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Rock Art in Africa

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Rock Art in Africa Bloated Crocodile, Rock Painting, San Peoples, Zimbabwe Eland and Wildebeest Rock Engravings San Peoples, Northern Cape, South Africa San religious ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Rock Art in Africa


1
Rock Art in Africa
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Map of North Africa
5
Engravings and paintings on rock surfaces found
in the Tassili Plateau, Algeria And in the Namib
Desert of southern Africa. Well over 30, 000
sites have been discovered Rock Art indicates
that there has been human habitation in the
Sahara from 8000 BP Domestication of Animal and
sedentary lifestyle
6
Paintings and Engravings in the Sahara are
categorized into 4 periods 1. Archaic/ Bubalous
Period (8000-7000 BP) Characteristics a) Large
scale animals incised and engraved on rock
surfaces b) Naturalistic representations of
animals elephants, buffalo, hippopotamuses,
giraffe, antelopes c) many of the animals are
now extinct 2. Pastoral Period (6000-2200
BP) Characteristics a) smaller scale paintings
done with red and white pigments b) Depictions of
cattle with humans c) Fairly accurate details in
terms of proportions, colors etc d) Depiction of
humans engaged in different activities including
sports and warfare
7
  • 3. Horse Period 3200-1200 BP
  • further sub divided into
  • Horse and Chariot sub-period
  • Characteristics human figures become
    bi-triangular
  • Head size shrinks
  • Small weapons and horse drawn chariots appear
  • 4. Camel Period 2700 BP
  • Characteristics Quite possibly the most recent
    period of rock art painted
  • by the present inhabitants of the Sahara
  • Horses are depicted with Arabic fittings
  • Human figures are very small and depictions of
    camels are common

8
Elephant, Rock Engraving, Bubalus/Cattle Period
9
Super imposition, Elephant and Giraffes, Engraving
, Fezan Region, Libya After 8000 BC Appr. 10,
000 BP
10
Niola Doa (Beautiful Ladies) Chad
Republic Pastoral Period Rock engraving, (note
the vertical grooves supposedly created in
recent times, by women to increase their
fertility)
11
Mother and child scene, Rock painting, Tassili
NAjer, southern Algeria Pastoralist
Period 7000-4000 BP
12
Hairdressing in the Akakus Mountains, Libya. The
scene reflects the recent lifestyle of modern
Fulani peoples who dress their hair in similar
manner and may link the Paintings to their
ancestors. Pigment on rock, 6000 BP
13
Ladies on Horseback, Rock Painting, Tassili,
Algeria
14
Two lovers holding hands super imposed on faint
but visible images of animals in White pigment,
Western Chad Republic
15
Cattle Rock painting, Cattle Period, Tassili,
Southern Algeria, (10,000-8,000 BP)
16
Figure with mask like head, Rock Painting,
Tassili, Southern Algeria (10,000-8000 BP)
17
Faceless figure, Painting, Tassili, Archaic Period
18
The Great Fishing God of Sefar, Rock painting,
Tassili, Algeria, 10, 000 BC
19
Stylized figures with cattle And horse drawn
chariot
20
Horse-drawn chariot, Painting, Chariot sub
period, Tassili, Algeria
21
Herdsman with cattle Painting, Cattle/Pastoralist
Period,
22
Camel, Painting, Late/Camel Period, Tassili,
Algeria
23
Map of southern Africa
24
Panoramic view of the Drakensberg mountains
25
Engravings and paintings are widely distributed
throughout southern Africa The oldest painting
dates to 28, 000 BP They were created by the San
peoples The paintings depict healing ceremonies,
visions, and realistic and abstract depictions
of animals Characteristics under water scenes
of water buffalo, humans and snakes Visions of
shaman or healers Healers in altered states of
consciousness Healing rituals still being
performed today by the San Peoples
26
Art mobileart mobilier, Rock painting, San
Peoples, (28,000 BP)
27
White lady of Brandberg, Namibia, Southern Africa
28
White Lady of Brandberg, Dark skin male figure
covered with White paint or ostrich
egg/pigments, San Painting, Polychrome Namibia
29
Abstracted figures, San peoples Polychrome Tanzani
a
30
Zebra, San Peoples, Polychrome, Zimbabwe
31
Antelopes, San Painting, Polychrome, South Africa
32
Battle scene with the British San Painting
Polychrome South Africa
33
Animal scene--Lion, Giraffe, horses, polychrome,
South Africa
34
Bloated Crocodile, Rock Painting, San Peoples,
Zimbabwe
35
Eland and Wildebeest Rock Engravings San
Peoples, Northern Cape, South Africa
36
San religious ceremony, Polychrome, South Africa
37
Dancing Figures, San Peoples, polychrome,
Drakensberg Mountains,South Africa
38
Drawing after a painting depicting a ritual
ceremony ---note the depiction/presence of
phospheme
39
San healing ritual ceremony, early 20th century
40
Recent San trance ritual ceremony
41
San healing ritual ceremony
42
Therianthrope San Peoples
43
Shamans X-ray vision, rock painting, south
African
44
Therianthrope and Eland, San Peoples, Polychrome,
Eastern Cape, South Africa
45
Shaman in Trance, San Painting, Polychrome,
Makoni, Zimbabwe
46
A family of Rhinos, San peoples, Polychrome Botswa
na, Southern Africa
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