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Title: AIR FREIGHT TRANSPORT MANAGEMENT


1
AIR FREIGHT TRANSPORT MANAGEMENTFresh produce
Arab Academy for Science Technology Maritime
Transport Institute Of International Transport
Logistics
By Adel Abou Heneidy
2
Overview
  • TACT
  • IATA traffic conference areas
  • Coding
  • Acceptance of cargo
  • Methods of paying FRT charges
  • Advanced arrangements
  • Cargo loading priorities
  • Airlines timetable
  • Parcels dimensions
  • Types of rates
  • AWB (Airway Bill)
  • Shipping instructions
  • Calculation of air freight charges
  • Breakeven points
  • ULD (Unit Load Device)
  • Tracking
  • Dangerous goods fresh produce
  • Shipping fresh produce by air
  • Cold Supply Chain

Grading Policy - Interaction assignments
20 - Mid-term exam..30 - Case
study.10 - Final exam.30
TOTAL 100
3
TACT The Air Cargo Tariff
RULES
Updated every 4 months
Rates worldwide (except north America)
Updated every 2 months
Rates North America
Updated every 2 months
tact.indp_at_iata.org
International Air Transport Association
4
IATA traffic conference areas
IATA area 1 All of the north south
American continent and the adjacent islands.
IATA area 2 All Europe ( including the
European part of the Russian Federation) , and
the adjacent islands. Africa middle East.
IATA area 3 All of Asia and the adjacent
islands except the portion included in IATA
area 2 ( from middle east).
5
(No Transcript)
6
AIRPORTS CODES Cairo CAI
London LHR Dubai DXB NEW YORK
JFK Sanaa SAH MILANO MIL
CODING
Countries codes Egypt . EG Italy. IT
USA US YemenYE
IATA AIRPORTS CODING.doc
AIRLINES CODING Prefix number
Egyptair MS - 077 Lufthansa LH -
020 Emirates EK - 176 British BA
- 125
Currencies codes Egyptian Pound... EGP US
. USD Yemeni RialYER
7
  • Write down the 3-letters IATA codes for the
    following airports
  • Abu Simbel, Egypt
  • Baltimore, MD, USA
  • Berlin, Germany Schoenefeld
  • Berlin, Germany Tegel
  • Berlin, Germany Tempelhof

ABS BWI SXF TXL THF
IATA AIRPORTS CODING.doc
8
  • Complete
  • 1) India is located in IATA area
  • 2) Egypt is located in IATA area ..
    Germany in IATA area ..
  • 3) Both are located in IATA area
    1.
  • 4) We can find the published air freight
    rate between CAI / JFK in the
  • .. TACT book.
  • 5) We can find the published air freight
    rate between AMS / FRA in the
  • .. TACT book.
  • 6) We can find the published air freight
    rate between DXB / ORD in the
  • .. TACT book.
  • 7) IATA stands for
  • 8) The code of the currency of KSA
    is

9
Acceptance of goods
P
Packing Cargo must be in very good condition
Marking Full style of both shipper
consignee. Number of
package ( 1/10 , 2/10 , .).
Labels ( this side up, fragile , urgent..).

Payment Prepaid PP OR Collect
CC
The Collect charges are not accepted in the
following cases 1) Human remains.
2) Live animals. 3) Perishables.
4) Used personal effects which can not
be sold. 5) Resale of goods is less than the
charges to be collected. 6) Country
regulations which do not permit Collect .
10
Advanced arrangements
The following commodities need advanced
arrangements Valuable cargo / Live animals /
Human remains ashes / Perishables / Dangerous
goods / shipment of unusual shape size.
Advance arrangements are made by 1st carrier.
  • Cargo loading priorities
  • 1) Aircraft on ground AOG 2)
    Diplomatic pouches DIP
  • Valuable cargo VAL 4) Live
    animals AVI
  • 5) Perishables PER 6)
    Human remains HUM
  • Restricted items RRA
  • News materials ,which any delay will cause loss
    of its value.

11
Information by countries
It is in section 7 in TACT RULES book
Section 7-2 Charges collect
For example EGYPT (EG)
Charges collect
accepted Yes
Charge collect fees 5
Minimum
charge EGP 35
Section 7-3 Import / Transit / Export
regulations
12
  • How much you are going to pay for the airline to
    receive documents of your shipment arrived to CAI
    on CC basis with FRT charges of EUR 550 ?

Solution Collection charges EUR 550 x 5
EUR 27.50 Total to be paid 550 27.50 EUR
577.50
  • How much you are going to pay for the airline to
    receive documents of your shipment arrived to CAI
    on CC basis with FRT charges of USD 50 ?

Solution Collection charges USD 50 x 5
2.5 (which is less than EGP 35) Total to be paid
50 EGP 35
  • How much you are going to pay for the airline to
    receive documents of your shipment arrived to CAI
    on PP basis with FRT charges of EUR 4200 ?

Solution Total to be paid 0
13
Airline
Timetable
RFS Road Feeder surface
14
Aircraft Dimensions
Boeing 737
W
W
114
86 144
76 88 101 106
25 254 254 254 254
35 254 254 254 243
45 254 254 254 243
55 254 254 254 243
66 254 243 243 243
76 254 243 241 218
86 254 50 50 50
Forward Hold
H
Examples L xW x H 235 x 70 x 80 cm
220 X 102 x 75 cm X
H
P
Rear Hold
15
Airbus A300F
16
Min N ( - 45 kgs ).. 45.
100.. 250
TYPES OF AF RATES
General cargo rate (GCR)
Specific commodity rate (SCR)
Special rates for some commodities
  • Valuable cargo S
  • Newspapers,books, periodicals. R
  • Live animals S
  • Human remains S
  • Baggage shipped as cargo R
  • R . Reduction rate
  • S .. Surcharge rate

Class rates (CCR)
Rates differs from origin to origin
for destination to another.
17
General Cargo Rate (GCR)
  • General cargo rates apply to the carriage of
    commodities that have not been allocated a
    specific commodity rate or commodity
    classification rate. General cargo rates consist
    of minimum rate (M), normal rate (N), and lower
    charge in higher weight (Q).

