Before (and after) 9/11 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Before (and after) 9/11 PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6a7dba-NThhM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Before (and after) 9/11

Description:

Before (and after) 9/11 What didn t happen, and what was going on elsewhere? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:114
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 92
Provided by: DickA8
Learn more at: http://dickatlee.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Before (and after) 9/11


1
Before (and after) 9/11
  • What didnt happen, and
  • what was going on elsewhere?

2
Three main Before threads
  • What the U.S. saw as its interests in the Mideast
  • The activities surrounding the alleged hijackers
    in the U.S.
  • What were they doing here?
  • The (non) investigations
  • Osama bin Laden (OBL or UBL)
  • Warnings and Foreknowledge

3
U. S. Interestsin the Mideast
  • dominance, oil gas

4
U.S. InterestsProject for New American Century
(PNAC)
  • Devoted to matters of maintaining US
    pre-eminence, thwarting rival powers and shaping
    the global security system according to US
    interests.
  • Consistent position regime change in Iraq
  • Rebuilding America's Defenses Strategies,
    Forces, and Resources For a New Century (2000)
  • Massive modernization, transformation, expansion
    of military
  • Will take massive infusion of money from
    entitlements
  • Because of public and institutional resistance,
    "the process of transformation, even if it brings
    revolutionary change, is likely to be a long one,
    absent some catastrophic and catalyzing event
    like a new Pearl Harbor.
  • Clip Everybodys Gotta Learn Sometime
    (637-1217)

5
U.S. Interests PNAC
6
U.S. Interests PNAC in Bush Admin
7
U.S. Interests
  • Union Oil Company of California
  • 1890 founded
  • 1995 cooperating with CIA, turning over
    information gained on Central Asian negotiating
    trips (part of larger CIA use of business)
  • 1996 opens office in Kandahar during Taliban
    take-over
  • 1996 anti-Taliban Massoud claims Unocal and CIA
    gave Taliban the money needed to take over
    Kandahar later CIA and Unocal said to give
    Taliban weapons and instructors
  • 1997 agrees to pay 1M to set up facility (near
    Bin Laden compound) to train Pashtuns for
    building pipeline
  • 1998-2005 discussed later
  • 2005 China tries to buy, stymied by U.S.
    government national security concerns merged
    into Chevron

8
U.S. InterestsCentral Asia Cheney (CEO
Halliburton) "I cannot think of a time when we
have had a region emerge as suddenly to become as
strategically significant as the Caspian.
9
U.S. InterestsPetroleum http//commdocs.house.go
v/committees/intlrel/hfa48119.000/hfa48119_0.HTM
  • 1998 Congressional testimony by
    Unocal
  • Caspian/Central Asia rich in untapped petroleum
  • Area is isolated
  • Most pipelines were built during Russian
    Afghanistan era, head north, none south east
  • Europe and former Soviet republics slow demand
    growth
  • Asia is where big demand expected, where
    pipelines should go
  • One main pipeline option is across Afghanistan,
    requiring a stable government having the
    confidence of governments, leaders, and our
    company

10
U.S. InterestsUnocal India Pipeline
11
U.S. InterestsHistory 79-91
  • Based mostly on http//www.ringnebula.com/Oil/T
    imeline.htm
  • 7/79 Carter orders aid to anti-govt forces in
    Afghanistan to induce Soviet invasion (ZbigBrz)
  • 12/79 Soviets comply, after initial resistance
  • mid/late 80s CIA works with Saudis to create an
    army to inject into Afghanistan
  • Saudis pick OBL (wealthy construction family,
    close ties to royal family)
  • 1989 Soviets leave Afghanistan
  • 12/91 Soviet Union collapses
  • Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan formed

12
U.S. InterestsHistory 93-96
  • 1993 Oil companies start moving for the oil (200
    billion barrel estimate) also natural gas
  • 1995 Unocal signs oil gas pipeline agreements
    with Turkmenistan
  • Rt Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, to
    Indian Ocean
  • 1995-97 Bridas (Argentine oil co.) in competing
    negotiations w/Turkmenistan/Taliban/Pakistan
  • 8/96 Unocal Delta/Saudi sign memorandum of
    understanding with Russian Turkmen gas
    companies for building pipeline (same route)

13
U.S. InterestsHistory 97
  • 1997 Congress declares Caspian/Caucasus a zone
    of vital American interest
  • 10/97 Unocal others form Central Asia Gas
    Pipeline Ltd (CentGas) to build Afghan pipeline
  • 12/97 Unocal invites Taliban reps to its Texas
    headquarters

