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Topic Sentences

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Topic Sentences Enticing your reader By: Anonymous / Adapted by: Mrs. Angelica Guerra – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Topic Sentences


1
Topic Sentences
  • Enticing your reader
  • By Anonymous / Adapted by Mrs.
    Angelica Guerra

2
What is a Topic Sentence?
  • A topic sentence is often, but not always, the
    first sentence in a paragraph.

3
What is a Topic Sentence?
  • A topic sentence is often, but not always, the
    first sentence in a paragraph.
  • It tells the MAIN IDEA of the paragraph.

4
What is a Topic Sentence?
  • A topic sentence is often, but not always, the
    first sentence in a paragraph.
  • It tells the MAIN IDEA of the paragraph.
  • It also tells what the author wants to SAY ABOUT
    the topic.

5
Definition
  • A topic sentence tells the main idea of the
    paragraph as well as what the author wants to say
    about the topic.

6
What its NOT
  • A topic sentence is not a simple fact.
  • Thomas Edison invented the light bulb.
  • This is a detail.
  • This could be used in the body of the paragraph.

7
What its NOT
  • A topic sentence is not a simple fact.
  • Thomas Edison invented the light bulb.
  • This is a detail.
  • This could be used in the body of the paragraph.
  • A topic sentence is not a question.
  • Who invented the light bulb we use today?
  • This could be used as an attention grabber.

8
Parts of a Topic Sentence
  • A topic sentence tells what the main idea of the
    paragraph will be.
  • We will call this the subject of the paragraph.

9
Parts of a Topic Sentence
  • A topic sentence tells what the main idea of the
    paragraph will be.
  • We will call this the subject of the paragraph.
  • A topic sentence tells what the author is going
    to say about the subject.
  • We will call this the controlling idea of the
    paragraph.

10
Putting the parts together
  • SUBJECT CONTROLLING IDEA

11
Putting the parts together
  • SUBJECT CONTROLLING IDEA
  • The invention of the light bulb
  • (subject)
  • changed the world in many ways
  • (controlling idea)

12
Putting the parts together
  • SUBJECT CONTROLLING IDEA
  • The invention of the light bulb
  • (subject)
  • changed the world in many ways
  • (controlling idea)
  • The invention of the light bulb changed the world
    in many ways.
  • - or, you can reverse the two -
  • The world was changed in many ways by the
    invention of the light bulb.

13
Examples of Subject
  • Subjects can be fairly broad. The controlling
    idea will limit the subject.

14
Examples of Subject
  • Subjects can be fairly broad. The controlling
    idea will limit the subject.
  • Examples of subject could be
  • Daisies
  • Space Travel
  • Easter
  • Tooth Decay
  • Pride

15
Examples of Controlling Idea
  • The controlling idea limits the subject. It
    tells what the author intends to say about the
    subject.

16
Examples of Controlling Idea
  • The controlling idea limits the subject. It
    tells what the author intends to say about the
    subject.
  • Examples of controlling ideas are
  • can be grown easily by following these steps
    (daisies)
  • increased during the Cold War (space travel)
  • is my favorite holiday for several reasons
    (Easter)
  • is caused by three things (tooth decay)
  • takes many forms (pride)

17
More about subjects
  • The subject of a paragraph could be almost
    anything.

insects
ice cream
weapons
mummies
wealth
chores
18
More about subjects
  • It is better to narrow your subject.

winged insects found in Austin, Texas
making ice cream
weapons used during the Gulf War
Ancient Egyptian death rituals
the quest for gold
washing dishes by hand
19
More about controlling ideas
  • A controlling idea limits the subject

20
More about controlling ideas
  • A controlling idea limits the subject
  • It can express an opinion

21
More about controlling ideas
  • A controlling idea limits the subject
  • It can express an opinion
  • It can provide focus by answering a question

22
More about controlling ideas
  • A controlling idea limits the subject.
  • It can express an opinion.
  • It can provide focus by answering a question.
  • It may suggest a list.

23
Example 1 controlling idea
  • A beagle is different from other hounds because
    of three unique characteristics.

24
Example 1 controlling idea
  • A beagle is different from other hounds because
    of three unique characteristics.
  • The subject is beagles.
  • The controlling idea is characteristics

25
Example 1 controlling idea
  • A beagle is different from other hounds because
    of three unique characteristics.
  • The subject is beagles.
  • The controlling idea is characteristics
  • The paragraph will talk about beagles, and it
    will list its three unique characteristics. The
    subject is controlled by its characteristics.

26
Example 2
  • Beagles make good pets for several reasons.

27
Example 2
  • Beagles make good pets for several reasons.
  • The subject is beagles make good pets.
  • The controlling idea is reasons

28
Example 2
  • Beagles make good pets for several reasons.
  • The subject is beagles make good pets.
  • The controlling idea is reasons
  • The paragraph will talk about beagles making good
    pets, and it will list several reasons. The
    subject is controlled by the reasons.

29
Example 3
  • Ancient Egyptians followed seven steps to
    mummify their kings.

30
Example 3
  • Ancient Egyptians followed seven steps to
    mummify their kings.
  • The subject is Ancient Egyptians mummified their
    kings.
  • The controlling idea is seven steps.

31
Example 3
  • Ancient Egyptians followed seven steps to
    mummify their kings.
  • The subject is Ancient Egyptians mummified their
    kings.
  • The controlling idea is seven steps.
  • The paragraph will talk about Egyptian mummies,
    and will list seven steps to creating one. The
    subject is being controlled by the steps.

32
Example 4
  • If you want to create high quality ice cream,
    you must be aware of several precautions.

33
Example 4
  • If you want to create high quality ice cream,
    you must be aware of several precautions.
  • The subject is making ice cream.
  • The controlling idea is precautions.