N. - 45 Kg 45 45 Kg 100.. 100 Kg 300..
300 Kg 500.. 500 Kg
How many KGs are covered by M ? M value / N value
CAI / FRA EGP / KG M 143 N. 10.10 45...
7.60 100. 7.10 250. 6.60
CAI / NYC EGP / KG M 170 N. 11.10 45...
10.50 100. 9.70 300. 8.50 500. 8.00
18
Example GCR Specific commodity rates
From CAIRO EG CAI
Egyptian Pound EGP KGS To
FRANKFURT DE M 143

N 10.10
45 7.60

100.. 7.10
250.. 6.60
0006
100.. 4.80
0006 500.. 4.30
MS 0007 250..
4.00 MS 0007
500.. 3.50
2199 500.. 5.50
2199
1000.. 5.00
Specific commodity
0006Food stuffs. 0007Fruits
vegetables. 2199Yarn ,textiles.
MSEgypt Air
19
  • Using rates shown in the previous slide,
    calculate the FRT charges for the following air
    shipments from CAI / FRA
  • 1) 200 Kg of strawberry on LH.
  • 2) 200 Kg of strawberry on MS.
  • 3) 350 Kg of strawberry on MS.
  • 4) 200Kg of tomato paste on KL.
  • Solutions
  • 200 x 7.10 EGP 1420
  • 200 x 7.10 EGP 1420
  • 350 x 4.00 EGP 1400
  • 200 x 4.80 EGP 960

20
Break even point
Rate of higher weight
Break even point Higher weight x Example if
chargeable weight is 420 kgs and
300 EGP 6 500
EGP 5 Then break even point 500
x As 420 gt upgrade the chargeable
weight to be 500 kgs and apply rate of 500
Like that, the shipper will pay 500 x 5
EGP 2500 Instead
of 420 x 6 EGP 2520
Rate of lower weight
5
416

KGs
6
416
21
Solved example 1
  • Calculate the FRT charges for following shipment

Chargeable weight is 320 kgs 250 EGP
6.70 500 EGP 6.50
Air freight calculations.xls
22
Specific Commodity Rate (SCR)
  • Specific commodity rates are usually lower than
    general cargo rates and are published for
    particular commodities from a specified point of
    origin to a specified destination point.
  • They are subject to a minimum weight
    restriction.
  • When the class rate or the general cargo rate
    applicable to the consignment is lower than the
    Specific Commodity Rate, this lower rate can be
    applied.

23
Commodity Classification Rate (CCR or Class Rate)
  • Commodity classification rates, also known as
    class rates, are published for particular
    commodities from a specified point of origin to a
    specified destination point and are usually shown
    in Surcharged (S) or Reduced (R). Class Rates
    take precedence over General Cargo Rates
    regardless of comparisons.

24
Published materials (R)
  • Newspapers, Magazines, Periodicals, Books,
    Catalogues, Braille-Type Equipment and Talking
    Books for the Blind , 50 of normal GCR shall
    apply to the above commodities and the minimum
    charge will be either the minimum charge for the
    specified sector or the amount you get by
    multiplying such discounted rate per kg by the
    minimum chargeable weight, whichever is higher.

Class rates are not applicable to the carriage of
calendars, price tags and posters.
25
Baggage Shipped as Cargo (R)
  • For carriage of baggage shipped as cargo
    (excluding machinery, jewelry, cameras,
    merchandise and salesman samples), 50 of normal
    GCR will apply, and such baggage is subject to a
    minimum charge for 10 kg.
  • The baggage must be delivered to the carrier no
    later than the passenger's departure date, and
    the passenger or his agent is responsible for
    customs clearance.
  • Airport of destination, must be as shown in
    passengers ticket.

26
IATA AREAS Class Rates
  • Example of IATA AREAS Class Rate.doc

27
Example Class rate from CAI to FRA
Both CAI FRA are within IATA area 2 Live
animals Rate will be 175 of normal GCR
N. EGP 10.10 / kg
N175EGP 17.68 / kg ( Rounded to
17.70 ) Valuable cargo Rate will be 200 of
normal GCR N.
EGP 10.10 / kg
N200EGP 20.20 / kg . Newspapers Rate will be
50 of normal GCR N.
EGP 10.10 / kg N50 EGP
5.05 / kg ( Rounded to 5.10 )
S
S
R
28
  • Calculate the FRT charges for a horse of weight
    of 160 Kg
  • needed to be shipped by air from CAI / FRA.

SOLUTION Live animal within IATA area 2150
N N.. EGP 10.10 per Kg. 150 N 10.10 x 150
15.15 15.20 per Kg FRT charges 15.20 x 160
EGP 2432
29
  • Calculate the FRT charges for a small domestic
    dog of weight of 8.5 Kg needed to be shipped by
    air from CAI / JED.

SOLUTION not allowed ! According the RULES
section 7.3.2, the only types of dogs allowed
to be imported into KSA are Watch (Guard)
dogs Hunting dogs Guide dogs for the blind
29
30
  • Calculate the FRT charges for a shipment of
    spare parts of weight of 150 Kg needed to be
    shipped by air from CAI / DAM on MS on collect
    basis.

SOLUTION not accepted ! According the RULES
section 7.2.2, collect shipment to DAM is not
allowed on MS. You can use RJ via Amman.
30
31
The Basic Facts about Calculation of air cargo
  • Air cargo shipments are subject to the rates
    applying on the day of issue of the airwaybill.
  • Rates generally apply from the departure airport
    to the destination airport and not vice versa.
    Rates therefore are not direction-bound and their
    amount is subject to the law of demand and
    supply.
  • The cargo is established pursuant to the
    international air cargo tariff ( The Air Cargo
    Tariff TACT ) and includes the following tariff
    group
  •  
  • Minimum cargo charges (so-called minimum charges
    which must be charged)
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • General cargo rates (so-called General Cargo
    Rates)N-Rates (normal rates)
  •  
  •  
  • up to 45.00 kg Q-rates (Quantity Rates) as from
    45.00 kg
  •  

32
The Basic Facts about Calculation of air cargo
Continued
  • Minimum cargo charges (so-called minimum charges
    which must be charged)
  • General cargo rates (so-called General Cargo
    Rates)
  • N-Rates (normal rates) up to 45.00 kg
  • Q-rates (Quantity Rates) as from 45.00 kg
  • Special rates (specific rates or. SCR S pecific
    C ommodity R ates
  • are exceptional rates applying to specific
    goods on certain routes
  • Goods class rates ( C lass R ates CR ) for
    specific goods
  • (live animals, valuable shipments S ,
    newspapers R).