14
U.S. InterestsHistory
  • 1/98 Unocal and Pak/Turkmenistan/Taliban sign
    agreement on gas pipeline financing, with Unocal
    also considering an oil pipeline
  • 1/98 Bridas wins the competition (?????)
  • 2/98 Unocal VP tells Congress Taliban should be
    removed, replaced w/govt acceptable to Unocal
  • 3/98 Unocal announces delay in finalizing
    project due to ongoing civil war

15
U.S. InterestsHistory
  • 8/98 OBL-linked terrorists bomb African
    embassies
  • 8/98 Clinton calls in 75-80 cruise missiles on
    Afghanistan and SudanUnocal suspends pipeline
    development
  • 11/98 Trade Development Agency commissions
    Enron to investigate another route to Turkish
    coast (1bil more expensive)
  • 12/98 Unocal cites business reasons, withdraws
    from the agreement

16
U.S. InterestsHistory
  • 4/99 Pak/Turkmen/Afghan reactivate agreement
    without the U.S. interests
  • 7/99 Clinton freezes Afghan assets, prohibits
    trade and other transactions
  • 10/99 1st UN Security Council Res 1267 sanctions
    Taliban, demands OBL turnover without delay
  • 10/00 USS Cole attacked
  • 12/00 2nd UN Security Council Res 1333 more
    sanctions on Taliban, demands 1267 compliance

17
U.S. InterestsHistory 2001
  • 1-2/01 Bush administration (BA)
  • Cheney, Condoleeza Rice and Secys of Commerce,
    Interior, and Army are all previous oil-related
    execs
  • Secy of Energy recd more oil as senator than
    all but 3 others
  • BA immediately engages in active negotiations
    w/Taliban
  • Taliban hires long-time Mujaheddin ally Laila
    Helms (niece of Richard Helms (former CIA head
    Iran ambassador) as go-between

18
U.S. InterestsHistory 2001
  • 5/01 BA to Taliban on pipeline placement
    "Either you accept our offer of a carpet of gold,
    or we bury you under a carpet of bombs.
  • 6/01 Ambassador to Yemen prevents FBIs John
    ONeill from entering Yemen to investigate
    aQ/Cole
  • 7/01 Senior US officials tell former Pak foreign
    secretary that US military action against
    Afghanistan would start by mid-October BBC
  • 9/11/01 .................................

19
U.S. InterestsHistory 2001
  • 9/01 3rd UN Security Council Resolution 1373
    more sanctions
  • 10/7/01 Aerial bombardment of Afghanistan
    begins, allegedly to get OBL and 9/11 accomplices
  • 10/14/01 Taliban offers to turn over OBL to
    neutral country if US stops bombing and gives
    evidence of 9/11 guilt Bush rejects We know
    hes guilty.
  • 10/16/01 Taliban moderate drops demand for
    proof but U.S. wants Taliban hard-liners out

20
U.S. InterestsHistory interlude
  • 11/01 Bush order -- sitting or previous
    president (or family) can seal all presidential
    and/or vice-presidential records, including those
    of previous administrations does so for
    Reagan/Bush1 (also Clinton?)
  • 1/02 Bush asks Daschle to limit Congressional
    9/11 investigations

21
U.S. InterestsHistory 2001-02
  • 12/01 US-backed government takes over, under
    Hamid Karzai (former Unocal consultant)
  • 12/01 Bush appoints Zalmay Khalilzad as special
    envoy to Afghanistan (former Unocal consultant in
    talks with Taliban in 1997)
  • 2/02 Karzai and Pakistan pres agree to revive
    pipe-line Turkmenistan says it hopes will soon
    be built
  • 5/02/02 Karzai and Turkmenistan/Pakistan
    counterparts hold talks on pipelineAfghan
    minister for Mines and Industries says Unocal is
    the lead company for building it.
  • 5/30/02 Afghanistan,Turkmenistan and Pakistan
    agree to build the pipeline

22
U.S. InterestsHistory - later
  • 4/10 Afghan, Pakistan, and India sign agreement
    to buy gas from Turkmenistan
  • 12/10 Gas pipeline agreement signed
  • 5/30/02 Afghanistan,Turkmenistan and Pakistan
    agree to build the pipeline
  • 04/12 Failure to agree on gas transit fees
  • India/Afghanistan re Afghan segment
  • India/Pakistan re Pakistan segment
  • 05/12 Afghan parliament approves pipelineIndia
    signs gas purchase agreement w/Turkmenistan

