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Health Education

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Health Education Presented By DR:Amira Yahia * Purpose of health education To teach the clients to build a correct awareness on health To change the clients ill life ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Health Education


1
Health Education
  • Presented By
  • DRAmira Yahia

2
component
  • Definition
  • AIMS OF HEALTH EDUCATION
  • Purpose of health education
  • Principles of health education
  • Process of health education
  • Influencing factors on patients learning
  • CONTENTS OF HEALTH EDUCATION
  • Communication in health education
  • TOOLS OF CHANGING BEHAVIOUR
  • Evaluation of health education programs
  • OBJECTIVES
  • Level of health education
  • Role and function of nurses in health education

3
What is Health Education?
  • This comprises of activities involving some
    form of communication designed to improve health
    knowledge and development of life skills.

4
Definition
  • Health education is the process by which
    individuals and group of people learn to
  • Promote
  • Maintain
  • Restore health.
  • Education for health begins with people as they
    are, with whatever interests they may have in
    improving their living conditions.

5
Health Promotion
  • Is any combination of educational,
    organizational, economic and environmental
    support for behaviors and conditions of living
    conducive to health .
  • Health Promotion is a widely used term to
    encompass various activities eg.
  • Behavior lifestyle,
  • Preventive health services,
  • Health protection directed at environment,
  • Health related public policy,
  • Economic regulatory measures.
  • (Health Education is the primary and dominant
    measure in Health Promotion ).

6
AIMS OF HEALTH EDUCATION
  • 1. To develop a sense of responsibility for
    health conditions, as individuals, as members of
    families communities.
  • (Promotion ,prevention of disease early
    diagnosis and management ).
  • 2. To promote and wisely use the available
    health services.
  • 3. To be part of all education, and to continue
    throughout whole span of life.

7
Purpose of health education
  • To teach the clients to build a correct awareness
    on health
  • To change the clients ill life habits
  • To look after well )healthy )behaviors and life
    style
  • To reduce or eliminate health risk factors
  • To prevent illness ,promote health, enhance the
    health level of whole nationality.

8
Principles of health education
  • Meeting patients need first
  • Implementing teaching individually
  • Practicality
  • Realism objectives
  • Participation of clients and their family members
  • Teaching and learning step by step
  • Promoting

9
Process of health education
  • a) Assess the patients learning needs
  • Establish the teaching and learning objectives
  • Constitute the teaching plan
  • Implement the teaching plan
  • Evaluate the teaching and learning

10
Steps for adopting new ideas practices
  • AWARENESS (Know about new ideas)
  • INTEREST (Seeks more details )
  • EVALUATION
  • (Advantages versus disadvant.ges testing
    usefulness )
  • TRIAL (Decision put into practice)
  • ADOPTION (person feels new idea is good and
    adopts it)

11
Influencing factors on patients learning
  • 1- factors related to educators
  • A- awareness on client teaching
  • B- knowledge and skill or client teaching
  • C- communication techniques
  • D- interpersonal relation

12
Cont.
  • 2- Factors related to the learner (patients)
  • A-factors facilitating learning e.g
  • -motivation
  • -relevance
  • -active involvement
  • -feedback
  • -timing
  • -environment

13
Cont.
  • B- factors inhibiting learning e.g
  • -emotion
  • -culture barriers
  • -physiological event
  • - Psychomotor ability

14
CONTENTS OF HEALTH EDUCATION
  • Nutrition
  • Health habits
  • Personal hygiene
  • Safety rules
  • Basic (K) of disease preventive measures
  • Mental health
  • Proper use of health services
  • Sex education
  • Special education for groups( food handlers,
    occupations, mothers, school health etc. )
  • Principles of healthy life style e.g. sleep,
    exercise

15
Communication in health education
  • Education is primarily a matter of communication,
    the components of which are
  • CHANNELS AUDIENCE MESSAGE
    COMMUNICATOR
  • - Individual
    - Conform with - Educator
  • - Media - Group
    objectives.
  • --------------------------------------------------
    ---------------------------------------
  • - 2 way - Public
    - understandable - needs interest


  • of audience
  • --------------------------------------------------
    ---------------------------------------
  • - 1 way - Public
    - Acceptable - ? Content of


  • message
  • --------------------------------------------------
    ---------------------------------------

