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Southern Africa

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CHAPTER 24 Southern Africa Section 1: Natural Environments Section 2: History and Culture Section 3: The Region Today * * SECTION 1 Natural Environments Question ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Southern Africa


1
Southern Africa
CHAPTER 24
  • Section 1 Natural Environments
  • Section 2 History and Culture
  • Section 3 The Region Today

2
SECTION 1
Natural Environments
Question What resources can be found in southern
Africa?
3
SECTION 1
Natural Environments
4
Objectives
Section 1 Natural Environments
  • What are the main landforms and rivers of
    southern Africa?
  • What climates, biomes, and natural resources are
    found in the region?

5
Landforms and rivers
Section 1 Natural Environments
  • coastal plain
  • high plateau
  • escarpmentseparates plain from plateau includes
    Drakensberg range
  • Orange Riverflows west to Atlantic
    hydroelectricity, irrigation
  • Limpopo Riverto Indian Ocean
  • Zambezi RiverVictoria Falls

6
Climates, biomes, and resources
Section 1 Natural Environments
  • tropical wet and dry and semiarid climates
    Mediterranean at Cape Town
  • Madagascartropical rainforest biome, with many
    species
  • desert biomesNamib, Kalahari
  • Okavango Swampsrich in plants and animals
  • grassland veld of South Africa
  • plentiful energy and mineralsoil, coal,
    hydropower, gold, platinum, diamonds, copper, iron

7
Objectives
Section 2 History and Culture
  • What are some important events in the history of
    southern Africa?
  • What are the regions cultures like?

8
History key events
Section 2 History and Culture
  • Bantu migrations, beginning around A.D. 100
  • arrival of Portuguese traders in the 1400s
  • Dutch settlement at Cape Town (1652), followed by
    other Europeans
  • Boer War (18991902) between British and Dutch
    settlers
  • independenceSouth Africa (1910), Angola and
    Mozambique (1970s), Zimbabwe (1980)
  • civil wars in Mozambique and Angola
  • end of apartheid in South Africa election of
    Nelson Mandela (1994)

9
Cultural features
Section 2 History and Culture
  • Bantu languages widely spoken governments often
    rely on European languages
  • religiontraditional practices, Christianity,
    Islam, Hinduism
  • denser population in wetter eastern portion
  • traditional villages surround kraal (pen)
  • cities have European origins

10
Objectives
Section 3 The Region Today
  • What are the main economic activities in southern
    Africa?
  • What are the regions cities like?
  • What challenges face the people of southern
    Africa?

11
SECTION 3
The Region Today
12
Economic activities
Section 3 The Region Today
  • South Africa is the most developed and
    diversified Mozambique is the least.
  • Farming is the chief activity, mostly subsistence
    but some commercialtobacco, coffee, vanilla.
  • Minerals and oil are increasingly importantgold,
    oil, diamonds, copper.
  • Informal sector plays a key role.
  • Tourism is importantwild game parks, beaches.

13
Urban environments
Section 3 The Region Today
  • great contrastswealthy suburbs, modern downtown
    areas, large slums
  • shantytownsdespite poverty, many are
    well-organized
  • Johannesburglargest urban area industrial
    center
  • townshipsApartheid-era areas for non-white South
    Africans

14
Challenges
Section 3 The Region Today
  • poverty and its effects
  • urbanizationovercrowding and pollution
  • droughts and floods
  • deforestation and species loss in Madagascar
  • spread of HIV
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