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BELLWORK

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BELLWORK Today, we are going to focus on Medieval Mesoamerica and the three civilizations that dominated the region: Maya, Inca & Aztec. Read pgs. 90-91 and answer ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BELLWORK


1
BELLWORK
  • Today, we are going to focus on Medieval
    Mesoamerica and the three civilizations that
    dominated the region Maya, Inca Aztec.
  • Read pgs. 90-91 and answer the following
  • Describe the background of Mayan civilization
    (when, where, peak, city-states, etc.)
  • Explain the Mayan religion. How did they worship
    their gods?
  • What advances did the Mayans make in science?
  • What advances did the Mayans make in writing?
  • Why did Mayan civilization collapse?

2
2012 Phenomenon
Long Count Julian Calendar correlation
13.0.0.0.0 August 11, 3114 BCE
1.0.0.0.0 November 13, 2720 BCE
2.0.0.0.0 February 16, 2325 BCE
3.0.0.0.0 May 21, 1931 BCE
4.0.0.0.0 August 23, 1537 BCE
5.0.0.0.0 November 26, 1143 BCE
6.0.0.0.0 February 28, 748 BCE
7.0.0.0.0 June 3, 354 BCE
8.0.0.0.0 September 5, 41 CE
9.0.0.0.0 December 9, 435
10.0.0.0.0 March 13, 830
11.0.0.0.0 June 15, 1224
12.0.0.0.0 September 18, 1618
13.0.0.0.0 December 21, 2012
14.0.0.0.0 March 26, 2407
15.0.0.0.0 June 28, 2801
16.0.0.0.0 October 1, 3195
17.0.0.0.0 January 3, 3590
18.0.0.0.0 April 7, 3984
19.0.0.0.0 July 11, 4378
1.0.0.0.0.0 October 13, 4772
  • 12/21/12 is regarded as the end-date of a 5,125
    year long cycle in the Mayan Long Count Calendar.
  • Others suggest that the 2012 date marks the end
    of the world or a similar catastrophe. Scenarios
    suggested for the end of the world include the
    arrival of a solar maximum, or Earth's collision
    with an object such as a black hole, a passing
    asteroid, or a planet called Nibiru
  • Professional Mayan scholars state that
    predictions of collapse are NOT found in any of
    the classic Mayan accounts, and that the idea
    that the Long Count Calendar ends in 2012
    misrepresents Mayan history and culture.
  • Most historians believe that this date marks the
    end of an era, and the beginning of a new one


3
Ruins in Telum, Mexico
4
Ruins in Coba, Mexico (Cancun)
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11
Native American Empires
  • The Mayan collapse started in the 900s AD, but
    by 1300, there was no trace left.
  • From the 1300s to the 1500s, two powerful
    civilizations ruled areas of Mexico, Central
    South America
  • The Aztec and Inca
  • Both were late-comers to power, but within 200
    years they transformed themselves into huge
    empires.
  • They developed highly centralized governments,
    became productive farmers, builders, and
    artisans.

12
Aztec vs. Inca
  • In your notes, create a chart for the two
    civilizations.
  • With a partner, you will read about one of the
    civilizations and filling in your portion of the
    chart.
  • When your partner is finished, you will meet and
    complete the rest!
  • Aztec pgs. 164-165
  • Inca pgs. 165-166

Aztec Inca
Rise to Power
Describe Empire
Gov. Society
Religion
Decline
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14
Aztec
  • Ancient civilization made up of nomadic hunters
    and warriors who migrated into central Mexico in
    1200s.
  • Capital Tenochtitlan
  • Their capital was an agricultural center and
    marketplace (caused increase in population)
  • Used chinampas artificial islands for farming
  • A network of canals and bridges connected the
    mainland with the capital city.
  • At the center of Tenochtitlan, the Aztec built
    impressive pyramids, temples, and palaces.

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17
Aztec
  • The Aztec expanded their empire by making good
    alliances and conquering rivals.
  • Their civilization was organized as a hierarchy
    divisions based on authority.
  • Emperor, nobility, commoners, serfs, and slaves
  • Religion was the most important believed
    sacrifices made the gods happy.
  • Aztec civilization ended when Spanish forces
    invaded and conquered their land in 1521.

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19
Inca
  • The Inca began as a small tribe competing for
    fertile land in the Andes.
  • Established Cuzco as their capital
  • In 1438, Pachacuti came to power.
  • He expanded the borders to include Peru, Chile,
    and parts of Ecuador, Bolivia, and Argentina.

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21
Inca
  • Pachacuti created a strong central government
    that allowed local rulers to control territories.
  • Established an imperial language called Quechua.
  • The Inca emperor regulated the lives of common
    people.
  • The Inca believed in many gods and had a variety
    of ceremonies to please them (human, animal, food
    sacrifices)
  • Inca civilization ended with the Spanish
    conquering South America in 1531.

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24
Review
  • How are the Aztec and Inca similar?
  • How are the Aztec and Inca different?

25
Unit 2 Review Game
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