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Office of Water: Remaining Challenges

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Office of Water: Remaining Challenges Need to clean up remaining rivers, streams, lakes and estuaries. Work on runoff issues: Curb run off from agricultural sources, – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Office of Water: Remaining Challenges


1
Office of Water Remaining Challenges
  • Need to clean up remaining rivers, streams, lakes
    and estuaries.
  • Work on runoff issues
  • Curb run off from agricultural sources,
  • Stormwater runoff in urban areas, and
  • Pollutants from other non-point sources.
  • Promote water conservation to ensure water
    availability.
  • Protect sources of drinking water.
  • Address aging water infrastructure.
  • Address and mitigate increasing impacts of
    climate change and invasive species

2
Office of Water Organization
3
Office of Groundwater Drinking Water (OGWDW)
  • Together with states, tribes, and its many
    partners, OGWDW protects public health by
    ensuring safe drinking water and protecting
    ground water.
  • Along with EPA's ten regional drinking water
    programs, OGWDW oversees implementation of the
    Safe Drinking Water Act, which is the national
    law safeguarding tap water in America.
  • Addresses the areas of
  • Local drinking water quality
  • Source water protection
  • Drinking water standards
  • Public drinking water systems
  • Underground injection control
  • Drinking water security
  • Drinking water infrastructure financing

4
Office of Science Technology (OST)
  • OST applies science and technology and work with
    public and private partners to
  • Guide national, State, and Tribal water programs
    in establishing limits to ensure surface and
    drinking water are safe for people and aquatic
    life.
  • Work with States to provide the public with
    information to make decisions about fish
    consumption and the use of beaches.
  • Establish technology-based standards for the
    control of industrial pollution.
  • Issue laboratory methods to measure pollutants in
    surface water.

5
Office of Wetlands, Oceans and Watersheds (OWOW)
  • OWOW helps to protect our resources through
  • Marine Pollution Control
  • Monitoring and Assessment
  • The National Estuary Program
  • Partnerships
  • Polluted Runoff Control
  • Restoration
  • Water Quality Trading
  • Wetland Protection
  • Targeted Watershed Grants

6
Office of Wastewater Management (OWM)
  • OWM oversees programs that ensue that discharges
    of wastewater and stormwater do not pollute the
    nations lakes, rivers, and streams.
  • Under the Clean Water Act, OWM works in
    partnership with EPA regions, states and tribes
    to regulate discharges into surface waters.
  • OWM is also home to the Clean Water State
    Revolving Fund, the largest water quality funding
    source, focused on funding wastewater treatment
    systems, nonpoint source projects and estuary
    protection.

7
Office of Research Development Natl. Center for
Env. Research (NCER)
  • ORD provides the leadership in science and
    conducts most of EPAs research and development
  • NCER is ORDs extramural research arm
  • ORDs research budget has decreased over recent
    years, with 66 million for competitive
    extramural grants and fellowships (STAR)
  • ORD in cooperation with other EPA offices (using
    the ORD Strategic Plan, national environmental
    research needs, relevance to Agency mission, and
    research being done in ORDs intramural program)
    selects topics for the STAR program

8
NCERs Extramural Programs
  • Science To Achieve Results (STAR)
  • Targeted Research Grants through RFAs
  • Fellowships
  • Competed Centers
  • Earmarks (decreasing)
  • Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)
  • EPSCoR

9
Past Areas of Emphasis
  • Ecological Risk Assessment
  • Human Health Risk Assessment
  • Particulate Matter
  • Drinking Water
  • Endocrine Disruptors
  • Global Change
  • Childrens Health
  • Pollution Prevention and New Technologies
  • Socio-economics

Exploratory Research
45
10
Ecological Research

45
Health Research
EPA Research Budget
10
Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms
(EcoHAB)
Support for research on algal species whose
populations might cause or result in deleterious
effects on ecosystems and human health. Research
should study the causes of such blooms and their
detection, effects, mitigation, and control in
U.S. coastal waters, including estuaries and the
Great Lakes.
Proposals have been solicited in the following
areas   Prevention, control, and
mitigation Forecasting capabilities   Large
multidisciplinary, multi-institutional studies
  Individual studies or small interdisciplinary
efforts
11
EcoHAB History
12
Estuarine and Great Lakes Program (EaGLes)
  •  Five estuarine indicator research programs were
    established in 2000.
  • Identify, evaluate, recommend, and potentially
    develop a suite of new, integrative indicators of
  • ecological condition,
  • integrity, and/or
  • sustainability
  • to be incorporated into long-term monitoring
    programs.
  • They were intended to complement the Office of
    Research and Developments intramural coastal
    monitoring program.

13
  •  Statistical Survey Design and Analysis for
    Aquatic Resources
  •  National capability to identify and perform
    cutting-edge research in environmental statistics
    and to further the application of statistics to
    the environmental sciences.
  • Centers expanded the Environmental Monitoring and
    Assessment Programs (EMAP) statistical research
    and development work by engaging the larger
    statistical research community in refining survey
    techniques, other design techniques, and
    subsequent analytical procedures.

Center for Integrating Statistical and
Environmental Science
14
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15
Other OW related STAR RFAs
 RFA Title Development of National Aquatic
Ecosystem Classifications and Reference
Conditions RFA Title Understanding Ecological
Thresholds in Aquatic Systems Through
Retrospective Analysis RFA Title Development of
Watershed Classification Systems for Diagnosis of
Biological Impairment in Watersheds and Their
Receiving Water Bodies
16
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17
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