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Title:

Principles of Government

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Title: Government and the State Subject: World History Lecture Notes Author: TMM Last modified by: GISD Created Date: 12/27/2001 3:43:01 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Principles of Government


1
Principles of Government
2
What Is Government?
What is Government? Institution in which society
makes and enforces its public policy
3
(No Transcript)
4
The State
  • B. Territory

A. Population
  • D. Government

C. Sovereignty
5
Origins of the State
B. The Evolutionary Theory
  • A. The Force Theory

C. The Divine Right Theory
D. The Social Contract Theory
6
Purpose of Government
  • Form a more perfect union
  • Establish justice
  • Insure domestic tranquility
  • Provide for the common defense
  • Promote the general welfare
  • Secure the blessings of liberty

7
Classifying Governments Part II
Governments can be classified by three different
standards
  • (1) Who can participate in the governing process.
  • (2) The geographic distribution of the
    governmental power within the state.
  • (3) The relationship between the legislative
    (lawmaking) and the executive (law-executing)
    branches of the government.

8
Classification by Who Can Participate
  • Democracy
  • direct democracy
  • indirect democracy
  • Dictatorship
  • Autocracy (one)
  • Oligarchy (small elite)

9
Classification by Geographic Distribution of Power
  • Division of powers power divided between the
    national (federal) and the states
  • Unitary Government (a single central agency)
  • Confederate Government (alliance of Ind. states)
  • Federal Government (divided between central and
    local governments)
  • Presidential government executive and
    legislative branches are separated, independent,
    and co-equal
  • Parliamentary government executive branch is
    made up of a prime minister and who is selected
    by legislative branch.

10
Foundations (1-3)
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