominate the political, economic, and social life of the people of that nation. The Colonies Cheap raw materials (ex ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:19
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Date added: 3 September 2019
Slides: 30
Provided by: kgarrett
Learn more at: http://www.g-pisd.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Imperialism: An Overview


1
Imperialism An Overview
1
2
What is imperialism?
  • The takeover of a country or territory by a
    stronger nation


2
3
Why takeover?
  • To dominate the political, economic, and social
    life of the people of that nation.

4
The Colonies
  • Cheap raw materials (ex. Cotton)
  • strategic locations (ex. the Strait of Gibraltar,
    the Falkland Islands, the Philippines, and the
    Suez Canal.)
  • Overseas bases

4
5
Economic Motivations
  • Trade
  • New markets
  • Raw materials and cheap labor,
  • To compete for investments and resources
  • To export industrial technology and
    transportation methods.

5
6
Political Motivations
  • POWER!!!
  • to compete with other European countries
  • to expand territory
  • to exercise military force
  • to gain prestige by winning colonies
  • and to boost national pride and security.

6
7
Religious Motivation
  • To spread Christianity
  • To protect European missionaries in other lands
  • To spread European values and moral beliefs
  • To educate peoples of other cultures
  • To end slave trade in Africa.
  • The first Americans to settle in Hawaii were
    missionaries.

7
8
Exploratory Motives
  • the desire to explore "unknown" or uncharted
    territory
  • to conduct scientific research
  • to conduct medical searches for the causes and
    treatment of diseases
  • to go on an adventure
  • to investigate "unknown" lands and cultures.
  • Charles Darwin was on such a voyage when he
    gathered evidence for his book Origins of the
    Species.

8
9
Ideological Motives
  • motives were based on cultural values such as the
    belief that the white race was superior
  • other cultures were "primitive," Europeans
    should "civilize" peoples in other parts of the
    world
  • great nations should have empires
  • only the strongest nations will survive (Social
    Darwinism)

9
10
10
11
Conference of Berlin
  • A meeting of the European powers to establish
    guidelines for maintaining overseas colonies in
    undeveloped area.
  • This conference started what is called the
    Scramble for Africa.

11
12
Africa by 1914
  • In 1875, Europeans controlled less than 10
    percent of Africa. 
  • By 1900, 90 percent of Africa was divided into
    colonies.
  •  

12
13
13
14
Nationalism
  • The advocates of imperialism used nationalist
    arguments to gain public support for empire
    building.
  • They claimed that the mother country would gain
    glory and achieve "a place in the sun" by
    building a great empire.

14
15
Imperialism in Asia
  • Britain in India
  • Britain also took Ceylon, the Malay Peninsula,
    Singapore, North Borneo, Burma, and Hong Kong.
  • By 1914 France had Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia,
    Laos)
  • the Dutch controlled the East Indies (Indonesia)
  • the United States had the Philippines, and
  • Germany had special rights in China.
  • Only three Asian countries remained independent
    -- China, Japan, and Siam (Thailand).

15
16
China Spheres of Influence
  • After the Boxer rebellion (Chinese nationalist
    attempt to rid China of all foreigners)
  • China was divided into Spheres of Influence.
  • Spheres of Influence allowed a European power to
    control the economics of an area while allowing
    the local government to retain the semblance of
    power.

16
17
17
18
Imperialism in the Pacific
  • In the Pacific, several European countries took
    colonies. Great Britain took Australia and New
    Zealand. France colonized Tahiti, and Germany
    claimed the Marshall, Caroline, and Mariana
    Islands.

18
19
Europeans in Africa and the Middle East
19
20
Long-term Impacts
  • Imperialism continued throughout much of Africa
    until the 1960s
  • Once resources were depleted, imperialist
    nations left and turned the land back over to the
    natives.
  • The problem there are little or no natural
    resources left, the land is depleted, many of the
    people are uneducated the land and its people
    have been left devastated.

20
21
The Middle East
  • At one time much of the Middle East had been
    controlled by imperialist countries, such as
    Great Britain and France.
  • Yet, they are not in the same condition that
    Africa is. Why do you think that is? What makes
    their situation different than Africas?

21
22
In India.
  • DIVIDE AND CONQUER, meaning cause problems
    between the Muslim and Hindus so that they will
    not work together to overthrow us
  • To this day, Muslims and Hindus in India still
    cannot live peacefully together.

22
23
How much of the problems in todays world, can be
traced back to Imperialism?
  • Any solutions?
  • What can be done?
  • Why isnt more being done?

23
24
24
25
Motives Revisited
  • There were less selfish motives, though even
    these seem narrow-minded by today's standards.
  • Many Europeans went overseas to offer the
    "blessings" of Western Civilization to the
    "pitiful heathens."
  • There were many dedicated missionaries spreading
    Christianity and other humanitarians promoting
    public health and education.
  • Bringing these blessings of Western culture to
    the "backward" peoples of Africa and Asia was a
    duty labeled by the British writer Rudyard
    Kipling as "The White Man's Burden."

25
26
Take up the White Man's burden-- Send forth the
best ye breed-- Go bind your sons to exile To
serve your captives' need To wait in heavy
harness, On fluttered folk and wild-- Your
new-caught, sullen peoples, Half-devil and
half-child. Take up the White Man's burden-- In
patience to abide, To veil the threat of
terror And check the show of pride By open
speech and simple, An hundred times made plain To
seek another's profit, And work another's gain.
Words used to describe Europeans Words used to
describe natives Words describing the WMs
Burden Words describing the natives response
26
27
Take up the White Man's burden-- The savage wars
of peace-- Fill full the mouth of Famine And bid
the sickness cease And when your goal is
nearest The end for others sought, Watch sloth
and heathen Folly Bring all your hopes to nought.
Words used to describe Europeans Words used to
describe natives Words describing the WMs
Burden Words describing the natives response
Take up the White Man's burden-- No tawdry rule
of kings, But toil of serf and sweeper-- The tale
of common things. The ports ye shall not
enter, The roads ye shall not tread, Go mark them
with your living, And mark them with your dead.
27
28
Take up the White Man's burden-- And reap his old
reward The blame of those ye better, The hate of
those ye guard-- The cry of hosts ye humour (Ah,
slowly!) toward the light-- "Why brought he us
from bondage, Our loved Egyptian night?"
Words used to describe Europeans Words used to
describe natives Words describing the WMs
Burden Words describing the natives response
Take up the White Man's burden-- Ye dare not
stoop to less-- Nor call too loud on Freedom To
cloak your weariness By all ye cry or
whisper, By all ye leave or do, The silent,
sullen peoples Shall weigh your gods and you.
28
29
Take up the White Man's burden-- Have done with
childish days-- The lightly proferred laurel, The
easy, ungrudged praise. Comes now, to search your
manhood Through all the thankless years Cold,
edged with dear-bought wisdom, The judgment of
your peers!
Words used to describe Europeans Words used to
describe natives Words describing the WMs
Burden Words describing the natives response
Rudyard Kipling
29
About PowerShow.com