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Physical and cognitive development in adolescence

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Chapter 11 Physical and cognitive development in adolescence Puberty -sexual and reproductive maturation sex hormones _____ (male), _____ (female) (growth spurt ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Physical and cognitive development in adolescence


1
Chapter 11
  • Physical and cognitive development in adolescence

2
Puberty -sexual and reproductive maturation
  • sex hormones
  • _______ (male), _________ (female)
  • (growth spurt 12 for girls 14 for boys)
  • Body proportions (boys shoulders widen
    girls hips widen)
  • ____________ makeup girls gain _______, boys
    gain more _________
  • Sexual maturation
  • Primary sexual characteristics (______________)
  • ____________ outside of body (pubic hair,
    genital growth, breast development)

3
  • Girls menarche first menstruation (avg. _____
    years)
  • Boys semenarche/spermarche (_____________)
  • ____________ generational change (puberty
    _____________)
  • Timing impacted by _______________________________
    ___________________ exercise, socioeconomic
    status

4
Psychological impact of pubertal events
  • Reactions impacted by __________
  • ____________ hormones may not be cause
    impacted by ____________
  • Parent-child relationships more strained
    _____________________
  • Early versus late maturation
  • Early maturing ______ seen as independent,
    self-confident, physically attractive, leaders
  • _____ maturing boys not well liked , anxious,
    attention seeking

5
  • Early maturing girls _________, unpopular,
    stressed (less positive body image)
  • Late maturing girls lively, sociable,
    ________________, leaders

6
Health issues
  • anorexia nervosa
  • 90 are ________
  • Starvation due to _______________
  • ____________________, malnutrition
  • Caused by individual, family and cultural forces
  • Hospitalization, family therapy
  • bulimia- binge purge
  • Lack ____________
  • Feel depressed and guilty ____________________
  • Easier to treat

7
Sexual attitudes and behaviors
  • attitudes more liberal
  • a decreasing portion are having intercourse
    earlier ages
  • ______ had intercourse by their senior year
  • more boys than girls at all ages
  • downward trend in frequency of _______
    ___________
  • of married teens ___________________

8
  • Characteristics of sexually active adolescents
  • _______ maturation, parental ____________ and
    divorce, _____ family, _______, poor school
    performance, lower ________ aspirations

9
Sexual behaviors (continued)
  • abstinence-focus has appeared to pay off
  • STDs _______________________
  • HIV/AIDS - high risk group
  • Teenage pregnancy
  • rates are ____________
  • Teenage mothers less likely to _______, more
    likely _________, likely to be on welfare

10
Health (continued)
  • Substance use and abuse
  • Decline in smoking, alcohol and substance abuse
    in past decade
  • ___________
  • __________, low income, family mental health
    problems, parental drug use, lack of parental
    involvement, ________________

11
Cognitive development
  • Piagets ________________ stage
  • ability to solve ___________ problems
  • ability to imagine _____________ in a situation
  • Consequences of abstract thought
  • _______________
  • Egocentricity
  • ______________ on stage
  • ________________ inflated opinion of own
    importance special and unique

12
Although Susanna desperately wants to learn how
to dive, she refuses to practice at the pool
because everyone will be watching me and laugh
because Im the only one who cant do it. Her
thinking reflects
  • A. Idealisim
  • B. Personal fable
  • C. Cognitive self-regulation
  • D. The imaginary audience

13
Lorna, an anorexic teenager, has lost so much
weight that her bones show clearly, her hair is
falling out, and she has stopped menstruating.
When she looks in the mirror, she is likely to
think
  • A. I really like the way I look now.
  • B. I just need to lose 10 more pounds.
  • C. If only I could put weight back on.
  • D. Now my parents will be proud of me.
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