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Corrections for Juveniles

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Chapter 17 Corrections for Juveniles Corrections for Juveniles The Problem of Youth Crime History of Juvenile Corrections Juvenile Corrections: English Antecedents ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Corrections for Juveniles


1
Chapter 17
  • Corrections for Juveniles

2
Corrections for Juveniles
  • The Problem of Youth Crime
  • History of Juvenile Corrections
  • Juvenile Corrections English Antecedents
  • Juvenile Corrections in the United States
  • Why Treat juveniles and Adults Differently?
  • Differences between Adults and juveniles, in
    Perspective
  • The Problem of Serious Delinquency
  • Sanctioning juvenile Offenders
  • Overview of Juvenile Justice System
  • Disposition of Juvenile Offenders

3
parens patriae
  • the parent of the country the role of the
    state as guardian and protector of all people
    (particularly juveniles) who are unable to
    protect themselves

4
Evolution of juvenile justice in America, 1600s
- 2000
  • Crime Control
  • 1980 - 2007
  • victim emphasis
  • punishment of serious offenders
  • waive serious cases
  • Juvenile Rights
  • 1960 - 1980
  • In re Gault, 1967
  • JJ Del. Prev. Act, 1974 deinstitutionalize
    status offenders
  • legalization of juv. law
  • Juvenile Court
  • 1899 - 1960
  • Ill. Juv. Crt, 1899
  • separate legal system for juvs
  • child as legally irresponsible
  • Refuge Period
  • 1824 - 1899
  • NY House of Refuge, 1825 for delinquent
    dependent children
  • child as helpless
  • Puritan Period
  • 1646 - 1824
  • Mass. Stubborn Child Law, 1646
  • child as evil

5
Julian W. Mack
  • Julian W. Mack (1866-1943) One of the foremost
    innovators in juvenile justice, Mack presided
    over Chicagos juvenile court from 1904 to 1907.
    He believed that the proper work of the court
    depended on the judge, supported by probation
    officers, caseworkers, and psychologists. He
    sought as much as possible to avoid using
    reformatories and tried to bring the expertise of
    social service professionals to the courts.

6
hallmarks of juvenile court
  • informality
  • not hindered by legalities of due process
  • judges ran sessions as conversations exploring
    needs of child
  • individualization
  • each child is unique and has unique
    circumstances, problems, and needs
  • intervention
  • aim not to punish, but to help child become
    law-abiding
  • identify and solve problems provide treatment

7
delinquent
  • a child who has committed an act which, if
    committed by an adult, would be criminal

8
neglected
  • a child who is not receiving proper care because
    of some action or inaction of his or her parents

9
dependent
  • a child who has no parent or guardian or whose
    parents are unable to give proper care

10
In Re Gault
  • watershed Supreme Court case granting essential
    due process rights to juveniles facing
    adjudication by juvenile court
  • notice
  • hearing
  • counsel
  • cross-examination

11
why treat juveniles differently
  • juveniles are young and may easily change
  • more susceptible to treatment
  • juveniles have a high rate of desistance
  • most never get in trouble again
  • juveniles families important to their lives
  • state acts in partnership w/ family to treat
    child
  • juveniles are easily influenced by peers
  • juvenile crime is a group phenomenon
  • removed from the group, child will behave
  • juveniles have little responsibility for others
  • easier to get them to isolate modify behavior

12
Female Offense proportion
13
Juvenile Delinquents in Public Custodial
Facilities
14
Characteristics of Youth Who Belong to a Gang
15
arrests involving juveniles by crime
16
high risk juvenile offendersfactors of concern
  • persistent behavior problems in elementary school
    years
  • onset of delinquency, aggression, drug use
    between 6 11
  • antisocial parents
  • antisocial peers, poor school attendance,
    impulsivity, weak social ties between 12-14
  • membership in delinquent gangs
  • drug dealing

17
juvenile offender dispositions
  • waiver (to adult court)
  • diversion
  • correctional programs
  • detention
  • juvenile probation
  • working in the school
  • intermediate sanctions
  • juvenile community corrections
  • juvenile incarceration
  • juvenile aftercare
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