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Geographic Settings of China

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Geographic Settings of China Chapter 15 Section 1 Pages 323-327 By: Shanna N. Basics China was thought to be the center of the Earth Covers a huge area of Asia & is ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geographic Settings of China


1
Geographic Settings of China
  • Chapter 15 Section 1
  • Pages 323-327

By Shanna N.
2
Basics
  • China was thought to be the center of the Earth
  • Covers a huge area of Asia is one of the
    largest nations in the world
  • Physical barriers include the Gobi Desert, the
    Mongolian Tibetan plateaus, the Himalaya
    Mountains (largest in the world)
  • Mountains rain forests separate China from
    Southeast Asia

3
  • These physical barriers limited contact with
    other civilizations in the early ages but still
    continued
  • Trading goods to India Middle East countries
  • Buddhism carried to China
  • Invaders coming and spreading ideas
    technologies

4
  • Home to 1.2 billion people (1/5 of the worlds
    population today) but most Chinese crowd to the
    eastern third of the country
  • WHY??
  • Mountains plateaus cover over 80 of China
  • Many people are farmers so they need fertile soil
    to grow their crops which in China there is only
    10 of good farming land
  • People have built into hills mountains because
    of limited land for farming

5
Regions
  • Six main regions
  • 2 of the 6 regions lay in the Chinese heartland
    which is North South China
  • home to Chinas 1st civilization
  • The 4 other regions include the Northwest,
    Mongolia, Xinjiang Xizang

6
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7
North South China (the heartland)
  • North China
  • Has warm summers cold winters
  • Unpredictable rainfall
  • Main crops are wheat millet
  • Main cities are the capital Beijing Tianjin
  • South China
  • Richer in farming industry growing
  • Grows rice, cotton, tea, vegetables other crops
  • People are packed into farmlands near bodies of
    water

8
The Northeast Mongolia
  • Northeast
  • Was known as Manchuria where they conquered China
    in the 1600s
  • Government is developing many new resources
  • Due to cold climate, population is very small
  • Mongolia
  • Harsh climate
  • Summers are particularly hot winters are very
    cold
  • Government is working on improving irrigation,
    which will promote farming

9
Xinjiang Xizang
  • Xinjiang
  • Oil-producing region
  • May start producing wheat cotton
  • Home to Muslim Uighurs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz
  • Xizang
  • Known as Tibet
  • Region is along the Himalayas where it is barren
    treeless
  • Developing hydroelectric power
  • Rich in minerals

10
Rivers
  • 3 main rivers include the Huang He, Chang, Xi
    Rivers
  • Millions of Chinese work on river valleys risking
    flooding but technology has helped by building
    dikes and canals

11
Huang He River
  • A.K.A. the Yellow River due to it emptying into
    the Yellow Sea from its yellow-brown soil
    called loess from which the wind carries across
    the North China Plain
  • Floods frequently due to loess clogging the
    riverbed heavy rains
  • The only advantage of flooding is the end result
    of the fertile soil after it dries

12
Chang River
  • Also known as the Yangzi which carries most of
    Chinas trade
  • Busiest port city is Shanghai
  • Government debates over hydroelectric power
    worrying that there will be so much power which
    can harm the environment and cause flooding
    ensuing 1 million people to move out of their
    homes

13
Xi River
  • Or known as the West River flowing through South
    China
  • Major port is Guangzhou which ships goods to all
    over the world
  • Tens of millions of Chinese live in Xi delta for
    its ample water, good climate, excellent soil

14
People
  • 95 of the people are Han (ethnic Chinese)
  • Minorities are the Mongols, Tibetans, Tajiks
  • Everyone speaks different forms or dialects of
    Chinese
  • Official language Mandarian

15
THE END
 
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