23
The Hijackers
  • Did they even exist?
  • What were they doing here?
  • The (non)investigations
  • Osama Bin Laden

24
The Hijackers Where did FBI get IDs?
  • Head of Customs Boarder Protection testifies
    before 9/11 Commission
  • On the morning of 9/11, they pulled manifests
    from airlines, noticed several suspicious
  • Ran through lookout list
  • In 45 minutes, they forwarded list of hijackers
    and passengers to FBI
  • By 11AM, saw list with all 19 hijackers, all of
    whom turned out to be correct.
  • Note original list had only 18 hijackers

25
The Hijackers (per FBI on 9/14) Flight 11
  • Amir Bukhari 9/13 (died in small plane crash in
    2000)
  • Waleed al-Shehri
  • Adnan Bukhari 9/13 (alive in FL, passed
    polygraph)
  • Wail al-Shehri (Saudi pilot, contacted officials
    to deny
  • Abdulrahman al-Omari 9/13 (Saudi Air pilot,
    complained)
  • Abdul Aziz al-Omari (confirmed name DoB, Saudi
    embassy says passport stolen in 1996)
  • Amer Kamfar 9/13
  • Satam al-Suqami (passport found before (FBI) or
    after (911C) North tower collapse)
  • Mohamed Atta

26
The Hijackers (per FBI on 9/14) Flight 175
  • Marwan al-Shehhi
  • Faez Banihammad FBI Ahmed
  • Mohand FBI Mohald al-Shehri
  • Ahmed al-Ghamdi
  • Hamza al-Ghamdi (also booked flights in Saudi
    Arabia for end of September)

27
The Hijackers (per FBI on 9/14) Flight 77
  • Salem al-Hazmi (says never been to U.S., not out
    of Saudi Arabia in 2 years)
  • Nawaf FBI Nawaq al-Hazmi
  • Majed Moqed
  • Khalid al-Midhar
  • Mosead Caned (9/14 morning DoJ unreleased list)
  • Hani Hanjour (not on passenger manifest)

28
The Hijackers (per FBI on 9/14) Flight 93
  • Saeed al-Ghamdi (Saudi pilot name, residence,
    DoB, occupation match shocked and furious)
  • Ahmed al-Nami
  • Ahmad al-Haznawi
  • Ziad Jarrah FBI Jarrahi -- correct on later
    versions of original manifests that were
    supposedly basis for identification

29
The Hijackers The Atta Story - 9/11 Comm
  • Atta and al-Omari drive to Portland in rented
    blue Nissan
  • Stay overnight
  • Catch commuter flight to Boston
  • Arrives at 645, an hour before Flight 11
    departure
  • Attas bags dont make the transfer, though
    everyone elses do (though Atta was flagged by
    CAPPS -- Computer Assisted Passenger
    Pre-Screening)

30
The Hijackers The Atta Story - Problems
  • Portland trip -- ringleader risks delay forcing
    postponement or cancellation of operation
  • Attas bags -- why didnt they make the transfer
    (and why was there a will in them?)

31
The Hijackers The Atta Story develops
  • CNN (9/12)
  • Bukharis involved
  • 2 individuals photographed going through Portland
    security
  • Arabic flight training manuals found in car at
    Logan
  • CNN (early 9/13, according to law-enforcement)
  • Bukharis rent silver blue Nissan Altima in Boston
  • Drive to Portland 9/10, drive back next morning
  • Mitsubishi sedan found at Logan w/Arabic flight
    manuals, rented by Atta

32
The Hijackers The Atta Story develops
  • CNN (later 9/13)
  • Apology for Bukhari mistake (based on multiple
    law-enforcement reports)
  • Still say flight manuals in Boston car
    w/references pointing to Atta and al-Shehhi
  • CNN (9/14) -- Arabic language manuals in car
  • CNN (later 9/14 per Portland Police)
  • Atta one of two who boarded flight to Boston
  • Nissan rented from same place as Boston car used
    by additional suspects
  • WashPost (9/16) -- incriminating materials found
    in Attas luggage

33
The Hijackers The Atta Story -- FBI 10/5
  • Photo from Portland Jetport gas station
  • Atta al-Omari (AO) at 828 PM (date cropped)
  • same picture at Moussaoui trial (2006) -- date
    shows as 11-10-01 (Saturday) though stamped MON
  • Timeline has other pictures of AO at other
    places at 831 and 841, getting to Jetport at
    915

34
The Hijackers The Atta Story -- FBI Affidavit
  • Signed by FBI agent and US magistrate judge
  • Dated 9/12, 953 AM
  • Blue Nissan Altima rented by Atta
  • AO on AA flight 11
  • AA personnel found As two bags
  • Magistrate authorized search
  • Found incriminating evidence, including As will
  • So why all the misinformation on 9/13-14?

