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Geography

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Geography Mr. Mohon Social Studies 8 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geography


1
Geography
  • Mr. Mohon
  • Social Studies 8

2
Journal Entry 1
  • Consider the following questions and write at
    least a paragraph response using complete
    sentences. Please turn your finished responses
    on the small desk next to the phone.__________
  • Why do people live where they live?
  • What physical features do you see in the
    landscape around where we live?
  • How do natural resources play a role in where
    people settle and live?
  • Why do you think we need to understand GEOGRAPHY
    in order to understand HISTORY?

3
I Can
  • Use geographic tools to explain patterns and
    locations on the Earth.
  • These tools include maps, photographs, charts,
    graphs, and computers. (SS-08.4.1.1)

4
I Can
  • Explain how physical features cause people to
    live where they do.
  • These include rivers, mountains, and sea coasts.
    (SS-08.4.3.1)

5
I Can
  • Describe factors that PUSH people to move.
    (Negative causes)
  • Describe PULL factors that cause people to move.
    (Positive causes) (SS-08.4.3.2)
  • Describe how humans changed their environment to
    meet their needs. (SS-08.4.2.1)

6
I Can
  • Describe how places change using technology,
    resources, and new knowledge. (SS-08.4.2.2)
  • Describe how resources found in a region cause it
    to change.

7
Five Themes of Geography
  • There are five themes of geography we study in
    order to make connections to the world and how we
    interact with it
  • Location
  • Place
  • Movement
  • Region
  • Human-Environmental Interaction

8
Location
  • Location refers to WHERE something is on Earth.
  • There are two types of location
  • Absolute location
  • Relative location

9
Absolute Location
  • ABSOLUTE LOCATION uses lines of LATITUDE and
    LONGITUDE to determine an exact point on the
    Earth.
  • ANY LOCATION ON EARTH can be located using these
    grid lines of latitude and longitude.
  • Bowling Green, KY is located at about 37 degrees
    NORTH, and 86 degrees WEST.
  • When writing out coordinates of a location, the
    LATITUDE ALWAYS goes first (North or South
    measurement).

10
Absolute Location
  • The EQUATOR is located at 0 degrees latitude
    around the center of the Earth.
  • The PRIME MERIDIAN is at 0 degrees longitude and
    runs through the observatory at Greenwich,
    England.

11
Absolute Location
  • The EQUATOR divides the Earth into the Northern
    and Southern hemispheres.
  • The PRIME MERIDIAN divides the Earth into the
    Eastern and Western hemispheres.

12
PRACTICE!
  • Complete the map activity in your Study Guide.
  • Locate the cities on the map and tell in which
    hemispheres these cities are located.
  • Use the map to find the approximate ABSOLUTE
    LOCATIONS of the cities listed. Make your best
    guess, and remember to put LATITUDE first!

13
Relative Location
  • Relative location refers to a location in
    reference to another location.
  • For example Target is located between WalMart
    and Lowes.
  • BG is located between Louisville and Nashville.
  • WEMS is located next to WEHS and across from
    Hardees.

14
Place
  • PLACE refers to characteristics that make one
    place different from others. Consider these
    questions when thinking about PLACE
  • What is this place like?
  • How does it compare with other places?
  • What physical and human characteristics make this
    place different?

15
Place New York City
16
Place Iowa
17
Place Tahiti
18
Place Beijing, China
19
Place Timbuktu
20
Movement
  • MOVEMENT refers to the moving of people,
    products, forces, or ideas and how they define a
    place.

21
Journal Entry 2
  • How has MOVEMENT as a theme of geography
    contributed to the growth of the United States?
  • Think about what kind of movement you have seen
    in your own lifetimeof people, ideas, products,
    etc. moving into, out of, and within the country.

22
Region
  • REGION refers to similarities in a group of
    locations that bond them together due to common
    characteristics.
  • In other words, a REGION is a group of locations
    with a lot of different physical and cultural
    characteristics in common.

23
Some Political Regions of the U.S.
  • GREEN Pacific/West Coast
  • ORANGE Rocky Mountains
  • PEACH Southwest
  • PINK Great Plains
  • LIGHT PURPLE Great Lakes
  • DARK PURPLE Southeast
  • BLUE Mid-Atlantic
  • TEAL New England

24
U.S. Climate Regions
25
Human-Environmental Interaction
  • H-E Interaction refers to the ways in which
    people modified the environment for their own
    benefit.
  • Farming, irrigation, urban sprawl,
    transportation, mining, oil drilling

26
Journal Entry 3
  • How do people modify/change the environment near
    where we live?
  • Are there positive or negative effects to these
    actions?

27
Mnemonic Device
  • A mnemonic device is a fancy way of coming up
    with a code to remember something. Some mnemonic
    devices are
  • George Eats Old Gray Rats And Paints Houses
    Yellow (spells geography)
  • My Very Eager Mother Just Served Us Nachos
    (planets of the solar system)
  • Even George Bush Drives Fast (bars on a treble
    clef in music)

28
Create a Mnemonic Device for the 5 Themes of
Geography
  • Location
  • Place
  • Movement
  • Region
  • Human-Environmental Interaction

29
Five Themes Foldable
  • Folding into Fifths
  • (fold on the lines provided)
  • Fold a sheet of paper in 2/3 horizontally
  • (hotdog, leaving a tab at the bottom).
  • 2. Fold the paper so that one-third of the hot
  • dog is exposed and two-thirds is covered.
  • 3. Fold the two-thirds section in half.
  • 4. Fold the one-third section (single thickness)
  • backward to form a fold line.
  • The paper will be divided into fifths when
  • opened.

30
Five Themes Foldable
  • Now, youll use a pair of scissors to cut the
    folds into five equal sections.
  • On the tab at the bottom of the foldable, write
    The Five Themes of Geography
  • On the outside of each tab, write the 5 themes.
  • Under each tab, write the definition of the
    theme. In the white space beneath the tab, draw
    a picture illustrating that theme. When you open
    the tab, you should find the definition of the
    theme written on the inside along with your
    picture.

31
Push Pull Factors
  • Ford River Rouge Plant-Detroit, Michigan. The
    largest automotive factory in the world when it
    was built.

32
Ford Rouge Plant Today 2010
33
PUSH and PULL factors
  • PUSH FACTORS people away from a particular area.
  • PULL FACTORS attract people to move to another
    area.

34
Push Factors
  • War
  • Famine (Hunger)
  • Disease
  • Persecution (being treated badly for ones
    beliefs, ethnic background, or way of life)
  • Over-population
  • Lack of opportunity

35
PULL Factors
  • A better economy
  • Opportunities
  • Freedom
  • Family
  • Lets look at some push and pull factors

36
New Orleans, LA Hurricane Katrina
  • August 29, 2005 Hurricane Katrina, A category 5
    storm hits New Orleans.

37
Darfur, Sudan
  • 2000s Ethnic cleansing and genocide sponsored by
    the Sudanese government forces millions into the
    isolated region of Darfur.

38
Arizona, 2010
  • Arizona governor Jan Brewer passes tough
    immigration law allowing police to turn over
    anyone suspected of being an illegal resident
    over to Immigration Services if they cannot prove
    they are in the state legally.

39
Globe
40
Globe
  • Pros
  • Accurate size and features.
  • Cons
  • Inconvenient

41
Robinson Projection
42
Robinson Projection
  • Pros
  • Accurate land size.
  • Cons
  • Distortion moving away from equator.
  • Angles from latitude measurements will be
    slightly off.

43
Mercator Projection
44
Mercator Projection
  • Pros
  • Accurate distance.
  • True direction.
  • Cons
  • Distortion near the poles.
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