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The 3 Branches of Government


The Three Branches of Government Packet 21 The Federal Government has 3 main branches Legislative Branch (Two branches of Congress) Duties of the Legislative Branch ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The 3 Branches of Government

The Three Branches of Government Packet 21
The Federal Government has 3 main branches
Legislative Executive Judicial
The Law-making group Makes sure laws are enforced Judges whether laws follow the Constitution
Headed by Congress (Senate and House of Representatives) Headed by the President Headed by the Supreme Court

Legislative Branch (Two branches of Congress)
The Senate The House of Representatives
Each state has 2 Senators (2 each times 50 states 100 total) Each state has a different amount (based on the population of each state states with more people have more representatives) 435 in the whole country 19 from Illinois
Duties of the Legislative Branch(The Senate and
the House of Representatives)
  • Get, think up, and organize ideas for laws.
  • Discuss how to make these ideas into useful bills
    (potential laws) or decide they werent good
  • The Senate approves or disapproves treaties
    (agreements) with other countries the president
    does this, but the Senate has to agree that his
    treaties are okay.
  • The Senate approves or disapproves Presidential
    appointments (for new Supreme Court justices,
    ambassadors, cabinet members, federal judges,
  • Suggest amendments to the Constitution.
  • Hold other special hearings like baseball
    and steroids, impeachments, etc)
  • The 2 Senators from Illinois
  • Dick Durbin Roland Burris

Representative from the 8th District of Illinois
Melissa Bean
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Illinois Congressional Districts
Around this area 6th Henry Hyde
8th Melissa Bean 9th Janice
Schakowski 10th Mark Kirk
14th Dennis Hastert 16th Don
Duties of the Executive Branch (President,
Vice-President, the Presidents cabinet)
  • Approves or disapproves of Congressional bills
    (law ideas).
  • Sees that laws are enforced.
  • Makes treaties (approved by the Senate)
  • Appoints people to government positions (approved
    by the Senate).
  • Work with Congress on new ideas for laws
  • And other things that come up.
  • To see the Presidents cabinet members click
  • Cabinet members

Duties of the Judicial Branch(The Supreme Court
and the court system)
  • Headed by the Supreme Court, with 9 justices
    including a chief justice.
  • Applies the laws to cases that come before it to
    see if they follow the Constitution.
  • Decide if actions taken by the president and/or
    Congress are constitutional or not.
  • Also, the Courts of Appeals, District Courts,
    Bankruptcy Courts, Court of International Trade,
    Court of Federal Claims, etc
  • To see a history of Supreme Court Justices, click
  • http//

Sonia Sotomayor (Summer, 2009)
Seated left to right Anthony M. Kennedy, John
Paul Stevens, Chief Justice John G. Roberts,
Jr., Antonin Scalia, David H. Souter (Retired
Summer, 2009) Standing left to right Stephen G.
Breyer, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader
Ginsburg, Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr.
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