35
Hijackers -- what were they doing? Entry into US
  • 91 Hanni Hanjour comes to Arizona

36
Hijackers -- what were they doing? Entry into US
  • 1/00 Khaled Almihdhar Nawaf Alhazmi to LA
  • Passports flagged as terror-related by Saudis
  • CIA knows them, puts them on NSA watch list (for
    intercepts) but not State Dept watch list (to
    prevent entry) until 8/01, claims lost them in
    Bangkok after Malaysia aQ summit
  • But Almihdhar tells KSM they were followed
  • Thailand cables CIA about them in March, CIA
    claims no one saw this until May
  • Settle in San Diego w/help from al-Bayoumi
    (called Saudi or other foreign intel by FBIs
    best source in the area)
  • Live openly (in phone book, cell phone
    registered, etc.)
  • Almihdhar leaves 6/00, returns to Yemen
    communication hub

37
Hijackers -- what were they doing? Entry into US
  • 6/00 Ziad Jarrah arrives in Georgia
  • Tourist visa from Berlin
  • Stopped in Dubai
  • UAE officials say stop was requested by CIA,
    question him for 4 hours, inform US, US says to
    let him go, theyll track him
  • US denies knowing (but appears unlikely)
  • Flies to Venice, FL, settles there

38
Hijackers -- what were they doing? Entry into US
  • http//newsmine.org/content.php?ol9-11/suspects/
    hijackers-visa-express-program-started-3-months-be
    fore-911.txt (original WP article gone)
  • Visa Express program -- started June 2001
  • Only at the U.S. Embassy in Saudi Arabia, to cut
    long lines, frees staff time to more thoroughly
    check suspicious ones
  • No interviews or background checks -- data checks
    done by travel agencies (but 12 of 15 Saudi
    hijackers interviewed)
  • Richard Armitage (PNAC) rejects requests from the
    Foreign Terrorist Tracking Task Force (FTTTF) to
    deny some visas (in July 2002)
  • The information we have received from the FTTTF
    so far has been insufficient to permit a consular
    office to deny a visa. The information we have
    received states only that the FTTF believes the
    applicants may pose a threat to national
    security.

39
Hijackers -- what were they doing? Flying
  • Ziad Jarrah
  • Florida Flight Training Center (FFTC), Jun-? 2000
  • Aiming for multi-engine license

40
Hijackers -- what were they doing? Flying
  • Mohammed Atta Marwan Alshehhi
  • Huffman Aviation (Venice), Jul-Dec 2000
  • aiming for commercial licenses
  • Atta already has private license
  • Soloing by July
  • Obnoxious attitude/authority problem, instructor
    wants to expell, owner Dekker talks to them, they
    improve
  • Rent planes, gone for days at a time
  • Go to Sarasota School (Sept), thrown out, return
    to Huffman
  • Dekker says they leave after paying in Dec, but
    reportedly practice night-landing Huffman planes
    at another airport in Jan/Feb

41
Hijackers -- what were they doing? Flying
42
Hijackers -- what were they doing? Devout?
  • Atta and Alshehhi
  • Venice frequent two pubs, drink beer
  • Atta never visits mosques or associates with
    Muslims
  • Coral Springs Atta chain smoking
  • Lots more (Las Vegas lap dancers, etc.)

43
Hijackers -- what were they doing? Living openly
  • Nawaf Alhamzi and Ziad Jarrah
  • Living in motel a few miles from NSA headquarters
    during Aug/early-Sept 2011

44
Hijackers -- what were they doing? Living Openly
45
Hijackers -- How did they get here? U.S. Saudi
visa office
46
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations2002
Congressional Inquiry
  • Before 9/11, the intelligence community
    possessed no intelligence or law enforcement
    information linking 16 of the 19 hijackers
    including Atta to terrorism or terrorist
    groups.

  • Well....

47
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations The Yemen
Comm Hub 1
  • 96? NSA monitoring OBL phone picks up Yemen
    number, later turns out to be a hub
  • 8/98 East Africa embassy bombing
  • 8/98 That investigation ids Yemen al-Qaeda
    communication hub (run by Almihdhars father-in
    law wife there)
  • NSA CIA plant bugs, tap phones, satellite-watch
    visitors
  • Intelligence bonanza -- counter-terrorism
    officials

48
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations The Yemen
Comm Hub 2
  • 12/99 major info review to prevent Millennium
    attacks
  • turns up two HJs connected to Yemen hub (
    heading to Malaysia aQ summit) also connected to
    East Africa bombing
  • NSA identifies a number of HJs, fails to pass
    some of the info to CIA
  • NSA report at the time shows clear knowledge of
    HJs connection to OBL

