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Forming a Spiritual Identity:

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The Spiritual Development of Young Adults Dr. Preston VanLoon ... Young Adulthood is often described in terms of the new roles and statuses adopted during this stage. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Forming a Spiritual Identity:


1
  • Forming a Spiritual Identity
  • The Spiritual Development of Young Adults
  • Dr. Preston VanLoon
  • Iowa Wesleyan College
  • Professor and Acting Chaplain
  • March 1, 2009

2
  • My Experience
  • Personally
  • Parentally

3
  • The Transition from Adolescence to Adulthood
  • Sets the stage for later adult life.
  • Can function as a turning point, providing
    opportunities for change from negative to more
    positive developmental pathways in subsequent
    developmental periods.
  • Successful development of skills, competencies,
    and behaviors that are beneficial to self and
    society during this period can lead to later
    thriving in adulthood.

4
  • Young Adulthood is often described in terms
  • of the new roles and statuses adopted during
  • this stage.
  • What are some of the life changes that young
    adults experience at this time in life?
  • Leaving parental home
  • Establishing ones own residence
  • Establishing financial independence
  • Completing school
  • Moving into full-time employment
  • Getting married
  • Becoming a parent
  • Forming their own belief system

5
  • What is spirituality?
  • A holistic approach
  • Physical
  • Emotional
  • Social
  • Mental
  • Moral

6
  • The Spiritual Development of Young Adults
  • Beliefs about Spirituality
  • Factors that Influence Spiritual Development
  • Implications for Addressing Spiritual Development

7
  • What Young Adults Believe about Spirituality
  • 1. Most youth believe life has a spiritual
  • dimension.
  • What does it mean to young adults to be
    spiritual?
  • There is a purpose to life (36, US 41)
  • Believing in God (32, 33)
  • Being true to ones inner self/inner peace or
    happiness (26, 25 )
  • Dont think there is a spiritual dimension to
    life (7, 10)

8
  • 2. Many young people want to talk about spiritual
    matters.
  • How often do you think young adults discuss
    spiritual matters?
  • 1/3 of youth talk about spiritual issues monthly
    with their friends such as the meaning of life,
    why we are on earth, or God or faith.
  • 2/3 of youth have talked with their parents
  • a few times in the past 12 months about their
    parents beliefs and faith.
  • 24 have these conversations at least once a
    month.
  • 12 have these conversations weekly.

9
  • 3. Many youth believe in and/or experience God or
    a higher power.
  • What are some things you think young adults
    believe about God and life?
  • A large majority believe that there is a God or
    higher power.
  • 8 do not believe in God.
  • 10 said they did not know.
  • Spiritual beliefs about life
  • All living things are connected to each other.
  • There is life after death.
  • They have experienced God or some other
    mysterious presence.
  • There is a spirit world, spiritual beings, or
    spiritual powers.

10
  • 4. Youth see spirituality and religion as
    related,
  • but different.
  • What do you think young adults believe about
    spirituality and religion?
  • 34 indicated they are both spiritual and
    religious.
  • 23 indicated they are spiritual, but not
    religious.
  • Quotes
  • Spirituality is the search for answers and
    religion provides the answers.
  • Religion is more of a placeits there you are
    supposed to find spirituality.
  • You dont have to be religious to be spiritual,
    but you do have to be spiritual to be religious.

11
  • 5. Most young people see both spirituality and
    religion as positive.
  • What kind of thoughts do you think young adults
    have about religion? Spirituality?
  • A majority of youth see being both spiritual and
    religious as usually good.
  • Other youth saw religion less positively than
    spirituality.
  • Quotes
  • Spiritual is something one experiences in your
    own being. Religion is, well, your own religion.
    Most of our religion is forced.
  • Religious is kind of knowing the things in your
    head, but spiritual is knowing them in your
    heart.

12
  • The Influence of Spiritual Development
  • Factors that influence spiritual development.
  • What do you think are some activities or
    practices that influence young adult spiritual
    development?
  • 50 of young adults engage in some of the
    following practices
  • Reading books
  • Praying or meditating alone.
  • Helping others
  • Showing love or compassion to others.

13
  • Groups or people that support young adult
  • social-spiritual development.
  • What groups or organizations do you think
    influence young adult development?
  • Family (44)
  • Friends (15)
  • Religious Organization (14)
  • School (6)
  • Youth Organization (4)
  • No one (18)

14
  • The influence of parents.
  • Up to 2/3 of youth saw their parents expressing
    their own religious or spiritual practices or
    beliefs at least a few times in the past 12
    months.
  • 1/3 to 1/2 of the youth surveyed did not ever
    engage in spiritual or religious activities with
    their parents or see their parents engage in
    these activities.
  • Most common was seeing parents
  • Be joyful because of their religious faith. (70)
  • Pray or meditate by themselves. (70)
  • Talk with their parents about religious beliefs.
    (65)

15
  • Hours per week in religious services, groups,
  • or programs
  • 33 said that they spend 0 hours per week. (US
    34)
  • 39 said that they spend 1-2 hours per week. (US
    28)
  • 28 said that they spend 3 or more hours per
    week. (US 38)

16
  • Implications for Addressing Young Adult Spiritual
    Development
  • For Youth
  • For Parents
  • For Educators and Youth Workers
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