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Theatre Vocabulary

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Title: Theatre Vocabulary Author: sean.kelly Last modified by: Kelly, Sean Created Date: 4/16/2012 4:36:04 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Theatre Vocabulary


1
Theatre Vocabulary
  • Words and terms you should know

2
Section 1 theaterStructure
  • Parts and places
  • inside a theatER.

3
First things first
  • TheatER The structure within which theatrical
    performances are given. Usually includes an
    orchestra or seating area, and a stage.
  • TheatRE A collaborative art form including the
    composition, enactment, and interpretation of
    dramatic presentations for an audience.

4
The Actors perspective
  • Center stage The center of the area defined as
    the stage.
  • Downstage The stage area toward the audience.
  • Stage left The left side of the stage from the
    perspective of an actor facing the audience.
  • Stage right The right side of the stage from the
    perspective of an actor facing the audience.
  • Upstage Used as a noun, the stage area away from
    the audience used as a verb, to steal the focus
    of a scene.
  • Green Room Our classroom, or the area backstage
    where the actors wait during performances.

5
The Audience perspective
  • Catwalks Platforms and walkways above the
    audience that are used by stage technicians to
    access lighting, sound and effects instruments.
  • Orchestra Pit The area between the stage and the
    audience where the orchestra plays.
  • Front of house The area in the theater where the
    audience sits
  • Offstage/backstage The area of the stage
    concealed by the proscenium and drapery that is
    not seen by the audience
  • Booth Room above the audience wherein the light
    board operator, sound board operator, and stage
    manager run the show.

6
Checkpoint Define these terms
  • Catwalks
  • Front of house
  • Orchestra pit
  • Green room
  • Upstage
  • Stage Left
  • Stage Right
  • Center Stage
  • Downstage
  • Booth
  • Backstage/offstage

7
The big Picture
  • Proscenium The view of the stage for the
    audience also called a proscenium arch. The
    archway is in a sense the frame for stage as
    defined by the boundaries of the stage beyond
    which a viewer cannot see.
  • Teaser the border drapes across the top of the
    stage that conceals the lighting instruments
  • Tormentor The border drapes on the sides of the
    stage that conceal the backstage areas
  • Cyclorama The large muslin drape hung across the
    extreme upstage area that represents the sky.
  • Grand Drape The main curtain that conceals the
    stage from the audience. Usually red.
  • Apron The area of the stage on the audience side
    of the grand drape.

8
Now you see it, Now you dont
  • Fly Rail The ropes, pulleys, and arbors off
    stage right that control the height of the
    drapes, electrics, battens, and hanging scenery.
  • Battens Pipes hung above the width of the stage
    that can be used for hanging scenery.
  • Electric A batten affixed with electrical
    outlets used for hanging and powering lighting
    instruments.
  • Backdrop A large piece of painted fabric hung
    behind the actors. Usually painted to resemble a
    realistic location.

9
CheckpointDefine these terms
  • Proscenium
  • Teaser
  • Tormentor
  • Cyclorama
  • Grand drape
  • Apron
  • Fly Rail
  • Battens
  • Electric
  • Backdrop

10
Theatre Structure QuizScavenger Hunt
  • Select a partner (ONE partner)
  • Take out a SINGLE piece of paper for your team.
  • Number it from 1-21
  • Find the numbers in the space, and write the
    corresponding term next to the number.
  • The first 3 teams to turn their quiz in to me
    (all terms correct) get a prize!

11
Section 2Acting Vocabulary
  • Speak the speech, I pray you, as I pronounced it
    to you, trippingly on the tongue

12
Who Are you?
  • Actor/Actress A male or female person who
    performs a role in a play, television, or movie.
  • Director The person who oversees the entire
    process of staging a production.
  • Ensemble A group of theatrical artists working
    together to create a theatrical production.
  • Stage crew The backstage technical crew
    responsible for running the show. In small
    theatre companies the same persons build the set
    and handle the load-in. Then, during
    performances, they change the scenery and handle
    the curtain.
  • Stage manager The directors liaison backstage
    during rehearsal and performance. The stage
    manager is responsible for the running of each
    performance.

13
Moving about
  • Blocking The planning and working out of the
    movements of actors on stage.
  • Cross A movement from one part of the stage to
    another
  • Position The direction an actor is facing
    relative to the audience, but from the actors
    perspective.
  • Gesture An expressive movement of the body or
    limbs.
  • Tableau A silent and motionless depiction of a
    scene created by actors, often from a picture
    (plural tableaux).

14
CheckpointDefine these terms
  • Actor/Actress
  • Director
  • Ensemble
  • Stage Crew
  • Stage Manager
  • Blocking
  • Cross
  • Position
  • Gesture
  • Tableau

15
Oral exam
  • Volume The degree of loudness or intensity of a
    voice.
  • Vocal quality The characteristics of a voice,
    such as shrill, nasal, raspy, breathy, booming,
    and so forth.
  • Projection The placement and delivery of volume,
    clarity, and distinctness of voice for
    communicating to an audience.
  • Pitch The highness or lowness of voice
  • Articulation The clear and precise pronunciation
    of words.

16
Feelings, nothing more than feelings
  • Sense memory Memories of sights, sounds, smells,
    tastes, and textures. It is used to help define a
    character in a certain situation.
  • Subtext Information that is implied by a
    character but not stated by a character in
    dialogue, including actions and thoughts
  • Objective A characters goal or intention
  • Motivation A characters reason for doing or
    saying things in a play.
  • Characterization The development and portrayal
    of a personality through thought, action,
    dialogue, costuming, and makeup.

