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The Advent of Jazz

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The Advent of Jazz The Dawn of the 20th Century Blues: The Roots View the opening video on jazz. List 3 things that you found interesting or worth noting. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Advent of Jazz


1
The Advent of Jazz
  • The Dawn of the 20th Century

2
Blues The Roots
  • View the opening video on jazz. List 3 things
    that you found interesting or worth noting.

3
Blues Musicians
  • Blues music was brought to New Orleans by blacks
    looking for better-paying jobs on the waterfront.

4
New Orleans Melting Pot of Sound
  • Jazz grew out of the African-American community
    at the turn of the 20th century, a time when
    blacks were being denied their most basic rights.

5
New Orleans
  • The birthplace of jazz is New Orleans, the most
    cosmopolitan city in the South.

6
New Orleans
  • At the turn of the 20th Century, New Orleans was
  • Sophisticated
  • Progressive urban center
  • Diverse in culture, music and celebration

7
A Fusion of Sounds
  • Jazz grew out of a number of different styles of
    music in the late 1890s.
  • Characteristics were syncopated, improvisational
    and emotionally powerful.

8
Listening
  • Listen to the following early influences of jazz
    and briefly describe what you hear.
  • Funeral bands/marches
  • African rhythms
  • Latin/Caribbean rhythms
  • Classical piano
  • Opera
  • Military music
  • Ragtime
  • Blues
  • Black holiness churches -

9
What and when was Reconstruction?
  • 1865-1877
  • Was a period of social and political rebuilding
    following the Civil War.
  • A time of unprecedented freedom for African
    Americans

10
What is Plessy V. Ferguson?
  • In 1896, the United States Supreme Court found in
    Plessy v. Ferguson that separate but equal
    facilities were constitutional.

11
What is Jim Crow?
  • By the end of the 19th century, the term had
    become synonymous with the systematic
    discrimination and segregation of black Americans
    across the South.

12
Early Influences of Jazz
  • Ragtime - was first heard in black neighborhoods
    in Midwestern cities.
  • It was the outgrowth of the African-American
    tradition of raggingsyncopating and
    rearranging every kind of music to create
    livelier, more danceable versions.

13
Early Influences of Jazz
  • Blues - when New Orleans musicians began to play
    the blues on their instruments, an agreed-upon
    form started to develop three chords, most often
    arranged in 12-bar sequences

14
Early Influences of Jazz
  • Black Holiness Church Music
  • almost identical to the blues
  • same rhythms
  • same moans and cries and bent notes
  • same call-and-response structure
  • All of this would be echoed in jazz.

15
First Jazz Musicians
  • Buddy Bolden

16
Buddy Bolden
  • Born in 1877.
  • He was among the first to combine the syncopation
    of ragtime with the blues.

17
Dixieland Jazz Band
  • Were the first Jazz musicians to have a
    nationwide hit in 1917.
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?v79xeGcBBdf4feature
    related

18
Jazz
  • Alternately spelled jas, jass, and jaz,
    among other variations, the term is most likely
    Creole or West African in origin, possibly
    stemming from a word meaning energy or drive.

19
Characteristics of Jazz
  • Syncopated rhythms
  • Call and response
  • Improvisational

20
Jazzs Popularity
  • Recordings of jazz became available
  • Creole and African American jazz artists moved
    out of New Orleans and took this musical style
    with them.

21
Review
  • Blues music was brought to New Orleans by blacks
    seeking what?
  • Jazz emerged among black musicians in New Orleans
    in the late 1890s as a fusion of a number of
    musical styles. Choose the grouping of words that
    best describes the style of jazz.

22
Review
  • Toward the end of the 19th century, three
    important causes of race-related conflict were?
  • In the 1890s, a man named Homer Adolph Plessy
    presented his case before the Supreme Court to
    argue?

23
Review
  • What musical styles best anticipated the birth of
    jazz?
  • At the turn of the 20th century, Why was New
    Orleans considered the most cosmopolitan city in
    the South?

24
Review
  • Although he was never recorded, one of the first
    jazz instrumentalists to combine the polyphony of
    marching bands with the emotional power of the
    blues was who?

25
Review
  • The first nationwide jazz hit was performed by
    what jazz band?
  • Which of the following is least associated with
    jazz music?
  • syncopated rhythms
  • call and response
  • improvisation
  • vaudeville

26
Review
  • Despite the racial oppression that characterized
    the era, jazz music gained popularity because
  • segregation prevented whites from playing jazz
  • recordings of jazz music became available
  • Creole and African American jazz artists moved
    out of New Orleans and took this musical style
    with them
  • B and C
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