Eight Features of a Civilization - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Eight Features of a Civilization PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6a26b2-OGU2M



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Eight Features of a Civilization

Description:

Title: Eight Features of a Civilization Author: Monica Birtwistle Last modified by: Samantha Leone Created Date: 8/27/2008 1:17:06 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:59
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 20
Provided by: MonicaBi3
Learn more at: http://www.hazlet.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Eight Features of a Civilization


1
What are the characteristics of a civilization??
2
  • Cities lead to Civilizations (first one in 3200
    BCE ? SUMER)
  • Civilization a complex, highly organized
    social order

3
First Civilizations
  • Our first four civilizations surfaced near river
    valleys b/c conditions favored farming

4
Being located in river valleys had its pros and
its cons
  • PROS
  • Flood waters spread nutrient rich silt, favorable
    for farming
  • Animals drink became source of food
  • Regular water supply means of transportation

5
Being located in river valleys had its pros and
its cons
  • CONS
  • Flooding
  • Building irrigation channels
  • Farmers had to work together built dikes dug
    canals

6
CITIES
  • Early cities arose from farming settlements in
    river valleys
  • near rivers
  • Surrounded by high walls
  • Usually for protection
  • had temples and palaces
  • narrow, tangled roads

Cities are the central feature of a civilization
without cities, you do not have a civilization!
7
WELL-ORGANIZED CENTRAL GOVT TO
  • Oversee irrigation projects
  • Ensure a steady food supply was available
  • Issue laws
  • Organize defense and military
  • Collect Taxes

8
COMPLEX RELIGION--POLYTHEISTIC
  • Gods controlled natural forces human activities
  • To ensure good favor with the Gods built
    temples and offered sacrifices
  • Full-time priests

9
JOB SPECIALIZATION
  • Increase in population (time) and increase in
    tasks leads people to specialize in certain jobs
  • artisans
  • metalworkers
  • bricklayers (built city walls)
  • soldiers defend city
  • merchants sold goods in marketplace
  • Specialization made people dependent on others
    for various needs

BRONZE AGE
10
SOCIAL CLASSES
  • People ranked according to job
  • Priests/nobles
  • Wealthy merchants (small group)
  • Artisans
  • Peasants/farmers (majority)
  • Slaves

11
ART AND ARCHITECTURE
  • Express beliefs and values
  • Temples and palaces
  • reassures people of power and strength of the
    leaders
  • Built by skilled workers

12
PUBLIC WORKSORDERED BY RULERS
  • irrigations systems
  • roads, bridges
  • defensive walls
  • costly but supposed to benefit city
  • also used to keep people busy during periods of
    agricultural inactivity or warring

13
THE INVENTION OF WRITING
  • Originated with the records of religious offering
  • At first, used pictograms ? then abstract ideas
    (love) ? then sounds ? then medical texts!
  • scribes (specially trained) and educated to read
    and write
  • Doesnt include women

14
Spread of Civilization
  • What led to the rise of city-states and empires?

15
Interactions Among People
  • Cultural Diffusion the spread of ideas,
    customs, technologies from one people to
    another
  • Perspective important concept in the
    understanding of civilizations/cultures
  • Cultural diffusion occurs through
  • migration (due to famine, drought, or other
    disasters)
  • trade
  • warfare

16
ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA
  • Oldest known civilization
  • Cradle of Human Civilization
  • Old Testament
  • Nebuchadnezzar
  • Ziggurat (right)
  • Hanging gardens

17
ANCIENT EGYPT
  • Nile River
  • Mummies
  • Pharaohs
  • Rameses
  • King Tutankhamen
  • Hieroglyphics

18
Indus River Valley
  • This civ is still mysterious.
  • The writing has not been translated.
  • Walled Cities
  • mostly farmers.
  • Traditional economy
  • They did trade with Chinese and with Sumerians

19
ANCIENT CHINA
  • Great Wall
  • Began 2000 B.C.
  • Mandate of
  • Heaven
  • Dynasties
  • Silk
  • astronomy
About PowerShow.com