33
Establishing the cargo weight
  • For air cargo the weight is rounded up to the
    next full half and full kilo. e.g 33,20 33,50
    / 33,60 34.00 / 525,50
    525,50 If one consignment consists of several
    packing units (colli), the weight is first added
    up and then rounded!
  • Bulkiness in air cargo is 1 6 ( 1 m³ stands
    for a cargo volume of 167.00 kg )
  • Volume (bulk) weight is calculated according to
    the formula  
  • Volume weight length x width x height (cm)
    x number of colli

  • 6000
  • As a final step the actual and the calculated
    weights are compared and the higher weight is
    used to calculate the cargo.

34
Calculation of chargeable weight(Solved example
2 a )
  • Calculate the chargeable weight for the following
    air shipment
  • a) Automotive spare parts packed as follows
  • 1 carton of 25 Kg, and 75 x 60 x 40
    cm, plus
  • 10 cartons of 10 Kg, and 50 x 30 x 25
    cm each, plus
  • 5 cartons of 15 Kg, and 50 x 30 x 30
    cm each.

Air freight calculations.xls
35
Calculation of chargeable weight(Solved example
2 b )
  • Calculate the chargeable weight for the following
    air shipment
  • b)
  • Air condition parts 10 cartons of 10 Kg,
    and 50 x 30 x 25 cm each. plus,
  • Chemicals 5 cartons of 15 Kg, and 50 x 30 x
    30 cm each.
  • plus,
  • Handy crafts 17 cartons of 13 Kg, and 86 x
    45 x 33 cm each.

Air freight calculations.xls
36
Rate construction
  • So far only published direct rates have been
    mentioned "Airport of Departure to Airport of
    Destination
  • However, rates to all airports worldwide are not
    published at every departure airport. Therefore
    such rates must either be combined with "ADD-ON"
    amounts or to be constructed with "unpublished
    rates" !
  • The idea of an ADD-On amount-construction is to
    "add on" a domestic rate to the point of
    destination to a published rate into the country
    of destination. The ADD-ON amount can, however,
    also be "added" in the country of departure.

37
Conversion of rates(Section 5.8)
  • Example 1
  • Construct a rate in CZK from A to C via B,
    where
  • Sector rate from A to B..CZK 31.00
  • Sector rate from B to C..EUR 4.10 (a)
  • USD / CZK 20.44810 (b)
  • USD / EUR 0.72506 (c)
  • Rounding off unit for CZK is 0.10
  • __________________________________________________
  • Solution
  • rate from A to B..CZK 31.00
  • rate from B to C in CZK __________ CZK
    115.628
  • Total rate from A to C CZK 146.628
  • CZK 146.60

a
b
X
c
38
Conversion of rates(Section 5.8)
  • Example 2
  • Construct a rate in CZK from A to E via B, C,
    D where
  • Sector rate from A to B..CZK 31.00
  • Sector rate from B to C..EUR 4.10 (a)
  • Sector rate from C to D..CHF 16.70 (a)
  • Sector rate from D to E..EUR 5.99 (a)
  • USD / CZK 20.44810 (b)
  • USD / CHF 1.20569 (c)
  • USD / EUR 0.72506 (c)
  • Rounding off unit for CZK is 0.10
  • __________________________________________________
  • Solution
  • rate from A to B..CZK 31.00
  • rate from B to C in CZK CZK 115.628
  • rate from C to D in CZK CZK 283.226
  • rate from D to E in CZK CZK 168.929
  • Total rate from A to E CZK 598.782

39
Disbursement Fees (DBC)
  • Disbursements are amounts collected at the
    destination for the provision of services that
    are incurred at the origin which are incidental
    to the air carriage of the consignment, including
    surface transportation, storage and customs
    clearance charges.

40
Valuation Charge
  • When the shipper's "declared value for carriage"
    on the Air Waybill is more than USD 20.00 (or its
    equivalent) per kilogram , a valuation charge of
    0.5 of the shipper's declared value for carriage
    EXCEEDING USD 20.00 per kilogram (Gross Weight)
    will be charged.

Valuation charge ( Declared value 20 x
Gross weight ) x 0.005
41
Valuation Charge (examples)
  • Calculate the valuation charge for each of the
    following air shipments

G.Weight (Kg) Volume weight (Kg) Chargeable weight (Kg) D.V.C
100 90 100 USD20,000
900 1260 1260 USD10,000
1000 400 1000 EGP 200,000
  • a) 20000 20 x 100 x 0.005 USD 90
  • 10000 20 x 900 x 0.005 - USD 40 ???
  • (200000 / 5.70) 20 x 1000 x 0.005 USD
    75.44 USD 75.45

42
  • It is not negotiable document
  • are always consigned to a particular company
    or person
  • In case of FOB terms it will
  • on collect basis (payable at destination)
  • In case of CF or CIF basis it will prepaid

43
AWB vs B/L
AWB B/L
Not negotiable Negotiable
AWB shall be issued after the complete consignment has been received B/L shall be issued after the complete consignment has been boarded onto vessel
The shipper is responsible for issuing AWB The vessel company is responsible for issuing B/L
Payable to a specified person Payable to bearer
44
AWB - Check Digit Number
  • Check Digit Number A single digit of the air
    waybill number used to ensure that the air
    waybill number is correctly entered into a
    computer system.
  • Example
  • AWB 020 2114 1643
    2114 1643

7
0 0 2 3
Pls, check the following AWBs 077 3208
9901 077 3203 080?
077 3203 0806
45
Rate Class in AWB
  •  One or more of the following codes shall be
    inserted as appropriate M - Minimum Charge
  • N - Normal under 45 kg
  • Q - Quantity over 45 kg rate
  • C - Specific Commodity Rate
  • R - Class Rate (Reduction)
  • S - Class Rate (Surcharge)
  • U - Pivot Weight And Applicable Pivot Weight
    Charge
  • E - Weight in excess of pivot weight and
    applicable rate
  • X - Unit Load Device (as an additional line
    entry with one of the above)

46
  • The significance of AWB
  • Contract of carriage / Proof of receipt of cargo
    / Freight bill / Guide to carriers staff
  • in handling , dispatching,
  • Certificate of insurance ( if requested by
    shipper)
  • If the shipper does not declare the value for
    carriage in case of loss of cargo
  • the maximum compensation to be paid by carrier
    is 20 / kg.
  • But, if he declares the value for carriage ,
    he will pay extra charges called
  • valuation charge. In case of loss of cargo ,
    the carrier will pay the total declared
  • value.The valuation charge is calculated as
    follows
  • Valuation charge ( Declared value
    20 x Gross weight ) x 0.005

