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Music,festivals,local traditions and fairs. We will talk about music,festivals,local traditons and fairs. Dalmatian music FESTIVALS IN DALMATIA There is also an ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Music,festivals,local


1
Music,festivals,local traditions and fairs.
We will talk about music,festivals,local
traditons and fairs.
2
Music in Dalmatia
Introduction  
Dalmatia has a long musical tradition which is
typically Mediterranean. What distinguishes it
from other Mediteriean countries are vocally sung
songs ( a cappela ), by 5 to 8 ensemble called
klapa. The musical tradition consists of
dances, instrumental and vocal music. This
richness inspired new forms of music, such as
opera, operetta or pop music.
3
Dalmatian music
Music often strongly resembles Italian, Spanish
or Portuguese music in temperament and structure.
During the last decades composers and other
artists have put great effort into preserving the
original, traditional music.
4
Dances and instrumental music Dances in this
region range from simple reels in the inland, to
more complex seaside urban dances. They are
accompanied by instrumental or instrumental-vocal
music. The most common instruments are "gusle" (a
one-stringed fiddle) in the inland, and mandolin
at the seaside.
Vocal music A very important part of Dalmatian
culture is vocal music. Primarily urban music,
which is much better known and preserved than
inland music.
5
Dalmatian "klapa" songs Dalmatian "klapa" songs
are at the core of this music. "Klapa" means
company or group. Traditionally, the ensemble
consists only of male voices, but nowadays there
are more and more mixed and female ensembles. The
basic characteristic and distinction is vocal
harmony-singing, rarely accompanied by
instruments. Part-singing is originally
spontaneous and performed by the ear.
Klapa songs have slow rhythm. Sometimes they
include complex measures. The songs are usually
love songs, used to address a loved one. Other
themes include marriage and satire.
6
A special annual festival of amateur Dalmatian
singing was established and is held every year in
Omis Fesitaval of the Dalmatian klapas.
Klapa FORTICA
7
Other Dalmatian urban songs The klapa songs are
very valuable and distinct part of Croatian
heritage. Other urban Dalmatian songs also have
some of the mentioned characteristics. However,
they have a wider repertoire, performed by mixed,
vocal-instrumental ensembles. The most common
accompanying instruments are mandolins.
In a few years, the festival has gained on
importance and reputation.
Klapa Cambi
8
FESTIVALS IN DALMATIA
The theatre tradition in Dalmatia started in the
17th century. The oldest theatre was built in the
town of Hvar on the island of Hvar and is among
the oldest theatres in Europe.
9
  • There is also an international Children's
    festival which is held in Šibenik. It is
    internationally recognized and unique in the
    world.

10
  • PROGRAM
  • 1. FILM PROGRAM
  • 2. NIGHT PROGRAM
  • 3. PROFESSIONAL CONGRESS
  • 4. WORKSHOP PROGRAM
  • 5. ADDITIONAL PROGRAM

11
HISTORY of the FESTIVAL
  • ASIFA (International Animated Film Association)
    is a permanent festival which was accepted in
    1969. The first Zagreb World Festival was held in
    June 1972.
  • In 1986 the Festival established the Lifetime
    Achievement Award as a recognition for artists
    valuable development of animated film genres or
    promotion of animation Festival.

12
WHAT IS PIF?
  • PIF is an international puppet festival of
    mainly professional puppet theatre groups. It is
    also a festival for any puppeteer or theatrician
    who uses puppetry. More than 350 theatres from
    all continents have participated on this
    festival. The festival is for adults and
    children.
  • PIF has been held each year since 1968. It is
    usually held in the last week of August.
  • PIF is held in Zagreb, the capital of Croatia.

13
MY OPIONION ABOUT FESTIVALS
  • I like festivals. They are very interesting.
    My favorite festival is in Šibenik and on Korcula
    - Moreška. When I have holidays l always go to
    Korcula or Šibenik and see the famous festival.
    When you have holidays, ask your parents to take
    you to Korcula or Šibenik, its great.

14
Local traditions of Dalmatia
  • MOREŠKA

Moreska is one of the oldest traditional European
dances performed since1156 in Lerida. From the
12th century and particularly in the 16th and
17th centuries, the dance spread to many
Mediterranean countries. Today, Korcula is the
only island where it is still danced with real
swords in its original War-Dance.
The text, music and pattern of the dance have
been changed a little over the years. Today it is
an exclusive society. It is often performed for
the tourists who visit the island. Every family
on Korcula is proud to have at least one of its
members dance in the Moreska, especially one of
the key roles, which demand considerable talent
and stamina. When the Black or White Kings
"retire" they are allowed to keep their crowns
and these become valuable family possessions.
15
Local traditions of Dalmatia
  • "Following the Cross" Procession at Holy Week

Throughout history there existed a form of public
worship known as folk devotion which is still
practiced in the central part of the Island of
Hvar. Public worship is manifested in the
"Following the Cross" Procession, in songs like
"Lamentations of the Virgin Mary" and in prayers.
The procession starts at 11 PM on Maundy
Thursday, and it lasts for 8 hours. The
procession covers a distance of 22 km and
includes six parishes Jelsa, Pitve, Vrisnik,
Svirce, Vrbanj and Vrboska.
The cross bearer is at the head of the
Procession. He is barefoot and carries the Cross
covered with a black veil. The cross bearer has
helpers, followers and singers who sing
"Lamentations of the Virgin Mary" and people
carrying large candles and banners. Everyone is
dressed in white tunics. Many worshippers are
from all over the Island, but many guests
visiting the Island take part in the procession.
Some of the local people along with numerous
guests wait for the procession to arrive to join
it on its to the church.
16
TRADITIONS
  • EASTER TRADITIONS
  • The people of Dalmatia thought that if you drink
    lots of wine, you would be stronger and
    healthier. It was recommended to drink as much as
    possible for Easter. People would drinking wine
    without water.Housewives used to prepare food
    which makes people thirsty so that they could
    drink as much as possible. ?
  • Weaving of branches
  • People from Dalmatia didnt just drink wine on
    Easter, they would weawe branches. They used
    olive or rosemary branches. In Dalmatia, people
    decorated branches with crosses or made wreaths
    with ribbons and flowers.This skill was
    respected so much that one decorated branch could
    be exchanged for Easter bread and 20 colorfully
    decorated eggs.
  • Coloring of eggs
  • There are several ways of decoratng Easter
    eggs.The best known way is to use hot liquid wax
    with the pencil like instruments. Another
    costume, very popular everywhere in Croatia is
    tuca.Everyone chooses an egg from the
    basket.Then they hit it against their adversarys
    egg.The winner is the person whose egg remains
    intact in the fight.

17
CARNIVALS IN DALMATIA
Dubrovnik Carnival The Dubrovnik Carnival goes
back to the 14th century when the city
outhorities allowed the citizens to wear masks
and dress up as whoever they pleased. Knife
competitiones were also organized. Duels with
young men on horseback holding a lance were also
organized. The carnival is held on the streets of
the city of Dubrovnik from the 22nd of February
to the 4th of March. Carnival in Split At the
carneval in Split, people go to balls.These balls
were organised in the city palaces, reading
rooms, and city theatre.
18
QUIZ
  • What is the name of the famous festival on
    Korcula?
  • During what week is the Following of the
    cross?
  • What is pif?
  • What is Moreška?
  • What is the prominent segment in Dalmatia
    culture?
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