34
Example 4
  • If you want to create high quality ice cream,
    you must be aware of several precautions.
  • The subject is making ice cream.
  • The controlling idea is precautions.
  • The paragraph will talk about taking precautions
    when making ice cream. The subject is controlled
    by precautions.

35
Example 5
  • There are benefits to making your own ice cream.

36
Example 5
  • There are benefits to making your own ice
    cream.
  • The subject is making ice cream.
  • The controlling idea is benefits.

37
Example 5
  • There are benefits to making your own ice
    cream.
  • The subject is making ice cream.
  • The controlling idea is benefits.
  • This time, the paragraph will talk about the
    benefits of making your own ice cream. The
    subject is controlled by benefits.

38
Example 6
  • There are two ways to make ice cream at home.

39
Example 6
  • There are two ways to make ice cream at home.
  • The subject is making ice cream.
  • The controlling idea is ways to do it.

40
Example 6
  • There are two ways to make ice cream at home.
  • The subject is making ice cream.
  • The controlling idea is ways to do it.
  • This time, the paragraph will talk about the ways
    of making your own ice cream. The subject is
    controlled by ways (methods, etc.).

41
Example 7
  • Although the chemical weapons used during the
    Gulf War were effective in winning the war
    quickly, we are just now discovering the effects
    they have had on our own soldiers.

42
Example 7
  • Although the chemical weapons used during the
    Gulf War were effective in winning the war
    quickly, we are just now discovering the effects
    they have had on our own soldiers.
  • The subject is weapons used during the Gulf
    War.
  • The controlling idea is effects on our own
    soldiers.

43
Example 7
  • Although the chemical weapons used during the
    Gulf War were effective in winning the war
    quickly, we are just now discovering the effects
    they have had on our own soldiers.
  • The subject is weapons used during the Gulf
    War.
  • The controlling idea is effects on our own
    soldiers.
  • The paragraph will talk about the effects of the
    weapons. The subject is controlled by the
    effects.

44
Example 8
  • Most people prefer to let their automatic
    dishwasher take care of the dinner dishes, but
    there are advantages to washing dishes by hand.

45
Example 8
  • Most people prefer to let their automatic
    dishwasher take care of the dinner dishes, but
    there are advantages to washing dishes by hand.
  • The subject is washing dishes by hand.
  • The controlling idea is advantages.

46
Example 8
  • Most people prefer to let their automatic
    dishwasher take care of the dinner dishes, but
    there are advantages to washing dishes by hand.
  • The subject is washing dishes by hand.
  • The controlling idea is advantages.
  • The paragraph will talk about the advantages of
    washing dishes by hand. The subject is
    controlled by the advantages.

47
Example 9
  • Thousands of people made their way to the Yukon
    on their quest for gold, but the obstacles to
    wealth were many.

48
Example 9
  • Thousands of people made their way to the Yukon
    on their quest for gold, but the obstacles to
    wealth were many.
  • The subject is quest for gold or wealth in the
    Yukon.
  • The controlling idea is obstacles.

49
Example 9
  • Thousands of people made their way to the Yukon
    on their quest for gold, but the obstacles to
    wealth were many.
  • The subject is quest for gold or wealth in the
    Yukon.
  • The controlling idea is obstacles.
  • The paragraph will talk about the obstacles to
    getting rich from the Yukons gold. The subject
    is controlled by the obstacles.

50
Example 10
  • Winged insects found in Austin, Texas fall into
    four major categories.

51
Example 10
  • Winged insects found in Austin, Texas fall into
    four major categories.
  • The subject is winged insects in Austin.
  • The controlling idea is categories.

52
Example 10
  • Winged insects found in Austin, Texas fall into
    four major categories.
  • The subject is winged insects in Austin.
  • The controlling idea is categories.
  • This paragraph will talk about the different
    categories of winged insects in Austin. The
    subject is controlled by the categories (kinds,
    types, etc.).

53
Subject controlling idea
  • Subject could be
  • Beagles as pets
  • Ancient Egyptian mummies
  • Winged insects in Austin
  • The quest for gold
  • Gulf War weapons
  • Doing dishes by hand
  • Planting a tree
  • Visiting grandparents
  • Tomato soup
  • The list is endless!

54
Subject controlling idea
  • Subject could be
  • Controlling idea could be
  • Beagles as pets
  • Ancient Egyptian mummies
  • Winged insects in Austin
  • The quest for gold
  • Gulf War weapons
  • Doing dishes by hand
  • Planting a tree
  • Visiting grandparents
  • Tomato soup
  • The list is endless!
  • Precautions for
  • Advantages of
  • Reasons for
  • Causes of
  • Effects of
  • Steps for
  • Ways to
  • Methods of
  • Different parts/types/kinds
  • Qualities/characteristics of...
  • Difficulties of
  • Obstacles to

55
Focus of Paragraph
  • A topic sentence will tell the SUBJECT of the
    paragraph and may answer one of these questions
  • Why? Why is Bermuda a popular vacation spot?
  • Which? Which weapons were harmful to our own
    soldiers?
  • Where? Where are the best locations for hunting
    moose?
  • What? What precautions should be taken to avoid
    injury?
  • How? How did Ancient Egyptians mummify their
    kings?

56
Summary
  • A topic sentence of a paragraph introduces the
    SUBJECT of the paragraph and limits what the
    author will say about the subject by adding a
    CONTROLLING IDEA.
  • The controlling idea may answer a question,
    suggest a list, or express an opinion.
  • SUBJECT CONTROLLING IDEA Topic Sentence
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