47
Example
Shipper ABC company 15 Ahmed
Orabi st. Mohandeseen Cairo Egypt
Tel 3448782 Consignee XYZ company
15 street 46 DUS-Germany
Tel 5864875 Commodity Air condition
spare parts. Number of parcels 15
Dimensions of parcel 90 x 80 x 70 cm Gross
weight per parcel 60 kgs Freight charges
Prepaid Declared value for carriage USD 75000
in case of non declaration NVD
Declared value for customs NCV
no customs value Handling
information Notify Mr. John Roger Tel 5864879
upon arrival
48
Calculations Gross weight 60 kgs x 15
parcel 900 kgs Volume weight 90 x 80 x 70 cm
x 15 parcels Chargeable weight 1260 kgs Rate
CAI / DUS EGP 6.60 / kg Total freight charges
6.60 x 1260 EGP 8316 Valuation charge (
Declared value 20 x Gross weight ) X
0.005 ( 75000
20 x 900 ) X
0.005 285
equal to EGP 1322 Due carrier EGP 71 Total
prepaid 8316 1322 71 EGP 9709
1260 kgs
6000
49
Solved example 3
  • A shipment consists of
  • 40 parcels of 4 Kg , and 30 X 20 X 10 cm
    each
  • 90 parcels of 3 Kg , and 0.5 X 0.4 X 0.2 m
    each
  • 60 parcels of 15 Kg , and 75 X 50 X 24 cm
    each
  • 1) Calculate the total air freight charges if
    the shipment will be
  • dispatched from CAI / FRA with rate of
    EGP 6.60 / kg ( 250)
  • 2) Calculate valuation charge if the declared
    value is 50000.
  • Solution
  • Calculate the gross volume weights for each
    type of parcels.
  • Determine the chargeable weight for each type.
  • Calculate total chargeable weight.
  • Calculate total freight charges.
  • Calculate valuation charge

Air freight calculations.xls
50
AIRWAY Bill (AWB)(Summary)
  • Air Waybill.doc
  • AWB is issued usually in set of 12 copies.
  • Copy 1 original for carrier
  • Copy 2 original for consignee
  • Copy 3 original for shipper
  • If the AWB indicates that transhipment will take
    place, transhipment is allowed even if L/C
    prohibits transhipment, provided that the entire
    carriage is covered by one same AWB.
  • Date of shipment in AWB (discuss)
  • Split shipment (discuss)
  • MAWB HAWB
  • Clean versus foul AWB

51
This example shows A minimum charge. A
declared value for customs. Chargeable weight
equals to gross weight.
52
This example shows Q rate. Chargeable
weight greater than gross weight.
53
This example shows A class rate S
based on M200. A declared value for carriage,
and valuation charge. Chargeable weight
equals to gross weight ( rounded). TRC
transit charge.
54
This example shows A mixed shipment rating.
C commodity rate. Q quantity rate.
R class rate (reduction 33 ) AWA AWB
charges ( Agent) SUA transportation
(agent) DBC disbursement fees resulting
from the two other charges
(Carrier).
55
Example
  • Calculate the total charges for the following
    AWB
  • ( you are allowed to make necessary changes
    if any)

CAI / NYC EGP / KG M 170 N. 11.10 45...
10.50 100. 9.70 300. 8.50 500. 8.00
AWB 077 3203 0808 Terms of sale FOB
CAI-EG Airport of destination JFK New York
US AWB charges Prepaid (PP) Number of parcels
60 of 15 Kg , and 75 X 50 X 24 cm each. Declared
value for carriage EGP 114,000 Other charges
EGP 71 USD 1 EGP 5.70
56
Solution
  • The given AWB is wrong. The correct one is 077
    3203 0806
  • As the terms of sale is FCA origin, the Freight
    charges must be collect
  • Gross weight 60 x 15 Kg 900 Kg
  • Volume weight (75 X 50 X 24 x 60)

900 Kg
6000
  • Chargeable weight 900
  • Freight charges 900 x EGP 8 EGP 7200
  • Valuation charges (114000 / 5.70) ( 20 X
    900) x 0.005 10
  • 10 x 5.7
    EGP 57
  • Total charges 7200 57 71 EGP 7328

57
Terms of sale
  • Pricing your product is a matter of
  • What the product is
  • How much ( or how many)
  • How far the product is being moved at your
    expense
  • Damaged or lost who is responsible?

58
  • EXW - Ex Works
  • Title and risk pass to buyer including payment
    of all transportation and insurance cost from the
    seller's door. Used for any mode of
    transportation.
  • Works means Factory, Mill, Warehouse,
  • A term of sale in which for the quoted
    price, the seller merely makes the goods
    available to the buyer at the seller's "named
    place" of business. This trade term places the
    greatest responsibility on the buyer and minimum
    obligations on the seller. The Ex Works term is
    often used when making an initial quotation for
    the sale of goods without any costs included.
  • FCA - Free Carrier
  • Title and risk pass to buyer including
    transportation and insurance cost when the seller
    delivers goods cleared for export to the
    carrier.Seller is obligated to load the goods on
    the Buyer's collecting vehicle it is the Buyer's
    obligation to receive the Seller's arriving
    vehicle unloaded.

59
  • FAS - Free Alongside Ship
  • Title and risk pass to buyer including payment
    of all transportation and insurance cost once
    delivered alongside ship by the seller. Used for
    sea or inland waterway transportation.
  • The export clearance obligation rests with
    the seller.
  • FOB - Free On Board
  • Title and risk pass to buyer including payment
    of all transportation and insurance cost once
    delivered on board the ship by the seller. Used
    for sea or inland waterway transportation.

60
  • CFR - Cost and Freight
  • Title, risk and insurance cost pass to buyer
    when delivered on board the ship by seller who
    pays the transportation cost to the destination
    port. Used for sea or inland waterway
    transportation.
  • CIF - Cost, Insurance and Freight
  • Title and risk pass to buyer when delivered on
    board the ship by seller who pays transportation
    and insurance cost to destination port. Used for
    sea or inland waterway transportation.

61
  • CPT - Carriage Paid To
  • Title, risk and insurance cost pass to buyer
    when delivered to carrier by seller who pays
    transportation cost to destination. Used for any
    mode of transportation.
  • CIP - Carriage and Insurance Paid To
  • Title and risk pass to buyer when delivered to
    carrier by seller who pays transportation and
    insurance cost to destination. Used for any mode
    of transportation.