49
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations The Yemen
Comm Hub 3
  • 00-01 -- many calls to/from hijackers
  • 9/11 Commission NSA shared some but not all info
    w/CIA and FBI
  • FBI agents working on aQ/Yemen said they never
    heard of the calls
  • NSA says it didnt share Almihdhar-in-US info
    because didnt know he was there (obviously false
    from other evidence)

50
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Malaysia
aQ Summit (1/00) 1
  • Many of OBLs close associates there
  • CIA tracks Khalid Almihdhar from Dubai (where
    they copied his passport, which had a U.S.
    multi-entry visa)
  • KA presence at summit provided to FBI (in an odd
    way), but existence of the visa NOT!
  • CIA notifies Malaysia authorities about the
    summit, but doesnt tell them what to look for,
    so Malaysians concentrate on locals

51
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Malaysia
aQ Summit (1/00) 2
  • Much surveillance, videotaping, photographing,
    cafe hard-drive checking
  • No audio taping was done (inexplicably)
  • Plans for Cole bombing and 9/11 allegedly
    discussed (how know if no audio taping?)
  • Large number of hi-quality photos taken, not
    clear how many passed to CIA, or why only 2 or 3
    circulated in U.S. intelligence
  • Some attendees captured in Mideast, US declines
    custody or doesnt interrogate

52
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Malaysia
aQ Summit (1/00) 3
  • Knowledge of the presence of Nawaf Alhazmi and
    Khalid Almihdhar provided many future
    opportunities to foil the 9/11 plot, none taken.

53
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations CIA
doesnt tell FBI 1
  • 1/00 FBI Strategic Info Op Center (SIOC) to deal
    with CIA/FBI communication problems
  • CIA James tells FBI SIOC agent (who isnt a
    contact for this) about Malaysia summit and
    Almihdhar
  • Then emails CIA people exactly what he told the
    FBI no mention of Almihdhar visa (dest NYC,
    3-month stay)
  • New info arrives, does exactly the same thing
    with another SIOC agent, mentions suspicious
    activity but not criminal enterprise or impending
    attack (FBI matter)
  • Later refuses to talk to Justice Dept, tells CIA
    Inspector General he has no recollection of any
    of this

54
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations CIA
doesnt tell FBI 2
  • 1/00 FBI agent Doug Miller (assigned to CIA OBL
    unit) reads CIA cables about Almihdar US visa
    with NY destination and 3 month stay
  • Drafts cable to FBI about it
  • CIA person Michelle sees it, notifies deputy
    station chief, Tom Wilshire, who blocks it as
    not info for the FBI
  • Michelle sends cable to CIA (but not FBI) saying
    info was shared w/FBI
  • No one at CIA checks that FBI received info
    (standard practice)
  • 9/11 Commission buries it, doesnt mention
    Wilshire
  • Michelle apparently lies to CIA Inspector
    General, who reports that the block was due to
    wrong format or need for editing

55
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations CIA
doesnt tell FBI 3
  • 1/00 Another FBI agent in CIAs OBL unit
    protests, but his superiors wont let him pass
    the visa info to the FBI
  • Michelle insists next attack will be in SE Asia,
    will tell FBI when something comes up affecting
    them (i.e., US)
  • Tom Wilshire sends CYA? email prior to 9/11
    expressing fear of Malaysia attack
  • Post 9/11 allegation CIA trying to prevent FBI
    from interfering in (illegal, w/ Saudi intel)
    attempt to recruit Almihdhar and Alhamzi to
    monitor highjackers in U.S.
  • (CIA says it stopped monitoring Atta in Germany,
    but German experts suspected this continued in
    US)

56
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Able
Danger 1, Jan 2000
  • Secret U.S. Army Intelligence unit
  • Uses computer analysis of connections between
    people
  • identifies 5 aQ cells
  • Brooklyn cell related to Brooklyn
  • includes Atta, Alshehhi, Almihdhar, Nawaf Alhazmi
  • not necessarily living in Brooklyn (or US)

57
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Able
Danger 2
  • Identifies Atta/Sheikh Omar Abdul-Rahman (WTC
    93) connection
  • 2x3 chart with 5 clusters of names around OBL
    in the center
  • Chart disappears
  • 2.4 Terabytes of data destroyed by a captain on
    pain of losing his job

