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Environmental Worldviews, Ethics, and Sustainability

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Richard Clements Last modified by: Deborah Ashley Created Date: 6/13/2001 1:21:45 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Environmental Worldviews, Ethics, and Sustainability


1
Environmental Worldviews, Ethics, and
Sustainability
G. Tyler Millers Living in the Environment 14th
Edition Chapter 28
2
Key Concepts
  • Human-centered worldview
  • Life-centered worldviews
  • Earth-centered worldviews
  • Ethical guidelines to work with the Earth
  • Living more sustainably

3
Environmental Worldviews in Industrial Societies
  • Environmental worldviews
  • Individual-centered
  • Earth-centered
  • Human-centered
  • Life-centered
  • Ecosystem-centered

4
Environmental Worldviews
Fig. 28-2 p. 632
5
Ethical Principles
  • Universalism
  • Utilitarianism
  • Consequentialism
  • Relativism
  • Rationalism
  • Nihilism

6
Values
  • Instrumental (utilitarian) value
  • Intrinsic (inherent) value
  • Anthropocentric worldview
  • Biocentric worldview

7
Planetary Management Worldview
  • Humans are the most important species
  • Manage Earth for our benefit
  • Industrial-consumer societies
  • Nature has instrumental value

8
Variations on Planetary Management
  • No-problem school
  • Free-market school
  • Responsible planetary management school
  • Spaceship-Earth school
  • Stewardship school

9
Life-Centered Environmental Worldviews
  • Humans should not cause the premature extinction
    of species
  • Protect species endangered by human activities
  • Protect species because of their intrinsic value

10
Earth-Centered Environmental Worldviews
  • Ecocentric worldview
  • Emphasis on preserving functioning ecosystems
  • Humans are part of ecological processes

11
Environmental Wisdom Worldview
  • Humans are part of nature
  • We are not in charge of the biosphere
  • Live sustainably by mimicking nature
  • Human success depends on learning how Earth
    systems work and applying what we learn
  • Deep ecology

12
Solutions Living More Sustainably
  • Develop respect for all life
  • Understand nature and apply the lessons
  • Understand our impacts on the biosphere
  • Develop critical thinking skills
  • Evaluate our worldviews and lifestyles
  • Strive to make the world a better place

13
Environmental Education
  • Where do things I consume come from?
  • What do I know about the place where I live?
  • How am I connected to the Earth and other living
    things?
  • What are my purpose and responsibility as a human
    being?

14
Major Components of the Environmental Revolution
  • Biodiversity protection revolution
  • Efficiency revolution
  • Solar-hydrogen revolution
  • Pollution protection revolution
  • Sufficiency revolution
  • Demographic revolution
  • Economic and political revolution
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