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Introduction to Realism/Naturalism/Determinism

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Introduction to Realism/Naturalism/Determinism The Rise of Realism: 1860-1914 I. The American Renaissance: a giant shift towards humanism after the Civil War Deism ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Realism/Naturalism/Determinism


1
Introduction to Realism/Naturalism/Determinism
  • The Rise of Realism 1860-1914

2
I. The American Renaissance
  • a giant shift towards humanism after the Civil War

3
Deism gave rise to Realism in literature
  • Social Darwinism
  •  
  • Intercontinental rail system transcontinental
    telegraph
  •  
  • Influx of immigrants 1860 to 1910

4
  • A. Farmers 1860 to 1919
  •   
  • 1860
  • 1919
  • J.P. Morgan
  • John D. Rockefeller

5
B. Millionaires from 100 to 1,000
  • 1860
  • 1875

6
C. From Debtors to a Major World Power 1860 -
1914
  • 1860
  • 1914

7
D. Small Town Mentality Shrinks
  • The small town comfort and security gave way to
    an empty city life, displayed in the current
    literature

8
II. American Authors
  • Stephen Crane
  • Red Badge of Courage
  • The Men in the Storm
  • Open Boat

9
B. Jack London, Call of the Wild, To Build a
Fire
  • "The proper function of man is to live, not to
    exist. I shall not waste my days in trying to
    prolong them. I shall use my time."
    - Jack London

10
III. Realism in literature - the harsh reality
of life
  • A. Life is Short and then you die
  • B. Survivors

11
IV. Sliding from Theism to Deism, to
Romanticism/Naturalism
  • Wm. Faulkner
  • Ernest Hemmingway
  • Stephen Crane
  • John Steinbeck
  • From Providence to Self-Reliance

12
  • We see the American understanding of God move
    from a personal experience to that of an
    impersonal force, to that of denial of the
    existence of God.

13
V. Frontier Humor and Regionalism
  • Began in the 1830s
  •  
  • Casey Jones railway engineer
  • Paul Bunyan giant logger
  • Kit Carson Indian fighter
  • Davy Crockett the scout

14
A. Local Colorists
  • Mark Twain
  • Samuel Clemens
  • 1835-1910

15
Huck Finn
16
2. Bret Harte 1839-1902
17
VI. Naturalism/Realism/Determinism - Common
Themes Found in Literary Plots
  • The universe is unpredictable, spontaneous, and
    discontinuous.
  • Our fate is determined by our environment,
    heredity, and chance.
  • Free will is an illusion
  • Life is a cruel joke

18
VII. More Realism Authors - Crane, London, and
Henry James
  • A philosophy of naturalism
  •  
  • A literary expression of determinism

19
A. Stephen Crane (1871-1900)
  • Maggie A Girl of the Streets
  • A literary milestone in 1893

20
A. Stephen Crane (1871-1900)
  • 2. The Red Badge of Courage

21
A. Stephen Crane (1871-1900)
  • 3. Cranes Poetry
  • A man said to the universe "Sir, I exist!"
    "However," replied the universe, "The fact has
    not created in me A sense of obligation."

22
A. Stephen Crane (1871-1900)
  • 4. The Open Boat
  • based on a true experience from 1896

23
4. The Open Boat
  • Like Romanticism, naturalism/realism first
    appeared in Europe. It daringly opened up the
    worst of society with such topics as divorce,
    sex, adultery, poverty, and crime.

24
B. Samuel Clemens, Mark Twain (1835-1910),
journalist, author, satirist
  • All modern literature comes from one book by
    Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn.
  • Ernest Hemmingway

25
1. His Style of Humor
  • Deadpan humor
  • Cigar
  • White suit

26
2. His Life and the Time he lived in
  • The real West

27
3. Vernacular and Tall Tales
  • The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876)
  • Huckleberry Finn (1885)

28
4. The motifs that are predictable in Twains
writing are as follows
  • Vernacular
  • Exaggeration
  • Humor
  • Deadpan narrator
  • Unexplained appearance of a mysterious stranger.

29
5. Mark Twain and God
  • I am plenty safe enough in his hands I am not in
    any danger from that kind of a Diety. The one
    that I want to keep out of the reach of, is the
    caricature of him which one finds in the Bible.
    We (that one and I) could never respect each
    other, never get along together. I have met his
    superior a hundred times-- in fact I amount to
    that myself.- Letter to Olivia Clemens,
    7/17/1889
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