58
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Able
Danger 3
59
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Able
Danger 4
  • 9/11 Commission ignores Able Danger in spite of
    testimony by Col. Anthony Shaffer
  • Defense Department Inspector General investigates
  • Asks leading questions
  • Browbeats Philpott, asking him again and again
    over several weeks until he apparently gets the
    picture and changes his story to say Shaffer
    probably talked him into thinking Atta was
    mentioned.
  • Does not interview the perpetrators

60
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations John
ONeill
  • FBI Deputy DIrector, leading authority on aQ,
    investigator of WTC 93
  • Repeated obstruction of his aQ investigations
  • The main obstacles to investigate Islamic
    terrorism were US oil corporate interests, and
    the role played by Saudi Arabia in it.
  • Said the Bush administration slowed down
    aQ/terrorism investigations related Afghanistan
    because of negotiations with Taliban over an oil
    pipeline
  • Resigns from FBI on August 22
  • Offered job as security head of WTC (34th fl
    office)
  • Dies in attack -- called son and friend to say
    fine, called the FBI, went back into the building
    to help

61
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Robert
Wright, FBI Chicago
  • 12 years w/FBI, partner John Vincent, 27 years
    w/FBI
  • Following 1998 embassy bombing, part of terrorism
    task force, investigating connection between
    Chicago cell and financial kingpin Yassim al-Kadi
    in Chicago
  • Could follow suspects and file reports, but "The
    supervisor who was there from headquarters was
    right straight across from me and started yelling
    at me 'You will not open criminal
    investigations'
  • In response to repeated efforts "I think it's
    just better to let sleeping dogs lie. (1/01)
  • Federal prosecutor Mark Flessner assigned to
    build the cases "There were powers bigger than I
    was in the Justice Department and within the FBI
    that simply were not going to let it the
    criminal case happen.
  • Wright eventually sued the FBI over their
    obstruction.

62
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Robert
Wright, FBI Chicago
63
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Phoenix
Memo, July 10, 2001
  • Phoenix FBI office became concerned about
    possible flight training by terrorist suspects
  • Agent Kenneth Williams wrote memo to FBI HQ about
    this
  • http//www.thememoryhole.org/911/phoenix-memo/01.h
    tm (jpg)
  • The purpose of this communication, is to advise
    the bureau and New York of the possibility of a
    coordinated effort by Osama bin Laden to send
    students to the United States to attend civil
    aviation universities and colleges. Phoenix has
    observed an inordinate number of individuals of
    investigative interest who are attending or who
    have attended civil aviation universities and
    colleges in the State of Arizona....
  • The memo recommends the FBI compile a list of all
    flight training schools and assign liaisons to
    start watching them, and interagency sharing of
    info
  • Published copy had much redacted material,
    raising suspicions that it contained names of
    some of the hijackers
  • It was ignored (?) by FBI HQ

64
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Coleen
Rowley, Aug 2001
  • Chief attorney for Minneapolis FBI, famous 5/02
    memohttp//www.time.com/time/covers/1101020603/m
    emo.html
  • Investigating Moussaoui (20th hijacker),
    suspicion that he was going to try to fly
    something into the WTC, confiscated his laptop,
    tried to get permission to examine it, FBI HQ
    refused to get permission, finally obtained on
    9/11
  • FBI HQ never told Minneapolis of the Phoenix
    pilot memo
  • In the weeks leading up to 9/11, frustrated field
    agents in Minneapolis bitterly joked that key
    officials in Washington "had to be spies or moles
    ... working for Osama bin Laden."
  • Office head, Marion Spike Bowman, given award
    for exceptional performance by FBI Director
    Mueller, 12/01
  • Mueller continued to state FBI had no prior
    knowledge after repeated attempts by Rowley to
    disabuse him of that fact.
  • No one in FBI was ever investigated about all this

65
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Coleen
Rowley, Aug 2001
66
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Harry
Samet, Aug 2001
  • http//www.reason.com/news/show/36676.html
  • Minneapolis FBI investigating Moussaoui
  • Moussaoui wanted to hijack a plane and had the
    weapons with which to do it, believes it is
    acceptable to kill civilians and approves of
    martyrdom.
  • Training on 747 simulator (just wanted to do
    it) suspicious of terrorism
  • Suspected connection to terrorist camp
  • Filed over 70 reports, ignored
  • Supervisor Mike Maltbie blocked Aug 31 letter to
    FAA
  • Maltbie and David Frasca (radical fundamentalist
    head) said only wanted facts on connection to
    foreign power for FISA court, but suspicions were
    enough for criminal search
  • Samet told pressing to hard for warrant would
    hurt career