62
  • DAF - Delivered at Frontier
  • Title, risk and responsibility for import
    clearance pass to buyer when delivered to named
    border point by seller. Used for any mode of
    transportation.
  • DES - Delivered Ex Ship
  • Title, risk, responsibility for vessel
    discharge and import clearance pass to buyer when
    seller delivers goods on board the ship to
    destination port. Used for sea or inland waterway
    transportation.

63
  • DEQ - Delivered Ex Quay (Duty Paid)
  • Title and risk pass to buyer when delivered on
    board the ship at the destination point by the
    seller who delivers goods on dock at destination
    point cleared for import. Used for sea or inland
    waterway transportation. DDU - Delivered Duty
    Unpaid -- Title, risk and responsibility of
    import clearance pass to buyer when seller
    delivers goods to named destination point. Used
    for any mode of transportation. Buyer is
    obligated for import clearance.
  • DDU - Delivered Duty Unpaid
  • Seller fulfills his obligation when goods have
    been made available at the named place in the
    country of importation

64
  • DDP - Delivered Duty Paid
  • Title and risk pass to buyer when seller
    delivers goods to named destination point cleared
    for import. Used for any mode of transportation.
  •  
  • INCOTERMS
    2000.pdf

65
Solved example
  • Choose the correct FRT payment method for each of
    the following term of sale

Answers EX- Work..CC 2- CIF.PP 3-
DDU...PP 4- FCA..CC
1- EX- Work 2- CIF 3- DDU 4- FCA
a- PP b- CC
66
TRACK TRACE
www.redberry.com
AWB 67259790 CAI JFK Pieces 15 Weight 900
kgs FLT MS 778 Arrived 2230 h Date 20/07/02
AIR TRACK
077

67259790
67
Shipping terms
You have to differentiate between terms of sale,
terms of payment, and shipping terms
  • FLT Full Liner Terms
  • LIFO Liner In Free Out
  • FILO Free In Liner Out
  • FIFO Free In Free Out FIOS

68
  • Packaging
  • Requires simple lightweight packing
  • Unlike sea freight, no need for solid packing to
    protect against weather, careless handling and
    salt water
  • All packages must be labeled with
  • Airline name
  • Flight number
  • Air waybill number
  • Destination code
  • Total number of piecesin the shipment

69
Ratios to be considered upon packing
  • You have to maximize the following ratios
  • 1) Net weight Gross weight
  • 2) Gross weight Chargeable weight
  • 3) Net weight Chargeable weight

70
Unit Load Device (ULD)
  • Unit Load Devices, or ULDs, are pallets and
    containers used to load luggage, freight, and
    mail on wide-body aircraft and specific
    narrow-body aircraft.
  • They allow large quantities of cargo to be
    bundled into large units. Since this leads to
    fewer units to load, it saves ground crews time
    and effort, and helps prevent delayed flights.
  • Each ULD is manifested separately so that its
    contents can be tracked.

http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unit_Load_Device
71
ULD
Unit Load Device
TYPE 10 FT CONTAINER CODE AQ6 , AMA, AQA ,
AMG BASE DIMENSIONS 318 X 244 CM HEIGHT 244
CM VOLUME 17 CBM INTERNAL DIMESIONS 300 X 228 X
238 CM LOADABLE IN B747-200 COMBI
B747- 400 COMBI
B747- 200 SF
B747- 200 F
72
ULD
Unit Load Device
TYPE 20-FT PALLET CODE P7E , PGE BASE
DIMENSIONS 606 X 244 CM INTERNAL DIMESIONS 592
X 230 CM LOADABLE IN B747-200 COMBI
B747- 400 COMBI
B747- 200 SF
B747- 200 F
73
ULD
TYPE A320 / A321 CONTAINER CODE AKH BASE
DIMENSIONS 156 X 153 CM HEIGHT 114 CM VOLUME
3.5 CBM LOADABLE IN A320 200
A321 - 100

74
LD 3

Iatacode AKH AKH
Also known as AVB AVB
Top length 2438mm 96.0"
Bottom length 1562mm 61.5"
Width 1534mm 60.4"
Height 1143mm 45.0"
Internal volume 3.6 m3

MGW 1588 KG
75
Pallet Volume Cubic Meter Dimensions L x W (cm) Remarks
LD 8 6.9 153 x 244 cm FQA
LD 11 7.2 153 x 318 cm FLA / PLA
LD 7 10.6 11.6 224 x 318 cm244 x 318 cm PAG / P1P PMC
  • If you have a fresh produce packed in cartons of
    60 x 40 x 20 cm
  • palletized on Euro pallet (120 x 100 x 16 cm)
    needed to be dispatched by air
  • using PMC- ULD. How many cartons could be fit
    on this ULD ?
  • Disregard the weight.

76
Solution
  • Maximum height Volume / (LxW)
  • 11.6 / (
    2.44 x 3.18) 1.495 m 150 cm

318
1
PMC- ULD
244
2
100
100
100
3
120
120
77
Solution (Continued)
  • Number of cartons per layer on the Euro pallet
    5
  • Number of layers per each Euro pallet
  • ( 150 16) / (20) 6.7

6 Layers only
So, maximum number of cartons could be loaded on
PMC 6 Euro pallets x 6 layers x 5 cartons
180 cartons
78
Bulk Unitization charge (BUC)
  • BUC is the rate charged by carrier to shipper or
    freight forwarder on the basis of ULD.
  • The charge for the consignment shall consist of
    a flat minimum (pivot U) charge for a specified
    pivot weight above which an additional charge
    (over-pivot rate) per kilo or pound will apply.
  • The chargeable weight of the consignments in ULD
    will be charged at the actual gross weight
    excluding the tare weight of the ULD.
  • Restricted Items for BUC Use Dangerous goods,
    live animals, human remains, and valuables

79
This example shows A consolidated shipment
inside a ULD. L lb USA. U pivot
rate of ULD. The chargeable weight of ULD
is greater than gross weight of cargo .
ULD tare weight no charge.
80
Solved example
  • If you have a fresh produce packed in 540 cartons
    of
  • 60 x 40 x 20 cm each, palletized on Euro
    pallet (120 x 100 x 16 cm) needed to be
    dispatched by air using PMC- ULDs.
  • Calculate the freight charges if
  • - Net weight per carton 4.75 Kg
  • - Gross weight per carton 5 Kg
  • - Pivot weight of ULD 2200 Kg
  • - Tare weight of ULD 210 Kg.
  • - Freight rate EGP 4.10 per Kg.
  • Also, calculate the three packing ratios, and
    discuss.

