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Italian Renaissance Art

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Title: Italian Renaissance Art


1
Italian Renaissance Art
2
The Italian Renaissance
  • The Renaissance began in Italy for two main
    reasons
  • Its location in the middle of the Mediterranean
  • Sea made it the main point of commerce between
    Europe and the Middle East following the Crusades

2. The presence of a number of wealthy families
rich from banking and trade created a class
of people with the time, money, and interest
to patronize the arts.
3
Madonna and Child c. 1320 Early paintings such as
this lacked the perspective and realism that
would become more prevalent in the Renaissance.
Giotto di Bondone
4
Stigmatization of St. Francis c. 1300 The
beginning of perspective is evident in this early
work.
5
Donatello 1386-1466
  • Italian sculptor born in Florence
  • One of the first sculptors since classical times
    to produce works depicting human forms in a
    individualistic, confident manner

6
David 1409
7
David 1430
8
Madonna with Child 1448
9
Masaccio 1401-1427
  • influenced by painter Giotto di Bondone and
    sculptors Brunelleschi and Donatello
  • developed method of applying depth and
    three-dimensionality that pioneered a new sense
    of realism to painting

10
The Crucifixion 1426
11
Profile of a Young Man 1425
12
Madonna with Child and Angels 1426
13
Sandro Botticelli 1445-1510 Florence
  • Italian Renaissance artist
  • Worked for wealthy Italian families, including
    the Medici banking family
  • Most famous portrait Guilano de Medici
  • Also painted religion subjects, especially panels
    of the Madonna, such as the Madonna of the
    Magnificat, Madonna of the Pomegranate,
    Coronation of the Virgin, and Madonna and Child
    with Two Saints.

14
Giuliano de Medici 1478
15
Venus and Mars The topic of this painting
reflects the interest in classical themes.
16
Madonna of the Magnificat
17
Madonna of the Pomegranate
18
The Madonna and Child with an Angel
19
Lamentation Over the Dead Christ
20
The Annunciation
21
La Primavera, Allegory of Spring
22
Lamentation over the Dead Christ Andrea Mantegna
- 1490
23
Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519 Florence
  • The epitome of the ideal Renaissance man, da
    Vinci excelled as a painter, sculptor, inventor,
    architect, and engineer.

24
Drawings of da Vinci
Study of a womans hand
Embryo
25
(No Transcript)
26
Vitruvian Man, Study of proportions
27
Siege defenses
28
Madonna Litta
29
  • Virgin of the Rocks
  • Leonardo da Vinci was particularly noted for his
    striking use of light and dark contrasts evident
    in this and the following paintings.

30
  • Mona Lisa

31
Lady with an ermine
32
The Last Supper
33
The Madonna of the Carnation
34
Michelangelo 1475-1564
  • A painter, sculptor, and architect, he also
    epitomized the ideal Renaissance man.
  • Commissioned by the di Medici family to help
    beautify Florence
  • Commissioned by Pope Julius II to work on the
    Sistine Chapel and his personal tomb

35
The Holy Family with Infant St. John the Baptist
36
The Last Judgement from the Sistine Chapel
37
Tomb of Pope Julius II Rome
38
David
39
Pieta
40
Tomb of Lorenzo de Medici
41
Lorenzo de Medici detail from tomb
42
Raphael 1483-1520
  • Best known for his Madonnas and his large figure
    compositions in the Vatican in Rome

43
Madonna dell Granduca c. 1505
44
The Small Cowper Madonna c. 1505
45
Bindo Altoviti
46
The Entombment
47
The Alba Madonna c. 1511
48
Pope Leo X with 2 Cardinals c. 1517-18
49
Assumption of the Virgin 1518
50
Titian Venice (1487 1576)
  • Studied with both Gentile Bellini and Giovanni
    Bellini
  • Noted for his skill at depicting human emotion
    and movement

51
Flora c. 1515
52
Bachus and Ariadre 1524
53
The Entombment c. 1525
   
                                                                                                 
54
Christ Crowned with Thorns c. 1542
55
Portrait of Empress Isabella of Spain 1548
56
Northern Renaissance Art
57
Jan van Eyck 1395-1441
  • Flemish painter who perfected the newly developed
    technique of oil painting.
  • His naturalistic panel paintings, mostly
    portraits and religious subjects, made extensive
    use of disguised religious symbols.
  • His masterpiece is the alterpiece in the
    cathedral at Ghent, the Adoration of the Lamb
    (1432)

58
Adoration of the Lamb
59
The Arnolfini Marriage 1434
60
Close-up of the convex mirror
61
Man in a Red Turban 1433
62
Virgin and Child with Saints and Donor
63
Jerome Bosch 1450-1516
  • Flemish painter who used religious themes in
    combination with grotesque fantasies, colorful
    imagery, and peasant folk legends.
  • Many paintings reflect the confusion and anguish
    often associated with the Middle Ages.

64
The Extraction of the Stone of Madness 1475-1480 R
emoving "stones" from the head was a fairly
common medieval operation however, for some
reason Bosch has painted a flower as the object
being removed.
65
Paradise and Hell
66
Christ carrying the cross
67
Garden of Earthly Delights
68
Pieter Bruegel 1525-1569
  • Known as Pieter Bruegel the Elder to distinguish
    him from his elder son
  • Generally considered the greatest Flemish
    painter of the 16th century.
  • His paintings, including his landscapes and
    scenes of peasant life, stress the absurd and
    vulgar, yet are full of zest and fine detail.
    They also expose human weaknesses and follies.
  • He was sometimes called the "peasant Bruegel"
    from such works as Peasant Wedding Feast

69
Peasant Wedding 1568
70
Hunters in the Snow
71
The Harvesters
72
The Peasant Dance
73
The Adoration of Kings 1564
74
The Beggars 1568
75
Erasmus 1469? - 1536
His best known work is the Praise of folly that
he wrote on his way back from Italy, a pamphlet
mainly directed against the behavior of leading
classes and church dignitaries.
76
Thomas More 1478-1535
Sir Thomas More (later canonized St. Thomas More)
is famous for his book Utopia (1515) and for his
martyrdom. As Chancellor to Henry VIII he refused
to sanction Henry's divorce of Queen Catherine.
More was imprisoned, tried and executed.
77
New Monarchs
  • Sought to centralize their power and demanded
    strict obedience and loyalty of their subjects.
  • Emphasized the notion of nation and saw
    themselves as the symbol of such unity and
    strength

78
New Monarchs
  • Louis XI (r 1461-1483) Laid the foundation for
    royal absolutism in France
  • Henry VII (r. 1485-1509) rebuilt the monarchy
    of England following the War of the Roses
  • Ferdinand and Isabella (r. 1474-1516)
    strengthened royal authority in Spain by
    demanding religious unity

79
The End
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