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Update on Standards and Guidance

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Update on Standards and Guidance OSHA s Regulatory Agenda and Guidance Projects Dorothy Dougherty, Acting Director Directorate of Standards and Guidance – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Update on Standards and Guidance


1
Update on Standards and Guidance
  • OSHAs Regulatory Agenda and Guidance Projects

Dorothy Dougherty, Acting Director Directorate of
Standards and Guidance
2
THE REGULATORY PROCESS
3
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4
Analytical Requirements
  • Significant risk determination.
  • Technological feasibility.
  • Economic feasibility/cost effectiveness
  • Information collection requirements under the
    Paperwork Reduction Act.
  • Where there is impact on significant number of
    small businesses, Small Business Regulatory
    Enforcement Fairness Act (SBREFA) panel.
  • Peer review requirements.

5
Regulatory Agenda
  • DSG has about 20 regulatory projects.
  • Current regulatory agenda was published on
    4/24/2006.
  • Can be accessed through OSHAs web page under the
    unified agenda.

6
Hexavalent Chromium
  • Previous standard dated to 1971 and was based on
    controlling irritation and damage to nasal
    tissues.
  • Final rule published
    February 28 2006.
  • Separate standards for
    general industry,
    construction, maritime

7
Assigned Protection Factors
  • Amendment to the Respiratory Protection Standard.
  • Adds protection factors for classes of
    respirators to indicate the expected level of
    protection.
  • Final rule has been prepared and is in the review
    process. Expect to publish later this year.

8
Final Rules Safety
  • Subpart S General Industry Electrical
  • Consensus Standards
  • Vertical Tandem Lifts
  • Subpart V Construction Electric Power
    Generation and Distribution

9
Subpart V
  • OSHA has two standards covering electric power
    work.
  • Subpart V of Part 1926 covering construction.
  • 1910.269 covering general industry maintenance.
  • Employees suffer 74 fatalities and 444 injuries
    annually.
  • Proposal would reduce fatalities and injuries by
    25 percent.

10
Subpart V
  • Proposal published June 2005
  • Public hearing March 2006
  • Posthearing comment dates
  • May 15additional data and evidence due
  • July 14comments and briefs due

11
Consensus Standards
  • More than 200 consensus standards are used in
    about 500 OSHA provisions
  • Nearly all 200 are out of date
  • OSHA Rulemaking cannot keep pace with updates

12
How OSHA Uses Consensus Standards
  • Basis - of an OSHA standard extracting wording
  • Citing - as a reference - to indicate an
    acceptable means to meet a performance-language
    requirement
  • Incorporating by reference - citing the name,
    year, and part/section of the consensus standard
  • Notes or Appendices - for additional information
    or compliance assistance

13
Proposed Rules
  • Crystalline Silica
  • Beryllium
  • Explosives
  • General Working Conditions in Shipyards

14
RFIs and ANPRs
  • Hazard Communication/Globally Harmonized System
  • SIPS III
  • Emergency Response and Preparedness
  • Ionizing Radiation

15
Emergency Response/Preparedness
  • OSHAs jurisdiction is limited, but its standards
    are used by state and local authorities.
  • Experience in preparing guidance.
  • Publishing request for information to solicit
    input on whether rulemaking should be done, and
    what form it should take. Issues related to PPE,
    training, medical surveillance.

16
Hazard Communication
  • Considering adoption of the Globally Harmonized
    System of Classification and Labeling of
    Chemicals (GHS).
  • Added to the new regulatory agenda, with the next
    step being an advance notice of proposed
    rulemaking (ANPR).
  • ANPR is currently being reviewed by OMB.

17
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18
Motor Vehicle Safety Guidance
  • Recently published guidance on motor vehicle
    safety.
  • Joint project with NHTSA, NETS and OSHA to
    address motor vehicle injuries and fatalities.

19
Current Guidance Projects
  • Chrome VI outreach
  • Hazards of Scrap Metal Recycling
  • Hazard Communication/GHS
  • PPE for Emergency Response
  • Silica Exposure in Construction

20
Current Guidance Projects
  • Ergonomics in Shipyards
  • Slings
  • Electrical Safety
  • Motor Vehicle Safety in Marine Terminals
  • Fire Service Manual

21
Emerging Issues
  • Control Banding
  • Co-sponsor international workshop
  • Participated in national workshop
  • Nanotechnology
  • National Nanotechnology Initiative
  • Best practices
  • Methamphetamine Laboratories
  • Researching potential hazards to first responders
    and private-sector clean-up workers

22
Clandestine Drug Labs
Courtesy DEA
23
Courtesy DEA
Fast growing national problem 1999 - 7,400 meth
lab raids nationwide  2004 - 17,000 meth labs
identified nationwide
24
Clandestine lab habitat
  • Rental properties
  • Farmhouses
  • Apartments
  • Hotels
  • Motels
  • Self storage units
  • Vehicles

Courtesy DEA
25
Individuals at Risk
  • Lab operators
  • First responders/EMT/Hazmat
  • Cleanup crews
  • Neighbors
  • Residents in same building

Courtesy DEA
26
Potential Exposure Hazards
  • Strong Acids and Bases
  • Ammonia
  • Solvents
  • Lead
  • Mercury
  • Methamphetamine

Courtesy DEA
27
Avian/Pandemic Flu
  • Guidance on Avian Flu -- Laboratory workers --
    Healthcare workers -- Food handlers -- Workers
    stationed abroad
  • -- Poultry workers and animal handlers
  • Participating on workgroup to develop guidance
    for pandemic flu

28
Conclusion
  • A new regulatory agenda was published on
    4/24/2006. It provides the goals for completing
    the various steps of each project.
  • Rulemaking is an iterative and deliberative
    process. It includes many checks and balances to
    ensure the Agency is basing its decisions on the
    best available evidence.
  • Guidance is an additional tool to provide
    information to help address safety and health
    issues.
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