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The Middle Ages

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Late Medieval Town Dwellings Medieval Trade Medieval Guilds Guild Hall Commercial Monopoly: Controlled membership apprentice journeyman master craftsman ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Middle Ages


1
The Middle Ages
2
Periodization
Early Middle Ages 500 1000 High Middle Ages
1000 1250 Late Middle Ages 1250 - 1500
3
Europe in the 6c
4
State of Europe in 6 Century
  • Germanic tribes settle down disruption of trade,
    downfall of cities, population shifts.
  • Could not read or write
  • Songs and legends handed history down.
  • No Common Language
  • Each group had a chief that led them.
  • Tribe in Gaul called the Franks
  • Clovis was 1st leader Wins battle converts to
    Christianity. Unites with Church in Rome. Dies
    511
  • 711 A.D. Charles the Hammer Martel comes next-
    expands empire. Defeats Muslims at Battle of
    Tours.
  • His son Pepin the Short No good.
  • His son Charles is Great though 771 A.D.

5
Charlemagne 742 to 814
6
Charlamagnes Rule
  • Stood in at 64 His height demanded respect.
  • Shear size of Empire was only rivaled by Roman
    Empire
  • Christianity spread as he conquered
  • Took old Roman Empire. Crushes revolt there. Pope
    names him Emperor
  • United Church, Germanic Tribes, and old Roman
    ways.
  • Limited Noble Power
  • Put COUNTS in charge of counties. Ruled fairly.
  • Made personal inspections daily of Empire
    Visible
  • Most Important Contribution EDUCATION
  • After his death, His son tries to rule Not good.
  • Empire split into 3 parts. Franks lose power.

7
Charlemagnes Empire
8
Pope Crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor Dec.
25, 800
9
Feudalism
A political, economic, and social system based on
loyalty and military service.
10
Parts of a Medieval Castle
11
Carcassonne A Medieval Castle
12
Chivalry A Code of Honor and Behavior
13
The Road to Knighthood
KNIGHT SQUIRE PAGE
14
The Medieval Catholic Church
  • filled the power vacuum left from the
    collapse of the classical world.
  • Monks lived in Monasteries.
  • Nuns lives in Convents
  • Issues of Church
  • St. Benedict Benedictine Rule of poverty,
    chastity, and obedience.
  • Sacraments- religious ceremonies
  • Canon Law- Church laws
  • Excommunication- banished from church. No
    Salvation.
  • libraries scriptoria to copy books and
    illuminate manuscripts.

15
The Power of the Medieval Church
  • Concordat of Worms- 1122 said church appointed
    bishopsemperor could veto
  • the church controlled about 1/3 of the land
    in Western Europe.
  • tried to curb feudal warfare ? only 40 days a
    year for combat.
  • curb heresies ? crusades Inquisition
  • tithe ? 1/10 tax on your assets given to the
    church.
  • Peters Pence ? 1 penny per person paid by
    the peasants.

16
A Medieval Monks Day
17
Illuminated Manuscripts
18
Romanesque Architectural Style
  • Rounded Arches.
  • Barrel vaults.
  • Thick walls.
  • Darker, simplistic interiors.
  • Small windows, usually at the top of the wall.

19
The Rise of European Monarchies
England
20
William the Conqueror Battle of Hastings,
1066 (Bayeaux Tapestry)
21
Evolution of Englands Political System
  • Henry I
  • Williams son.
  • set up a court system.
  • Exchequer ? dept. of royal finances.
  • Henry II
  • established the principle of common law
    throughout the kingdom.
  • grand jury.
  • trial by jury. (12 jurors)
  • Married Eleanor of Aquitane (French Lands)

22
Magna Carta, 1215
  • King John I (forced to sign) (Son of Henry II)
  • Used by U.S.
  • Great Charter
  • monarchs were not above the law.
  • kings had to consult a council of
    advisors.
  • No Taxation w/o reps

23
The Beginnings of the British Parliament
  • Great Council set up by Edward I 1295
  • middle class merchants, townspeople burgesses
    in Eng., bourgeoisie in Fr., burghers in Ger.
    were added at the end of the 13c.
  • eventually called Parliament.
  • by 1400, two chambers evolved
  • House of Lords ? nobles clergy.
  • House of Commons ? knights and burgesses.

24
The Rise of European Monarchies
France
25
French Foundings
  • Capetian Family rules 1st (987- 1328)
  • Power grows from Paris outward
  • Phillip II becomes king _at_15. Tries to end English
    influence in France
  • Took land from English King John
  • Hired Bailiffs to collect taxes and rule
  • Grandson Louis IX set up an appeals court
  • Estates General set up to keep nobles in line

26
Charlemagnes Empire Collapses Treaty of Verdun,
843
27
The Medieval Manor
28
Life on the Medieval Manor
Serfs at work
29
Pope Urban II Preaching a Crusade
30
Setting Out on Crusade
31
Christian Crusades East and West
32
Medieval Universities
33
Oxford University
34
Late Medieval Town Dwellings
35
Medieval Trade
36
Medieval Guilds
Guild Hall
  • Commercial Monopoly
  • Controlled membership apprentice ? journeyman
    ? master craftsman
  • Controlled quality of the product masterpiece.
  • Controlled prices

37
Medieval Guilds A Goldsmiths Shop
38
Crest of a Coopers Guild
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