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The Historicity Of Jesus

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Title: The Historicity Of Jesus


1
The Historicity Of Jesus
  • Lesson 1.

2
Lesson 1 Who do you say I am
  • Study of the historical character called
  • Jesus Christ of Nazareth.
  • In Matthew 16 15 Jesus said,
  • But who do you say I am ?
  • This is a question that all man-kind must
  • answer.

3
  • It makes a difference whether or not
  • passionate human beings could even
  • be motivated to live morally with out
  • believing in living Christ.
  • Edward Wharton- Christianity A Clear
  • Of History.

4
History
  • History is the witness that testifies to the
  • Passing of time , illuminates reality,
  • vitalizes memory , provides guidance in daily
  • life, and brings us tidings of antiquity.
  • Cicero

5
History
  • There is properly no history, only biography.
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • History itself is nothing but the activity of
  • men pursuing their purposes.
  • Karl Marx

6
History
  • Only a good-for-nothing is not interested
  • in his past. - Sigmund Freud.
  • Every past is worth condemning.
  • Friedrich Nietzsche
  • History is more or less bunk. Henry Ford

7
History
  • History can be defined as
  • A chronological record of events , as of
  • the life or development of a people or
  • institution, often including an explanation of
  • or commentary on those events.

8
  • This historical journey is not with out
  • its critics.
  • The Gospel stories are no more historical
  • than the Genesis creation accounts are
  • scientific. They are filled with exaggerations,
  • miracles and admitted propaganda.
  • -Dan Barker , atheist

9
  • But also we cannot ignore that in the
  • interest of theological doctrine,
  • contemporary circumstances , and effective
  • story telling , nothing wrong was seen in
  • creating views for Jesus to express.
  • J. Schoenfield The Passover Plot

10
  • We have become convinced that the
  • story of Jesus is not the biography of a
  • historical Messiah, but a myth based on
  • perennial Pagan stories.
  • - Timothy Freke Peter Gandy
  • Page 3 Behold The Lamb
    Of God. Kyle Butt Eric Lyons

11
  • Behold the greatest cover up in history.
  • Not only was Jesus Christ married, but
  • He was a father.
  • The Da Vinci Code - Dan Brown

12
Who is this character ?

13
And who is this ?
14
Historical Events
  • Does December 7 , 1941 bring to mind
  • a profound historical event ?
  • How do we know this event happened ?
  • What about July 20 , 1969 ?

15
Historical dialogue
  • Who said this
  • Ask not what youre country can do for
  • you , but ask what you can do for youre
  • country .

16
  • And this
  • forgive your enemies ,but never forget
  • their name.
  • What famous President said this.
  • Read my lips , no new taxes.

17
  • Famous movie quote .
  • Heres looking at you , kid.

18
Christs Birth
  • The Gospel accounts
  • Matthew 1 18
  • Mark No account
  • Luke 126
  • John 1 13

19
Birth account of historical figures
  • Abraham Lincoln- Hardin County, Kentucky
  • February 12 , 1809.
  • George Washington- Virginia Colony
  • February 11 , 1731 under the Julian calendar.
  • When Britain adopted the Gregorian calendar
  • his birth was changed to Feb. 22, 1732.
  • Jesus Christ A.D. 4 ? Bethlehem , Judah.

20
Eyewitness accounts
  • Luke 1 1-4
  • eyewitnesses and ministers of the word
  • delivered then to us.

21
Evidence from out side the Bible
  • First type of evidences comes from what
  • is known as hostile sources.
  • In no way were they friendly to the
  • Christian cause.

22
Tacitus A.D.56- 117
  • Member of the Roman upper class.
  • Held several positions under
  • Emperor Nerva and Emperor Trajan.
  • Wrote Annals in A.D. 115

23
Tacitus wrote
  • Their originator, Christ, had been executed
  • in Tiberius reign by the governor of Judea,
  • Pontius Pilatus. But in spite of the temporary
  • setback the deadly superstition had broken out
  • afresh , not only in Judea ,but even in Rome.

24
Suetonius
  • Lived nearly 30 years under the Caesars.
  • Had access to Imperial and Senatorial
  • archives.
  • Author of The Lives Of The Caesars.
  • Because of he had access to contemporary
  • documents and memoirs , his testimony
  • becomes reliable historical evidence.

25
Suetonius wrote
  • Because the Jews at Rome caused
  • continuous disturbance at the instigation
  • of Chrestus (Christos), he ( Claudius)
  • expelled them from the city.
  • Note See Acts 182

26
And also
  • Punishments were also inflicted on the
  • Christians , a sect professing a new and
  • mischievous religious belief.

27
Pliny The Younger
  • Pliny was sent by the Roman emperor
  • Trajan (A.D.110-111) to govern the
  • region of Bithynia.

28
Pliny wrote
  • that they were in the habit of meeting on
  • a certain fixed day before it was light ,when
  • they sang in alternate verses a hymn to
  • Christ , as to a god, and bound themselves
  • by a solemn oath , not to any wicked deeds.

29
Josephus
  • Born a few years after Jesus died.
  • Galilean military command in A.D. 66.
  • Deserted to the Roman Army.
  • Became a writer and wrote
  • Antiquities Of The Jews in A.D. 93.
  • Wrote a vivid account of John the Baptist
  • and King Herod. Matt 146 , Mark 621

30
Josephus wrote
  • .convened the judges of the Sanhedrin
  • and brought before them a man named
  • James , the brother of Jesus who was called
  • the Christ , and certain others. He accused
  • them of having transgressed the Law and
  • delivered them up to be stoned.
  • He Walked Among Us pg. 38 Josh McDowell

31
And wrote
  • About this time there lived Jesus, a wise
  • man, if indeed one ought to call him a man.
  • Wrought surprising feats.
  • He won over many Jews and many of
  • the Greeks.
  • Talks about Pilate, the crucifix,
  • Jesus resurrection ,and His appearance to
  • others.

32
On historical events
  • Josephus documents the destruction of
  • Jerusalem in A.D. 70.
  • Claims 1.1 million Jews were killed.

33
Early Christian writers
  • Polycarp A.D. 69-155. Wrote several
  • letters including one titled
  • The Epistle to the Philippians.
  • Had conversation with John and others
  • that had seen the Lord.

34
  • Mara Bar Serapion Stoic philosopher.
  • Some time after 70 AD wrote a letter
  • from prison to his son.
  • What advantage did the Jews gain from
  • executing their wise king ? It was just after
  • that their kingdom was abolished.

35
Others include
  • Origen
  • Justin Martyr
  • Thallus
  • Clement of Alexandria
  • All of these men made reference to
  • Jesus Christ and His church.

36
Implications of not believing
  1. No hope. Acts 2415
  2. No peace. Romans 1417 John 1427
  3. No paradise Luke 2343
  4. No salvation Acts 412

37
Implications of His resurrection
  • Implies His Godhead Romans 14
  • Jesus is trustworthy to keep
  • his promises. John 1125 1 Peter 13-4
  • Christianity stands or falls on the reality
  • of the resurrection of Jesus.
  • If Christ has not been resurrected , then
  • all is futile. 1 Cor. 15 12-17

38
Our Questions
  • Is Jesus Christ a historical figure?
  • Can we believe in the accounts of
  • His life?
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