81
Solution
  • From previous example, we can dispatch 180
    cartons on each ULD
  • No. of ULDs 540 / 180 3 ULDs
  • Total chargeable weight (Pivot) 2200 x 3
    6600 Kg
  • Total gross weight of the shipment 540 x 5
    2700 Kg
  • Since the Pivot weight is greater than gross
    weight
  • Therefore, you will be charged as per pivot
    weight.
  • Fright charges 6600 x 4.10 EGP 27060
  • Packing ratios
  • Net Gross 4.75 / 5 95
  • Gross Chargeable 2700 / 6600 40.9
  • Net chargeable (540 x 4.75) / 6600 38.9
  • DISCUSS !

82

Dangerous Goods
83
Hazardous Substance
  • Any material with one or more of the following
    intrinsic hazardous properties
  • explosiveness, flammability, oxidizing
    capacity, corrosiveness, toxicity and poses a
    threat to human health and/or the environment.

Dangerous goods
  • Dangerous goods are substances which pose risk
    to health,
  • safety, property or the environment during
    operation and/or
  • transportation.
  • All of these substances are divided in classes
    in accordance
  • to the specific chemical characteristics
    resulting in a degree
  • of danger.

84
UN classification of dangerous goods
Class 1 Explosives
Class 2 Gases
Class 3 Flammable Liquid Class 4 Flammable Solid
Class 5 Oxidizing substances and Organic
Peroxides
Such as DRY ICE
Class 6 Poisonous (toxic) and infectious
substances
Class 7 Radioactive material Class 8
Corrosives Class 9 Miscellaneous dangerous goods
85
Identification of Dangerous Goods by PSN and UN
Number
  • Within each of the 9 hazard classes dangerous
    goods are uniquely identified by two pieces of
    information
  • A 4 - digit number known as the UN Number which
    is preceded by the letters
  • UN and
  • The corresponding Proper Shipping Name (PSN).
  • For example, kerosene is identified in the IMDG
    Code by its PSN Kerosene and the corresponding UN
    Number UN 1223.
  • Together the UN Number and PSN uniquely
  • Identify dangerous goods from each other
  • Enable rapid and precise identification during
    transport ensuring the correct handling, stowage,
    segregation, etc and
  • In the event of an emergency, ensure the correct
    measures are taken.

86
  • Using UN Numbers
  • Using a four-digit number to identify dangerous
    goods enhances safety by
  • Overcoming language barriers - the four-digit
    number is easily
  • understood in all languages
  • Avoiding confusing similar names - e.g. TITANIUM
    POWDER,
  • WETTED UN 1352 which is a flammable solid in
    class 4.1 and has very
  • different transport requirements to TITANIUM
    POWDER, DRY UN 2546
  • which is spontaneously combustible in class
    4.2.
  • Using Proper Shipping Name (PSN)
  • The PSN is the accepted name which must be used
    for transport purposes on
  • documentation / labelling, etc.
  • No alternatives or variations are permitted
    unless specifically stated
  • The PSN is that part of the name, which appears
    in the Dangerous Goods List or the
  • Alphabetical Index in boldl letters only
  • Any text in lower case is only descriptive and
    is not part of the PSN

87
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS )
  • It is a compilation of information provided by
    the manufacturer - required under the OSHA
    Communication Standard on the identity of
    hazardous chemicals, health, and physical
    hazards, exposure limits, and precautions.
  • OSHA requires manufacturers and importers of
    hazardous chemicals to distribute Material Safety
    Data Sheets with information concerning
    reasonably foreseeable health and toxicity
    concerns arising from their use.
  • Users of these chemicals are required to ensure
    that these MSDSs are received with chemicals they
    purchase, and that they are used and available in
    the workplace.
  • A Material Safety Data Sheet must be provided
    with the initial shipment of a hazardous
    chemical, and with the first shipment after a
    Material Safety Data Sheet is updated.

88
CONTENT OF A MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
  • The identity (product name) used on the label,
    and chemical and common name(s) of ingredients
    which have been determined to be health hazards,
    and which comprise 1 or greater of the
    composition, except carcinogens shall be listed
    if the concentrations are 0.1 or greater and,
  • The chemical and common name(s) of all
    ingredients which have been determined to present
    a physical hazard when present in the mixture
  • Relevant physical and chemical characteristics of
    the hazardous chemical (such as vapor pressure,
    flash point)
  • Relevant physical hazards, including the
    potential for fire, explosion, and reactivity
  • Relevant health hazards, including signs and
    symptoms of exposure, and any medical conditions
    generally recognized as being aggravated by
    exposure to the chemical
  • The primary route(s) of entry into the body
  • The OSHA permissible exposure limit and ACGIH
    Threshold Limit Value. Additional applicable
    exposure limits may be listed

89
CONTENT OF A MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
  • Whether the hazardous chemical is listed in the
    National Toxicology Program (NTP) Annual Report
    on Carcinogens (latest edition) or has been found
    to be a potential carcinogen in the International
    Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monographs
    (latest editions), or by OSHA
  • Precautions for safe handling and use, including
    appropriate hygienic practices, protective
    measures during repair and maintenance of
    contaminated equipment, and procedures for
    clean-up of spills and leaks
  • Appropriate control measures, such as engineering
    controls, work practices, or personal protective
    equipment
  • Emergency and first aid procedures
  • The date of preparation of the Material Safety
    Data Sheet or the last change to it and,
  • The name, address and telephone number of the
    chemical manufacturer, importer, employer or
    other responsible party preparing or distributing
    the Material Safety Data Sheet, who can provide
    additional information on the hazardous chemical
    and appropriate emergency procedures, if
    necessary.

90
Segregation of dangerous goods
  • Segregation means keeping incompatible goods
    apart from one another in a room, using a barrier
    or intervening space.
  • Chemicals must be segregated when either
    stored or shipped to ensure they do not mix in
    case of spillage.

