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Urbanization

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Urbanization Part Two ... * Picture: Dharvi Slum Mumbai, India * Picture: Beijing, China * Title: Urbanization Part Two Author: Sheppard Last modified by: – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Urbanization


1
Urbanization Part Two
  • GGS 12
  • Manuel/Sheppard

2
URBAN vs. RURAL
RURAL
  • HAMLET
  • Less than 100 people
  • VILLAGE
  • Between 100 and 1000 people
  • Ex. Aylesford, Tatamagouche

3
URBAN
Statistics Canada considers any community with at
least 1000 people to be an urban community.
  • TOWN
  • Between 1000 and 10 000 people
  • Ex. Windsor, Bridgewater
  • CITY
  • Over 10 000 people
  • Ex. Truro, Dartmouth
  • METROPOLIS or METROPOLITAIN AREA
  • Over 100 000 people
  • Ex. Halifax Regional Municipality

4
  • MEGA-CITY or MEGALOPOLIS
  • over 10 000 000 people
  • Ex. Tokyo, Los Angeles, Mumbai
  • CONURBATION
  • formed when separate cities and their suburbs
    grow into each other, forming an even larger
    urban complex.
  • Ex New York City, Washington, DC, Philadelphia,
    Baltimore, Boston. BosNyWash All together they
    hold over 40 million people.

5
Population Pressure Mexico City
  • Watch the video and answer the questions
    distributed.

6
CAUSES OF URBAN GROWTH
  • Two main avenues of urban growth
  • Natural Increase
  • Fueled by improved food supplies and medical
    care.
  • Migration
  • Caused by push factors forcing people out of the
    countryside, and pull factors drawing them into
    cities.

7
PUSH FACTORS leading to rural-urban migration in
developing countries
  • Poverty and poor living conditions.
  • Few job opportunities.
  • Lack of educational opportunities.
  • Medical facilities are rare.
  • Most land is owned by landowners who pay low
    wages.

8
Migration PULL FACTORS to the City
  • Excitement and Vitality
  • Jobs
  • Housing
  • Entertainment
  • Social Mobility and Power
  • Specialization of Professions
  • Schools
  • Transportation
  • Specialized Medical Care

9
CURRENT URBAN PROBLEMS
  • Developing World
  • Uncontrollable Growth
  • Traffic and Congestion
  • Air Pollution
  • Sewer Systems and Water Pollution
  • Only 35 of urban residents in developing world
    have satisfactory sanitation.
  • About same percentage do not have safe drinking
    water.

10
Current World Problems
  • Housing
  • At least 1 billion people live in slums of
    central cities and in shantytowns in the
    outskirts of cities.
  • Around 100 million people have no home at all.

11
Current World Problems
  • The Developed World
  • Rapid growth of cities that accompanied
    industrialization has mostly slowed or reversed.
  • Many of the environmental problems have been
    reduced.
  • Many major polluters have moved to developing
    countries.

12
Counterurbanization
  • The process of people leaving cities to find a
    better lifestyle in the outer suburbs or rural
    areas.
  • Most likely to occur in developed countries
    (MDCs).

13
PUSH FACTORS leading to Counterurbanization in
MDCs
  • quiet living
  • more living space
  • cheaper land and homes
  • freedom/privacy
  • slower paced lifestyle
  • better air quality
  • smaller class sizes in schools
  • outdoor entertainment, hiking,
  • hunting, etc.
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