67
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Harry
Samet, Aug 2001
68
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Sibel
Edmonds, 2002
  • Hired by FBI Language Services Section (high
    security) as translator in Sept 01 for detainee
    interrogations
  • Dec 01 - March 02 Complaints to superiors about
    things she uncovered -- many, including
  • FBI, State Department, and Pentagon infiltrated
    by a Turkish Israeli-run intelligence network
    that paid high American officials to steal
    nuclear weapons secrets
  • FBI received information in April 2001, from a
    reliable Iranian intelligence asset, that Osama
    Bin Laden was planning attacks on 4-5 cities with
    planes, some of the people were already in the
    country and the attacks would happen in a few
    months
  • Retaliation -- access cut, computer taken,
    polygraph, fired
  • Subsequently became most gagged person in U.S.
    history
  • 9/11 Commission relegated her to a small
    irrelevant footnote

69
Hijackers -- the (non) investigations Sibel
Edmonds, 2002
70
Hijackers -- Osama bin Laden
  • So, was OBL guilty?

71
Hijackers -- Osama bin Laden In his own words 1
  • September 16, read by himselfI stress that I
    have not carried out this act, which appears to
    have been carried out by individuals with their
    own motivations.
  • Broadcast around the world, except in the U.S.
    Bush administration told media it might contain
    secret signals to aQ terrorists

72
Hijackers -- Osama bin Laden In his own words 2
  • September 28, in Pakistani newspaper"I have
    already said that I am not involved in the 11
    September attacks in the United States. As a
    Muslim, I try my best to avoid telling a lie. I
    had no knowledge of these attacks, nor do I
    consider the killing of innocent women, children,
    and other humans as an appreciable act. Islam
    strictly forbids causing harm to innocent women,
    children and other people...
  • "There exists a government within the government
    of the United States. That secret government
    must be asked as to who carried out the
    attacks.ll The United States should trace the
    perpetrators of these attacks to those person who
    want to make the present century a century of
    conflict between Islam and Christianity so that
    their own nation could survive."
  • Bush administration same response

73
Hijackers -- Osama bin Laden In his own (?)
words 3
  • December 13 videotape found in a house in
    Jalalabad during Afghanistan invasion
  • Pentagon re-sequence for release, but available
    in both formshttp//www.npr.org/news/specials/re
    sponse/investigation/011213.binladen.tape.html
  • So-called smoking gun
  • Spoken by face very different from OBL in face
    analysis
  • Duke University OBL expert Bruce Lawrence this
    is not OBL, and a January tape threatening the US
    is doubtfully OBL
  • Muslim world didnt buy it
  • Bush Its preposterous for anybody to think
    this tape is doctored. Thats just a feeble
    excuse to provide weak support for an incredibly
    evil man.

74
Hijackers -- Osama bin Laden In his own (?)
words 3
  • "The brothers, who conducted the operation, all
    they knew was that they have a martyrdom
    operation and we asked each of them to go to
    America, but they didn't know anything about the
    operation, not even one letter. But they were
    trained and we did not reveal the operation to
    them until they are there and just before they
    boarded the planes.... Those who were trained to
    fly didn't know the others. One group of people
    did not know the other group."
  • "....we calculated in advance the number of
    casualties from the enemy, who would be killed
    based on the position of the tower. We
    calculated that the floors that would be hit
    would be three or four floors. I was the most
    optimistic of them all inaudible due to my
    experience in this field I was thinking that the
    fire from the gas in the plane would melt the
    iron structure of the building and collapse the
    area where the plane hit and all the floors above
    it. This is all that we had hoped for."

75
Hijackers -- Osama bin Laden Which doesnt
fit?Thanks to Steven Jones, 9/11 Revisited
76
Hijackers -- Osama bin Laden Facial Analysis
77
Hijackers -- Osama bin Laden Guilty of 9/11?
  • FBI Website for OBL as most wantedhttp//www.fbi
    .gov/wanted/terrorists/terbinladen.htm
  • Usama Bin Laden is wanted in connection with the
    August 7, 1998, bombings of the United States
    Embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and
    Nairobi, Kenya. These attacks killed over 200
    people. In addition, Bin Laden is a suspect in
    other terrorist attacks throughout the world.

