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SAT I Verbal Review


SAT I Verbal Review Alan Reinstein Wednesdays--Newton South 3:15-5:15 p.m. 1/29 Overall Intro + Critical Reading (mult. choice) 2/5 Writing Skills (multiple choice) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SAT I Verbal Review

SAT I Verbal Review
  • Alan Reinstein
  • Wednesdays--Newton South315-515 p.m.
  • 1/29Overall Intro Critical Reading (mult.
  • 2/5Writing Skills (multiple choice)
  • 2/12Essay section
  • 2/19no classWINTER VACATION
  • 2/26All togetherEssay writing and more practice

Text The Official SAT Study Guide CollegeBoard
Test Info
  • MARCH 8 MAY 3
  • deadlines to register
  • Feb 7 April 4
  • Feb 24 ltlt late reg. gtgt April 21
  • Go to

SAT Format 10 Sections
1 25-min Essay (always first section) 2 25-min
Critical Reading (24 Questions) 1 20-min Critical
Reading (19 Questions) 1 25-min Writing Skills
(35 Questions) 3 Mathematics Sections (2 25-min,
1 20-min) 1 25-min Experimental/Variable
Section 1 10-min Writing Skills (14 Questions) 2
10-min Breaks (after Sections 3 6) (4 hours,
5 minutes)
Critical Reading Sections
  • Two types of questions
  • 1. Sentence completion (19 questions) arranged
    in order of difficulty
  • 2. Reading comprehension (48 questions) not in
    order of difficulty follow organization of

Writing Skills Sections
  • Three types of questions
  • 1. Improving sentences--(25 questions) find the
    error in the sentence
  • 2. Identifying sentence errors--(18 questions)
    select the most effective version of a sentence
  • 3. Improving paragraphs--(6 questions) correct
    the flaws in an essay

Essay Scoring Overview (p 104)
  • Two readers will grade your essay in about two
    minutes, judging it as a whole.
  • Each reader gives it a score of 1 to 6.
  • Your essay subscore is sum of these two scores (2
    to 12)
  • Your essay subscore counts as about half (370
    pts.) of your total writing score.
  • Writing--800 pts. Reading--800 pts. Math--800

Approaches to the essay
  • Decide your viewpoint on topic
  • Vary sentence structure
  • Use precise, clear vocabulary
  • Leave time to review

Tactics during the test
  • Keep careful track of time
  • When youre nearing the end of time, be sure to
    write a conclusion
  • Make a plan stick to your it
  • 4 min to brainstorm/outline
  • 18 mins to write
  • 3 mins to clean up
  • Dont be a perfectionist! Just finish a good
    first draft
  • Write quickly but legibly.
  • It doesnt have to be super-neat you can cross
    out if you need to, or use carets () if you need

  • Dont write like you would in an email! Follow
    standard conventions.
  • Change only what you have a good reason for
  • Use college-level words appropriately.
  • Dont second guess.
  • Fill up the space.
  • Expand on your examples.

  • 4 Cs for Writing
  • CLOUT--say something important
  • CLARITY--say it clearly
  • CLASS--say it well
  • CLEANLINESS--say it cleanly

Types of essay question
  1. Respond to a statement
  2. Choose between contrasting statements
  3. Complete a statement

  • SAMPLE PROMPT, from page 119
  • Think carefully about the issue presented in the
    following excerpt and the assignment below.
  • Some people believe that there is only one
    foolproof plan, perfect solution, or correct
    interpretation. But nothing is ever that simple.
    For better or worse, for every so-called final
    answer there is another way of seeing things.
    There is always a however.
  • Assignment Is there always another explanation
    or another point of view? Plan and write an
    essay in which you develop your point of view on
    this issue. Support your position with reasoning
    and examples taken from your reading, studies,
    experience, OR observations.

  • Prompt?
  • A little inaccuracy saves a world of
    explanation.?C.E. Ayers?
  • Assignment?Is it always essential to tell the
    truth, or are there circumstances in which it is
    better to lie? Plan your response, and then write
    an essay to explain your views on this issue. Be
    sure to support your position with specific
    points and examples. (You may use personal
    examples or examples from your reading,
    observations, or, knowledge of subjects such as
    history, literature, science.)

  • Your excuse to write a bad essay and be

How Its Graded
  • Two people score it, each out of 6, based on
    overall impression.
  • Your scores are added together to give you a
    number out of 12.
  • Grammar/Spelling, Organization/Structure, and
    Style count (so does handwriting)
  • Keep in mind Theyre reading THOUSANDS of
    essays make it easy to give you a 12!.

The 3 Things You Need
  1. Length
  2. Structure
  3. Appropriate Examples

Managing Your Time
  • 3 Minutes Brainstorm and plan.
  • 20 Minutes WRITE!!!!
  • 2 minutes Write your conclusion.

A Sample Prompt
  • Directions Consider carefully the following
    excerpt and the assignment below it. The plan
    and write an essay that explains your ideas as
    persuasively as possible. Keep in mind that the
    support you provideboth reasons and
    exampleswill help make your view convincing to
    the reader.
  • A popular song says, You dont know what you got
    til its gone. And Holocaust survivor Elie
    Wiesel, accepting the Nobel Prize, said No one
    is as capable of gratitude as one who has emerged
    from the kingdom of night.
  • Assignment What is your view of the claim that
    we often appreciate the things that we have no
    when we gain them but when we lose them? In an
    essay, support your position by discussing an
    example (or examples) from literature, the arts,
    science and technology, current events, or your
    own experience or observation.

