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20th Century Architecture

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20th Century Architecture Part II Dictum of Modern Architecture Robert Venturi Charles Jencks Postmodern architecture is characterized by a – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 20th Century Architecture


1
20th Century Architecture
  • Part II

2
Dictum of Modern Architecture
  • Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
  • Less is more.

3
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Seagram Building, New
York, 1954-58
4
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5
Robert Venturi
  • Less is a bore. (1966)
  • (Fiero 978)

6
Charles Jencks
  • Postmodern architecture is characterized by a
    "double coding" two or more styles which
    co-exist in contradiction and/or self-mockery.
  • http//architecture.about.com/library/bl-postmoder
    n.htm

7
Postmodern architecture
  • Sense of "anything goes" Forms filled with
    humor, irony, ambiguity, contradiction
  • Juxtaposition of styles Blend of traditional,
    contemporary, and newly-invented forms
  • Exaggerated or abstract traditional detailing
  • http//architecture.about.com/library/bl-postmoder
    n.htm

8
Postmodern Features
  • Clash of scales Postmodern architecture often
    includes elements that are clearly out of scale
    with the rest of the building. This is most
    obvious where the building borrows from other
    styles. The mixing of large and small classical
    orders, the distortion and exaggeration of
    motifs, can make a building seem dramatic and
    grand. Architects also played with scale to
    introduce surprise and a sense of fun.
  • http//www.vam.ac.uk/vastatic/microsites/architect
    ure/style_level3.php?id256parent260area0

9
Les Espaces dAbraxas, France, 1979-82
10
Postmodern features
  • Thin façades Some Postmodern buildings have thin
    fronts that are clearly distinct from the rest of
    the building. In some cases the thinness is
    exaggerated as a visual joke. For example, the
    facade may dissolve into the windows at the side
    of the building. On other buildings, the
    façades are treated as little more than
    billboards or stage backdrops. This allowed
    architects greater freedom of expression in the
    design of the building front.
  • http//www.vam.ac.uk/vastatic/microsites/architect
    ure/style_level4.php?id256parent260object213
    area0ext.swf

11
China Wharf, London, 1986-88
12
Postmodern Features
  • Classical references Postmodern buildings often
    used elements of classical architecture. In
    most cases the use is decorative not structural.
    Nor is it 'correct'. Postmodern architects did
    not follow the strict principles of the classical
    style. For example, they deliberately combined
    and exaggerated columns, arches and rough
    masonry. They took elements from Greek temples
    and applied them to buildings that had entirely
    modern functions. The effect is often quirky and
    playful.
  • http//www.vam.ac.uk/vastatic/microsites/architect
    ure/style_level4.php?id256parent260object214
    area0ext.swf

13
Kengo Kuma, M2 Tokyo, 1991
14
Kengo Kuma, M2 Tokyo, 1991
15
Kengo Kuma, Doric Tokyo, 1991
16
  • A precursor?

17
Claude-Nicholas Ledoux, Royal Saltworks,
1774-79 Gatehouse with entrance portico
18
Claude-Nicholas Ledoux, Royal Saltworks,
1774-79 Directors House
19
Robert Venturi
  • In favor of messy vitality in architecture
  • Believed in aesthetic ambiguity and visual
    tension
  • Postmodern vision both-and rather than
    either-or

20
  • A conventional building

21
Venturi, Vanna Venturi House, Philadelphia, 1962
22
Venturi, Vanna Venturi House, Philadelphia, 1962
23
Venturi, Gordon Wu Hall, Butler College,
Princeton University Princeton, NJ 1980
24
  • Michael Graves

25
Public Services Building, Portland, Oregon,
1980-82
26
Michael Graves Humana Building (Louisville) 1986
27
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28
The Michael C. Carlos Museum at Emory University
in Atlanta, Georgia
29
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30
Disney Center
31
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32
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33
MICHAEL GRAVES, Walt Disney World, Swan Hotel,
Florida, 1987
34
MICHAEL GRAVES, Walt Disney World, Swan Hotel,
Florida, 1987
35
MICHAEL GRAVES,Walt Disney World-Dolphin Hotel
36
MICHAEL GRAVES,Walt Disney World-Dolphin Hotel
37
  • Philip Johnson

38
P. Johnson J Burgee ATT Building,  NYC,
1979-84
39
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40
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41
Philip Johnson and John Burgee PPG Place,
Pittsburgh, PA 1979-84
42
Philip Johnson and John Burgee PPG Place,
Pittsburgh, PA 1979-84
43
P. Johnson J Burgee International Place,
Boston, 1985
44
  • Charles Moore

45
Charles Moore, Piazza dItalia, New Orleans, USA,
1976-79
46
Charles Moore, Piazza dItalia, New Orleans, USA,
1976-79
47
  • Frank Gehry

48
Gehry, Vitra Design Museum, Weil-am-Rhein,
Germany, 1987 to 1989
49
Gehry, Vitra Design Museum, Weil-am-Rhein,
Germany, 1987 to 1989
50
Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao,
Spain, 1997
51
Gehry, Guggenheim Museum, at Bilbao, Spain, 1997
52
Gehry, Experience Music Project, at Seattle,
Washington, 1999 to 2000
53
Frank Gehry, Experience Music Project, Seattle,
Washington, 1999 to 2000
54
  • I. M. Pei

55
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56
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57
  • Las Vegas

58
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59
High-tech
  • Exposed structure
  • Glass
  • Tension structures
  • http//www.vam.ac.uk/vastatic/microsites/architect
    ure/style_level3.php?id255parent260area0

60
High-tech
  • Pompidou Center,
  • Paris, 1971-77

61
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62
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63
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64
  • The End
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