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BELLWORK Explain the Declaration of Independence. Purpose? Rights given to citizens? Describe the military strategy used by the British. Describe the military ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 24 December 2019
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  1. Explain the Declaration of Independence. Purpose?
    Rights given to citizens?
  2. Describe the military strategy used by the
  3. Describe the military strategy used by the
  4. Explain the importance of the Battle of Saratoga.
  5. Which foreign countries helped both the British
    and American colonists? How did they help?
  6. What was the Treaty of Paris?

Declaration of Independence
  • Congress appointed the Committee of Five to write
    a statement of common action aims for the
    thirteen colonies.
  • The committee included John Adams, Benjamin
    Franklin, Robert Livingston, Roger Sherman, and
    the main author..Thomas Jefferson
  • After the Congress re-convened July 1st, they
    decided to officially declare independence.
  • Document signed on July 4, 1776 stated the
    thirteen American colonies were now independent
  • The colonies were already at war with Great
    Britain and declared they were no longer part of
    the British Empire.

The Committee of Five
Sherman, Franklin, Jefferson, Adams, Livingston
Thomas Jefferson served in Congress representing
VA primary author
Roger Sherman justice of the Superior Court of
CT member of Congress
Robert Livingston the first Chancellor of NYC,
the highest judicial officer in the state
Benjamin Franklin first U.S. ambassador to
France delegate from PA
John Adams lawyer public figure in Boston
representative from MA
  • "Yes, we must, indeed, all hang together, or most
    assuredly we shall all hang separately."
  • Benjamin Franklin at the signing of the
    Declaration of Independence 1776

The Declaration of Independence by John
Trumbull Robert Livingston is depicted in the
center of the Committee of Five presenting the
draft Declaration to the Second Continental
Congress. The five prominent figures depicted
are, from left to right, John Adams, Roger
Sherman, Livingston, Thomas Jefferson and
Benjamin Franklin.
  • 2. Describe the military strategy used by the
  • 3. Describe the military strategy used by the

Battles of the American Revolution
  • Battle of Bunker Hill
  • June 17, 1775
  • American army surrounded Boston to prevent
    movement from British troops
  • England learned of their plan and sent troops too
  • England won
  • Highest death toll for British during entire war

Battles of the American Revolution
  • Trenton and Princeton
  • December 26, 1776 January 3, 1777
  • George Washington crossed the Delaware River
    through harsh weather
  • Americans captured British guards and won!

Washington Crossing the Delaware Emmanuel Leutze
Battles of the American Revolution
  • Saratoga
  • September 19 October 7, 1777
  • British win first battle
  • Americans win second battle and force a British
  • Turning point of Revolutionary War
  • France decided to ally with the Americans

Help from foreign powers
  • France, Netherlands Spain side with the
  • navies prevent a British blockade
  • Marquis de Lafayette
  • Major-General of French troops
  • Blocked British troops at Yorktown
  • Encouraged France to increase support aide
  • Supporter of U.S. Constitutional principles
  • Becomes a link between the American and French
  • Baron de Kalb
  • A German-born French officer who served as
  • Commanded troops in MD DE
  • Worked alongside Lafayette

Washington and Lafayette at Valley Forge
  • Became a U.S. citizen
  • For his accomplishments in the service of both
    France and the United States, he is known as "The
    Hero of the Two Worlds".
  • In honor of his contributions to the American
    Revolution, many cities and monuments throughout
    the United States bare his name.

Lafayette Court House, IN Lafayette Fountain,
GA Lafayette Monument, D.C.
  • Numerous towns and counties in the US are named
    after him in Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana,
    New York, Tennessee, and Texas. Several streets
    are named after him in New York.

DeKalb monument in GA Battle of Camden DeKalbs
Battles of the American Revolution
  • Yorktown
  • October 19, 1781
  • British began construction of port in Virginia
  • Combined French and American forces
  • Last major battle of American Revolution
  • America wins and forces England to surrender

(No Transcript)
Treaty of Paris
  • September 3, 1783
  • Acknowledged the 13 colonies as a free and
    independent country United States of America
  • American territory expanded to Mississippi River
  • How did this influence revolutions in other

(No Transcript)
American Revolution Video
  • You are now going to watch the Revolution
    episode from the History Channel series America
    the Story of Us.
  • It discusses all major battles and the reason for
    Americas victory.
  • During the movie, take notes on important points.
    Once the video is over, you will compose an essay
    using the following prompt
  • Why did America win the Revolutionary War?
    Analyze the political, social, diplomatic, and
    military reasons for victory. Your essay should
    include a thesis and use of examples from the
    video/notes/handouts to back up your points.

  • No bellwork today!
  • Get out all your notes handouts
  • We will begin the in-class essay shortly!

American Revolution Essay
  • Why did America win the Revolutionary War?
    Analyze the political, social, diplomatic, and
    military reasons for colonial victory.
  • In general, your essay should include
  • Introduction (thesis)
  • Main body (arguments evidence)
  • Conclusion
  • You are analyzing reasons for victory. Do NOT
    just write down everything you know about the
  • Pick two/three examples and stick to them!

IB HOA Essays
  • Throughout the course, you will be graded using
    the essay writing rubric.
  • IB Essays are graded on three components
  • Argument
  • Historical Understanding (factual knowledge)
  • Historiography
  • IB defines historiography as the history of
  • Rather than focusing on the actual event for
    example, Hitler's annexation of Austria you
    focus more on the history of the history of the
    event (Hitlers personal ties with Austria,
    desire for expansion, nationalism, etc.)
  • Not only what happened? but why it happened?

IB HOA Essays
  • A high-scoring essay will include
  • Argument
  • Question is addressed in a clearly structured and
    focused essay that indicates a high level of
  • Arguments are clear, coherent, relevant, and well
  • Historical Understanding (factual knowledge)
  • The answer demonstrates an in-depth understanding
    of the topic through the selection, explanation,
    and effective use of historical knowledge.
  • Historiography
  • Historical events topics are explained and
    placed in their historical context
  • Answer displays a critical examination of a wide
    range of historical evidence
  • Answer displays a highly developed awareness of
    historiographical issues