Writing the Way They Want
  • Length is important. Use most of the booklet!
  • Depth is better than breadth. Make sure to
    develop your ideas at length. Dont just list a
    whole bunch without support.
  • Consider your audience. Catch their attention
    right off the back.

Use the Prompt
  • Make sure you stay on topic (duh, right? Not so
  • You need to agree or disagree, and its okay to
    do either as long as you are EMPHATIC!!!
  • Address the prompt directly so that the reader
    knows youre answering it.

  • If you love the Five Paragraph Essay (vomit),
    youre in luck
  • Intro
  • Topic Sentence/Example 1
  • Topic Sentence/Example 2
  • Topic Sentence/Example 3
  • Conclusion
  • Everything has to tie back to the intro.

Your Intro Paragraph
  • Short and sweet... No more than three or four
    sentences (one is a thesis).
  • It wont score you points it can only cost you.
  • You need to do three things
  • State your position
  • Interpret the prompt
  • List the examples that youre going to use

Good Intro
  • I agree that sometimes we learn the most from
    failure. In fact, sometimes failure makes us
    realize things that enable us to act differently
    the next time. This important lesson can be seen
    in World War II, The Crucible, and the failure of
    the American peace mission in Somalia.

Not As Good
  • It is totally true that sometimes failure teaches
    us. Life is full of situations where if we would
    just learn from our mistakes, we would do better.

Body Paragraphs
  • Begin each paragraph with a topic sentence that
    also works as a transition sentence.
  • Make sure it connects back to your position
    (thesis) in your intro.
  • Use only one example per paragraph

Depth is the key!!!
  • You must make sure that you develop your ideas if
    you want to score well.
  • Spend two or three sentences explaining the
  • Use three or four sentences to connect the
    example to your position.
  • Then move on to the next paragraph!

  • These tell your reader that you are moving from
    one idea or from one section of the text to
  • Its like holding their hand
  • Another example of (blank) is
  • This effort was very successful. Not everyone,
    however, was so lucky.
  • While beneficial to some, the new program will
    harm others.

Transition Words
  • However
  • While
  • Although
  • Furthermore
  • Despite
  • In addition
  • Therefore
  • Though
  • Moreover
  • Similarly
  • Another (example, reason, point, etc.)

  • Make sure you have one!
  • Again, youre not going to gain too many points
    here, but you can lose them.
  • It should be around three sentences.
  • Wrap up your idea and leave the reader thinking
    about the brilliant lesson on life that you have
    just pointed out.
  • Cheesy is okay!

How Cheesy Can I Be?
  • Perhaps we can all learn from the loss of others
    and start to truly appreciate the wondrous gifts
    that life has bestowed upon us now, before it is
    too late.
  • Life is too short to live with the regret caused
    by the failure to do something that is within the
    grasp of each of us.
  • Although it seems that appreciating what we have
    only once weve lost it is a prime example of
    20/20 hindsight, perhaps the pain of our past
    losses can sharpen our focus so that we can truly
    cherish what we have today.

Odds and Ends
  • Dont use big words just to sound smart you
    wont help yourself. Just use the best word that
    you can think of.
  • Make sure to vary your sentence structure, but
    dont worry about making every sentence long and
    complicated remember, they have to read
    THOUSANDS of essays!
  • Make it look pretty indented paragraphs, even
    margins, neat handwriting, etc.

Examples SOOO Crucial
  • These are the bread and butter of your essay.
    You MUST have them!
  • Make them accessible and understandable for the
  • Tie them to your position and the prompt.
  • You can pick them out beforehand Seriously.
  • Try to use three examples from three different

Examples History
  • They should be events that are taught in almost
    every high school in the US.
  • Think of events with universal themes things you
    can say a lot about.
  • Examples The Holocaust, The Civil Rights
    Movement, WWII, The Revolutionary War, The Civil
    War, etc.

Examples Current Events
  • Anything that has been in the news lately will
    qualify here.
  • You may want to avoid controversial topics or
    opinions so that you dont offend the reader
    (Iraq, abortion, the death penalty).
  • Examples the US Election, the Summer Olympics in

Examples Literature
  • Stick to the Classics. If youve read it in
    your high school English class, its fine.
  • I know you may love Gossip Girl, but it probably
    wont get you a good score.
  • Dont spend too much time explaining the plot
    focus on the themes.
  • Examples To Kill A Mockingbird, Lord of the
    Flies, Things Fall Apart, Of Mice and Men

Examples Personal Experience
  • Think of important experiences in your life that
    you feel very comfortable sharing.
  • Make a note of hobbies and passions
  • Make sure to relate your experience to the prompt.

  • Think carefully about the issue presented in the
    following excerpt and the assignment below.
  • Many voters think that integrity and character
    are the most important qualifications for
    political office. I disagree. Integritythe
    quality of standing up for the same values in
    every situationis not a good qualification for
    getting people to work together. Strongly held
    morals may make a candidate too inflexible and
    incapable of negotiation. And if character were
    really so important, candidates would be judged
    by their personal relationships rather than by
    their ability to deal with a community's or a
    nation's problems.
  • Adapted from Stanley Fish, "Integrity or Craft
    The Leadership Question"
  • Assignment Is strong moral character the most
    important qualification for a leader? Plan and
    write an essay in which you develop your point of
    view on this issue. Support your position with
    reasoning and examples taken from your reading,
    studies, experience, or observations.