NA Separation or segregation is not applicable
to the two Classes, and they may be stored in
the same area. SG The two Classes of chemicals
must be segregated (i.e., kept apart) from each
other by a distance of at least three metres.
FS The two Classes must be fire separated.
PR The two Classes are prohibited in the same
are storage area. As well, they must not be
stored in adjoining areas which are attached to
each other. The two Classes must be stored in
separate areas at least ten metres apart.  
91
PACKING GROUPS
  • Packing is the essential component in the safe
    transport of dangerous goods.
  • According to the degree of hazard of the
    dangerous goods we have three packing groups

Group I .great danger Group
II.medium danger Group IIIminor danger
92
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93
Labeling of dangerous goods
  • Labeling is of great importance
  • for safe handling and transport
  • of dangerous goods.
  • Hazard Labels
  • 1) Primary hazards labels
  • 2) Secondary hazards labels
  • Handling Labels

94
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95
Primary hazard labels have class
number Secondary hazard labels do NOT have
class number
96
Handling labels
97
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98
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99
Shipping with Dry Ice
  • Dry ice (Carbon Dioxide, Solid) is used as a
    refrigerant and is considered a dangerous good.
  • However, a Shipper's Declaration of Dangerous
    Goods is not required when dry ice is used to
    cool a non-dangerous good.
  • Following are guidelines that apply to shipments
    of dry ice however, it is the shipper's
    responsibility to comply with all IATA Dangerous
    Goods Regulations when shipping dry ice or any
    other dangerous good.

100
  • Packaging
  • Dry ice must be in packaging designed and
    constructed to permit the release of carbon
    dioxide gas and to prevent a build up of pressure
    that could rupture the packaging. The outside
    packaging must be marked with the following
    information
  • Name of the shipper and consignee
  • The name of the contents being cooled
  • The words "Dry Ice" or "Carbon Dioxide Solid"
  • The UN number for Carbon Dioxide Solid (UN1845)
  • The net weight of the dry ice within the pieces
  • A Class 9 Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods Label
    affixed on the same surface of the package near
    the proper shipping name and adjacent to the
    shipper's or consignee's address appearing on the
    package.

101
  • Air Waybill Documentation
  • For shipments of dry ice cooling a non-dangerous
    good, you must include specific information on
    the air waybill in the "Nature and Quantity of
    Goods" or "Content" section and in the following
    order
  • The name of the contents being cooled
  • The proper shipping name (Dry Ice or Carbon
    Dioxide, Solid)
  • The class ( 9 )
  • The UN number (UN1845)
  • The number of pieces
  • The net weight of dry ice per piece
  • Example Diagnostic Specimens, Dry Ice, 9,
    UN1845, 1 piece at 2 Kg
  • For shipments of dry ice cooling a dangerous
    good, the shipper must comply with all IATA
    Dangerous Goods Regulations listed for both the
    dry ice and the dangerous good.

102
Dry ice in baggage
  • Passengers may bring dry ice in quantities not
    exceeding 2.5 kg per person, when used to pack
    perishables that are themselves not dangerous
    goods articles or substances, provided the
    package permits the release of carbon dioxide
    gas.
  • The dry ice may be in carry-on baggage, or with
    the approval of the operator, in checked baggage.
  • When carried in checked baggage, each package
    must be marked DRY ICE or Carbon Dioxide
    Solid and with the net weight of dry ice or an
    indication that the net weight is 2.5 kg or less.

103
Letter of Credit particulars
  • L/C is a binding document that a buyer can
    request from his bank in order to guarantee that
    the payment for goods will be transferred to the
    seller.
  • Basically, a letter of credit gives the seller
    reassurance that he will receive the payment for
    the goods.
  • In order for the payment to occur, the seller has
    to present the bank with the necessary shipping
    documents confirming the delivery of goods within
    a given time frame.
  • It is often used in international trade to
    eliminate risks such as unfamiliarity with the
    foreign country, customs, or political
    instability.
  • In summary, an L/C is
  • - A formal document of payment
  • - Opened by a party wishing to import
  • - Communicated through banking channels
  • Paid by the opening bank within a specified
    timeframe upon presentation of stipulated
  • documentation

104
  • Sight Draft
  • That is payable as soon as the required
    documents have been presented.
  • A time Draft
  • Is not payable until the lapse of a
    particular time period stated on the draft.

105
  • Confirmed Letter of Credit
  • A letter of credit, issued by a foreign bank,
    which has been verified and guaranteed by a
    domestic bank in the event of default by the
    foreign bank or buyer.
  • Commercial Letter of Credit
  • A commercial letter of credit assures the
    seller that the bank will provide payment for any
    goods or merchandise shipped to the bank's
    customer, assuming the seller provides any
    required documentation of the transaction and its
    shipment of the purchased goods.
  • Typically the documents requested in a Letter
    of Credit are the following
  • Commercial invoice
  • Transport document such as a Bill of lading or
    Airway bill,
  • Insurance document
  • Inspection Certificate
  • Certificate of OriginBut there could be others
    too.

106
  • Irrevocable Letter of Credit
  • An irrevocable letter of credit includes a
    guarantee by the issuing bank that if all of the
    terms and conditions set forth in the letter are
    satisfied by the beneficiary, the letter of
    credit will be honored.
  • Revocable Letter of Credit
  • An revocable letter of credit may be
    cancelled or modified after its date of issue, by
    the issuing bank.
  • Standby Letter of Credit
  • In the event that the bank's customer
    defaults on a payment to the beneficiary, and the
    beneficiary documents proof of its loss
    consistent with any terms set forth in the
    letter, a standby letter of credit may be used by
    the beneficiary to secure payment from the
    issuing bank.

107
  • Transferable Letter of Credit
  • In transferable L/C, the first beneficiary
    (exporter) may request
  • paying the whole or part of the credit to
    one or more beneficiaries.
  • This L/C is expressly designated
    Transferable by the issuing bank
  • on instructions of the applicant.
  • If the words, transmissible ,
    assignable , divisible ,
  • or fractionable are used, L/C is not
    transferable.
  • Non - Transferable Letter of Credit
  • In which, the beneficiary can not transfer
    the credit to other beneficiary.

108
Back-to-Back Credit
  • It is a new credit opened on the basis of an
    already existing,
  • non transferable credit.
  • It is used by traders to make payment to the
    ultimate supplier.
  • A trader receives a documentary credit from the
    buyer and then
  • opens another documentary credit in favour of
    the ultimate
  • supplier.
  • The first documentary credit is used as
    collateral for the
  • second credit. The second credit makes price
    adjustments from
  • which comes the trader's profit.

