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Origins of the Cold War (1945-1990)

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Origins of the Cold War (1945-1990) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Origins of the Cold War (1945-1990)


1
Origins of the Cold War (1945-1990)
2
Occupation of Europe
  • Germany was split into four parts
  • 1 part (east) Controlled by the Soviets Money
    went to the Soviet government
  • 3 Other parts (west) Controlled by the Allies,
    Money was evenly distributed to help re-build
    country

3
US Occupation of Japan
  • U.S. broke down the military made changes and
    turned Japan into a surviving Democracy, with
    economic prosperity, throughout 20th century.

4
Marshall Plan
  • Plan to help build up Europe after WWII
  • US would give money to Europe to rebuild
  • Named after Secretary of State George C. Marshall

5
United Nations (1945)
  • An international peacekeeping organization
    created after World War II.
  • Designed after the League of Nations

6
Cold War Ideology
  • United States
  • Capitalism- free market economic system, private
    ownership of goods and money
  • NATO- (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) an
    military alliance between the U.S., Canada,
    France, Belgium, and Britain and the nations of
    western Europe

7
Cold War Ideology
  • Soviet Union (U.S.S.R)
  • Communism- totalitarian govt with complete
    government ownership of land, business and
    property
  • Warsaw Pact- a military alliance between the
    Soviet Union and the satellite nations of E.
    Europe

8
US Cold War Policies
  • Truman Doctrine- called for the U.S. to become a
    world leader, also stated that the U.S. would
    support those threatened by communism
  • Containment- American policy of resisting further
    expansion of Communism around the world

9
US Cold War Policies
  • Massive Retaliation- a concept created by
    President Eisenhower, meaning the US would
    severely destroy any nation who attacked them
  • Domino Theory If one country fell to communism,
    then all countries around it will be communist

10
Early Events of the Cold War
11
The Berlin Airlift (1948)
  • An operation supported by the British and the
    Americans.
  • British and American military planes would send
    food and supplies to Berlin, Germany during a
    Soviet blockade.

12
Chinese Civil War (1947-1949)
  • The Communist leader is Mao Zedong.
  • The Nationalist leader is Jiang Jiashi.
  • The Nationalists lose and relocate to Taiwan.
  • China is now communist causing fear in the US.

13
The Korean War (1951 1953)
  • After the Japanese relinquish power over Korea
    after defeat in WWII, the Soviet Union and the
    USA divide Korea by the 38th parallel.

14
The Korean War (1951 1953)
  • North Korea (Communist) and South Korea
    (Capitalist).
  • North Korea tries to reunite the country starting
    a war which ended in a stalemate after 3 years of
    fighting

15
The Berlin Wall (1961)
  • Was built by the East German government to
    separate East Berlin from West Berlin.
  • The goal was to cut off the flow of East Germans
    escaping into West Germany.
  • Kennedy feared that the Soviet Union was
    attempting to take over Europe starting with
    Germany.

16
Cuba and Fidel Castro (1958)
  • Fidel Castro overthrew Cubas US backed dictator
    Fulgenico Batista because he felt that wealthy
    Cubans and the US were exploiting the poor.
  • Formed a Communist government backed by U.S.S.R.

17
The Bay of Pigs (1961)
  • US planned to help former Cuban refugees
    overthrow Castro.
  • US pulled out of invasion without warning Cuban
    refugees

18
The Bay of Pigs (1961)
  • 1500 Refugees were slaughtered by Cuban army
  • Kennedy accepted defeat and America was exposed
    for invading a country and trying to overthrow
    its government.
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