17
CheckpointDefine these terms
  • Volume
  • Projection
  • Vocal Quality
  • Pitch
  • Articulation
  • Sense memory
  • Subtext
  • Objective
  • Motivation
  • Characterization

18
Section 3The page
  • From Billy Wiggle-sticks, to Eric Bogosian, it
    all starts with a script.

19
Set the action to the word
  • Text Printed words, including dialogue and the
    stage directions for a script.
  • Dialogue The conversation between actors on
    stage.
  • Monologue A long speech by a single character.
  • Play The stage representation of an action or a
    story a dramatic composition.
  • Stage Direction The actions of a play printed in
    the script by the publisher.

20
A Comedy of Errors
  • Genre The main types of literary form,
    principally tragedy and comedy, but also forms
    that are more specific such as the revenge
    tragedy, or comedy of manners.
  • Style The distinctive and unique manner in which
    a writer arranges words to achieve particular
    effects. Usually associated with a historical era
    or period of time it was most popular.
  • Dramatic structure The particular literary
    structure and style in which plays are written
  • Tragedy In the classical sense, a play that
    demonstrates a characters fall from grace,
    power, position, or moral standing through their
    own actions.
  • Comedy A theatrical work that is intentionally
    humorous.

21
CheckpointDefine these terms
  • Text
  • Dialogue
  • Monologue
  • Play
  • Stage Direction
  • Genre
  • Style
  • Dramatic Structure
  • Tragedy
  • Comedy

22
The Plot thickens
  • Plot The ordered structure of a play as the
    action progresses through the story.
  • Rising action The part of a plot consisting of
    complications and discoveries that create
    conflict.
  • Protagonist The character through whose eyes we
    see the action of a play.
  • Antagonist A person or a situation that opposes
    the protagonists goals or desires.
  • Conflict Opposition of persons or forces giving
    rise to dramatic action.

23
and thickens
  • Crisis A decisive point in the plot of a play on
    which the outcome of the remaining action
    depends.
  • Climax The point of greatest dramatic tension in
    a theatrical work.
  • Denouement The final resolution of the conflict
    in a plot the tying up of loose ends.
  • Exposition Detailed information revealing the
    facts of a plot.
  • Given Circumstances the information laid out in
    the exposition where, when, socioeconomic
    conditions, political climate, etc.

24
CheckpointDefine these terms
  • Plot
  • Rising Action
  • Protagonist
  • Antagonist
  • Conflict
  • Exposition
  • Crisis
  • Rising action
  • Climax
  • Denouement

25
Section 4The Process
  • Once more WITH FEELING!

26
2 Minutes to shine
  • Cold reading A reading of a script done by
    actors who have not previously reviewed the play.
  • Dress rehearsalsThe final few rehearsals just
    prior to opening night in which the show is run
    with full technical elements. Full costumes and
    makeup are worn.
  • Tech rehearsals Rehearsals where technical
    elements such as sound and lighting are added to
    the show.
  • Pacing The tempo of an entire theatrical
    performance.
  • Informal theatre A theatrical performance that
    focuses on small presentations, such as one
    taking place in a classroom setting. Usually, it
    is not intended for public view.
  • Formal theatre Theatre that focuses on public
    performance in the front of an audience and in
    which the final production is most important.

27
Ill take Theatre Styles for 800, Alex.
  • Improvisation A spontaneous style of theatre
    through which scenes are created without advance
    rehearsal or a script.
  • Melodrama A dramatic form popular in the 1800s
    and characterized by an emphasis on plot and
    physical action (versus characterization),
    cliff-hanging events, heart- tugging emotional
    appeals, the celebration of virtue, and a
    strongly moralistic tone.
  • Mime An incident art form based on pantomime in
    which conventionalized gestures are used to
    express ideas rather than represent actions.
  • Musical theatre A type of entertainment
    containing music, songs, and, usually, dance.

28
CheckpointDefine these terms
  • Cold Reading
  • Dress Rehearsal
  • Tech Rehearsal
  • Pacing
  • Informal Theatre
  • Formal Theatre
  • Improvisation
  • Melodrama
  • Mime
  • Musical Theatre

29
Theatre styles for 1000.
  • Pantomime Acting without words through facial
    expression, gesture, and movement.
  • Puppetry Almost anything brought to life by
    human hands to create a performance. Types of
    puppets include rod, hand, and marionette.
  • Theatrical conventions The established
    techniques, practices, and devices unique to
    theatrical productions.

30
Where does he get those wonderful toys
  • Wagon Any piece of scenery on a wheeled platform
    designed to be moved on and off stage.
  • Props (properties) Items carried on stage by an
    actor small items on the set used by the actors.
  • Set Piece Anything not carried by an actor.
  • Masks Coverings worn over the face or part of
    the face of an actor to emphasize or neutralize
    facial characteristics.
  • Make-up Cosmetics and sometimes hairstyles that
    an actor wears on stage to emphasize facial
    features, historical periods, characterizations,
    and so forth.
  • Costume Clothing worn by an actor on stage
    during a performance.

31
CheckpointDefine these terms
  • Pantomime
  • Puppetry
  • Theatrical Conventions
  • Wagon
  • Properties
  • Set piece(s)
  • Masks
  • Makeup
  • Costume
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