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Features of Civilization

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Features of Civilization Mr. McEntarfer * Global I * HSLPS – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Features of Civilization


1
Features of Civilization
  • Mr. McEntarfer Global I HSLPS

2
Aim What are the basic features of a
civilization?
  • Do Now Copy in notes
  • Civilization A complex highly organized social
    order
  • Cities where the main feature of a civilization.
    The first cities evolved along ______ valleys
    where fertile land created a food surplus.

3
Ancient Civilizations (Map it)
What do all of these civilizations have in common?
Label your map
4
Early Civilizations
Label your map
5
Features of Civilization
6
Copy in notebook
Central government
Traditional economy
Cities
Organized religion
CIVILIZATION
Social classes
Specialized jobs
Art and architecture
Roads, bridges, and other public works
System of writing
7
Organized Governments
  • Early cities needed a strong government to
    administer unity, protection, law, justice and
    welfare.
  • Early rulers had heredity rule. This meant they
    inherited their status and claimed a right from
    the gods to rule.

8
Activity
  • How does our government provide the following?
    Give examples
  • Unity
  • Protection
  • Law
  • Justice
  • Welfare

9
The Pharaohs of Egypt
How did the Pharaoh's of Egypt rule?
10
Ziggurat at the City of Ur
What purpose do you think this structure served?
11
Complex Religions
  • Most ancient people were polytheistic, which
    means they believed in many gods who controlled
    the forces of nature and peoples lives.

12
Can you guess all the religions here? What might
they all have in common?
13
Polytheism
14
(No Transcript)
15
Job Specialization
  • City people developed many new jobs with many
    different skills. Cities needed craftsmen,
    warriors, government officials, priests and
    builders.

16
Social Classes
  • In cities people were ranked according to their
    jobs.
  • Priests and nobles (top)
  • merchants and artisans (middle)
  • Farmers (near the bottom)
  • Slaves (at the bottom)

17
Social Mobility Being able to move between
social classes in ones lifetime. Is it easy
today to move up the social pyramid?
18
Art and Architecture
  • The art and architecture of a civilization
    expressed the values and beliefs of the people
    that create them. Such monuments reassure people
    of the power of their government and religion

19
What value is being expressed in the Statue of
Liberty?
20
Public Works
  • Keeping cities functioning required public works
    like irrigation systems, roads, bridges,
    defensive walls and in some cases plumbing

21
What would life be like in this city without
public works?
22
(No Transcript)
23
Writing
  • Writing was needed for record keeping regarding
    taxes, trade, written laws and calendars.
  • Early writing was made up of pictograms (simple
    drawings)

24
(No Transcript)
25
How are these writing systems similar?
26
MCENTARFER
 
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
 
27
Summary Assessment
  • What purpose does government serve in any
    organized society?
  • Religions around the world have similar beliefs
    and values. How does religion contribute to an
    orderly society?
  • What different kinds of specialized jobs did
    civilized people have?
  • Who occupied the top, middle and lowest social
    classes of ancient cities?
  • What does art and architecture tell us about a
    society?
  • What public works did ancient cities have?
  • What kind of writing did early people have? What
    was record keeping important?

28
Pompeii A civilization preserved.
29
Why are there steps in the street?
30
Fast Food
31
Frozen in time
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