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APUSH DBQ vs. AP Language Synthesis Essay:

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APUSH DBQ vs. AP Language Synthesis Essay: Face off The synthesis essay is the biggest fish to fry on the AP English exam. It is the rough equivalent of an APUSH DBQ ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: APUSH DBQ vs. AP Language Synthesis Essay:


1
APUSH DBQ vs. AP Language Synthesis Essay
  • Face off

2
What is a Synthesis Essay and why should I care?
Though at first daunting, simple if approached
from the right angle. Let's take a look at what
Synthesis means.
  • The synthesis essay is the biggest fish to fry on
    the AP English exam. It is the rough equivalent
    of an APUSH DBQ, and can make or break your AP
    score.
  • Time alotted 60 minutes. (15 reading and 45
    writing recommended)

3
What is synthesis?
  • Per the College Board The synthesis question
    asks students to synthesize information from a
    variety of sources to inform their own discussion
    of a topic.
  • The combining of separate elements or substances
    to form a coherent whole.

4
What is synthesis?
I think this is the best way to think about the
synthesis prompt. combines essay w/ known schema
of conversation ----------------------------------
------gt
  • entering a conversation about a topic.
  • supporting your own ideas with outside sources.
  • noticing how sources connect to one another and
    to your own ideas.
  • grouping sources in meaningful ways based on
    these connections

5
What Synthesis prompts to expect
  • defend/challenge/qualify or develop a position
    about some claim (involves weighing pros and cons
    and often, cost-benefits analysis of a particular
    perspective/solution)
  • evaluate considerations (still an argument, but
    an argument about which are the most important
    considerations)

6
MEET OUR TWO CONTENDERS
  • DBQ
  • SYNTHESIS ESSAY
  • 2004 French and Indian War
  • 2005 Television and Political Elections

7
Round 1 Prompt Wording
  • DBQ
  • SYNTHESIS ESSAY
  • Analyze change in political, economic and
    ideological relations in given categories.
  • FOCUS HISTORICAL UNDERSTANDING
  • Read the following sources (including any
    introductory information) carefully. Then, in an
    essay that synthesizes at least three of the
    sources for support, take a position that
    defends, challenges, or qualifies the claim that
    television has had a positive impact on
    presidential elections.
  • FOCUS ARGUMENTATION RHETORICAL ANALYSIS

8
Round 2 Number of Documents and Content
  • DBQ
  • SYNTHESIS ESSAY
  • In general, about 10 documents are present, they
    include maps, direct historical sources,
    newspaper mastheads.
  • In this particular DBQ, there are 8.
  • 6 or 7 op eds, visuals (including graphs or
    charts), statistics, facts, background on the
    issue.

9
Round 3 How to Cite (and How Many)
  • DBQ
  • SYNTHESIS ESSAY
  • Use half the documents plus one.
  • .. (Doc A).
  • Use amount stated on the essay, usually 3.
  • .. (authors last name).
  • OR
  • .. (Source A).
  • Citation should immediately follow whatever is
    borrowed from/shared with the document (standard
    MLA).

10
Round 4 Background and Outside Knowledge
  • DBQ
  • SYNTHESIS ESSAY
  • Required.
  • You should know the issue and all relevant
    historical information.
  • Not required.
  • It is useful to understand the basics of the
    issue.
  • (current events presentations!)

11
Round 5 Structure
  • DBQ
  • SYNTHESIS ESSAY
  • Divide paragraphs by the categories (i.e.
    political, economic, social).
  • Organize essay so as to best present
    comprehensive information in response to prompt.
  • Short introduction with interesting hook
  • Divide body paragraphs by considerations or
    facets of the argument, or by your own Tier 1
    reasons
  • Cite as many sources as possible in support of
    YOUR argument!

Please expand this part. Is there a formula the
APUSH Instructors teach students to use? Is the
Intro. Different? Do Hosmer and Stuart teach the
method of transitioning where the author shifts
topics at the end of a given paragraph?
12
Round 6 Overall Skills Required to be Successful
  • DBQ
  • SYNTHESIS
  • Knowledge of history and relevant issues.
  • Clear writing.
  • Ability to categorize the documents.
  • Cover as much information as possible to
    demonstrate your understanding of the period and
    integrate documents.
  • Ability to construct and support argument
    convincingly.
  • Ability to define your stance on an argument
  • Important Note The focus should be on your own
    argument, even if all of your knowledge is from
    the provided sources.
  • Create an opinion, and use the sources to support
    it.

13
Summary of Similarities
  • DBQ
  • Synthesis
  • 1. Uses documents to support a thesis
  • 2. Must cite sources
  • 3. Read for 15 minutes (suggested)
  • 4. Do not simply paraphrase, no "laundry list"
  • 5. Must understand the complexity of the
    historical issue to "enter into a conversation"
  • 6. Consider the author's purpose, audience, and
    point of view
  • 7. Must develop a clear, organized argument
  • 1. Uses sources to support a thesis
  • 2. Must cite sources
  • 3. Read for 15 minutes (suggested)
  • 4. Do not simply paraphrase, no "laundry list"
  • 5. Must "enter into a conversation"
  • 6. Consider the author's purpose, audience, and
    point of view
  • 7. Must develop a clear, organized argument

14
Summary of Differences
  • DBQ
  • Synthesis
  • 1. Documents provided
  • 2. Only primary sources used
  • 3. Suggested writing time of 35 minutes
  • 4. Outside information required
  • 5. Must use more than half of the documents
  • 6. Directions with statement or question
  • 1. Sources provided
  • 2. Primary and secondary sources used
  • 3. Suggested writing time of 40 minutes
  • 4. Outside information not required
  • 5. Must use a minimum of three sources
  • 6. Prompt in three parts directions,
    introduction, and assignment

15
Where to start?
  • Read and summarize sources
  • Develop a stance
  • Organize sources by how they support your
    argument
  • Write your essay!
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