1st L /C of 50000
2nd L /C of 45000
Supplier
Buyer
Trader
109
Red Clause Credit
A red clause credit has a special clause (red
clause) that authorizes the confirming bank to
make advances to the beneficiary (seller) prior
to the presentation of the shipping documents.
In this credit the buyer, in essence, extends
financing to the seller and incurs ultimate risk
for all sums advanced under the credit.
110
  • Latest Negotiation date
  • Is the last day of the period of time allowed
    by L / C for the presentation of documents to the
    bank.
  • In case the L/C does not stipulate the
    latest negotiation date, it is
  • within 21 days after date of issuance
    the transport documents, but
  • on or before L/C expiry date.
  • B/L (AWB) which is presented to the bank later
    than the agreed time limit or 21 days later than
    the date of issuance of B/L is called Stale B/L
    (AWB)
  • Expiry date
  • Is the last day of validity of the L/C for
    payment.
  • In case the validity of a L/C is stated in a
    period of time, for example (this L/C is valid
    for three months) without specifying the date
    from which the time is to run, its validity
    starts from issuance date of L/C.

111
  • Latest date of shipment
  • Is the last day of the period of time
    allowed by L/C for shipment, or
  • dispatching.
  • Remark
  • In case the expiry date and/or latest
    negotiation date falls
  • on a day on which the bank is closed for
    reason not beyond
  • the banks control these two dates ( if any)
    are extended
  • to the succeeding first day on which the bank
    is opened.
  • Such extension, whoever, does not extend the
    latest date
  • of shipment.

112
Sample L/C
113
3 Most Common Reasonswhy Letters of Credit Fail
  • 1) Time Lines
  • The letter of credit should have an expiration
    date that gives sufficient time to the seller to
    get all the tasks specified and the documents
    required in the LC. If the letter of credit
    expires, the seller is left with no protection.
  • Most LC s fail because Sellers/Exporters/Bene
    ficiaries were unable to perform within the
    specified time frame in the LC.
  • Three dates are of importance in an LCa)
    The date by when shipment should have occurred.
    The date on B/L.b) The date by when documents
    have to be presented to the Bank.c) The expiry
    date of the LC itself.
  • A good source to give you an idea of the
    timelines would be your freight forwarding agent.
    As a seller check with your freight forwarding
    agent to see if you would be in a position to
    comply.

114
3 Most Common Reasonswhy Letters of Credit Fail
  • 2) Discrepancy within the Letter of Credit
  • Letters of credit could also have
    discrepancies. Even a discrepancy as small as a
    missing period or comma can render the document
    invalid. Thus, the earlier in the process the
    letter of credit is examined, the more time is
    available to identify and fix the problem. This
    is another common reason why LCs fail.
  • 3) Compliance with the Documents and Conditions
    within the Letter of Credit
  • Letters of credit are about documents and
    not facts the inability to produce a given
    document at the right time will nullify the
    letter of credit. As a Seller/Exporter/Beneficiary
    you should try and run the compliance issues
    with the various department or individuals
    involved within your organization to see if
    compliance would be a problem. And if so, have
    the LC amended before shipping the goods.

115
Mid-Term Revision
  • 1) Complete
  • a) TACT stands for..
  • b) The main types of Air Freight rates are
  • - General Cargo rate (GCR)
  • - Specific commodity rate (SCR)
  • - Class cargo rates (CCR) S R
  • c) FRA is located in IATA area .
  • d) For AWB 020 3203 0806, 020 is
    ...
  • e) For perishables, MAWB (for liners) must
    shows the FRT charges
  • ..

The Air Cargo Tariff
2
prefix number of Egypt Air
prepaid
116
  • 2) How much you are going to pay for the
    airline to receive documents of your shipment
    arrived to CAI on CC basis with FRT charges of
    USD 50 ?
  • 3) Complete
  • a) The check digit of AWB 077- 3266240
  • b) The sales term DDU stands for,
  • but the shipping term LIFO stands
    for..
  • c) The dry ice is considered as a dangerous
    good with class
  • d) ULD stands for, and the pivot
    weight of a ULD
  • is
  • e) If the AWB shows NCV it means
  • f) In case of CIF shipment, FRT charges
    must be

Solution Collection charges USD 50 x 5
2.5 (which is less than EGP 35) Total to be paid
50 EGP 35
5
delivered duty unpaid
liner in-free out
9
unit load device
the minimum weight to be charged for an ULD
No customs value
prepaid
117
  • 4) Using rates shown
  • a) calculate the FRT charges for an air
    shipment from
  • CAI / FRA 350 Kg
  • of strawberry on
  • Egypt Air.
  • b) Calculate the FRT charges for a horse of
    weight of 160 Kg needed to be
  • shipped by air from
  • CAI / FRA.

From CAIRO EG CAI
Egyptian Pound EGP KGS To
FRANKFURT DE M 143

N 10.10
45 7.60

100.. 7.10
250.. 6.60
0006
100.. 4.80
0006 500.. 4.30
MS 0007 250..
4.00 MS 0007
500.. 3.50
2199 500.. 5.50
2199
1000.. 5.00
  • Solution
  • 350 Kg x EGP 4 EGP 1400
  • b) Both CAI FRA are within IATA area 2
  • Live animals
  • Rate will be 175 of normal GCR
  • N. EGP 10.10 / kg
  • N175EGP 17.68 / kg ( Rounded to 17.70 )
  • FRT charges 160 Kg x 17.70 EGP 2832

118
  • 5) A shipment of air condition spare parts
    consists of
  • 40 parcels of 4 Kg , and 30 X 20 X 10 cm
    each
  • 90 parcels of 3 Kg , and 0.5 X 0.4 X 0.2 m
    each
  • 60 parcels of 15 Kg , and 75 X 50 X 24 cm
    each
  • a) Calculate the total air freight charges
    if the shipment will be
  • dispatched from CAI / FRA with rate of
    EGP 6.60 / kg ( 250)
  • b) Calculate valuation charge if the
    declared value for carriage is 50000.
  • Solution
  • 40 parcels G.Wt 40 x 4 160 Kg
  • Volume Wt. (30 x 20 x
    10 x 40) / 6000 40 Kg
  • 90 parcels G.Wt 90 x 3 270 Kg
  • Volume Wt. (50 x 40 x
    20 x 90 ) / 6000 600 Kg
  • 60 parcels G.Wt 60 x 15 900 Kg
  • Volume Wt. (75 x 50 x
    24 x 60) / 6000 900 Kg
  • FRT charges 6.60 x (160 600 900) EGP
    10956
  • Valuation charge ( 50000 20 x 1330) x 0.005
    USD 117

119
  • 6) State three main differences between AWB
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