Fixed Satellite Systems (3) Regulatory Shifts, Trade Constraints, Frequency Allocation and New Business Trends - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Fixed Satellite Systems (3) Regulatory Shifts, Trade Constraints, Frequency Allocation and New Business Trends


Fixed Satellite Systems (3) Regulatory Shifts, Trade Constraints, Frequency Allocation and New Business Trends Dr. Joseph N. Pelton – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fixed Satellite Systems (3) Regulatory Shifts, Trade Constraints, Frequency Allocation and New Business Trends

Fixed Satellite Systems (3)Regulatory Shifts,
Trade Constraints, Frequency Allocation and New
Business Trends
  • Dr. Joseph N. Pelton

Once upon a time
  • For the last quarter-century, market
    relationships have been fairly stable

The Current Satellite Environment
  • Satellite organizations are, more and more,
    selling to business and end-users. This has
    resulted in corresponding growth in VPNs and IP
    based enterprise networks.
  • Fewer satellite carriers and many of these have
    been privatized (e.g. Intelsat, Inmarsat and
    Eutelsat) and then bought out by private equity
  • Consolidators and value-added organizations are
    offering a greater range of services and flexible
    DVB and IP platforms for video, multimedia and
    enterprise services
  • No new spectrum and some allocated satcom
    frequencies being opened up for combined
    terrestrial and space communications services.
    (Increased concern about inteference. e.g. UWB
  • Move towards integrated voice, data, GPS,
    multi-media, web mapping and earth sensing
    services to smaller and portable units
  • Dual use requirements for defense related
    services are often driving the market new

Liberalization and Growth in Satellite
  • Regulatory and Market Shifts of the 1970s and
  • 1975 Thrilla from Manilla fight on HBO
    demonstrated potential of satellite-delivered
    programming. Kicked off massive growth in cable
  • FCC Open Skies policy of the 1970s put
    Commission on record as favoring competition
  • 1978 decision by PBS to move network affiliated
    distribution to satellite created new paradigm
  • FCC 1980s decision ended Comsat monopoly on
    access to international satellites and the move
    to privatize Intelsat and other Intergovernmental
  • Entrepreneurial boom in teleport services
  • Commercial Satellite services have prospered

Regulatory Working Group Issues
  • Spectrum Auctions/Fees
  • ITU Satellite Network Cost Recovery
  • Universal Service Fund
  • Interference Protection
  • Unlicensed Devices
  • Ultra Wide Band
  • Satellite Broadband Rollout
  • Global Broadband Satellite Initiative
  • Congressional Support for tax incentives,
  • Homeland Security
  • Emergency Alert System
  • Critical Infrastructure Protection

Satellites Are Critical Infrastructure
  • Early 2003 GAO Report re Commercial Satellite
    Infrastructure Commercial Satellite Security
    Should Be More Fully Addressed
  • Early 2003 Homeland Security Act
  • Satellite Communications Infrastructure is
    Critical National Infrastructure
  • Late 2003 GAO Report re DoDs Procurement Of
    Commercial SATCOM
  • Strategic Approach Need For DoDs Procurement Of
    Commercial SatCom
  • Early 2004 NSTAC Satellite Task Force Report to
  • Commercial Satellite Industry is Critical To Our
    National, Economic, and Homeland Security
  • New Initiatives with regard to NATO Satellites
    and Japanese Surveillance Satellite Networks.

Trade/Market Access
  • Eliminate Excessive Regulatory Fees
  • Regulatory or control fees for satellite services
    should be proportional to the regulation of the
    service i.e. on a cost reimbursable basis
  • Provide Transparent, Non-Discriminatory License
  • Where individuals authorizations or registrations
    are required, they should
  • only serve to validate the licenses already
    obtained by the satellite operator
  • from its licensing administration.
  • Eliminate Local Entity/Local Presence
  • Satellite operators should not be required to
    establish a local commercial and technical
    presence in each country in which they provide

Trade/Market Access
  • Provide National Treatment for Foreign
    Operators/Eliminate Monopolies
  • Regulators should remove any foreign ownership
    restrictions (or preference for domestic
    operators) that affect the competitive provision
    of satellite services.
  • Eliminate Burdensome Frequency Coordination
  • Satellite operators should not be required to
    obtain a license of authorization to use the
    radio-electric spectrum associated with their
    space stations on a country-by-country basis.

The World Trade Organization
  • The voluntary plan asked of WTO members must
    address such issues as the degree to which there
    can be international ownership of satellite
    systems, the extent to which there must be local
    partners in satellite systems, and the provisions
    that related to licensing of frequencies, and
    other regulations that apply to national and
    International/regional satellite systems.
  • The WTO is now in a review mode to determine if
    the conditions of the voluntary plan have been
    met and if financial penalties or enforcement
    measures are needed.
  • The WTO, unlike the ITU, has enforcement powers
    and can fine or impose penalties for free trade
    restrictions including non-tariff barriers.

Spectrum Allocations
  • There are many hundreds of satellites now in
    orbit (250 GEOs for FSS including some for FSS
    BSS) and nearly 200 more MSS in LEO or MEO for
    MSS and RDSS and SNSS services.
  • Only minor new allocations have been provided in
    the past decade and many of these have been in
    the hard to utilize Q/V and W bands above 38
    GHz. Further satellites have been increasingly
    forced to share with terrestrial systems.
  • There have not been new allocations for military
    communications and radar.
  • This has driven technology towards more and more
    frequency reuse, more efficient multiplexing and
    more efficient modems.

Course Review
  1. Differences between FSS and other satellite
    services (especially MSS and BSS) and overview
    of all space services. (Reasons for GEO Orbit)
  2. Context of FSS growth in terms of the Negroponte
    Flip and Pelton Merge (The seamless digital
    Interface and key constraints for future
    satellite growth. Importance of interface
    standards. FDMA, TDMA, CDMA and DWDM)
  3. Overview of Market Trends for the Commercial
    Satellite Industry and Market Drivers.

Course Review (Cont.)
  • Evolution of FSS satellites and smaller and lower
    cost user terminals (especially in Ka-band)
  • Key elements of modern FSS satellite networks
  • Digital compression and MPEG standards.
  • Frequency re-use (spatial isolation and
  • IP based systems.
  • IPoS and accelerators.
  • Migration to higher frequencies and strategies to
    deal with rain attenuation.
  • Issues and problems including IP Sec and VPNs.

  • Define/Explain the terms/text highlighted in
  • Answers are available in this presentation and
    Video Lecture of Dr. Pelton fixedSatSys_3-3.mp4
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