78
Hijackers -- Osama bin Laden No hard evidence?
  • http//www.teamliberty.net/id267.html
  • On June 5, 2006, the Muckraker Report contacted
    the FBI Headquarters, (202) 324-3000, to learn
    why Bin Ladens Most Wanted poster did not
    indicate that Usama was also wanted in connection
    with 9/11. The Muckraker Report spoke with Rex
    Tomb, Chief of Investigative Publicity for the
    FBI. When asked why there is no mention of 9/11
    on Bin Ladens Most Wanted web page, Tomb said,
    The reason why 9/11 is not mentioned on Usama
    Bin Ladens Most Wanted page is because the FBI
    has no hard evidence connecting Bin Laden to
    9/11.
  • Surprised by the ease in which this FBI spokesman
    made such an astonishing statement, I asked, How
    this was possible? Tomb continued, Bin Laden
    has not been formally charged in connection to
    9/11. I asked, How does that work? Tomb
    continued, The FBI gathers evidence. Once
    evidence is gathered, it is turned over to the
    Department of Justice. The Department of Justice
    than decides whether it has enough evidence to
    present to a federal grand jury. In the case of
    the 1998 United States Embassies being bombed,
    Bin Laden has been formally indicted and charged
    by a grand jury. He has not been formally
    indicted and charged in connection with 9/11
    because the FBI has no hard evidence connected
    Bin Laden to 9/11.

79
Hijackers -- Osama bin Laden The White Paper?
80
Hijackers -- Osama bin Laden After 9/11
  • Invasion and escape from Afghanistan

81
Hijackers -- Osama bin Laden After 9/11
  • FBI Director Robert Mueller, April 19, 2002 at
    the Commonwealth Club "The hijackers also left
    no paper trail. In our investigation, we have
    not uncovered a single piece of paper either here
    or in the U.S. or in the treasure trove of
    information that has turned up in Afghanistan and
    elsewhere that mentioned any aspect of the
    September 11th plot.

82
Warnings and Foreknowledge
  • Sometimes they are hard to separate....

83
Warnings /Foreknowledge 2001Foreign Governments
2001
  • 23 warnings from 11 foreign governments
  • many specifically mentioning planes and symbolic
    urban targets

84
Warnings /Foreknowledge 2001U.S. Intelligence
  • June George Tenet briefing Rice on threat of aQ
    attack is described by Richard Clarke as having
    his hair on fire
  • July 5 CIA briefs Ashcroft a significant aQ
    attack is imminent and could occur at any time
  • July 5 Acting FBI director Tom Pickard briefs
    Ashcroft about terror threat in U.S.Ashcroft I
    do not want to hear about this any more
    (Pickard, under oath)
  • July Ashcroft stops flying commercial CBS

85
Warnings /Foreknowledge 2001Foreign Governments
2001
  • Germany, June The BND (German intelligence)
    warns the CIA and Israelis that Mideast terrorist
    plan to hijack commercial aircraft to use as
    weapons against American and Israeli cultural
    symbols
  • Jordan, Summer intercepts communication on
    attacks planned for WTC, passes to Washington
  • France, Aug-Sept French intelligence repeatedly
    warns of imminent attacks
  • Cayman Islands, week before caller to talk show
    reports imminent OBL attack on US

86
Warnings /Foreknowledge 2001Foreign Governments
2001
  • Russia, August
  • Moscow knew about the perpetrators, and warned
    Washington about their preparations for the
    attacks two weeks beforehand Izvestia, 9/12
  • Putin says he ordered intel service to warn the
    US government "in the strongest possible terms"
    of imminent assaults on airports and government
    buildings MSNBC interview, 9/15
  • Bizarre case Mike Vreeland (Naval intelligence
    spy) has letter in Russian detailing Iraqi plans
    to attack WTC, 3-Mile Island, Pentagon with
    planes, tries to warn US government, rebuffed

87
Warnings/Foreknowledge 2001Insider trading on
put options
  • The trades
  • American Airlines 9/10 -- 60x
  • United Airlines 9/6-10 -- 90x (9/6 285x)
  • No other airlines
  • Morgan Stanley 9/7-10 -- 27x
  • Merrill Lynch 9/5?-10 -- 12x
  • Worldwide Japan, North America, Europe
  • regulators will "certainly be able to track down
    every trade. SEC enforcement chief William Lucas
  • UK Financial Services Authority clears OBL et al

88
Warnings/Foreknowledge 2001Insider trading on
put options
  • 9/11 Commission response
  • The trades were all investigated and led to
    investors who had no connection to terrorists.
  • Ummm....

89
Warnings /Foreknowledge 2001Insider trading on
put options
  • Relation to Intelligence
  • First report Israeli Institute on
    Counterterrorism
  • PROMIS software
  • Incorporates data from variety of databases in
    different languages into one readable format
  • Used by FBI to monitor transactions in a virtual
    real-time environment

90
The 9/11 Commission
  • How it was delayed,
  • how it started,
  • how it was compromised

91
The 9/11 Commission
About PowerShow.com