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Aim: How was Ancient Greece Shaped by its Geography?

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Aim: How was Ancient Greece Shaped by its Geography? Do Now: Based on the DBQ work from yesterday how does Ancient Greek Geography differ from the Geography of the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Aim: How was Ancient Greece Shaped by its Geography?


1
  • Aim How was Ancient Greece Shaped by its
    Geography?
  • Do Now
  • Based on the DBQ work from yesterday how does
    Ancient Greek Geography differ from the Geography
    of the civilizations we have previously studied?
  • In your opinion what are three key features of
    Ancient Greek geography?
  • Explain your reasoning.

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16
Geography
  • Located in Southeastern Europe
  • Composed of many mountains, isolated valleys, and
    small islands
  • Prevented a large Empire
  • Aegean and Mediterranean were a valuable link to
    the rest of the world
  • Became skilled sea traders
  • Exchanged goods, ideas, and technology

17
Early Civilizations
  • Minoans built the first civilization on the
    island of Crete
  • Traded with Egypt, and Mesopotamia
  • Gained new Ideas and Technology
  • Mycenaeans conquered Crete around 1400 B.C.
  • Learned writing and other skills from the Minoans

18
Rise of City-States
  • Divided into mountains by isolated valleys
  • Hundreds of scattered islands exist off of its
    coast
  • Polis Greek city state

19
The Polis
  • Made up of two parts
  • Hilltop acropolis with Marble temples
  • Flatter ground held the main city with a wall

20
Governments in the City-States
  • Kings at first
  • Overtime landowning nobles gained power
  • Created an Aristocracy or a government ruled by
    the landholding elite
  • Most Powerful were Sparta and Athens
  • Ways of life in these two City-States varied
    greatly

21
Sparta
  • Family life was sacrificed to the Polis
  • At 12 they were enrolled in separate companies
    with other boys their age
  • Slept outside and underwent heavy military
    training until the age of 24
  • After that they became frontline soldiers
  • Kept prepared for battle for entire life
  • Older men expected to models for the younger

22
Military and Training
  • Slept outside on reed mats
  • Expected to stand and die rather than retreat

23
Women
  • Prohibited from wearing jewelry or ornate clothes
  • Exercised rigorously to give birth to healthy
    children
  • Hardly oppressed
  • Saw it as a privilege to be a daughter or mother
    to a brave warrior

24
Athens
  • Developed from a monarchy into an Aristocracy
  • Nobles controlled most aspects of government
  • Merchants and soldiers resented their power
  • Felt service entitled them to more rights
  • Athenian law prevented foreign citizens from
    becoming Athenian citizens

25
Solon
  • Leader (archon) given free hand to make reforms
  • Outlawed debt slavery
  • Opened high offices to more citizens
  • Granted citizenship to some foreign citizens
  • Citizenship remained limited and led to tyrants
  • Tyrants People who gained power by force

26
More Reform
  • Eventually nobles lost a great deal of power in
    Greece, and the aristocracy was weakened
  • Poor citizens given a greater voice
  • Made all male citizens over 30 a governing body
    that debated laws

27
Rights Overall
  • Very limited
  • Only male citizens could participate in
    government
  • Tens of thousands were slaves without political
    rights, and freedoms

28
Women
  • Viewed as unable to reason and think as well as
    men
  • Had no share in public life

29
Religious Beliefs
  • Polytheistic
  • Believed Gods Lived on Mount Olympus in Northern
    Greece
  • Honored Their Gods with Temples and Festivals.
  • Consulted Priests , Priestesses , and Oracles to
    Discover the will of the Gods
  • Religion was important but not as much as in
    other civilizations
  • Some felt universe was regulated by natural laws
    not the Gods

30
The Gods
  • A quick overview

31
ZEUS
  • Most Powerful of the Gods
  • Known as God of the Sky and Ruler of Olympus
  • Weakness was the charms of women
  • Ruled over affairs of Humans and other Gods

32
Hera
  • Wife of Zeus
  • Goddess of Marriage

33
Aphrodite
  • Daughter of Zeus
  • Goddess of Love

34
Athena
  • Daughter of Zeus
  • Goddess of Wisdom
  • Gave Athens its Name

35
Dionysus
  • Primarily a Fertility God
  • Presided over Vineyards Grapes and Wine
  • Was one of the 12 Great Gods

36
Apollo
  • God of Sun
  • Considered Bright and Rational
  • Associated with Arts of Music and Medicine

37
Poseidon
  • God of the Sea

38
Hades
  • God of the Underworld
  • First Ruled underworld alone
  • Later ruled with wife Persephone, Queen of the
    Underworld
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