16
COMPONENTS OF communication
17
Characteristics of sender
18
Communication Skills
19
Cont
20
Message
21
Cont
22
Types/Channels of H.E.
23
Receiver
24
Behavior
  • Is reaction of human being and other animals to
    internal and external stimulus that work on them

25
Healthy behavior
  • Is a behavior performance when a individual is on
    a well state in physiological ,psychological and
    social aspects

26
Classification of behavior
  • 1-instinctive behavior. e.g
  • -feeding
  • -sleep
  • -sexual
  • -explanation

27
Cont
  • 2- social behaviors. E.g
  • -role behavior
  • -occupation skill
  • -entertainment behavior

28
OBJECTIVES
  • 1. For promotion of health and prevention of
    diseases (first issue in alma Ata declaration )
  • 2. To emphasize the fact that the final analysis
    it is the individual who will decide to be
    healthy or not.
  • 3. To reach a situation where the people want to
    be healthy, know how to attain health, do what
    they can individually and collectively to seek
    help when needed

29
Evaluation of health education programs
  • There should be continuous evaluation.
  • Evaluation should not be left to the end but
    should be done from time to time for purpose of
    making modifications to achieve better results.

30
EVALUATION CYCLE
  • Describe problem Describe program State
    goals Determine needed


  • information
  • Modify program
    Establish basis for

  • proof of
    effectiveness

  • Analyze compare Organize data
    Develop test Determine data
  • results base
    instruments collecting
    method

31
Level of health education
  • 1- home level
  • 2- Communal level
  • 3-Health services

32
1- home level
  • The family is the basic unit of self-reliance in
    health and the prime focus for most information
    and education activities include
  • ? acquisition for basic knowledge in order that
    the individual will come to value health and know
    how to maintain it

33
Cont
  • ? acquisition of an understanding of local health
    hazards and how to avoid them
  • ? Recognition of health variants and of diseases
    .
  • acquisition of the ability to take proper
    self-care decisions or to seek help.

34
2- Communal level
  • Without adequate communal support, health will
    difficult to attain or maintain. Collective
    action is required to create the socioeconomic
    and environmental conditions within which
    individuals will be motivated to take their
    health into their own hands to the greatest
    extent possible. this includes-

35
Cont
  • Easy access to sound and useful information on
    prevailing health problems and methods of
    preventing and controlling them.
  • A clear understanding of the technologies and
    services available and their advantage and
    disadvantage.
  • Positive health information through the mass
    media, including the avoidance of its use to
    promote the utilization of produce which may non-
    essential medicaments and practices.

36
Health services
  • Including-
  • 1- First health facility
  • 2- First referral level
  • The health services have a responsibility for
    encouraging and facilitating family self-reliance
    and the involvement of the community in the
    planning and implementation of health care system
    .unless this is understood

37
Cont
  • Provision of sound health information.
  • Organization of formal health education
    activities.
  • fostering interdisciplinary approaches to
    support the family and individual.
  • Close cooperation with the mass media to foster
    positive health information.
  • Counseling of patients including promotion of
    healthy behavio

38
Indicators of program effectiveness in home level
  • a-increased competent in dealing with diseases or
    accidents in the home .
  • b- Increased knowledge of the importance of
    proper nutrition, common health hazards and how
    to avoid them at the first level of care.
  • C-Increased utilization of health services
    provided for each family.

39
communal level
  • A-increased knowledge of the importance of proper
    nutrition common health hazards, and how to avoid
    them in the community.
  • B-increased competence in dealing with disease or
    accident and first aids in the community.

40
Cont
  • C-reduction of those disease or condition in
    which the role of the individual is of primordial
    importance , such as reduction of infant
    morbidity and mortality due to diseases
    preventable by personal hygiene ,reduction of
    home accident ..
  • D-sustained participation in individual or group
    recreational activities

41
3- indicators of effectiveness of health services
level
  • A-increase utilization of health facilities.
  • B- Increased coverage of health topics in mass
    media and the use of advertising practices which
    foster healthy living.

42
Role and function of nurses in health education
  • 1- provide much information related to health and
    the clients
  • 2-to assist the client to recognize the factors
    influencing health
  • 3- to assist the client to identity the actual
    and potential health problems
  • 4-to instruct the client to adopt healthy
    behavior

43
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