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Geography Introduction

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Title: Five Themes of Geography Author: BCPS Last modified by: Sean Trees Created Date: 9/12/2002 1:40:29 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geography Introduction


1
Geography Introduction
  • (YOU DONT NEED TO WRITE THESE DOWN. JUST MAKE
    SURE YOU KNOW ALL OF IT!!)

2
YOU SHOULD KNOW THESE
  • Why is geography important?
  • How is geography used?
  • List the 7 continents
  • List the 4 oceans
  • Which 3 oceans touch the United States?

3
KEY TERMS
  1. GEOGRAPHY
  2. LATITUDE
  3. PRIME MERIDIAN
  4. PARALLEL
  5. MERIDIAN
  6. DEGREE
  7. LONGITUDE
  8. EQUATOR
  1. EAST-WEST CIRCLES AROUND THE GLOBE
  2. 0 DEGREES LONGITUDE, RUNS THROUGH GRENWICH
    ENGLAND
  3. STUDY OF THE EARTH, OUR HOME
  4. UNIT OF MEASURE TO DETERMINE ABSOLUTE LOCATION
  5. IMAGINARY LINES THAT RUN NORTH TO SOUTH ON THE
    GLOBE
  6. 0 DEGREES LATITUDE
  7. ANOTHER NAME FOR LINES OF LATITUDE
  8. ANOTHER NAME FOR LINES OF LONGITUDE

4
Geographers are important because
  • They analyze the earth from many viewpoints.
  • How earth and people affect one another
  • Oceans, plant life, landforms, people

5
The Dynamic Duo
  • Geographers are guided by two questions
  • 1. Where are things located?
  • 2. Why are they there?

6
Five Themes of Geography
START WRITING!!
7
Five Themes of Geography
Remember MR LIP !
Movement
Region
Location
Interaction between Man and the Env
Place
8
Movement
People interact with each other through
movement. 
9
Movement
What can be moved from one place to another?
  • People migration due to travel, jobs freedom,
    weather (hurricanes),
  • Goods and ideas trade (imports and exports),
    cultural diffusion

10
Region
A region is an area with unique characteristics
Similar physical features or similar cultural
features
Examples oil producing region, Spanish speaking
region, Buddhist region
11
Location
"Where are we?"  is the question that location
answers.
Two types of location
Absolute
Exact location. Uses latitude and longitude
Relative
Where a place is in relation to another place
12
Absolute Location or Relative Location?
Paris, France is 48 degrees North latitude and 2
degrees East longitude.
absolute
Swansboro, NC is east of Raleigh, NC.
relative
13
Latitude
Lines run east to west
Main line of latitude is the
Equator
14
Longitude
Lines run north to south
Main line of longitude is the
Prime Meridian
15
Interactions
How do humans and the environment affect each
other?   
We change the environment and then sometimes
Mother Nature changes it back. 
For example, tornados in the mid-West, Hurricane
Katrina, and earthquakes and mudslides in
California.
16
Interactions
Interactions between humans and the environment
To change yourself to fit your environment
Adapt
To change the environment to fit you
Modify
17
Adaptations or modifications??
Building roads
modification
Wearing gloves and coats in Winter
adaptation
Cutting down trees
modification
Learning to like fish if you live by the sea
adaptation
18
Place
What kind of place is it?  What do you think of
when you imagine China?  Japan?  Russia?  Saudi
Arabia?
19
Place
Physical features
Describes the environment
CLAP
Climate, Landforms, Animals, Plants
Cultural/Human features
Describes the people
Examples language, religion, customs
20
Physical or Cultural/Human Features?
Physical (animals)
Cultural/Human (buildings made by people)
21
Physical or Cultural/Human Features?
Cultural/Human (clothing)
Physical (landforms)
22
Review
  1. What are the four hemispheres of the Earth?
  2. The United States is located in which two
    hemispheres?
  3. The Equator creates which two hemispheres?
  4. The Prime Meridian creates which two hemispheres?
  5. Lines of latitude measure what?
  6. Lines of longitude measure what?
  7. What is relative location? Give an example.
  8. What is absolute location? Give an example.

23
Review
  • Place describes which two features of a location?
    Give an example of each.
  • Give an example of how people in the community
    affect the following
  • Air
  • Water
  • Land
  • Wildlife

24
A look back
  1. What are the Fab Five? (themes of geography)
  2. What are regions used for?
  3. Explain two ways movement has affected the United
    States.
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